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murdering before his eyes a French general, the brave Duphot, who had hitherto escaped all the dangers of war, but could not avoid this act of cowardly perfidy. The Papal government had, for some time previous to this event, secretly recommenced hofti. lities, and made preparations for war, against the French republic: they called foreign generals to their allistance; they corresponded secretly with the conspirators whom the 18th Fructidor defeated. To excite new troubles in the heart of France, they opposed the decisions of theologians to the laws of the republic. Finally, they organized a mock insurrection against themselves, from which they hoped to find a pretext for calumniating France, and committing an outrage on her ambassador; but which was marked by all that giddiness and rage which were displayed in the events of the 8th Nivose. Since that day they have continued their manoeuvres and their hostilities. It was the duty of the Executive Directory, upon this occasion, to employ for the defence of the state all the means which the constitution has placed in their hands. They ordered the general in chief of the army of Italy to march towards Rome; and a courier who is just arrived brings the information that the troops of the French republic occupy, since the 22d of Pluviose (Feb. 10), the castle of St. Angelo and the Capitol.

The Executive Directory conform to the 328th article of the constitution, by immediately informing the legislative body of the first steps which have been taken against a government incorrigible in its perversity, and furious in its hatred, against the revolution and the French republic.

P. Barras, President.
LAGARDE, Secretary-general.

Proclamation of Cardinal Dona at Rome, on the 3d Feb. 1798. ROMANS, wise and virtuous Romans, your dear father, your 4 sovereign, speaks to you by me. He informs you that he has received notice of the approach of a French army against this capital, and he is assured that it does not come to act hostilely against you. Fear not, therefore, but take courage from the prefence of his Holiness. Full of confidence, inspired by the public conduct and magnanimity of the French republic, your sovereign feels no alarm. Animated with the greatest tenderness towards you, he will not forsake you at any time when you may be exposed to danger.


Proclamation to the insurgent Communes of Masaccio, Cingoli, &c.

Bologna, 17 Pluviose (Feb. 5). HYPOCRITES and fanatics have for a moment milled you.

The French troops marched into the midst of you, declaring and proving by their deeds, that they were the friends of the people: but you have endeavoured to obstruct their progress; you have even been guilty of firing upon the foldiers of France, though, when their phalanxes approached, you were disınayed, and fled. The French soldier knows that those alone are criminal who are the secret agents of the government of Rome. He pardons you, and will even respect the property which you have abandoned. As general in chief, I pardon you in the name of the French republic. Return peaceably to your, homes, and consider the French army as an army of friends. I repeat to you, that persons and property, worship, and your temples, shall be respected. Pay obedience to your municipal magistrates ; fubinit to the authority of the French officers, who command only for the present moment. Follow your usual occupations, and continue to preserve your manners and customs in peace: in doing so, you will soon see happiness diffused among you. The French army marches towards Rome, not to make conquests, but to punish the assassins of General Duphot, and the insult given to the ambassador of the republic.

Speech of General Berthier on taking pollession of the Capitol, on the

15th Feb. 1798. M ANES of Cato, of Pompey, of Brutus, of Cicero, and of

Hortensius! receive the homage of free Frenchmen, in that capitol where you have so often defended the rights of the people, and reflected a lustre on the Roman republic.

The descendants of the Gauls enter this august place, bearing the olive-branch of peace in their hands, to re-establish the altars of liberty, erected by the first of the Brutus's.

And you, Roman people! who are about to resume your legitinate rights, recollect the blood which runs in your veins-regard the monuments of glory by which you are surrounded-resume your ancient grandeur, and the virtues of your ancestors.



110 ) .' Proclamation by the Department of the Police.


February 10, First Tear of the Roman

Republic, one and indivisible. 1T is useless to demonstrate by words, to the sovereign people of I Rome, the iniquity of the government which is just abolished, and the advantage of the change which has taken place. Every fensible man must acknowledge, that the will of all ought to pre. vail over the will or the despotisın of a small number of interested persons; and that the unanimous consent of citizens who love their country is more free and more sincere than that of the foreigners who composed a theocratic government of fo monstrous a nature. Abuses have been carried to their height. The debt greatly exceeding the revenues of the state, or the ability of the people to pay it, the scarcity of cominodities having reduced all classes to the greatest distress, base money circulated to a great amount, and impunity given to the most unjust monopoly of provisions, are incontestáble proofs of the excels to which the Papal tyranný has been carried.

The provisional governinent of the Roman republic, which has recovered its ancient rights, promise to pay unremitting attention to the re-establithment of the equality and the balance of commerce, so that provisions of every kind may be procured for their fellow-citizens. At present they content themselves with announcing, that the Mount of Piety shall be immediately opened, and that the persons who have goods deposited there may have them restored to the amount of twenty paoli.

The free Romans, confident of the future prosperity of a republic which will render them happy, are invited to give proofs of their joy and their patriotism by illuminations to-morrow.

To crown this festival by a fraternal mecting, there will be a public and gratis ball on Sunday evening, in the great theatre of Alberte; but without masks, as that kind of amusement is only an infamous remnant of the barbarous feudal system.

The good order and the tranquillity of the city requires that all citizens thould identify themselves with the general will. Every person is therefore expected to wear the national cockade, the colours of which are white, black, and red. Those who appear with the cockade of a foreign nation, must produce their authority for wearing it.

The sovereign people have already, in several places, pulled down the armorial bearings of the abolished government: but justice and order demand that all marks of slavery should be every where instantly laid aside by those who arrogate to themselves such ridiculous pretensions.


In abolishing these ensigns of tyranny, it is proper also to suppress all distinctive signs of aristocracy whatever : therefore all orders of chivalry, gold keys, titles of nobility, or pre-eminence of any kind, are prohibited, as injurious to equality. Liveries, laces, and other badges of personal servitude, are also prohibited, as insulting to God, and degrading to man.

N. CORONA, Præfect.
MARTELLI, Secretary.

h army. The delign of taking allination in evered

General of Brigade Vial, Commandant of Rome,' to the peaceable Inhabitants of the City, and to the Civic Guard.

Rome, 8th Ventose, (26th Feb.) A REPORT was spread yesterday, that there was a division in

the French army. The factious, the fanatics, affallins, and robbers, instantly formed the delign of taking advantage of this circumstance. They began by organizing allallination in every quarter of the town, and some french foldiers were surrounded and murdered. They then assembled in the quarter of TransteVerro, with the fanatics at their head, carrying an image of the Virgin. They appeared near St. Peter's church, crying Pive Maria! where, as the first act of their religion, they put to death a whole guard of soldiers. They next took possession of the bridge of Sextus, and of all the neighbouring treets. The pillaging was to have begun in the quarter inhabited by the Jews, and was afterwards to have been carried through the whole city, had the first attempts been successful ; but the russians were ignorant of the {pirit which animated the French troops; they knew not that upon the first suminons every one would be upon his post, particularly when it was necessary to defend a people (the Jews) whom our principles teach us to protect. I was soon informed of all that had pailed ; and corps of troops sent into different quarters of the town assured me of the tranquillity of those places ; but at Transteverro the miscreants were in considerable force. It was necessary to march against them, and without losing a moment's time I proceeded against them myself, at the head of some troops. They received us with a fire of musketry; but the bayonets of republicans soon overcame every obstacle. The gate near which the unfortunate Duphot was aífaslinated was forced with fixed bayonets, and the bridge of Sextus was carried in the same manner.

Inhabitants of Rome! be confident that the French wish to promote your happiness : of this intention they last night gave you a convincing proof. Had we not wished to give security to the lives and properties of the peaceable citizens, we might have contented ourselves with occupying some military positions, and the

ou aps; they ignorant be frit


112 ) promise of protection we made to you would not, as now, have becn sealed with the blood of our brethren in arms.

As for you, civic guard, you have displayed on this occasion a zealand devotion for good order which will for ever secure to you the gratitude of your fellow-citizens. I ain happy to have the opportunity on beltowing on you in this public manner that tribute of eulogy and eftcem which your conduct has so justly merited.

A great number of affallins who were taken with arms in their hands will be tried within twenty-four hours.'

. (Signed)


Alexander Berthier, General in Chief of the French Army, to the

People of the Ronian Republic. THE enemies of your happiness, and of liberty, have endea.

voured to millead you. Some movements took place yesterday in the quarter of Tranfteverro, which were repressed by force. Several Frenchmen were assallinaied some of the guilty have been arrested, and Thail be punished. . ! It was believed the French army was disunited, but those who thought so were deceived : were it pollible that discord should ever prevail in the army, be convinced that the moment in which the enemies of liberty and of France should dare to thow themselves, under any colour whatever, that moment the French troops would be united, and display the energetic character which has so often conducted them to liberty, and taught their enemies 10 tremble.

Roman people! listen not to perfidious counsels ; refpect the constituted authorities, who are constantly employed in endea. vouring to promote your happiness. invite every Roman citizen to make known directly to me every instance of vexation or oppression of any kind he may be subject to. All criminals shall be severely punished..

(Signed) BERTHIER.

Message to the Council of Five Hundred, on the 13th Ventose (34

March). Citizens Representatives, TWO governments of Europe have been remarked for a

1 cunning and fanguinary policy, and for their hatred to France, particularly France free and a republic. These are the cabinet of St. James's, and the theocracy of Rome. The crimes of the former of these governments have long excited our indignation ; they will soon receive their just chastisement, These


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