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ing persons. I also warn the inhabitants of the county in general, that if any of them are convicted of harbouring one or more of those persons, or, knowing where they are, do not give immediate notice thereof to the officer commanding at the nearest post, they will suffer as capital offenders, and their property be deAtroyed. Should any person be weak or wicked enough to join these desperate outlaws, either by force or from inclination, he cannot expect mercy; and I therefore conjure every one to give immediate information against such persons as may go through the country for the purposes above mentioned, and also to do all in their power to take them up.
If the people do not attend to this warning, they will have none but themselves to blame for the distresles brought on their families,
[Several names were inserted at the end of this Notice.]
Substance of the Agreement entered into between the Irish Government and the State Prisoners confined in the several Gaols.
Sunday, July 29, 1798. WE, the undersigned state prisoners confined in the three prifons of Newgate, Kilmainham, and Bridewell, engage to give every information in our power of the whole of the internal transactions of the United Irishmen, and that each of the prisoners shall give detailed information of every transaction that has passed between the United Irishmen and foreign states ; but that the prisoners are not, by naming or describing, to implicate any person whatsoever ; and that they are ready to emigrate to such country as shall be agreed on between them and Government, giving security not to returą to this country without permission of Government, and not to pass into an enemy's country.
It is on their complying with these terms that they are to be freed from profecutions, and also Mr. Oliver Bond to be permitted to take the benefit of this proposal. The state prisoners also expect that this proposal may be extended to such persons in custody, or not in custody, as may choose to benefit by it.
(Signed) ARTHUR O'CONNOR.
T. A. EMMET.
rity not to rebo pars ir.to at hele terms thBond to be
A PROCLAMATION. WHEREAS the state prisoners in the several prisons in Dublin have proposed to his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant “ to
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give give every information in their power of the whole of the internal transactions of the United Irishmen; and that each of them would give detailed information of every transaction that has passed between the United Irishmen and foreign states, without however naming or describing, so as to implicate any person whatever ; and that they were ready to emigrate to such country as should be agreed upon between them and Government, giving security not to return to this country without the permission of Government, and not to pass into an enemy's country, if on their so doing they Thould be freed from prosecution ; and that Mr. Oliver Bond was to be permitted to take the benefit of the said proposal ; and that the state prisoners also hoped that the benefit of the said proposal would be extended to such persons in custody, or not in custody, as might choose to take the benefit of it:" Which proposal is signed by Arthur O'Connor, Thomas Addis Emmet, William M'Nevin, Samuel Neilson, Henry Jackson, John Sweetinan, and by upwards of seventy other prisoners :
And whereas his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant has been gra. ciously pleased to accept of the said proposal, and has agreed to the terms thereby offered ; in consequence whereof the said state prisoners have been examined before the secret committee of the two Houses of Parliament, and have given full information of the transactions of the United Irishmen:
Now I do, by this my proclamation, make known to the seve. ral state prisoners within this district, and to others whom it may concern, the terms and conditions upon which the state prisoners in Dublin have obtained his Majesty's pardon, in order that those who think fit, may entitle themselves to an equal distribution of the King's most 'merciful and gracious intentions; and I do hereby require those whom it may concern, within this district, forthwith to signify to me, whether they are ready to subscribe to similar terms and conditions, and thereby entitle themfelves to the like measure of his Majesty's mercy; and in order that all persons now in custody may have a full opportunity of signifying their intentions herein, I will send proper persons to each prison within this district, for the purpose of receiving their respective determinations.
G. Nugent, Major-general, commanding
e measure custody 1 Will fer
A Proclamation by the Lord Lieutenant General and General
Governor of Ireland. CORNWALLIS. .
WHEREAS it appears that during the late invasion many of the inhabitants of the county of Mayo, and counties adjacent, did join the French forces, and did receive from them arms and ammunition ; and whereas it may be expedient to adinit such perfons to mercy, who may have been instigated thereto by designing men ; we do hereby promise his Majetty's pardon to any person who has joined the enemy, provided he surrenders bimself to any of his Majesty's justices of the peace, or to any of his Majesty's officers, and delivers up a French firelock and bayonet, and all the ammunition in his poffeffion-and provided he has not served in any higher capacity than that of private.
This proclaination to be in force for thirty days from the date hereof.
Given at his Majesty's Castle of Dublin,
Report from the Committee of Secrecy of the Irish House of Commons,
Mr. Speaker, THE Committee of Secrecy appointed to take into consideration the papers prefented to the House on the 17th day of july last by the Right Honourable Lord Viscount Caftlereagh, have directed me to report as follows:
Your Committee, in reporting upon the papers referred to them, find it necessary to recall the attention of the House to a Report of a Secret Committee of the Lords in the year 1793, as also to the Reports of Secret Committees of both Houses of the late Parliament, presented in the course of the year 1797.
Your Committee find that the allegations stated in those Reports are fully confirmed by further evidence and by subsequent events; and the facts they contain, connected with the information arising out of the present inquiry, will enable the House 10 trace in all its parts the conspiracy carried on by the party ftyling themselves United Irishmen, from its first appearance under the pretext of a reform till it connected itself with the foreign enemy, and broke out into a wide and extended rebellion.
Before your Committee proceed to trace the extension and pro. gress of the system of treason since the period of the last Report (the organization of which at that time appeared to have been in a great degree confined to the northern counties, but shortly after extended itself throughout other parts of the kingdom), they are desirous of adverting to the prominent facts established by former inquiries, and to the measures adopted by the government to meet the dangers which then, and at the period immediately subsequent to the last Report, existed in the province of Ulster. The society under the name of the United Irishinen, it ap
pears, pears, was established in the year 1791; its founders held forth what they termed Catholic Emancipation and Parliamentary Reform, as the oítensible objects of their union : but it clearly appeared, from the letter of Theobald Wolfe Tone, accompanying their original constitution, as transmitted to Belfast for adoption, that from its commencement, the real purpose of those who were at the head of the instirution, was to separate Ireland from Great Britain, and to subvert the established conftitution of this kingdom : in corroboration of which your Committee have annexed to this Report several of their early publications, particularly a prospectus of the society, which appeared in the beginning of the year 1791; as also the plan of reform which they recominended to the people.
For the first three years their attention was entirely directed to the engaging in their fociety persons of activity and talents in every quarter of the kingdom ; and in preparing the public mind for their future purposes by the circulation of the most feditious publications, particularly the works of Thomas Paine. At this time however the leaders were rather cautious of alarm. ing minds not sufficiently ripe for the adoption of their principles, by the too open disclosure of the real objects they had in view.
In 1795 the test of the society underwent a Itriking revision; the words in the amended test stand, “ A full representation of all the people,” omitting the words “ In the Commons House of Parliament;" the reason for which has been admitted by ihree members of the Executive examined before your Committee to be, the better to reconcile reformers and republicans in a common exertion to overthrow the state.
In the summer of 1796 great numbers of persons, principally in the province of Ulster, had enrolled themselves in this fociety. About the same period, as will be more fully explained hereafter, a direct cominunication had been opened by the heads of the party with the enemy, and French asistance was folicited and promised to be speedily sent to aid the disaffected in this kingdom.
With a vicw of being prepared as much as poslīble to co-operate with the enemy then expected, and in order to counteract the effect of the armed associations of yeomanry established in October 1796, directions were issued by the leaders to the focieties to form themselves into military bodies, and to be provided with arırs and ammunition.
Thele directions were speedily obeyed ; the societies assumed a military form ; and it appears by the original papers seized at Beifait in the month of April 1797, that their numbers at that period in the province of Ulster alone were stated to amount to nearly one bundred thousand men: that they were very largely
fupplied with fire-arms and pikes ; that they had some cannon - and ammunition, and were diligently employed in the study of military tactics ; in short, that nothing was neglected by the party which could enable them to take the field on the arrival of the enemy, or whenever they might receive orders to that effect from their superior officers, whom they were bound by oath to obey.
To deter the well-affected from joining the yeomanry corps, and to render the administration of justice altogether ineffectual, the most active system of terror was put in operation ; persons enrolled in the yeomanry, magistrates, witnelles, jurors, in a word, every class and description of people who ventured to support the laws, became objects of the most cruel persecution in their perfons, property, and even in the line of their business; and multitudes were compelled to take their illegal oaths, and profess an adherence to the party as a means of security.
In the latter end of 1796, and beginning of 1797, the loyal inhabitants of Ulster suffered most severely from the depredations of the United Irishmen; throughout the province they were stripped of their arms; the most horrid murders were perpetrated by large bodies of men in open day, and it became nearly imporGible to bring the offenders to justice; from the inevitable destruction that awaited the witnesses or jurors who dared to perform their duty.
Your Committee will now shortly trace the measures resorted to for suppressing these disturbances, and for extending protection to the well-affected.
In the summer of 1796, the outrages committed by a banditti calling themselves Defenders, in the counties of Roscommon, Leitrim, Longford, Meath, Westmeath, and Kildare, together with a religious feud prevailing in the county of Armagh, induced the legislature to pass a temporary act of Parliament, generally called the Insurrection Act, by which the Lord Lieutenant and Council were enabled, upon the requisition of seven magistrates of any county assembled at a seilions of the peace, to proclaim the whole or any part thereof to be in a state of disturbance ; within which limits this law, giving increased power to the magistracy, was to have operation.
Many diftri&ts in Ulster in which outrages prevailed, occasioned by the active and perfecuting spirit of the United Irithmen, were in the course of the winter of 1796, and spring of 1797, put under the provisions of the act above mentioned ; and your Committee have to observe, that although where the law was put in force with activity by the magistrates, very beneficial confequences were found to result from it, yet the treason was then wo deeply rooted to yield to this remedy. The Parliament being assembled in October 1796, the dan