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department to extricate the commissioners from their embarrassed” fituation, and that in the same number of your journal you criminate me for having co-operated with his defires ?

As a condition previous to acknowledging the cominissioners, I called upon them, you say, for certain explanations of some pafsages evidently insulting to the French republic, which were diltinguishable in the speech of the President of the United States. But soon he was desirous to spare them the embarrassment “ of these disavowals, and gave their to understand that an offer made by them to purchase a certain quantity of Dutch rescriptions, would be regarded as a friendly act on their part: finally, he complained 'of not seeing them, and seemed anxious to hold conferences with Mr. Gerry." .

Here, then, is a precise analysis of all that I have said, written, or done in the three conferences which I held with the commisfioners. Be therefore consistent with yourself, Citizen ; either retract the well-inerited praises which you bestow on the pacific intentions of the minister, and on the steps which he ordered to be taken, or confess that this man, who was the faithful organ of his intentions, and who followed, with the most scrupulous exactness, the instructions he had received, by no means deserves the cruel reproach with which you load him.

And here I would conclude my answer, had I not to notice and reprobate the levity or the inconsistency with which the commissioners, in their report, turn against me the overtures which I was charged by Citizen Beaumarchais to make to them in his name. I had seen him at Hamburgh, and I had kept up a commercial intercourse with him. Having been informed by the commiflioners themselves of my intercourse with him, he wrote to me, and his letter is in my posleslion, praying me to propose to Mr. Marshall, who had been his counsel in Virginia, in a lawsuit for nearly fifty thousand pounds sterling, gained in the first instance by his abilities, to buy up his claims at fifty thousand pounds sterling lofs.

I made that proposition in person to Mr. Marshall ; le com. municated it to Mr. Gerry, who was present, and then myself conversed upon it with the latter ; both of them, who had been studying French for two months, thought they understood it sufficiently not to require the aslistance of an interpreter ; unfortunately for me, it proved otherwise, since neither of them understood in the same manner the proposition which I had made to them, as clearly appears from the note of Mr. Marthall of the 18th December :- General Pinckney and Mr. Gerry met together at my house; Mr. Gerry gave us a detailed account of the conversation, of which mention is made in our public letter. The propofition relative to the reclamation of M. Beaumarchais is altogether different from what I had conceived of it, in consequence of what M. Y. had told me."

Ami des Loix, which has constantly kept up the unconciliating character of the commissioners, their different views, their prejudices against France, the dislike of two of them to peace, inftead of endeavouring to degrade my character, might have done me justice by observing on this paragraph, which evidently charges the commissioners with a mistake, or with the political falsification of the facts.

Eight or ten days after the audience I procured for Mr. Gerry with Citizen Talleyrand, I went to dine with the commissioners, in company with this minister. The following decade I again dined with Mr. Gerry at the minister's house, fifteen days having elapsed without any reciprocal communication. Mr. Gerry prayed me to call upon him at his house, but I refused it, as contrary to the inclination of Citizen Talleyrand.

A few days after, he thought proper that I should return to Mr. Gerry's. Mr. Gerry then again entreated me to give him a written copy of what I conceived to be the last intentions of the minifter. I did fo in four articles, without the least mention of the pretended sum for purposes of corruption. Mr: Gerry is in possession of that note in my hand-writing.

A few days after Mr. Gerry called upon me. He expressed a desire to have a new private interview with Citizen Talleyrand; this favour I requested and obtained, and I intimated it in writing to Mr. Gerry, who wrote me a letter of thanks on the occasion. That letter is in my hands. Mr. Gerry paid me another visit, praying me to solicit a new interview, which was granted, and I have his answer expressive of his thanks.

Thus, from the day on which I first conducted Mr. Gerry to Citizen Talleyrand's house, I had been with him five times. I gave a note into his hands. We have written several letters to each other, and I call upon him to publish mine.

Again, let me repeat it, the man who would have dreaded the communication of an improper demand, would he have been the person to propose interviews with the minister? Would he have anxiously Itept forward to solicit them at the instigation of others, or, rather, would he not have exerted himself to prevent their publicity?

On the 7th of February I quitted Paris. Two months after I returned thither. Immediately on my arrival I was again entreated to commune with the minister on the embarrassing fituation of the commissioners. This I declined, being furnished with proofs that, excepting Mr. Gerry, they entertained no lincere intention of a conciliation between the two governments ; and here concluded my intercourse with them, though I continued VOL. VII. PP


fix weeks, during which time I visited Citizen Talleyrand at least three times every week.

I have proved that I never made any demand of a specific fum of money from the American court, and that the very conversa. tion, and that the recital of my conferences with them in their own printed correspondence, did not lay that accusation to my charge.

I have proved that I have been authorized by the ministers to keep up this correspondence with the commissioners ; that Mr. - Gerry was certain of it; and that my instructions, uniformly ex

act, had only for their object an honourable peace between the two republics.

In a word, I have explained the mistake into which Mr. MarThall had fallen, relative to the particular proposition which I was charged to make him ; and I have shown that this mistake alone might have been the pretext for the accusation brought against me.

I imagine that I have enabled you alfu to conclude, that I did not deserve the testimony which the commislioners bear to my forwardness in courting interviews with them, since it was they themselves who, after the three first conferences, came and waited upon me, and that I finally expressed a firm resolution of bearing no part in the intercourse with the minister.

I deserved to have met with friends, and I am certain that the confidence they would repose in me, would repel the injury thus done to my character. I feel called upon to justify, in the eyes of the prejudiced and indifferent, the kindness they bestow upon me ; and if I have succeeded in reprelling the rising sentiments of indignation-if I have submitted to the humiliating task of pleading against calumny, it is in order to fulfil this facred duty—it is in order to expiate, in some measure, by this painful effort, fur the too easy confidence with which I imprudently flattered myself that I was promoting the advantages of commerce and the cause of humanity.

Hamburgh, June 25, 1798.

Copy of a Letter from M. Claflen, Esg. Danish Consul al Paris,

10 Thomas Muldrup, Esq. Danish Consul at Leith. IN conformity to the message sent by the Executive Directory,

the 4th of January, to the Council of Five Hundred, the said Council decreed, the 11th instant, as you will please to observe by the following extract from the fitting of the 22d Nivole, si That all vessels found on the seas, loaded in part, or in whole, with products or merchandise of Great Britain, or of her poffelLions, will be declared as legal prizes, without regard to the per


fons to whom such products or merchandise may belong." This decree, however, has not the force of law, until approved of by the Council of Elders; but as I have no doubt that these violent and unjust measures against neutral veilels and cargoes will be fanétioned and put in execution, I hasten to acquaint you of them, and to beg of you to put all our navigators on their guard from approaching the ports or coast of France with the products or merchandise of Great Britain, until the French government change its principles, as I flatter myself it will do. It would be rendering an important service to the East and West India traders, were you to inform them of the danger they run in approaching the coast of France ; and I have to request that you would send out circulars by the first ships failing for these parts to that pur. pose.

I have the honour to be, &c.

Note from Citizen Bernadotte, Ambasador from the French Republic

to the Court of Vienna, to M. Baron de Thugut. THE ambassador of the French republic informs M. de Thugut,

that at the very moment he is writing this note, a fanatical populace dare to form an assemblage before the gate of his reli. dence. The motives that animate the assemblage cannot be the object of the flightest doubt, because several stones have been thrown at the windows of the house which the ambassador occupies. Indignant at such insolence, he entreats M. de Thugut: to order instantly the neceffary researches, in order that the authors may be discovered, and punilhed in such a manner as may serve for an example. The ambassador doubts not that his re. clamations will be attended to with all the speed which they ought to inspire, and that in future the police may be vigilant enough to prevent every similar scene, which cannot be renewed without involving in it the most serious consequences : since it is the firm intention of the ambassador to repel with energy the Nightest infult, much more such scandalous excelles.

(Signed) BERNADOTTE. 24 Germinal (1315 April 1798).

P.S.-M. de Thugut is desired to remark, that there is much reason to complain of the agents of the police. Several india viduals, who said that they were employed by the police, were sequired to disperse the assemblage ; but instead of fulfilling the : intentions of the ambassador, they remained cool spectators of these revolting disorders.

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upwards of thes him, that iken by the Hall the panes

Second Note. THE ambassador of the French republic informs anew M. de Thugut, that the frenzy of the people is such, that all the panes of glass of the house have been broken by the stones thrown against them. He advises him, that the assemblage is already increased to upwards of three thousand persons, and that the guards in the environs of the house, far from protecting it, remain approving spectators of the caprice and fury of the people—their inertness encourages them. The ambassador cannot båt believe, that this scandalous scene is tolerated, or rather excited, by the authorities which adopt no measures to put an end to it. He sees with as much pain as regret, that the dignity of the French people is wounded by the insult offered to the ainbassador, who has vainly invited the crowd to separate and retire peaceably to their habitations. At the very moment in which the ambassador is writing, the fury of the populace is fuch, that the gates have been broken by the stones thrown against them, and that in presence of the guards : the tri-coloured standard has just been torn away by the mutinous populace. The ambassador, not being able to remain longer in a country where the most sacred laws are violated, where the most sacred treaties are trodden under feet; demands of M. de Thugut a passport to return to France with all the legation ; unless M. de Thugut, reproving this violation of the rights of nations, would prefer proclaiming in the streets of Vienna, that the Austrian government, having taken no part in the insults and outrages exercised against the French republic, formally disavows them; and directs that the authors and accomplices be sought after and punished, in an exemplary manner. On this condition alone, and with an obligation on the part of the Austrian government to replace the tri-coloured standard, and to cause it to be hoisted by a civil or military officer in the house of the French ambassador, the ainbassador can remain. M. de Thugut inust see that the time presses, that the moments are precious, and that therefore he owes to the ambalsador a prompt and categorical reply to all the points of his demand. The ambassador belides observes to M. de Thugut, that several persons of the legation have been obliged to release themselves from the fury of the populace sword in hand.


Third Note. THE ambassador of the French republic informs M. de Thugut, that the tumult and excesses of all kinds have lafted for five hours ; that no police officer has yet been to him ; that a fu

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