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private business nearly to a stand, and ut- they are precluded from offices of trust terly preventing the possibility of complet- and power, the only remaining bulwarks ing in due time many important papers now in existence for the preservation and actually wanted by governinent, as well as security of the Protestant reformed relithe various periodical publications for the gion, as finally settled at the glorious reensuing month, to the great detriment of the volution of 1688; and that the petitioners revenue as well as to the proprietors of such conceive they would incur the imputation works, and the petitioners have thereby of criminal indifference, as the first munisustained much loss, and been subjected to cipal body in his majesty's dominions, great inconvenience in carrying on their were they lightly to regard an application business; and that the petitioners appre to the legislature so formidable in its hend that the length of time required for claims, and so mischievous in its tendency servitude by apprenticeship is one great to the religion, laws, and liberties, which cause of their not being able to provide it has ever been their glory to admire, hands sufficient to execute the printing and their ambition to guard and secure in business ; and that, when they have been every perilous situation; and that the inclined to take apprentices, The petition. oaths of supremacy and allegiance are an ers have had impediments thrown in their integral part of the bill of rights proposed, way by the journeymen ; and that in or- as the declaration of the lords and conider, as far as possible, to provide a tem- mons of 1688, expressly states, “ in orporary reniedy for the late desertion of der to such an establishment as that their their workmen, the petitioners have been religion, laws, and liberties, might not under the necessity of employing various again be in danger of being subverted ;' descriptions of persons not entitled by law that the abrogation of or dispensation with to follow the printing business, and, if they those oaths to any class of his majesty's were empowered to continue the services subjects, would not only weaken at preof such persons, and to take apprentices at sent, but ultimately destroy, those solid certain ages, and for less periods of time foundations on which the wisdom and than seven years, they conceive that so virtue of our ancestors erected our free great an evil as hath now arisen might be and happy constitution, the envy and adprevented in future, and that the extent of miration of the world; and that the petithe evil before stated wàs not foreseen till tioners regard, with veneration and graafter the time limited by the house for re- titude, those unextinguishable principles ceiving private petitions had elapsed ; and which led the legislature of that day to therefore praying, that they may have leave provide for the happiness and freedom of to present a petition for the purposes afore- their posterity, by so carefully guarding said."-Ordered, that the said petition be the protestant succession, which has plareferred to the consideration of a commit- ced the house of Brunswick on the throne tee; and that they do examine the matter of the united kingdom; and they rely, thereof, and report the same, as it shall ap- under Providence, that the spirit of our pear to them, to the house.
And a com- forefathers will animate and strengthen mittee was appointed accordingly; and the virtue and patriotism of their honourthey have power to send for persons, pa- able successors, the commons of the Inpers, and records.
perial parliament, to preserve, uninjured, [PETITION FROM LONDON RESPECTING the glorious fabric they have raised; and Petition or THE CATHOLICS OF IRE- that the petitioners. conceive every equaLAND.] A petition of the lord mayor, lity is already allotted to the Roman caaldermen, and commóns, of the city of tholics, in common with the rest of his London, in common council assembled, majesty's subjects, consistent with the was presented at the bar by the sheriffs ; safety of the church and state; but that, setting forth; " that the petitioners have to grant an indiscriminate participation of observed, with infinite concern and dis- power, without requiring and enforcing quietude, a petition lately presented to the oaths of supremacy and allegiance, the house by the Roman Catholics of taken by every other class of his maIreland, on behalf of themselves and of jesty's subjects, must be productive of fuothers, his majesty's subjects professing ture unavoidable anarchy and misery; and thé Roman catholic religion," praying therefore praying, that the remaining saa repeal of the several statutes by wbich lutary restrictive statutes respecting the
Roman catholics may not be repealed." | country, were the sources of all those Ordered, That the said petition do lie grievances wbich imposed upon our ancesupon the table.
tors the necessity of effecting the revolu[Petition FROM OXFORDSHIRE RE- tion in 1688, and of establishing those SPECTING THE PETITION OF THE CATHO- securities by which recurrence of LICS OF IRELAND.] A petition of the those grievances was guarded against Freeholders of the county of Oxford, was and prevented.; and the petitioners are presented to the house, and read; setting persuaded, that no measure could be forth, " that the petitioners have seen, with devised more disrespectful to that great the deepest concern, that a petition has event, or to the illustrious characters been presented to the house by the Roman that were instrumental in effecting it, or catholics of Ireland, praying that the more repugnant to the principles establishlaws by which they are at present excluded by it, than the attempt to give to the ed from being members of the parliament Roman catholics a power in the governof the united kingdom of Great Britain ment of this united kingdom; and that the and Ireland, and from filling the principal petitioners cannot but further recollect, offices in the executive government and that, by the existing laws, no Roman cacivil and military administration of Ire-tholic can wear the crown of this united land, may be repealed; and the peti- kingdom; a restriction which the petitioners bumbly trust, that they are not tioners conceive to be founded in the deficient in those feelings of moderation soundest policy and wisdom; nor can the and tolerance by which an allowance is made petitioners help thinking, that the same for difference of opinion on religious sub- wisdom and policy requires their exclujects, and by which a protection is afforded sion from the other branches of the legisto theexercise and practice of those different lature; and for this, amongst many other opinions; but they are at the same time per- reasons, that nothing seems more inconsuaded, that, to grant power and authority gruous to the petitioners, than that the to persons whose religious principles are king should be obliged to discharge his hostile to the constitution of the Country, share of the government upon Protestant is neither required by liberality, nor con- principles, and that his council should consistent with the dictates of sound policy or sist of persons devoted to a church of self-preservation; and that the petitioners principles not only of a different but of a are convinced, by the experience of all repugnant nature ; and therefore praying ages, that the principles of the Roman ca- that the laws by which Roman catholics tholic religion are incompatible with both are at present excluded from being memcivil and religious liberty; that they are bers of the parliament of the united king. particularly repugnant to the genius and dom of Great Britain and Ireland, and spirit of the constitution of this united from filling the principal offices in the kingdom, so that it is impossible that executive government and civil and miliProtestants and Roman catholics should I tary administration of Ireland, may not be ever agree in administering together the repealed.”-Ordered, that the said peti. powers of government, and that such an tion do lie upon the table. attempt would be productive of the most [PETITION FROM DUBLIN RESPECTING mischievous distractions and weakness in the PETITION OF THE ROMAN CATHO the public councils of the kingdom; and LICS OF IRELAND.] A petition of the that though the petitioning Roman catho- lord mayor, sheriffs, commons, and citilics disclaim some of the mischievous doc-zens, of the city of Dublin, in common trines of the church of Rome, yet they council assembled, was presented to the still admit that they acknowledge some of house, and read; setting forth, “ that the the most dangerous ones, amongst which petitioners have seen with the deepest remust be reckoned the acknowledgement of gret a copy of a petition presented to the the supremacy of a foreign power in mat house by certain persons in the name of ters of their religion, which must have the Roman catholics of Ireland, containa most important influence on their moral ing demands of political power, which, if and political conduct; and that the peti- yielded, would be ruinous to our happy tioners cannot but remember, that the constitution in Church and state ; and that partiality of king James the Second for the the good conduct of the Irish Roman caRoman catholics, and the influence which tholics, as recognized by the Irish legishe gave them in the public councils of the lature in 1779, took place under the ope
ration of severe laws, which since 1779 tion, in church and state, established by have been from time to time repealed, so Protestant legislators from the time of the as to place the Roman catholics of Ireland reformation to the reign of his present upon a footing of political power not en- majesty, would be destroyed and annihijoyed by any other dissenters from the lated; and therefore praying the house established religion in any other state; will continue to preserve unimpaired our but though the Roman catholics declared, excellent constitution, and reject the deat the time of relaxing those laws, they mands of the Roman catholics of Ireland,” would be fully content, yet the petitioners Ordered, that the said petition do lie are sorry to observe, that that cordiality upon the table. and union of sentiment which would be [PETITION OF THE DUKE OF ATHOL.] so desirable in Ireland has not yet taken A petition of John duke of: Athol, was place; and further, the petitioners camot presented to the house, and read; setting but observe, that the petition of the Irish forth “ that the Isle of Man was granted in Roman catholics, though professing to ex. sovereignty by king Henry the Fourth to plain the tenets of that sect, as affecting the petitioner's ancestors, and confirmed. political duties, is not signed by a single to, and made unalienable in, the petitioner's ecclesiastic of that persuasion; and that family by an act, passed in the 7th year of the assertion in the said petition, that king James the First, and they continued Irish Roman catholics are excluded from proprietors thereof, with sovereign rights, the privileges of corporations is wholly until it was thought necessary by parliaunfounded, inasmuch as they are admis. ment, for purposes connected with the prosible into all guilds and corporations on tection of the British and Irish revenues, taking the oaths in their own petition: re- to vest the same in his majesty, by an act cited, and that many of them do at this passed in the 5th year of his reign; and time actually enjoy and exercise such pri- that the petitioner is well satisfied that it vileges;. but the petitioners observe, that was not intended in that transaction to dethe object of this assertion seems to be to prive his family of the full benefit of the induce the legislature to compel the Pro- principle that has invariably governed the testant corporations of Ireland, to elect legislature in all cases in wbich the public Roman catholics into their franchises, in safety has required that the rights and prosuch numbers as to overbear and destroy perties of individuals should be resigned or the Protestant interest, an attempt which purchased for the protection of great na. was made both in England and Ireland tional interests, namely, that of giving full during the short and arbitrary reign of compensation to those who are called upon thai unfortunate and infatuated king, James to make such sacrifices; and that the comthe Second, and which, with other serious pensation then given to the petitioner's faz innovations, led to the glorious re-asser- mily was estimated on an erroneous suppo. tion of the constitution in church and sition, that the greater part of the revenue state, under the great king William; and produced to him by the said island was dethat the petitioners beg leave most humbly rived from illegal sources, and from the to impress upon the house, that the lower introduction of articles which were after. order of Roman catholics in Ireland are in wards smuggled into his majesty's domi. possession of the same degree of civil, re- nions, to the great detriment of his maligious, and political liberty that is enjoyed jesty's revenues; and thal, notwithstandby protestants of the same rank and sta- ing ihe lapse of time (a great part of which tion; and even the restraints complained has been employed in investigating the naofi by the said petition atlect a very incon- ture of the interests of the petitioner's fasiderable number of Roman catholics; the mily in the said island, and in the improvepetitioners therefore humbly conceive, that ment of the revenues derived by his mathe inducement, held out by the petition jesty from the same) the petitioner is able, to the house, viz. “ that granting the de- by original documents and evidence, to mands of the Roman catholics of Ireland prove that the revenue fairly arising to his would extinguish all motives to disunion family from the fair duties at the rates payand means of discontent," is utterly fal- able in 1765, accruing on articles introlacious; and they most humbly submit, duced into the island for the purposes of that if the demands contained in the said consumption ouly, independent of trade, petition were acceded to, all the fences would have produced an annual income, and securities of our excellent constitu- for which, together with the regalities that
were attached to it, the sum given could they do examine the matter thereof, ami not be deemed an adequate compensation; report the same, as it shall appear to them, and that subsequent experience, founded to the house; and a committee was tapon the system introduced after the revesto pointed accordingly; and they have power ment of the said island in his majesty, has to send for persons, papers, and records. fully confirmed that the compensation Ordered, that the report of the comthus given was not adequate to the promissioners of enquiry relative 'to the Isle perty taken from the petitioner for the of Man, made in the year 1792 ; and also public service, and has also proved, that all accounts respecting the revenues of if a plan, similar to that which is now.pur- the said Isle, which have been presented sued, for regulating the supply of articles to the house in this session of parliament, for the use of the island, had been adopted be referred to the said Committee.Rein 1765, his majesty's revenue would have solved, that an humble address be presentbeen protected, and the interests of the 'ed to his majesty, that he will be gracipetitioner's family in the said island would fously pleased to give directions that there have been secured, and their value increas- be laid before this house, a copy of the ed instead of diminished ; and that the report of the lords committee of his marevenue now raised in the said island greatly jesty's most honourable privy council, exceeds what parliament had in contem- dated 21st July 1804, upon the petitions plation at the time of the purchase, and of the duke of Athol to his majesty. the petitioner, being satisfied that it was [West Indies.] Mr. Barham adverted not the intention of government at that to the alarm that prevailed on the state time to procure a benefit to the public by of our affairs in the West Indies. The sacrifices made by his family, without giv- right hon. gent. opposite (the Chancellor ing full compensation, rests assured that of the Exchequer) knew the dismay in the house will not deprive him of the full which the city was on this subject. It benefit that his family ought to have re- was conceived that great mischief bad ceived for the resignation of their rights been done, and that the occasion of for the public service; and that the peti- that mischief had arisen from the negtioner has observed, that there is a bill lect of government.' Whether that was now before the house for encouraging the the case or not, he would not say, but he trade, and for the improvement of the re-wished to put some questions, with a view venues, and for prevention of smuggling to to ascertain whether proper measures had and from the Isle of Man; and that the been taken for the security of our pospetitioner was not able to obtain his ma sessions and property in that quarter, that jesty's recommendation tó the object of if such measures had been taken, the his petition until the day appointed by the knowledge of the fact might do away the house for receiving private petitions had alarm. If such measures had not been elapsed; and therefore praying, that leave taken, it would be proper to enquire why may be given to present a petition for his they had not? He should if it were nerelief."-Ordered, that, in consideration of cessary, move for such papers as would the particular circuinstances set forth in give information of all the measures taken the said petition, leave be given to present since the commencement of the war, for a petition as desired; then a petition of the security of our West India Colonies; the said John duke of Athol being offered but he would content himself in the preto be presented to the house; the chan- sent instance, with inquiring what inforcellor of the exchequer (by his majesty's mation government had with respect to command) acquainted the house, that his the sailing of the Rochfort squadron, its majesty, having been informed of the con- force, its destination, and at what time tents of the said petition, recommends it this information had been received ? He to the consideration of the house; then should wish also for the instructions given the said petition was brought up, and read; to Admiral Cochrane, and the dispatches containing the same allegations as the pre- received from that Admiral from off Lis. -ceding petition ; and praying, that provi-bon. He wished to know, whether that sion may be made in the said bill for Admiral sailed for the West Indies, and giving relief to the petitioner.-Ordered, at what time, and what force be had with that the said petition be referred to the him? If these questions were satisfactorily consideration of a committee; and that answered, any motion on the subject would be unnecessary, as the time was passed | who thought the exemption should when the disclosure they led to, could be be secured to charities under 601.; and of importance to the enemy.
Mr. Bastard, who thought the farmer The Chancellor of the Exchequer felt should pay only for his actual profits, and himself under the necessity of objecting in not for his estimated profits according to the strongest manner, to the questions pro- the calculation of the commissioners on the posed by the hon. gent. The time was by rent, leave was given to bring in a bill to no means passed, when the disclosure of repeal certain provisions of the act, and the particulars required would be of im- to consolidate and render it more effecportance to the enemy. On the contrary, tual. it might be of the most material conse- The Chancellor of the Exchequer said it quence to make these particulars known to was his wish that the bill should be read them at present. He was certain, how- a first and second time, and then printed, ever, that when the proper time should to be considered during the holidays. The come it would be evident that there was new regulation would be incorporated with no 'neglect on the part of his majesty's those of the former ones that were suffered government, and as he was sure the alarm to remain, so that there would be but one that existed was beyond all proportion and bill on the subject. The chairman reportalmost altogether unfounded.
ed, and the resolution was agreed to by Mr. St. John said there were other pa- the house. pers to which his attention had been call- [SMUGGLING PREVENTION BILL.] The ed, but if the disclosure of them was of any Chancellor of the Exchequer moved, that importance he would not press it. The the house should resolve itself into a compapers he alluded to were, an account of mittee on the act of 24th of his present our naval force in the West Indies in the majesty, for the prevention of smuggling, last year; and a similar account for the He stated, that the practice of smuggling ten years previous. The object was to had increased to an alarming extent, and shew, as he understood these accounts he had thought it his duty to submit to the would, that the force in that quarter since house a bill to remedy so dangerous an the commencement of the war, was not evil. The material object he had in view greater than that which had been kept was,' to make articles of high duty in there during the peace. He gave notice, packages of certain sizes liable to seizure, that he would move for these papers on if found on board any ship in the 'varrow the first open day.
The distance within which they [PROPERTY DUTIES Bill.] The Chan-should be prohibited should not be less than cellor of the Exchequer, in pursuance of 100 leagues from the English coast. We notice, rose to move for leave to bring in had clearly a right to make any provisions a bill to amend the Property Act. One of we pleased with regard to the navigation his objects, he said, was, to give more ef- of our own seas by our own subjects, whatfect to the regulations respecting the ever exceptions might be necessary as to abatements ; another was, to make some neutrals. Another object of the bill renew provisions relative to leases for lives. ferred to the hovering distance with reIt was also proposed to have a separate spect to Guernsey and the other Islands provision with respect to charitable corpo- in the Channel. It was notorious that rations. There were also some minor re- smuggling from thence had been carried gulations, unnecessary to be stated, as he on to an enormous extent. The measure meant, as soon as he had introduced the he meant to propose, in order to obviate bill, to move for its being printed. it in future, was to prohibit packages be
Mr. Fox hoped that some means would low a certain size from being on board be taken to render the abateinents less ships hovering off those places. Another inconvenient with regard to persons who had plan was, that where ships came in with annuities. Those who paid such annuities, smuggled articles, the persons on board made it a general rule to deduct the 5 per should be liable to some penalty, unless cent. without considering whether the au- they were transferred with their own collnuitant was a person who was entitled to sent to the navy. He also wished to have the benefit of the abatements. Probably it made as penal to resist naval officers, the right hon. gent. had this in view; it as it at present was to resist excise officers. not, he wished to suggest it to bim. Another object of the bill was to prevent After a few words from Mr. Calvert, spirits being sold below proof at the diffe