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of State be, and he hereby is, authorized to purchase from Robert Purchase of Greenhow one thousand five hundred copies of the History of Oregon, thorized." California, and the other Territories on the northwest coast of America, published by him: Provided, That the said copies be furnished at a rate not exceeding two dollars per copy.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the sum of three thousand Appropriation dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary for the purchase of

therefor. said books, be, and the same hereby is appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That from the said copies, so Distribution purchased, one shall be furnished to the President and one to the Vice thereof. President of the United States; one to the attorney general, and one to each of the heads of the departments; one to each of the judges of the Supreme Court of the United States; one to each member of the present Congress; one to the Governor and one to the Secretary of State of each State and Territory in the Union; and that twenty copies shall be deposited in the library of Congress, twenty copies in the office of the Secretary of the Senate, and thirty copies in the library of the House of Representatives; and that the Secretary of State be, and he is hereby, authorized to distribute copies of said work to ministers and diplomatic agents of this government, and of such foreign governments as are in the habit of furnishing to this government works published by them; and to universities, colleges and literary institutions now entitled to receive congressional documents printed by order of either House, allowing one copy to each; and the remaining copies, if any, to be kept by the Secretary of State, in his department, subject to the order of Congress. APPROVED, February 20, 1845.

STATUTE II. Chap. XIV. - An Act making appropriations for the payment of revolutionary Feb. 20, 1845.

and other pensioners of the United States, for the year ending the thirtieth June, eighteen hundred and forty-six.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress, assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated for the payment of pensions for the year ending the thirtieth June, eighteen hundred and forty-six :

For revolutionary pensions under the act of eighteenth March, eigh Revolutionary teen hundred and eighteen, one hundred and eighty-six thousand two pensions, hundred dollars;

1818, ch. 19. For invalid pensions under various laws, one hundred and eighty-four Invalid penthcusand eight hundred dollars ;

sions. For pensions to widows and orphans under the act of fourth July, Pensions to eighteen hundred and thirty-six, two hundred and twenty thousand five

widows and or

phans. hundred dollars;

1836, ch. 362. For pensions to widows under the act of seventh July, eighteen hun- 1838, ch. 189. dred and thirty-eight and the supplementary act of twenty-third August, eighteen hundred and forty-two, one hundred and eighty thousand 1842, ch. 191. dollars;

For pensions to widows under the act of third March, eighteen hun- 1843, ch. 102. dred and forty-three, eighty thousand dollars;

For pensions to widows under the act of seventeenth June, eighteen 1844, ch. 102. hundred and forty-four, one million and ninety-six thousand dollars — a part of which sum may be applied to the payment of pensions allowed under said act in the year ending on the thirtieth June eighteen hundred and forty-five;

For half pay pensions to widows and orphans, payable through the Auditor's office, one thousand five hundred dollars ;

Arrearages. For arrearages provided for by acts of third March, eighteen hundred 1817, ch. 60. and seventeen, and second [first] May, eighteen hundred and twenty, 1820, ch. 53.

payable through the accounting offices, one thousand dollars. Deficiencies Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the following sums be, and for year ending the same are hereby appropriated, to supply deficiencies in the appro30th June 1845. priations made for the payment of pensions during

the fiscal year ending on the thirtieth June, eighteen hundred and forty-five, under the follow

ing heads, viz: 1836, ch. 362. For pensions under the act of July fourth, eighteen hundred and

thirty-six, seventy-six thousand dollars; 1838, ch. 189.

For widows' pensions under acts of July seventh, eighteen hundred and thirty-eight, and August twenty-third, eighteen hundred and forty

two, two hundred thousand dollars; 1843, ch. 102. For widows' pensions under the act of March third, eighteen hun

dred and forty-three, twenty-nine thousand dollars.

APPROVED, February 20, 1845.
STATUTE II.
Feb. 20, 1845. Chap. XV. An Act restricting the grant of pensions in certain cases.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatires of the Widows' pen. United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after sions limited.

the passage of this act a pension shall not be granted to any widow for or during any part or portion of the time her husband may have received one, whose declaration therefor shall not have been made on or before the thirtieth day of April one thousand eight hundred and fortyfour, and shall not have been received at the pension office on or before the twenty-third day of January, one thousand eight hundred and forty. five.

APPROVED, February 20, 1845. STATUTE II. Feb. 20, 1845. Chap. XVI. — An Act to quiet the titles to certain lots of land in the towns of

Perrysburg and Croghansville, in the State of Ohio.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Lots of which United States of America in Congress assembled, That all titles to the titles are confirmed.

town lots and out lots in the towns of Perrysburg and Croghansville, in the State of Ohio, derived from said State under color of the grant made to said State by virtue of the act of Congress entitled "An act for laying out and making a road from the lower rapids of the Miami of Lake Erie to the western boundary of the Connecticut western reserve, in the State

of Ohio, agreeably to the provisions of the treaty of Brownstown," ap1823, ch. 16. proved the twenty-eighth of February, one thousand eight hundred and

twenty-three, be, and the same are hereby, recognised as valid and con

firmed, in the same manner as though the title to said lots had been List of lots to vested in the State under the aforesaid act: Provided, That the authobe furnished to rities of the said State shall, within one year from and after the passage General Land of this act, furnish the Commissioner of the General Land Office with a

certified list of all lots heretofore sold and disposed of under color of the Confirmations above recited act: And provided, also, That all the confirmations inonly a relin- tended by this act shall amount only to a relinquishment forever, on the the right of the part of the United States, of all their right and title whatever to the lots United States of land so confirmed: And provided, further, That nothing in this act Lands not com- contained shall be construed to comprehend within the provisions thereprehended in this act.

of such town lots and out lots, or other tract or tracts of land, as may have been reserved, or directed to be reserved, within the limits of either of said towns of Perrysburg or Croghansville, for the support of

schools within the same, in and by the third section of the act entitled Act of April 26, 1816, ch.

"An act providing for the sale of the tract of land at the lower rapids 102.

of Sandusky river," or in and by any provision contained in the act en

titled "An act providing for the sale of the tract of land at the British Act of April fort of the Miami of the Lake, at the foot of the rapids, and for other 27, 1816, ch.

. purposes.” But all such town lots and out lots, or other tract or tracts of land, reserved, or directed to be reserved, as aforesaid, shall be holden subject to the uses and trusts in said acts, and in other acts relating to such reserves, designated or intended. But nothing contained in this Payments due act shall prevent the original purchasers of the lots or lands within the the U.S. and

not limits of the said towns of Perrysburg and Croghansville, and not relin- ed. quished to the United States, from paying to the State of Ohio or the General Government for the use of said road or the United States the money with the interest remaining due thereon, on all such lots and lands as may not have heretofore been disposed of by the authorities of the said State for the benefit of said road. APPROVED, February 20, 1845.

STATUTE II. Chap. XVII. - An Act to amend the act entitled " An act to provide for the en Feb. 20, 1845.

listment of boys for the naval service, and to extend the term of enlistment of
seamen.'
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the

Seamen to be United States of America in Congress assembled, That, from and after detained under the passage of this act, the provisions of the second and third sections 2d and 3d secs. of the act entited “ An act to provide for the enlistment of boys for the act of 2d March naval service, and to extend the term of the enlistment of seamen,” ap- til arrival of vesproved March second, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven, sel in U.S., and which authorize and provide for the detention of any person enlisted until disch'd. for the navy, after the expiration of the enlistment, until the return of such person to the United States, shall be understood and construed to authorize and provide for the detention of such person until the arrival of the vessel in which he shall be so detained at a port of the United States, and until he shall have received his regular discharge by order of the Secretary of the Navy: Provided, That such detention shall not Proviso. exceed the term of thirty days from the time of the arrival of the said vessel in a port of the United States.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the commanding officer of Naval officers any vessel, squadron or fleet of the navy of the United States, when clothed with upon the high seas or in any foreign port where there is no resident suls in certain consul of the United States, shall be and is hereby authorized and em- cases. powered to exercise all the powers of a consul in relation to mariners of the United States. APPROVED, February 20, 1845.

STATUTE II. CHAP. XVIII.-An Act to organize a new land district in the southern part of the Feb. 20, 1845.

State of Arkansas. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the section of Champagnole country in the southern part of the State of Arkansas, south of the base land district line, and east of the meridian, comprised within the following boundaries, to wit: between the line dividing ranges five and six on the east, the line dividing ranges twenty and twenty-one on the west, the dividing line between townships ten and eleven on the north, and the State line on the South, be made to form a separate district, to be called the Champagnole district, the seat of the land office for which shall be at Office to be in the town of Champagnole, and be subject to removal by the President Champagnole. of the United States, whenever, in his judgment, it may be proper so to do.

Register and Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be a register and receiver to be

appointed, &c. receiver of public moneys appointed for said land district, who shall

give security in the same manner and in the same sums, and whose duties and authority, compensation and emoluments, shall in every respect be the same, in relation to the lands to be disposed of in said district, as are or may be provided by law in relation to the registers and receivers of public money in the several offices established for the

sale of the public lands. Registers, &c. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the at Little Rock

registers and receivers for the districts of land subject to sale at Little and Washington to transfer Rock and Washington, in the State aforesaid, under the direction of documents, &c. the Commissioner of the General Land Office, to transfer to the register

and receiver for the district hereby created all the proper evidences, documents, records, and township plats, in relation to lands heretofore sold or subject to sale at those offices, respectively, which fall within

the limits of the district hereby created. Act to take ef Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect and fect in 3 months. be in force from and after the expiration of three calendar months from

the date of the passing hereof.

APPROVED, February 20, 1845. STATUTE II. Feb. 26, 1845. CAAP. XIX. An Act supplementary to "An act to repeal an act for the better

organization of the district court of the United States within the State of Louis Act of Feb.

ana,and for other purposes, approved February thirteenth, one thousand engki 20, 1845, ch.5.

hundred and forty-five. (a)

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Circuit court United States of America in Congress assembled, That all the causes causes in district now pending in the district court of the United States for the western court for west district of the State of Louisiana, which appropriately belong to the cirferred to circuit cuit court jurisdiction, shall be transferred to the circuit court of the court for eastern United States for the eastern district of Louisiana, there to be proceeded district.

in according to law, and in the same manner, as if they had originated in that court; and the causes which belong to the jurisdiction of the district court shall be and remain in the district court for the eastern district court, to be proceeded in according to law, and in the same manner as if they had originated therein.

APPROVED, February 26, 1845. STATUTE II. Feb. 26, 1845. Chap. XX.-An Act extending the jurisdiction of the district courts to certain

cases, upon the lakes and navigable waters connecting the same.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the In matters of United States of America in Congress assembled, That the district contract and tort, dist. courts

courts of the United States shall have, possess, and exercise, the same to have the jurisdiction in matters of contract and tort, arising in, upon, or consame jurisdic cerning, steamboats and other vessels of twenty tons burden and uption upon the lakes as on the

wards, enrolled and licensed for the coasting trade, and at the time em. high seas. ployed in business of commerce and navigation between ports and places

Act of Sept. in different States and Territories upon the lakes and navigable waters 24, 1789, ch. 20.

connecting said lakes, as is now possessed and exercised by the said courts in cases of the like steamboats and other vessels employed in

navigation and commerce upon the high seas, or tide waters, within the Modes of pro

admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States; and in all suits ceeding, &c.

brought in such courts in all such matters of contract or tort, the remedies, and the forms of process, and the modes of proceeding, shall be

the same as are or may be used by such courts in cases of admiralty Decisions, how and maritime jurisdiction; and the maritime law of the United States, to be made.

so far as the same is or may be applicable thereto, shall constitute the

rule of decision in such suits, in the same manner, and to the same er(a) See notes of the acts relating to the District Court of Louisiana, vol. 3, 774.

tent, and with the same equities, as it now does in cases of admiralty
and maritime jurisdiction; saving, however, to the parties the right of
trial by jury of all facts put in issue in such suits, where either party
shall require it; and saving also to the parties the right of a concurrent
remedy at the common law, where it is competent to give it, and any
concurrent remedy which may be given by the State laws, where such
steamer or other vessel is employed in such business of commerce and
navigation.
APPROVED, February 26, 1845.

STATUTE II. CHAP. XXII.–An Act explanatory of an act entitled An act making appropria- Feb. 26, 1845.

tions for the civil and diplomatic expenses of Government for the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine.(a)

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That nothing con

Construction

of 2d section of tained in the second section of the act entitled “An act making appro- act 3d March priations for the civil and diplomatic expenses of Government for the 1839, ch. 82, year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine,” approved on the third sec, 2, relative day of March, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine, shall take under protest. away, or be construed to take away or impair, the right of any person or persons who have paid or shall hereafter pay money, as and for duties, under protest, to any collector of the customs, or other person acting as such, in order to obtain goods, wares, or merchandise, imported by him or them, or on his or their account, which duties are not authorized or payable in part or in whole by law, to maintain any action at law against such collector, or other person acting as such, to ascertain and try the legality and validity of such demand and payment of duties, and to have a right to a trial by jury, touching the same, according to the due course of law. Nor shall any thing contained in the second section of the act aforesaid be construed to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to refund any duties paid under protest; nor shall any action be maintained against any collector, to recover the amount of duties so paid under protest, unless the said protest was made in writing, and signed by the claimant, at or before the payment of said duties, setting forth distinctly and specifically the grounds of objection to the payment thereof. APPROVED, February 26, 1845.

STATUTE II. Chap. XXIV.-An Act to authorize the South Carolina Railroad Company to Feb. 26, 1845.

import certain pipes and machinery free of duty. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the South Caro- Sec. Treas. 10 lina Railroad Company be, and hereby is, authorized to import into

the prescribe the United States, without payment of duties thereon, all such pipes as have importation, been or may be invented or used for the application of the atmospheric pressure as a propelling power on railroads, not to exceed what is sufficient for a road one mile in length, and also all the machinery connected therewith, or which is necessary for the use and working thereof, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, APPROVED, February 26, 1945.

STATUTE II. Chap. XXV.-An Act to amend an act entitled "An act to carry into effect, in the Feb. 26, 1845. States of Alabama and Mississippi, the existing compacts with those Slates with

Act of July 4, regard to the five per cent. fund and the school reservations."

1836, ch. 355. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That so much of the

(a) See notes to the act of March 3, 1839, chap. 81.

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