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tuents, the republic ought to be satisfied. Interest, dignity, character, all are solemnly consecrated in this treaty--immense porn feflions joined to our territories conquests over which humanity rejoices. The magnanimity which characterizes the French people shows itself in the liinits which have been marked out for the Cisalpine republic, in the declaration required from the Emperor that, he acknowledges the Batavian republic, and in the compensations which it was determined he should make to the Duke of Modena. We shall not proceed to the particular exa, mination of each article, because, in stating to you the principal objects of the treaty, we have combined and analysed those parts which are intimately connected, and which cannot be separately discussed. With respect to such articles as are detached from the whole, we conceived that we ought likewise to avoid the fatigue of giving them in detail. 'Those, indeed, which are really separate, are, for the most part, mere forms of ceremony, which you may have remarked in the preceding treaties submitted to your approbation, and which the cabinets of Europe hold in ve. neration. . In respect to those articles which may appear insulated in the treaty, though connected with the secret conditions, as we are ignorant of their precise relation to those conditions, we thought it would be wholly useless to enter into long and difficult fpeculations which might probably lead us astray, and which, at best, could furnish us with only hypothetical conjectures. The Directory have already given too many proofs of their soli. citude for every thing that can be dear to us as representatives and as citizens, to withhold from thein that confidence which the success of their negotiations requires they should enjoy. The Di. rectory, so scandalously accused of being averse to peace, have now shown to France and the whole world whether they, or their calumniators, have prolonged the horrors of war. We will confess, citizens colleagues, ihat, on the first view, one of the articles of the treaty had alarmed your committee. It is Article 1X.by which it is stipulated, that the sequestration put upon the ef. fécts of the inhabitants and proprietors of the ceded countries, on account of the war which is now about to terminate, will be entirely taken off. But, after maturely weighing and deliberating upon these dispositions, which are common to all the treaties of peace which you have approved, your committee are convinced ihat they can have no relation to the emigrants. In reality, an emigrant being civilly dead, and his effects being not merely sequestrated, but by the sole act of his emigration confiscated and efcheated to the republic, he cannot be included in the number either of inhabitants or proprietors. Besides, that article mentions only the individuals whose effects have been sequestrated on account of the war. This reason, which must hare principally applied only to foreigners possessed of property in the ceded terri
e benefit of this whom France, thment to which it be con
tories, is not the same with that which influenced the 'confifcation of the effects of the emigrants. Thus, under any point of view, the benefit of this disposition cannot be applied to those parricides, with respect to whom France, has converted into an irrevocable proscription that temporary banishment to which they were cowarjly and traitorously devoted. This article must be considered as the less liable to the interpretation which for a moment gave some uneasiness to your committee, that no positive expreflion in it clahes in the smallest degree with the letter of the constitution. This disposition, therefore, must be considered solely as an amneily granted to the inhabitants of the conquered countries, for their errors of opinion; it has not, and cannot have, any other object. What still further justifies the opinion of your committee, is the 19th Article, which is more amply explained. It is there said, that the unalienated property, moveable and immoveable, of their royal highnesses the Archduke Charles and the Archduchess Christiana, in the countries ceded to the French republic; that the property of the Archduke Ferdinand, contained in the territory of the Cisalpine republic, will be restored to these princes, under the condition of selling them within three years. There cannot, therefore, remain the smallest doubt in regard to the real meaning of these stipulations. This explanation will, doubtless, be sufficient to remove every objection to a treaty which is on the whole advantageous and honourable to the French people. Now, not only does Europe no longer contest its own sovereignty, but it also recognises that of the people to whom the French nation has imparted that boon. Thus the French people have, at once, asserted their own liberty, and created that of others. Citizens colleagues, the number of our enemies, formerly so considerable, is now reduced to two-Portugal and England. The first, in refusing to ratify the treaty which we had granted it, has rather yielded to the dread of mililary execution threatened by England, than to any sentiment of personal hatred, or that of vain resistance. The Queen of Portugal well knows that it is beyond her power to alter the destinies of the French republic, or to retard their course. In respect to England, we know which of the two, France or England, has moit reason tu dread the continuarion of hostilities. That op. pie" ve ministry who retain her people in the chains of insuppurtable fervitude, and in the horrors of a distress which is the forerunner of bankruptcy, shall soon see the free colours of the French nation floating on her Downs. Buonaparte, who has briliantly supported in Italy the characters of general and negotator, is expected by the army of England. At that name, representatives of the people! your hearts have often expanded with hope, and as often beat with gratitude. I do not imagine that the cabinet of St. James's will expose itself to the invasion
which menaces its territory. The valour of our soldiers, the falents of our generals, and the great number of the discontented, who would lay open to us the road to London, will bring back the British minister to a system more adapted to the nature of'existing circumstances. But whatever be the epoch of a general peace, let us hasten to prove, by the ratification of the treaty with the Emperor, that we lay down with pleasure those arms which we were compelled to take up. ,
Speech of the Minister of Marine to Mr. Swinburne, the Commissary
for English Prisoners at Paris, on his Audience of Leave,
JAM as sensibly affeded as my colleagues, at not being able to
terminate with you an operation that you have so well begon, and which has acquired for you claims to the esteem of the true friends of humanity. You have proved by your conduct and your proceedings, that the war which divides two.nations, made to esteem each other, cannot diminish in your mind the necellity of cherishing men, and of affisting the unhappy. Accept my thanks: I entreal you to accept them, both as citizen and as minister. I sincerely hope, that upon your return to London, you will triumph over your enemies, and that your government will give you their confidence. It is for the cause of humanity that I form this with. Sir, you carry with you our regret: and if the esteem of men, whose principles you have been able to appre. ciate, can be any indemnity to you, you may rely upon mine and that of my colleagues, whose organ I am pleased with being.
Frederik William the Third, by the Grace of God, King of Pruffia,
Margrave of Brandenburgh, Antichanıberlain, and Prince Élector of the Holy Roman Empire, &c. to the French Republic, and in her Name to the Citizens who.compose the Executive Direca tory. Great and dear Friends, DROVIDENCE having disposed of the days of the King, 1 my father, who departed this life the roth of this month, and having called me to the throne of my ancestors, I hasten to announce to you this double event; persuaded that you will take part in the loss I have sustained, and that you will interest yourfelves in my advancement to the rule over the Prussian states. I-fhall take the greatest care to cultivate and cement the harmony which I find so happily established between the two nations; and
upon this I pray God to keep you, great and dear friends, in his hwly care.
Your good friend,
FREDERICK WILLIAM.. Berlin, 17th Nov. 1797.
GEORGE R. Aiditicral Inflructions to the Commanders of all our Ships of War and Privateers that have or may huve Letters of Marque against France, Spain, or The Subjecis of the United Provinces, inhabiting within any of their Countries, Territories, and Dominions. Given at our Court at St. James's, the 2014 Day of November
1797, in the thirty-eighth Year of our Reign. IT'HEREAS we have thought it expedient that permission
should be given to vessels belonging to the subjects of his Catholic Majesty, having not more than one deck, to trade between the free ports establimhed in the island of Jamaica, and also in the Bahama islands, and the Spanish colonies in America, according to the regulations of the several acts for establishing free ports in our Welt India islands, notwithstanding the present hofulities: And whereas we have thought it expedient, that notwithttanding the said hostilities, permission should likewise be given to any British vessels navigated according to the laws now in force, to trade between the said free ports in the island of Jamaica and in the said Bahama islands, and the Spanish colonies in America, provided such British and Spanish vessels as shall trade between the faid free ports in the island of Jamaica and the said Spanish colonies, shall have a licence from the governor or commander in chief of our island of Jamaica ; and that such British and Spanish vellels as shall trade béiween the free ports in the Bahama islands and the said Spanish colonies, shall have a licence from the governor or commander in chief of the Bahama Hands; and provided such British and Spanish 'veilels shall import into the free ports of Jamaica and the Bahama islands, such Sinds only as are hereafter enumerated, viz. wool, cotton wool, irrigo, cochineal, drugs of all sorts, cocoa, tobacco, logwood, ilih, and all sorts of wood for dyer's use; hides, skins, and 12:0w, beaver and all sorts of furs, tortoise. Thells, hard wood, o miiltimber; mahogany and all other woods for cabinet ware ; bourses, alles, mules, and cattle, being the growth and produc1.19 of any of the colonics or plantations in America belonging to the crown of Spain ; and all coin or bullion, diamonds, or
Pinus ftones, coming from thence; and provided such British arSpanish vessels thall export from such free ports, only the ..:ods and commodities, and also rum, the produce of any VOL. VII,
pures, which wipriis, pitchy acco: The
British irland, and negroes, which shall have been legally im. ported, and also all goods, wares, merchandises, and manufactures, which shall have been legally imported, except mafts, yards, or bowsprits, pitch, tar, turpentine, and all other naval or military stores, and tobacco: The commanders of our Mips of war, and of thips commissioned with letters of marque, are hereby required and enjoined not to detain or molest any such Spanish vessels or any British vessels trading between the free ports in the said islands and the Spanish colonies in America, provided they are bona fide employed in carrying on their trade conformably to the respective regulations herein above described, and have a licence for that purpose from the governor or coinmander in chief of the said islands respectively, and in case such ship so licensed should be captured and brought into any port, through misapprehension or breach of our order, our courts of admiralty and vice-admiralty are hereby required to liberate the same, as being under the protection of our special commission.
By his Majesty's command.
of Cans for you to reducich you have Peru AL
Proclamation of the Executive Directory to the French People, dated
the ist Frimaire (21 Nov.). THE interests of the republic call you to a last triumph. AF
ter the innumerable battles from which you have returned victorious, it yet remains for you to reduce the first, the most obftinate and cunning of all your enemies.
The Executive Directory is desirous of a general peace; it wishes for it, for your sake, and for the sake of Europe. But during a year and more a faithless enemy has led altray all the cabinets of Europe by vain projects, proposing peace in a loud voice, fecretly fomenting war, affecting to extinguish with one hand the torch which it lights with the other ; sending with parade pacificators, and repelling in effect all overtures which alone could tend to pacification. This enemy you know : your indignation can devise and name it. It is the cabinet of St. James's. It is the most corrupting, and the most corrupted, of the governments of Europe: it is the English government.
It is not alone against the liberty of France that that government directs her conspiracy; her conspiracy is against the whole world. Ah! too long has that perfidious cabinet troubled, subjected, desolated all parts of the world. Spcak, Americans ! say who are direitly or indirectly your true rulers. Unfortunate Indians! say by what deteftable art has that governinent eltablithed her tyranny among you? And you, Europeans, more unfortunate ftill, innocent inhabitants of the plains of Franco