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to most of us, solemnly attested in the presence of God, by the religious bond of an oath.

Let no one deceive you by wretched, impracticable specula. tions on the rights of man and the majesty of the people, on the dignity and independence of the human mind, on the abstract duties of superiors, and exaggerated abuses of authority; fatal fpeculations! disastrous theories! not more subversive of focial order and happiness, than destructive of every principle of the Christian religion. Look at the origin and progress of these deteltable doctrines. Their atheistical authors, seeing the intimate connexion between religious and civil principles, beheld, with the envious malignity of demons, the mutual support they afforded each other, for the spiritual and temporal advantage of man ; and accordingly prepared the dreadful carcer of anarchy, by the propagation (too successful, alas !) of impiety and licentiousness.

We bitterly lament the fatal consequences of this antichristian conspiracy. But surely, my brethren, your known attachinent to the principles of religion ought to have preserved you from the destroying influence of such complicated wickedness. Yes, deareft Catholics, it is to the benign principles of the Christian religion, that we recall your serious attention at this important crilis. They will shield you from the evils which surround us. Submillion to eltablished authority, and obedience to the laws, are amongst the duties prescribed by religion. Every violation of these duties is highly criminal. "Wherefore, if any amongst you have been unfortunately reduced into a combination against the fate, under any pretext whatever, you are bound in conscience instantly to withdraw yourselves from it, and by sincere repentance, and future loyal conduct, atone for your past sinful temerity. Without this sincere sorrow and promise of amendment, you cannot expect absolution in the tribunal of penance, nor mercy from Government. Neither one nor the other is extended to impenitent finners, or offenders, without profanation or injustice.

Resolve, then, we beseech you, to deliver up your arms of every kind, without delay or reluctance, to those appointed to receive them. Unite with all your loyal and peaceable fellowsubjects, to put down and crush the wicked spirit of infurrection, so disgraceful to the character of Irishmen. It has already produced the most horrid effects. Assassinations, murders, atrocities of every kind have been committed. Lore not a moment to manifest your detestation of the principles and causes leading to such confequences. The shortest delay in complying with this religious duty will be justly considered as an indication of disloyalty. You will be considered as enemies to the state, and subjected to a fudden death, under the operation of martial law, already proclaimed. Your property, your very existence are endangered by a fufpicious or equivocal conduct. It must be open, candid, and decided, in supporting religion and the constitution.


We exhort you then, in the name and by the authority of Jesus Christ, whose will we are bound to announce and explain to you, to keep stedfast in the faith-to lead sober, righteous, and godly lives, giving offence to no one-to fear God, and honour the King.

May the gifts of the Holy Ghost, which the church invokes this day on the whole body of the faithful, fill your hearts with an ardent love of God and man.

May the peace of God, which surpasses every understanding, preserve your hearts and minds in Jesus Christ. Amen. Whitsunday, May 27th, 1798.

. J. T. T.

Proclamation isued by Major-general Nugent, to the Inhabitants

and Insurgents of the County of Docun, dared Head-quarters, Belfast, June 11, 1798, five P. M. MAJOR-GENERAL Nugent, commanding his Majesty's forces in the north of Ireland, being desirous of sparing the effu. fion of human blood, and the total devaftation of the county of Down, is pleased to, and does hereby, extend to the insurgents in the said county, the same terms of submillion and atonement that have been so eagerly and gratefully accepted by many of their equally deluded neighbours in the county of Antrim, to wita

That if those unfortunate persons, who, by the arts of selfish end designing people, have been seduced from their allegiance to their true and lawful sovereign, his Majesty King George the Third, to become rebels and traitors to their country, will return to their duty as faithful and peaceful subjects, and return to their respective houses and occupations, the General positively and surely engages to them, that no one whatever in the county (with the exceptions hereafter mentioned) shall be molested, or their property injured ; and that as a proof of their return to loyalty and good government, they must, in the courle of twenty-four hours after the date of this proclamation (making allowance for the more diftant part of the county), liberate all the loyal persons of every description now in their custody, and send them to their respective places of abode ; and that they also depute some persons to receive all their arms and offensive weapons of every denomination, with the aminunition belonging thereto, who shall be sent to the General to know where they are to be deposited--and that they also deliver up the principal persons who have been most a&ive in instigating or compelling thein to engage in their late wicked practices.

Should • Should the above injunctions not be complied with within the time specified, Major-general Nugent will proceed to set fire io and totally destroy the towns of Killinchy, Killeleagh, Ballynahinch, Saintfield, and every cottage and farm-house in the vicinity of those places, carry off the stock and cattle, and put every one to the sword who may be found in arms.

It particularly behoves all the well-affected persons who are now with the rebels from constraint, and who it is known form a considerable part of their numbers, to exert themselves in having these terms complied with, as it is the only opportunity there will be of rescuing themselves and properties from the indiscrimi. nate vengeance of an army necessarily let loose upon them.

Orders issued on the 13th June, by Major-general Morrison. MAJOR-GENERAL Morrison requests that officers commanding corps will give the strictest orders to prevent setting fire to houses or buildings of any kind ; a mode of punishment that can lead only to the moit pernicious consequences, and that fel. dom or ever falls on the guilty, but, on the contrary, on the landlord, the wife and children of the criminals, who, however iniquitous the husband or father, ought always to be spared and protected.

And he has likewife received orders from Lieutenant-general Lake that free quarters are no longer to be permitted ; neither are foraging parties to be allowed to go out unless under the care of an oilicer, who is to be responsible for every act ; in order that the friends of Government, the helpless and infirm, may not be involved in one indiscriminate mass of destruction with the rebellious and ill-disposed.


Proclamation of the People of the County of Wexford.

June 9, 1798. WHEREAS it stands manifestly notorious, that James Boyd, Hawiry White, Hunter Gowan, and Archibald Hamilton Jacob, Jaie inagiftraies of this county, have committed the most horrid acts of cruelty, violence, and oppression, against our peaceable and well-affected countryinen :

Now we the people, associated and united for the purpose of procuring our just rights, and being determined to protect the persons and properties of those of all religious persuasions who have not oppreffed us, and are willing with heart and hand to join our glorious cause, as well as to show our marked disapprobation

and and horror of the crimes of the above delinquents, do call upon our countrymen at large to use every exertion in their power to apprehend the bodies of the aforesaid James Boyd, Hawtry White, Hunter Gowan, and Archibald Hamilton Jacob, and to secure and convey them to the gaol of Wexford, to be brought before the tribunal of the people.

God save the People.
Done at Wexford this gth day of June 1798.

B. B. HARVEY, Comm. in Chief.
EDWARD Roche, Secretary.

The Adjutant-general of the French Army at Killala, to the Com

mander of the English Troops at Ballina. Sir, I SEND you a prisoner who appears to wish to return home. Under the circumstances in which we are placed, we will do every thing in our power to alleviate the miseries of war, and to attain our fole object, which is to procure a lasting peace, and to restore tranquillity to Europe.

(Signed) Sarrazin.

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Copy of a Paper found at Castlebar by Lieutenant-colonel Craufurd,

among the Archives of the Provisional Government which the
French elected for the Province of Connaught.

Army of Ireland.
At the Head-quarters at Castlebar, the 14th

Fructidor, in the 6th year of the French

republic, one and indivisible. GENERAL Humbert, commander in chief of the army of Ireland, wishing to organize, as soon as possible, an administrative power for the province of Connaught, orders as follows:

1. The government of the province of Connaught shall reside at Castlebar till further orders,

2. The government thall be composed of twelve members, who will be nominated by the commander in chief of the French army.

3. Citizen John Moore is appointed president of the province of Connaught. He is particularly charged with the nomination and union of the members of the government.

4. The government shall immediately direct its attention to the organization of the militia of the province of Connaught, VOL. VII.

3 A


and to securing the provisions necessary for the French and Irish armies.

5. There Mall be formed eight regiments of infantry, each of twelve hundred men; and four of cavalry, each of six hundred men.

6. The government will declare rebels and traitors to their country,' all those who, having received arms and clothing, shall not join the army within twenty-four hours.

7. Every individual, from sixteen to forty, inclusively, is called upon, in the name of the Irish republic, to repair immediately to the French camp, to march in a mass against the common enemy, the government of Ireland—the English ; whose destruction alone can secure the independence and happiness of ancient Hibernia.

The General commanding in chief,


Proclamation issued by Major-general St. John, commanding the

Army in the Difirict of Clonmell. MAJOR-GENERAL St. John, anxious to preserve the tranquillity of the district under his command, and to obtain, for the benefit of the country in general, all those good effects which an unanimous and cordial co-operation must, at this moment particularly, produce, recommends it most earnestly to his Majesty's subjects of all persuasions, that they lay aside the distinguishing badges of their different fects of religion, and with them to bury all those animosities and jealousies which have too long distracted this kingdom, and prevented the restoration of that tranquillity which is so necessary for its immediate security and future profperity.

The Major-general therefore hopes that all loyal subjects will show by their conduct to-morrow (the ist of July), that they will sacrifice private prejudices for the advantage of the public weal; and that they will recommend to all descriptions of people the adoption of a line of conduct founded on this principle.

· Notice isued by Major-general Nugent, commanding the Northern


Belfali, July 27.. WHEREAS a great many of the leaders and principal agitators in the rebellion have secreted themselves in the county of Down, and go through the country during the night to persuade and force the people to rise again in arms; I hereby offer a reward of fifty guineas for the apprehension of each of the follow

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