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considerable facrifices as the Empire has made for the good of all and of each state in particular, to see those states still exposed to fresh demands and pretensions, at the moment in which the Empire Thould begin to enjoy the fruits of peace. Finally, the deputation of the Empire mult again demand of the French ministers a reply to all the points of the last note, to which none has yet been given, or to which the l'țench ministers have not yet replied in a satisfactory manner : principally to the articles 7, 8, 9, 11; :3, 14, 17, 18, which relate to the safety and faculty to all proprietors to dispose freely of all their possessions and appustenances upon the left bank of the Rhine ; the amnesty with its effects the measures to be taken in favour of persons of the ecclesiastical or lay condition, who are deprived of their existence by the new organization; the non:application of the laws of emigration in the ceded countries, as well as the arrangements particularly necessary for Alsace and Lorraine.

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the Emperor. Metternich hof laft Flores the note of

Answer of the French Plenipotentiaries to the Note of the Deputation

of the Empire, dated 141 May.' THE underligned, ministers of the French republic for the negotiation with the German Empire, have received the note of the deputation of the Empire of the 19th of last Floreal, communicated to them by Count Metternich, minister plenipotentiary of his Majesty the Emperor,

They hoped that the deputation, enlightened respecting their true interests, and the dangers of temporizing, and penetrated, like themselves, with the necessity of a prompt and durable peace, would not have hesitated to accept the propositions announced in the note of the French legation of the 14th of last Floreal ; that they would acknowledge that the French republic could not have exhibited greater moderation and condescensyon; and that doubiless much greater sacrifices would have been required of her, had her enemies succeeded in their plans of invasion and partition ; in fine, that, instead of plunging themselves more and more into an endless discullion, they would study to give precision to their answers; and especially that they would justify the opposition which they manifested to the most important points by that Itrength of reason which men of integrity cannot resist.

Disappointed in these hopes, the underligned have given the more profound attention to the note of the 19th Floreal; and they have to declare, that, from the most mature examination, they have derived no convincing reason to induce them to defiit from their first demands. For example: The deputation are surely not serious in proposing to refer to a particular convention of commerce and navigation, all that the note of the French legation

contains

contains relative to the navigation of the Rhine, to the towager ways, works on the banks, toll duties, &c. It is difficult, in fact, to conceive what is intended by a Treaty of commerce with the Empire in general. It is with each state in particular, and according to mutual conveniency, that relations of this kind must be formed. But all the objects in question, with the exception, perhaps, of some customs which belong to conventions purely commercial, ought to enter into a treaty of peace concluded with the Empire, because the Empire has a public and direct interest in them. It is as difficult to comprehend the declaration made by the deputation, that they are not competent to decide upon the demand of the ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic, relative to the free navigation of the rivers running into the Rhine, and in general to the great rivers of Germany. It appears that the deputation of the Empire declare in vain that they have no powers in this case. If they have no right to pronounce in it themselves, it belongs to them, at least, to solicit the decision of the Germanic Diet ; and surely there is so much more reason for altonithinent at thcir indifference in this refpect, as the opening a free passage in the lesser rivers of Germany is the object which, in its consequences, most interests the German nation.

The refusal of the deputation to consent to the re-establishment of the commercial bridge between the two Brisacs is built on no better foundation ; especially when it is remarked, that the pretext for this refusal is drawn entirely from the clause of the ancient treaties, which stipulate that it fhould be demolished. Without feeking to trace the true motive of the resistance which they have manifested upon this subject, the undersigned will repeat, that ihe advantage of a part of Germany demands, as strongly as that of one of the departments of the French republic, that this ancient communication should be restored to the commerce of the two nations. Why Thould the alarms arising from a state of war be constantly opposed to the ancient benefits of a state of peace? If all the difficulties which the deputation appear to create at every step were examined in detail, they would be found equally destitute of solidity, and the pretensions of the French jepublic would still remain in full foree. But in negotiation the essential point is to advance ; and no advance can be made by empty discussion. It is therefore necessary that on both fides we Should express ourselves without delay or referve.

The undersigned will give the example ; and if the weakness of the objections hitherto opposed to them do not justify any facrifice on their part, they will find motives for it in the beneficent policy of their government-in its respect for humanity, and in its sincere desire to accelerate the conclusion of a definitive treaty, which shall connect the iwo powers by the tie of common prosperity. They therefore propose the following modification to

fome Come articles of the note of the 14th Floreal, on the fuppofition that the deputation will accede to the other articles contained in it, which remain unaltered, the undersigned persisting in thern with more urgence, as being incapable of undergoing any discuslion.

ist. Kehl has too often formed part of the French territory not to be considered as an ancient French pofleflion, and being such, it is not to be supposed that the republic Thould now abandon it. But to remove the inquietude of the Empire on this subject, it will be stipulated that no town or regular fort thall be built on its foil, and nothing will be preserved except the bridge, and the redoubts necessary to protect it.

2d. The republic had demanded fifty acres of land opposite to the old bridge of Huninguen, with a road to it: it renounces that demand, and requires only that there be constructed at Huninguen a bridge of communication between the two banks.

3d. The earnest reclamations of the plenipotentiaries of the Empire, in favour of the chief nobles of the Empire, will be fa. vourably received by the French governinent. It will also consent, that those who are not counts, princes, or states of the Em. pire, and who have neither a collective nor individual vote in the Diet of the Empire, Mould be considered as private persons, and treated as such ; it being understood, at the same time, that they can have no claim or indemnity whatever, either from the supe pression of feudal rights, want of pofleflion, or degradation, down to the period when they shall be put in poffeflion, that is, the day of exchanging the ratification of the definitive treaty. The arrears of revenue due at the same period will belong to the tepublic.

4th. The dependencies on the left bank of ecclefiaftical establishments on the right being ceded to the republic, the dependencies on the left bank of ecclefiaftical establishments on the right will corninue to belong to the Empire.

The ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic have no doubt that the deputation of the Empire will justly appreciate this new testimony of the moderation of its government. From seci. procal facrifices there will result a peace, speedy, solid, and bonourable for the two states. Raftadt, 4sh Meffidor (22d June), 6:1 year of the Frencb republic.

BONNIER
JEAN DEBY.

Subflance

orized, buhe following Tune has

Substance of the Vote given by Austria in Answer to the last Nose of the French Plenipotentiaries, dated 22d June.

Rastadt, July 8. THE ministers of Austria, after stating that they had opposed in an amicable but energetic manner, the new demands of the French plenipotentiaries; that the deputation of the Empire had already consented, with some modifications, to the most oppres. five demands; and that, considering the nature of the Germanic conftitution, the deputation was not only free from the charge of having temporized, but had even done every thing to accelerate the treaty, proceed in the following manner: · The last French note of the 22d June has very much disappointed the flattering hopes that the important motives, alleged with a view of obtaining more favourable conditions, would at length be rewarded with deserved success, fince, with the excep. tion of some trifling modifications, the principal points were infifted on even in the actual form of a demand, which, with re. fpect to the free navigation of the Rhine, and the other rivers of Germany, had not been before manifested but in the nature of a with. Auftria has in every point of view been influenced only by the dictates of duty, which shall direct her in her present vote. . She proposes, therefore, to declare repeatedly, in a new answer to the ministers of the republic, that it is expected

ift. That the republic will delift from her pretensions on all the islands of the Rhine, and confine herself to the limits required by herself, preserving the way in which the duties are collected, or the navigable part of the river.

2d. That Cassel, Kehl, and the tête du pont of Huninguen, belonging to the right bank of the Rhine, shall remain in the poffefsion of the Empire of Germany; and that in general every thing on the Upper Rhine shall be restored to its existing Itate be. fore the present war.

3d. That the fortress of Ehrenbreitstein shall remain untouched.

4th. That the sequestration imposed upon the property of the nobility immediately dependent on the Empire, shall be taken off, and reltoration shall be made to them of every thing of which they have been deprived to the present moment. That no diftin&ion fhall be made between those situated on the right and left bank of the Rhine, nor between those who have not votes in the Diet of the Empire, and those who sit and vote in it; and that the nobility immediately dependent on the Empire, shall be indemnified for their feudal rights which have been suppressed.

sth. That with respect to the ecclesiastical establishments, it Thall be determined whether the pia corpora shall be comprehended in them, as it is here believed ought to be the case.

Finally,

Finally, Austria must propose the frequent representation of all these considerations, 'and of whatever the deputation shall think proper to add, to the French , ministers, in amicable expressions, but, at the same time, in terms of energy, with the intent that the French government may be induced to come to a resolution to recede from her hard demands. There is reason to expect that fuch will be the event, more particularly as the French ministers, in their last note, extol themselves the liberal system of politics pursued by their government, its respect for humanity, and its sincere desire to accelerate the conclusion of peace. The deputation places too much confidence in this last declaration, as well as in the preceding ones, to entertain a doubt of their being realized. .

Substance of the Declaration made by the Prussian Ministers at

Rastadt, to the Ministers Plenipotentiary of the French Republica

THE King has seer, with the greatest surprise, the pretenfions, as novel as unexpected, which the French republic has formed since the negotiations were opened on the two bases, viz. the left bank of the Rhine and the indemnities; which pretensions consist in this, that the debts of the states which experience loffes on the left bank, be transferred to the right bank; that the present noblesse of the Empire, who are deprived of their property on the left side of the Rbine, should be indemnified on the right ; that all the islands of the Rhine should be ceded, as well as the different military posts on this side of the Rhine, &c. Among all these demands, ihat of the abolition of Ehrenbreitstein was particularly unexpeâed by the King. His Majesty flatters himself, however, that France will change her sentiments in this respect, and that she will even defift from any such pretension, if it be intended to remain on the footing of amity and good understanding with Prullia. Indeed, to demand the demolition of Ehrenbreititein and the preservation of other military posts, is evidently affuming an offensive and menacing attitude against the north of Germany, and therefore muit force his Majesty in particular to relort to measures of precautin and defence. The King is certaici far from beir.g induce! to enter into a new coali:ion againt France. He lones also to be. lieve that the republic wij! co z 2 threatenega pabr, sus create disagreeable alarms.

Vol. VII.

X2

Carul

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