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above all, I am under obligations of duty to France ; and I can contract n' engagements incon Gstent with those rights which my country Golds over me. With these exceptions, I can assure the General Marquis de Chasteller, that it is my invariable resolution never to set foot on any territory subject to his Majesty the King of Bohemia and Hungary ; consequently 1, the underligned, engage myself to his Majelty the Emperor and King, never at any time to enter into any of his hereditary dominions, without having firit obtained his special permission, provided this engagement is not understood to contravene the right my country holds over me.
(Signed) LA FAYETTE..
Declaration of the second State Prisoner, General Latour Maubourg,
previously to his Keleaje. . . . GENERAL de Chasteller has informed me of the inclination of his Imperial Majesty to set me at liberty, and added to this inti. mation, that he was changed to demand a written answer of me to the following points :
ift. Whether it was true that my captivity has been rendered worse by ill treatment, or whether I had only to complain of the inconveniences peculiar to state prisoners ?
2d. Where I intended to go after my release?
3d. My aisurance not to enter the dominions of his Imperial * Majesty without his express leave.
Without giving to the Austrian government any right over my person, and without submitting to the right which it has arrogated to itself over unarmed Frenchmen, who had nothing to do with the provinces subject to the Emperor's domination, I deem it incuinbent on me to declare, and do declare,
That I have not been ill-treated, either by words or actions, by the persons who were charged to guard me, nor would I have suf. fered them to do it with impunity. Meanwhile I must add, that excepting the captain, who now has the inspection over the state prisons, most of the officers who were his predecessors in that service, performed it with peculiar rudeness and neglect, of which it was the natural consequence, that the prisoners were in want of every thing. Those officers, since General Spleny paid very little attention, totally disregarded our wants (perhaps they followed in this respect the orders which they had); whence it happened, that from October 1794, the epoch of the arrival of General D'Arco, till the month of January 1797, when that service was transferred to Count Machelicot, I was left utterly deftitute of all I wanted, and in general in such a condition as apparently sure prised that officer on his arrival, and which he has ameliorated as much as his instructions would permit.
Unacquainted as I am with the code of the state prisons, I do not know whether the treatment which I have borne for these three years past tallies with that code; but what we have heard about the mode of treatment in the justly abhorred Bastille, and what I have read during my imprisonment in Prussia of the treatment in the French prisons, under the barbarous domination of Marat and Robespierre, even my captivity in Pruilia, all this had not prepared me for those rigours, which I would not deemn poflible, erpecially under the sceptre of a prince whose humanity and virtue I have so often heard praised, had I not had so long and so cruel experience of them.
2. I do further declare, That it is my intention, as soon as I shall have my liberty, to go to Hamburgh, and to remain there till the news which I expect from my family thall have enabled me to take a farther resolution, and till my impaired health at least be so far recovered, that I can put it into execution, - 3. With pleasure I renew here the promise which I have so often made to inyfelf, never to travel in the hereditary dominions of his Imperial Majesty, still less to settle in them. But as a thousand circumstances may disconcert the plan I have previously taken to go to North America, and to leave room for no preiext to treat me a second time as a state prisoner, for having fulfilled my duties to my country, I deem it necessary to make an exception in this promise. I therefore except formally the case, little probable at the bottom, where the service of my country, which I was forced to quit, and which will ever be dear to me, or the fervice of the state where I might in future fix my abode, and which Thould have received me, should impole on me the imperious law to pay no' regard to that promise.
Olmuta, July 25th, 1797. ' Latour MAUBOURG.
in die complaints whand King of Bold me, in
Declaration of the third State Prisoner, Bureau de Pusey, previously
to his Release. . GENERAL the Marquis de Chasteler has summoned me, in the name of his Majesty the Emperor and King of Bohemia and Hungary, to expose the complaints which I might have to make, as well against the individuals appointed to guard me, as of the rigours of my caprivity, with exception of the measure which the duty of securing my perlon renders necessary. I answer to this, as I do not know ihe measure of the regulations of security and rigour which the Court of Vienna thinks necessary to keep in safe custody its state prisoners, I cannot answer the question asked me otherwise than by a faithful narrative of the hard treatment which has fallen to my lot ever since I have been here.
I declare, therefore, that from the 18th of May 1794, to this present day, I have not been permitted, for a single moment, to
(s) quit the room in' which I was fhut up on my arrival ; that I was consequently deprived of every other motion but that which I could make in that room ; that I could breathe no other fresh air but what entered by the windows, doubly barred with iron ; an air frequently so infectious and unwholesome, that the evil exceeded by far the benefit of the enjoyment. I do further declare, that out of the small number of books which I brought with me, about twelve were taken from me, under the pretence of being sufpicious; the same happened with as many maps, which chiefly represented America ; farther, with all the letters from my family, which I had received in Prussia by the channel of the government of that country, till now not a single one of these articles has been rc urned to ine. I declare, that during the first fourteen weeks of by imprisonment at Olmutz, I was not allowed to receive intelligence from any of my relations, who were then all under the axe of the Jacobirs in France, and were obliged the more to tremble as they had the misfortune to belong to me; I was not even allowed to send them a proof of my ftill being in existence.
I declare, that a servant who had been proposed to me, without my wishing for him, at my departure from Luxemburg to Wesel, and who of course accompanied me, was separated from me on my arrival at Olmutz; that fix weeks after I only could see hiin for a few moments, afterwards only every fortnight, each time for about an hour, then twice a week; at lait, during the last iwenty one months, he was allowed to pass three hours every day in attending on my person.
I declare that I have been constantly refused the use of paper, pen and ink, pencils, compalies, and other instruinents of that kind; nay, and whole months, from the end of November 1794, to the end of July 1795, a small llate was taken from me, which I used for calculations, and in my mathematical studies.
I declare, that I have been constantly di prived of all small articles of furniture, even of those most indispensable with regard to our common daily wants, such as watch, seisfars, knife, fork, and fazor. Farther, that with regard to my wearing apparel, I was for several months in the most horrid state. To speak the truth, I ailed for none; not that I suspected the government would refuse me what was most necessary in that respect, but in the first place, because my dress spoke for itself; and 2dly, because I preferred tis privation, to the humiliating discussion on which I thould have been obliged to enter on that account. I only once touched 1. ghly on this subject, with regard to Major Chermack, an offloor to whose care the prisoners were then entrusted, a man of a favage and brutal character, and incapable of conceiving the most Common duties towards prisoners, before whom men of that sort think they ought to show themselves the prouder the more unfertunate the former are. I farther declare, that, excepting the faid
Major Chermack, I have no complaint to make against any of the officers who were by turns on duty with me, and it is with pleasure I seize this opportunity to return thanks to Count Mack Elliot, who is now charged with the police of the state prisons, for the polite and humane conduct which he has continually observed towards me.
The Marquis de Chasteller having also informed me, that the end of my in prisonment depended ailo upon taking on myself the obligation not to return to the dominions of his Majesty the Emperor, without his leave; I hereby declare, that I joyfully bind myself never to enter the dominions of his Imperial Royal Majesty of Hungary and Bohemia, without having obtained his permission; nay, even never crave that permission; excepting however the case of military service, on the supposition of a war between his Imperial Majesty, and the power that will grant me an asylum ; as no motive can or shall force me to subject myself to the disgraceful terms of a promise, which might prevent me from fulfilling the first duty as a citizen, to the state that shall grant me refuge. Olmutz, July 25, 1797.
BUREAU DE PUSEY.
Letter from La Fayette, Latour Maubourg, and Bureau de Pufey, to
General Buonaparte. Citizen General, 15 Vendemiaire (087. 6), Year 6. THE prisoners of Olinutz, happy in being indebted for their
deliverance to the benevolence of their country and to your invincible arms, had enjoycd, in their caprivity, the idea, that their liberty and their life were attached to the triumphs of the republic, and to your personal glory. At present they rejoice to render homage to their deliverer. It would have been highly gratifying to us to have offered you in person the exprefsion of these sentiments, and to have had an opportunity of taking a near view of the theatre of so many victories, the army which gained them, and the hero who has added our resurrection to the number of his miracles; hut you know that the journey to Hamburgh was not left to our choice. It is from the place where we bid the last adieu to our gaolers that we address our thanks to their conqueror. In the fo. litary retreat, on the Danish territory of Holstein, where we are going to endeavour to establish that health which you have saved, we will join to the wishes inspired by our patriotism for the republic, the most lively sense of interest for the illustrious general, to whom we are more attached on account of the services which he has rendered to the cause of liberty, and to our country, than of the personal obligations that we are proud to owe him, and which the most lively gratitude has engraved on our hearış in characters the most indelible.
Health and respect !
Instruction addressed by General Buonaparte to the Commissaire Ora
donnateur in Chief of the Army of Italy, dated the 11th of Augujt. 1. AS the Cisalpine republic pays to the army of the French re
41 public one million per month, all parts of the territory of that republic are consequently exempted from every kind of requifition.
2. The actual limits of that republic are, ift. the countries fituated between the Telie and the Oglio; 2d. all the territory that formerly composed the Modenese, Bolognese, and Ferrarese.
3. When the troops of the Cisalpine republic shall be stationed on its own territory, they shall be furnished from the magazines of that republic.
4. When the troops of the Cisalpine republic shall be with the French army, or any other territory than that of the republic, they thall be furnished from the magazine of the French.
Proclamation published at Venice on the 16th August (29 Thermidor)
. 1797 THE general in chief of the army of Italy wishing to give, in
the name of the French republic, a proof of its esteem and friendship for the Sublime Porte, orders, ift. The generals commanding the different places of commerce occupied by the French in Italy, shall afford special protection to Ottoman subjects, Greeks, and particularly to Albanians. 2d. The Ottoman suba jeds shall be at liberty to hire lodgings where they think proper, without being obliged to live all in the same house, and be at home at an appointed hour. 3d. The French ships in the Adriatic sea, fhall afford protection and succour to vessels bearing the Ottoman fag, and particularly to Greeks and Albanians.
Liberty, Equality. In the Name of the Cisalpine Republic, One and
Fifth Year of the French Republic. THE bestowing of freedom on the Cisalpine nation has crowned
the long series of victories of the French republic. This fair country is at length delivered from our and your enemies; the time is arrived when the political consequence of Italy shall be teftored and confirmed. The wish of the Cisalpine people for their