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81b. There shall be in every city, or principal commune, a municipality, whose fub-prefect ihall be president. The municipa. lities thall take care of the property of the communes.
9th. The constituted authorities shall be maintained by the public money.,
Toth. The plan of a conftitution, adopted in the canton of Leman, ci-devant Pays de Vaud, shall be followed in every thing. Nevertheless, the power of arrest given to national projects, shall be regulated and limited by the legislative body.
uth. The legiflative body shall put in practice the criminal inftitution of trial by jury. It shall be at liberty in two years to revise the constitution, and to submit its alterations to the primary assemblies for their fan&tion.
Cuftoms and usages favourable to motals and liberty, religious opinions and worship, shall be respected. The legislative body Mall give an example of this respect.
Niage from the Executive Directory to the Council of Five Hundred,
23d Ventole (March 13). Citizens Representatives, THE Executive Directory informed you, by their message of
the oth Pluviose last, of the aggressions which the governments of Berne and Fribourg had committed against the French republic, and the advantage which might be derived from immediately repreffing thein, by causing the troops detached from the army of Italy to enter the Pays de Vaud, under the provisional command of Brizade-general Menard.
You will remark, that at the conclusion of this message the Executive Directory then hoped that there would be no occasion for undertakıg any more hoftile measures in order to redress the injury done by the Swiss government to the republic; and indeed nothing was neglected by them to persuade us that they entertained paciốc disponitions. Deputations at Balle to the French minister; deputations at Payerne to General Brune, commander in chief of the French troops in the Pays de Vaud; amicable letters to GeDeral Schavei,bourg, who, under the orders of General Brune, occupied the frontiers of the department of Mont Terrible with a corps detached from the army of the Rhine ; were all employed to persuade the French government that the Helvetic oligarchies had discovered their crrors, and felt the necessity of repairing them.
But under these dreadful appearances there was concealed a bratred more envenomed than ever against the French republic. This hatred was at first displayed against all persons who endeavoured to re-establish political equality in Switzerland. Hence the taking and pillaging the town of Arau, the seat of the Helvetic diet, as a punilhment for the tree of liberty having been planted there. Hence the imprisonment of the patriots of Soleure, the threat to burn the houses of those of Dorneck, &c.
On the nith of this month the mask was at last pulled off, and a dispatch from their staff announced that hostilities would commence on their part that day, at ten o'clock in the evening. The French army being attacked, seized its arms. It was the contest of liberty against tyranny: was it possible that liberty should not triumph?
On the 12th General Schauenbourg, at the head of his corps of 17,000 men, after some skirmishes with advanced posts, took poffeffion of the town of Soleure, where, attended by the acclamations of a vast multitude, he broke the chains of the unfor· tunate men whom the oligarchy had held in confinement for nearly a month, and on whom they had already fired in the prisons.
On the 14th he pushed his advanced guard to Schainen, and brought the main body of his army to Lhofne. .
On the 15th, at five in the morning, the troops began to march. · Five successive aciions displayed, on the one part, the greatest
courage inspired in the Bernese militia by fanaticism ; on the other, the invincible fuperiority of French valour. Victory was every where faithful to the standard of the republic ; and on the same day, at one in the afternoon, General Schauenbourg en. tered Berne.
To these preludes of new hostilities were added all the preparations of war. In a short time, the members of the government of Berne, always skilful in fanaticizing the inind of the people, col. lected under their standard an army of 50,000 men, and then kept no incafures except such as were necellary to conceal their perhdy a little longer.
On the 5th of this month, while they were negotiating with General Brune, they directed a detachment of their forces against him, and took poffeffion, by surprise, of the village of Leylim, a dependency of the Pays de Vaud. This was doubtless sufficient to determine General Brune to break off the conferences ; but being mure the friend of peace than desirous of new laurels, he still afforded time for conciliation. The conferences were continued, but produced no other consequences than enabling the government of Berne to strengthen itself more and more, particularly in occupying the towns of Soleure and Fribourg, the magistrates of which were entirely devoted to that government.
On the following night he was, joined by the advanced guard of the corps which had left the Pays de Vaud, under the imıne. diate command of the general in chief, Brune. His march was also a series of victories, which are the more glorious that
they were disputed with singular bravery and inconceivable obsti. nacy.
On the 12th, at the same moment that Soleure opened its gates to General Schauenbourg, Fribourg was carried by assault; but which must, however, praise the moderation of the conqueror. Persons and property were as religiously respected as if the town had surrendered by capitulation. Even the prisoners that had been taken were set at liberty, and tears of joy attested their gratitude.
On the same day, in the evening, the Bernese evacuated Morat, a town famous for the battle which was gained there over the Bourguignons in 1476, for the manner in which the bones of the vanquished were preserved. A trophy so insulting to the French Dation could not fail to be destroyed under such circumstances, This in fact was done, and, what is very remarkable, it was performed by the battalions of the department of the Cote d'Or, on the very day which was the anniversary of the battle of Morat. A tree of liberty was immediately planted in the room of this monument, which the oligarchies pointed out beforehand as destined to be a second time the tomb of the French.
On the 14th the commander in chief caused a column, under the orders of General Rampon, to advance towards the famous passage of Gumine, which the enemy had planted with batteries. At the fame time the column of General Pigeon attacked the passage of Neveneck, on the Sauflen.
On the 15th, at four o'clock in the morning, this passage was forced, and the enemy's camp carried, after, an action which lalted about five hours. "General Rampon also forced the passage of Gumine.
While the troops were in action upon these two points, an in. furre&tion took place in the extremity of the Pays de Vaud, near Yverdun. Some Bernese officers and emigrants commanded the rebels, who had passed two pieces of cannon by the lake of Neuf. chatel. Fortunately, the general in chief had taken proper mealures : the rebels were defeated, and their cannon taken, by a detachment partly composed of Vaudere volunteers. .
This is not the only occasion on which these volunteers have shown that they were worthy of combating for the liberty of their country. They distinguished themselves at the taking of Fribourg, where the blood of many of them flowed.
Twenty-nine standards, a numerous artillery, the punishment of the oligarchy, liberty restored to Switzerland, and the national, jaltice sacrificed such, citizens representatives, are the fruits of the victories which the aggressions of the tyranis of Helvetia have forced our brethren in arms to obtain over them.
These victories are the more astonishing, as the French troops had every where to surmount obstacles presented by positions which VOL. VII.
nature seemed to have rendered impregnable, which art had fortified with all its resources, and which were defended by the most formidable artillery. . .
When the armies of the republic have conquered the troops · which were reckoned the most warlike of Europe, you will doubt
less judge, citizens representatives, how tranquil France may be aş to the issue of the coalition which the cabinet of ***** ****** seeks to renew, and for which it employs all that is powerful in falsehood, in gold, and in feduction.
The triumph of the republic in Switzerland is the more glorious and the more pleasing, that, while it is a new victory, and a victory particularly obtained over England, which had made this country the centre of its intrigues, it will restore the estimable people of Helvetia to their original dignity, and deliver them for ever from the humiliating yoke of the most tyrannic oligarchy. .. (Signed) MERLIN, President.
LAGARDE, Sec. General.
Proclamation of the General in Chief of the French Army in Helvetia,
to the Helvetic Nation, Brave Helvetians, Head Quarters at Berne, July 8. ONE of the most perfidious means which the enemies of our re
generation have employed to shut your hearts against confidence in us, and to spread around suspicion and anxiety, is to ascribe to the French republic the design of uniting the territory of the Helvetic republic to that of the French republic. Cowardly wretches! Finding they were unable to resist those victorious arm's which broke asunder the chains of the patriots, and delivered ihe victims of oligarchy, they wished at lealt to avenge their disgrace, by exciting hatred and disgust against a government which fultered among you the establishment of an order of things to which itself Cowes its force and its lustre---against an army which overwhelmed anarchy and fanaticism by turns, which, but for its valour, would have, converted Switzerland into one vast tomb.
Brave Helvetians! to you, who have recovered thofe rights of which a free' conftitution will secure the enjoyinent-to you, who do not confound the tranfient crisis of a revolution with the blessings which must fucceed to it-to you it will doubtless be sufficient to point out ihis new stratagem of your enemies, to ensure its defeat, and to turn its effect against its authors themselves.
Is not France already fufficiently powerful-sufficiently extenfive? Has she added to her territory Holland, and the fine coun. tries of Italy, which were conquered by the force of her arms? Are not the Batavian, Cisalpine, Ligurian, and Roman republics,
the fourt wnegerland is ountry ofentative ine wi
monuments of her respect for the independence of nations and the sovereignty of every people ? Have not yourselves received the most unequivocal proofs of it?
No! Switzerland is not destined to augment the number of our departments. The country of William Tell is worthy of ranking among free states and representative governments : she will accomplish that splendid deftiny, and she will find in the French republic a faithful ally and a sincere friend, always ready to protect her against all her enemies.
Felix Desportes, Commisary of the Government, to the Executive
Geneva, 27 Germinal (April 16). CENEVA is now happy ; its union with the French republic
has been unamimously proclaimed by the extraordinary com. mission, after the sovereign council which had been held in the morning. A folemn deputation, preceded by a crowd of citizens, who made the air refound with cries of " Live the great nation ! Live the Executive Directory!" came to announce this resolution to me. I accepted in your names the wishes of the Genevese people. The most criminal and unparalleled intrigues were made use of to interrupt the designs of the sovereign council. The hosts of anarchists wished to destroy the hopes of the people, they wished to prevent the prolongation of the powers of the commission. But the patriots of Geneva braved the vociferations and poniards of their tyrants, and out of 3197 voters, 2204 gave their suffrages for the prolongation, and 33 votes were declared null and void. The commission then could no longer doubt of the voice of the citizens, and hastened to satisfy their impatience. , At this moment that committee is treating with me in negotiating a treaty of union. After the sitting of the sovereign council under the express demand of the Genevese, I put within their walls an armed force commaded by General Gerard, and only consisting of about 1200 men, merely sufficient to suppress the fury of the brigands who threatened to destroy the friends of the French. The half of this force returns this morning to its cantonments at Carrange and Ferney, the remaining part rest in barracks at Ge. neva. Such is the wife of the Genevese people, and it is upon the promise of my keeping amongst them the conquerors of the Rhine, that the friends of France have mounted the tri-coloured, cockade. : I will not speak to you, citizens directors, of the en. thusiasm with' which our brave defenders were received by their dew fellow-citizens; all their wants were anticipated; there was a general emulation to afford them every species of accom•