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city, Indiana, to Juliet, in Cook county, Illinois, thence to Dixon's ferry, on Rock river, and thence to Savannah, on the Mississippi river. From New Boston, in Mercer county, via the Pine bluffs, in township sixteen north, of range five west, to Rock island. From Canton, in Fulton county, via Farmington, to Peoria, in Peoria county. From Chicago, via Meacham's Grove, Elgin, on the Fox river, Squaw prairie, on the Kishwaka, and Midway, on Rock river, to Galena. From Chicago, northwestwardly, to cross the Daplain river, at Talcott's, via Elk Grove, to Fox_river, at George McClure's. From Ottowa, in Lasalle county, up Fox river, until it intersects the State road from Chicago to Galena, at or near Pawpaw. From Lower Alton, via the head of Piasa creek, at Simmon's towns of Delaware, Greenfield, Athens, Brown's point, to Jacksonville. From Charleston, in Coles county, to the town of Greenup. From Frankford, via Brownsville, Gills's ferry, on the Mississippi, to Jackson, Cape Girardeau county, in Missouri. From Danville, via Decatur, to Springfield. From Carrollton and Grafton, to Portage Des Sioux and Saint Charles, in Missouri. From Danville to Ottowa. From Princeton, in Putnam county, via Brigham's and Dimmick's grove, to the Pawpaw grove. From Bayville, Pike county, to Pittsfield. From Knoxville, via Henderson, White Oak grove, Cleveland, and mouth of Plumb river, to Galena. From Mount Carmel, in Wabash, to Maysville, in Clay county. From Fairfield, in Wayne county, to Salem, in Marion county. From Terre Haute, in Indiana, to Vandalia, in Illinois, along the National road. From McLeansboro', in Hamilton county, via Crouch's, to Malden's mills, in Wayne county. From Alton, on the State road, to Carlinville, on the State road. From Carthage, Illinois, to Fort Madison, in Desmoine county, Michigan. From Carlisle, in Clinton county, via Greenville, to Hillsboro'. From Meredosia, in Morgan county, via Vandeventer, to Rushville. From Liberty, in Adams county, to Davidson's, Mount Sterling and Rushville. From Logansport, Cass county, Indiana, to the seat of justice in Iroquois county, in Illinois. From Monmouth, in Warren county, to the Yellow banks, on the Mississippi. From Buffalo grove, in Joe Daviess county, to the mouth of Plumb river, on the Mississippi. From Mount Carmel to Lawrenceville. From Charleston, in Coles county, via Greenup, Newton, and Stringtown, to Lawrenceville, in Lawrence county. From Unity to the mouth of the Ohio river. From Jacksonville, via Havannah, to Pekin. From Pleasant grove, in Tazewell county, via Pekin and Canton, to Lewistown, Fulton county: From Frankfort, via Bainbridge's store, to Jonesboro'. From Frankfort, via Whiteside's, to Golconda. From Unity to Smithfield, on the Mississippi. From Alton, via Terry's landing, on the Illinois river, to Gilead, in Calhoun county. From Belleville to Pinckneyville. From Mount Carmel, by Albion and Fairfield, to Salem. From Vandalia, by Hillsboro', to Carlinsville. From Jacksonville to Carlinsville. From Danville to Springfield. From Jacksonville, by Pittsfield, to Burnett's ferry. From Golconda, by Frankfort, to Mount Vernon. From St. Louis, Missouri, by Jacksonville, Beardstown, Rushville, Macomb, Monmouth, and Fort Armstrong, to Galena. From Chicago, by Ottawa, Utica, Peoria, Canton, Lewiston, and · Rushville, to Quincy. From Carthage, by Commerce, to Fort Desmoines. From Richlandtown, by Burlington, to Macomb. From Stephenson to Davenport, Wisconsin Territory. From Kaskaskia, by Pollocks, to Belleville, and from Nashville to Mount Vernon. From Lawrenceville to Palestine. From Savannah, Illinois, to Bellevue, Wisconsin Territory.
In Alabama.-From Columbiana, in the county of Shelby, via Mineral In Alabama. Springs, to Syllacogy,in Talladega county. From Jacksonville, in Benton county, to Bennettsville, in St. Clair county. From Tuscaloosa, via Romulus, Mosely and Cook's store, to Pleasant Ridge post office, in Pickens
county. From Livingston, in Sumpter county, via Horner's old store, Mount Sterling, McCarty's, and Carrollton, to Washington court-house, Washington county. From Mesopotamia, in Greene county, via Daniel's prairie and Jones' Bluff, to Livingston, in Sumpter county. From Burnt Corn, Monroe county, via Godbold's old store, to Allentown, in Wilcox county. From Linden, in Marengo county, via Flat settlement, Moscow, and Perryman's store, to Livingston, in Sumpter county. From Livingston, in Sumpter county, Alabama, to Marion, in Lauderdale county, Mississippi. From Manningham, in Butler county, to Mount Willing and Haynesville, in Lowndes county, thence to Washington, Autauga county. From Dallas, in Hamilton county, Tennessee, through the Lookout and Wills valleys, via Reason, Rollins, the seat of justice for De Kalb county, to Bennettsville, Saint Clair county, Alabama. From Monticello, in Pike county, to Tuskegee, in Macon county. From Calhoun, McMinn county, Tennessee, via Walker's place, McDaniel's, Richard Taylor's, Walker court-house, Georgia, William Henry's, Charles Price's, Dougherty's mills, Chatooga, or Gaylesville, Smith's ferry, on Coosa river, Francis Adams, and Rawden's store, to Jacksonville, Benton county. From Knoxville, Green county, via Gainesville, in Sumpter county, to Narketa, Kemper county, Mississippi. From Fort Mitchell
, via Roanoke post office, Stewart county, Georgia, Irwinton, in Barbour county, Alabama, to Fort Gaines, in Early county, Georgia (the mail to be carried on the west side of the Chattahoochee river). From Uniontown, Perry county, via Athens, Bogue Chitto, to Portland, on Alabama river.' From Monticello, in Pike county, to Daleville, in Dale county. From Rockford, in Coosa county, via Montreal, in Tallapoosa county, to Lafayette, in Chambers county. From Irwinton, on the Chattahoochee river, via Clayton, in Barbour county, Midway, and through the southwest part of Macon county, to Mount Meigs, in Montgomery county. From Mount Willing, via Maule's store, to Benton, in Lowndes county. From Montgomery, along the Patsalaggo road, to the nearest point on the route running from Greenville, to Gaines's store, Pike county. From Mount Meigs, in Montgomery county, via Carter's store, to Haynesville, in Lowndes county. From La Grange, in Troup county, Georgia, via Dickson's mills, Randolph court-house, to Talladega, in Talladega county, Alabama. From Haynesville, via Hickory grove, to the nearest point on the road from Montgomery to Palsalaggo, and from thence to the nearest point on the route from Monticello, in Pike county, to Gaines's store. From Vernon, in Troup county, Georgia, via Hurst's store, to Lafayette, in Chambers county, Alabama. From Jacksonville, Benton county, via White plains and Boiling springs, Randolph court-house, Lafayette and Cassitah, to Gerard, thence to Columbus, Georgia. From Talladega court-house to Lafayette, in Chambers county. From West Point, in Troup county, Georgia, via Cassitah and Tallassee, to Wetumpka, in Montgomery county, Alabama. From Tuskeega, in Macon county, via Tuckabatchee, to 'Tallassee, in Tallapoosa county. From Greensboro' to Candy's landing, on the Black Warrior river. From Washington, Autauga county, via Kingston, Independence, Hamilton, Oakridge, and Valley creek, to Marion, in Perry county. From Rockford, in Coosa county, via Chesnut creek, to Maplesville, in Bibb county. From Greenville, in Butler county, via Robb's store, to Sparta, thence to Pensacola, Florida. From Dale court-house to Valambrosa, in Florida. From Tallahassee, via Tuckabatchee, to Line creek post office. From Bellefonte, in Jackson county, via De Kalb court-house, and Cherokee court-house, to Jacksonville, Benton county. From Lafayette, in Chambers county, via Randolph court-house, crossing Talapoosa river at Sawyers' ferry, via White plains, Jacksonville, in Benton county, thence crossing Coosa river at Walker's ferry, by Double spring, by
Bennettsville, to Ashville, in Saint Clair county. From Greenville, in Butler county, via Fort Dale, to Hayneville, in Lowndes county. From Tuscaloosa to Fairfield. From Mount Meigs to Irwinton. From Pickensville, by Macon and Louisville, to Winston court-house, Mississippi. From Portland, by Athens, to Uniontown. From Manningham to Mount Willing. From New Market, by Madison Springs, to Hazlegreen. From Rockford to Mardisville. From Columbus, Georgia, by Chambers court-house, Randolph court-house, and Benton court-house, to Huntsville. From Salina, by Cahawba, Pleasant Hill, and Bragg's store, to Greenville. From Jacksonville, in Benton county, Alabama, to Rome, in Georgia. From Cahawba, by Marion, to Centreville.
In Michigan.-From Marshall by way of Lyon lake and West Gerard, In Michigan. to Coldwater. From Elkhart, in Indiana, to Cassapolis, via Adamsville and Edwardsburg. From Niles to New Buffaloe, via Hudson. From Battle creek to the county seat of Eaton county, via Verona and Bellevue. From Detroit to Lapeer, via Rochester. From Saline to Grass Lake, via Columbia Lake and Richfield. From St. Clair to Grand Blanc, via Romeo, Bristol, Lapeer, Farmers creek, and Davidson's mills. From Detroit to Fort Gratiot, on the United States road, via Mount Clemens. From Pontiac to Ionia, via White Lake to the county seat of Clinton. From Toledo to Adrian, by Blissfield and Palmyra. From Ypsilanti to Pontiac, via Plymouth. From Adrian to Ionia, via Jonesville and Marshall. From Manhattan to Adrian. From Marshall to Coldwater, via Tekonsha. From Detroit, in Wayne county, to Fort Gratiot, in Saint Clair county, on the United States military road. From Mount Clemens, in Macomb county, to Lapeer, in Lapeer county. From Plymouth, in Wayne county, to Dexter, in Washtenaw county, through Salem, Northfield, and Webster. From Monroe, in Monroe county, to Tecumseh, in Lenawee county, on the Laplaisance bay road. From Toledo, in Monroe county, to Adrian, in Lenawee, through Whiteford and Palmyra. From Maumee, in Ohio, to Jonesville, in Hillsdale county, through Whiteford, Canandagua, and Lanesville. From Saline, in Washtenaw county, to London, in Monroe county, through York, From Detroit, in Wayne county, to Utica, in Macomb county, on the territorial road. From Detroit, in Wayne county, to Kent, in Kent county, by Howell's. From Clinton, in Lenawee county, to Kent, in Kent county, by Napoleon and Jacksonburg. From Coldwater, in Branch county, to St. Joseph, in Berrien county, by Centreville and Cassopolis. From Kalamazoo, in Kalamazoo county, to Kalamazoo, in Allegan county, by Allegan. From Battle creek, in Calhoun county, to Kent, in Kent county, by Geloster. From Ann Arbor, in Washtenaw county, to Pontiac, in Oakland county, by Whitmore's Lake, Green Oak, Lyon and Wall Lake. From Battle creek, in Calhoun county, to Schoolcraft, in Kalamazoo county, by Climax prairie. From Bellevue, in Eaton county, to Middle village, in Barry county, by Hastings. From Fort Defiance, in Ohio, to Adrian, in Lenawee county, by Canandagua. From Michigan city, in Indiana, to Grand Haven, in Ottawa county, by New Buffalo, St. Joseph, Kalamazoo, in Allegan county, to Saugatuck, in Ottawa county. From Ionia, in Ionia county, to Saginaw, in Saginaw county, by the mouth of Maple - river. From Schoolcraft, in Geloster, by Kalamazoo, in Kalamazoo county. From Saganaw, by Mackinac, to the Sault St. Marie. From Saganaw to the mouth of the river Saganaw. From Kalamazoo, in Kalamazoo county, to the mouth of North Black river. From Grand River Rapids to Grand Haven. From Kalamazoo to the mouth of the South Black river. From Northfield, by Hamburgh, to Howell. From New Buffalo, Michigan, to Laporte, Indiana. From Adrian by Hillsdale, to Coldwater. From Marshall, via Johnson, Athens, and Durham, to White Pigeon. From Kalamazoo to Kent. From Ann Arbor to Ionia,
In Florida.–From Marianna to Daleville, Alabama. From Marianna to Saint Josephs. From Pensacola, by Florida Town, Pittman's ferry, to Campbelltown.
In Arkansas.-From the mouth of Arkansas river, via mouth of White river, Helena, and mouth of Saint Francis, up the west bank of the Mississippi river, to Greenock, and the county seat of Mississippi county, to New Madrid, in Missouri. From Pine bluffs, by Cabean's, to Monroe, in Louisiana. From Columbia, Ecore a Fabre, to Washington, in Hempstead county. From Batesville, by Clinton, to Lewisburg, and from Clinton, by Glass's village, to Dardanelle, in Pope county. From the county seat, in Izard county, to Dardanelle, and from thence, by the county seat of Scott, to Zebulon, county seat of Pike, and thence to Washington, Hempstead county. From Washington to Miller courthouse, and from thence on the south side of Red river, to Lafayette court-house. From Carrollton to Springfield, in Missouri
. In Missouri.--From Columbia, by Roacheport, Boonville, and Jonesboro, to Lexington. From Columbia, by Younger's mills, Paris, Richard Sharp's, to Palmyra. From Jefferson city, by Versailles, Benton court-house, Equality, Springfield, to Carroll court-house, in Arkansas. From Benton court-house, by the county seat of Rives and Allensville, to the county seat of Van Buren, and from thence by the county seat of Johnson to Saint Helena. From Jefferson city to Waynesville. From the county seat of Crawford, by Massey's iron works, to Union, in Franklin county. From Greenville to Castor, and thence by Johnson's, in the West prairie, to the Grand prairie, in Stoddard county. From Caledonia, in Washington county, by Van Buren, in Ripley county, to Jackson, in Arkansas Territory. From Jonesboro, by Arrowrock, to Fayette. From Saint Genevieve to Farmington. From the county seat of Morgan to the county seat of Pulaski. From Springfield to the county seat of Barry. From Keytesville to Compton's store, on Grand river. From Fulton, by James Harrison's, in the Grand prairie, to Paris. From Jefferson city to Columbia. From Columbia, by Rock mills, to Nashville, in Boon county. From Jefferson city, by Portland, to Loutre island. From Huntsville, by the county seat of Shelby and Cooper's settlement, to Monticello. From Fulton, by Portland, to Mount Sterling. From McMurtry's, in Callaway county, by Thomas Harrison's, in the Grand prairie, to Huntsville. From Johnson courthouse, by Blackwater settlement, to Lexington. From Hannibal, by Florida, Paris, and Huntsville, to Fayette. From Louisiana to Atlas, Illinois. From Old mines, in Washington county, by the Rich woods and Virginia, to Union. From Benton to Commerce. From Bowling Green, by Bandurant's and Cove spring to Florida. From Bolivia, by the cross roads, to Fredericktown. From Monticello, in Lewis county, westwardly, to Sandy Hill. From Richmond to Compton's store, on Grand river. From Liberty to Plattsburg. From Helena to Benton court-house. From Columbus, Kentucky, by Benton, Jackson, Fredericktown, Farmington, Caledonia, seats of justice of Crawford, Pulaski, and Pettis counties to Blackwater, and thence to Independence. From Boonville, by seat of justice of Pettis county, to the seat of justice in Johnson county. From Springfield to Pulaski court-house, Crawford court-house, Massie's iron works, to Union. From Jefferson city, by Mt. Sterling, to Crawford court-house. From Castor to Greenville. From Castor, by Grand Prairie, in Stoddart county.
In Wisconsin.-From Macomb, county of McDonough, Illinois, by Burlington, to Mount Pleasant, Desmoines county. From Racine, on Root river, by the outlet of Lake Koskenong and Mineral point, to Cassville. From Richlandtown to Burlington, thence to Monmouth, Illinois. From Milwaukee to the outlet of Lake Koskenong. From Galena, via Sinsinawa mound, Sinsinawa post office, Gibraltar, Van Buren, Cass
ville, and Prairie du Chien, to Fort Snelling. From Bellevue to Galena, Illinois. From Mineral point, by way of T. J. Parish's, to the English prairie. From Galena, Illinois, by way of White Oak springs, Gratiot's Grove, and Wisata, McNutt's Diggings and Wisconsin city, to intersect the Root river and Cassville route. From Coldwater, in Branch county, to Michigan city, in the State of Indiana, via Centreville, Constantine, Mottville, Bristol, Elkhart, Mishawaulkie, South Bend, and Laporte. From Jacksonburg to White Pigeon, via Spring Arbor, Concord, Homer, Tekonsha, Goodwinville, Durham, Nottawa and Centreville. From Warsaw, Illinois, by Keokuck, Fort Desmoines, Fort Madison, Gibson's ferry, Burlington, Iowa, Clark's ferry, Davenport, Parkhurst, Bellevue, Du Buque, Peru, Durango, Weyman's, Cassville, and Prairie du Chien, to Fort Snelling. From Du Buque, by Sinsinawa, and Blast Furnace, to Elkgrove. From Mineral point, by Dodgville and Helena, to Arena. From Galena, by Vinegarhill
, Elkgrove, and Bellemont, to Mineral point. From Fort Winnebago, by Fond du Lac, Calumet village, to Grand Kalkalin. From Chicago, by Pike river, Racine, Milwaukie, Chebawgan, Pigeon, Manlitowack, to Green bay. From Wisconsin to the city of the Four Lakes. From the city of the Four Lakes, by Fond du Lac, and the city of Winnebago, at the northeast end of Lake Winnebago, to a point of intersection with the route from Prairie du Chien, to Green bay. From Fond du Lac, at the south end of Lake Winnebago, to Milwaukie. From Milwaukie,
From Milwaukie, by the city of the Four Lakes, to the Blue mound, there to intersect the route from Green bay to Prairie du Chien.
discontinued. In Maine.-From Camden to Vinal Haven.
Maine. In Ohio.-From Waupakonetta to Sugar Grove. From Piqua to Waupakonetta. In South Carolina.–From Mount Hill to Varennes. From Staun- South Caro
lina. tonville, by Golden Grove, to Greenville court-house. APPROVED, July 2, 1836.
STATUTE I. Chap. CCXC.-An Act to extend the privilege of franking letters and packages July 2, 1836. to Dolly P. Madison.
Act of March Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 3, 1845, ch. 43. States of America in Congress assembled, That all letters and packages to and from Dolly P. Madison, relict of the late James Madison, shall be received and conveyed by post, free of postage, for and during her life.
APPROVED, July 2, 1836.
STATUTE I. Chap. CCCLII.-An Act to reorganize the General Land Office.(a) July 4, 1836. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Duties relating States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the to public lands passage of this act, the executive duties now prescribed, or which may sion of the comhereafter be prescribed by law, appertaining to the surveying and sale missioner.
(a) Decisions of the courts of the United States upon land titles from the United States, and titles to the public lands:
Under the act of Congress of March 3, 1803, entitled "An act regulating the grants of land, and providing for the sale of the lands of the United States, south of the State of Tennessee,” such lands only were authorized to be sold as had not been appropriated by the previous sections of the law, and certificates granted by the commissioners in pursuance thereof. A right, therefore, to a particular tract of land, derived from a donation certificate given under that law, is superior to the title of any one who purchased the same land at the public sales, unless there is some fatal infirmity in the certificate, which renders it void. Ross v. Barland et al. 1 Peters, 666.
An act of Congress requires no precise form for the donation certificate. It is sufficient if the proofs be exhibited to the court of commissioners, to satisfy them of the facts entitling the party to the certificate. It is sufficient if the consideration, to wit, the occupancy, and the quantity granted, appears. Nothing more is necessary to certify to the government the party's right, or to enable him, after it is surveyed by the proper officer, to obtain a patent. Ibid.