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army is in a futuation to require my presence, or it becomes indifpensable by the urgency of circumstances.

In making this reservation, I beg it to be understood, that I do not mean to withhold any assistance to arrange and organize the ariny, which you may think I can afford, I take the liberty also to mention, that I must decline having my acceptance considered as drawing after it any immediate charges upon the public; or that I can receive any emoluments annexed to the appointment, before entering into a situation to incur expense.

The Secretary of War being anxious to return to the feat of government, I have detained him no longer than was necessary to . a full communication upon the several points he had in charge.

With very great respect and consideration,
I have the honour to be, dear Sir,
Your most obedient, humble servant,

John Adams,
President of the United States.

Buonaparte to the Pacha of Egypt.

On board l'Orient, 12 Mefsidor (June 30). THE Executive Directory of the French republic have fre

quently applied to the Subline Porte to demand the punishment of the Beys of Egypt, who oppressed with their vexations the merchants of France.

But the Sublime Porte declared, that the Beys, an avaricious and fickle race, refufcd: 10 litten to the principles of justice, and not only that the Porte did not authorize these insults, but withdrew their protection from the persons by whom they were committed.

The French repiiblie has resolved to send a powerful army, to put an end to the exactions of the Beys of Egypt, in the same manner as it has been several times compelled, during the present century, to take these measures against the Beys of Tunis and Algiers. You, who ought to be the master of the Beys, and yet are kept at Cairo, without power or authority, you ought to regard niy arrival with pleasure. You are, doubtless, already apprised that I come not to attempt any thing against the Alcoman or the Sulian. You know that ihe french nation is the only ally which the Sultan has in Europe. Come then and meet me, and curse along with me the impious race of the Beys.




Buonaparie, Commander in Chief, to the Commander of the Caravak.

On board l'Orient, 13 Messidor (July 1). THE Beys have oppresled our merchants with vexation ; I am come to demand reparation. To-morrow I Thall be in Alexandria. You ought to feel no uneasiness; you belong to our grand friend, the Sultan ; conduct yourself accordingly. But if you commit the least hostility against the French army, I shall treat you as an enemy; and for this you must be accountable, as it is far from my heart and from my intentions.



Buonaparte, General in Chief, to the People of Egypt, FOR a long time the Beys who govern Egypt have insulted the French nation, and opprelled the merchants with exactions.

For a long tiine this heap of flaves, purchased in the Caus casus and Georgia, have tyrannized over the faisest part of the world.

But God, upon whom all depends, has directed that their ems pire should finish.

Inhabitants of Egypt, when the Beys tell you I come to destroy your religion, believe them not. Answer them, that I cume to rescue the rights of the poor from the hands of their tyrants; and that the French respect, more than the Mamelucks, God, his Prophet, and the Koran.

Tell them that all men are equal in the eyes of God. Understanding, ingenuity, and science alone, make a difference between them; and what wisdom, what talents, what virtues dir. ringuilh ihe Mamelucks, that they should have exclusively all that senders lite sweet and pleasant?

Is there a beautiful woman? She belongs to the Mamelucks. Is there a handsome llave, a fine horse, a tine house? They belong to the Mamelucks.

Is Egypt their farm ? Let them show the lease which God has given them. But God is just and merciful to all people. All the Egyptians are entitled to the polleflion of all places. The wiselt, molt enlightened, and most virtuous will govern, and the people will be happy. You had once great cities, large canals, much trade : who has destroyed them but the avarice, injustice, and ty. ranny of the Mamelucks?

Cadis, Cheiks, Imans, Tcherbadjies, tell the people that we are the friends of true Muffulmen. Did not we destroy the Pope, who saw that it was necessary to make war against the Mullula men? Did we not destroy the Knights of Malta, because those foolish men thought that God wished war to be carried on against the Mufulmen? Have not we been at all times the friends of the

Grand Grand Seignior, (may God accomplish his wishes!) and the foe of his foes? The Mamelucks, on the contrary, are not they ever re. volting against the authority of the Grand Seignior, whom they Atill refuse to acknowledge ?

Thrice happy those who are with us! they shall prosper in their fortune and sank-happy those who are neuter! they will have time to learn, to know us, and will be with us. But miferable, thrice miserable those who shall arm for the Mamelucks, and fight against us—there shall be no hope for them, they shall perish!

Art. I. All places which lhall be three leagues distant from the route of the French army, shall send one of their principal inhabitants to the General to declare that they submit, and will hoift the French flag, which is blue, white, and red.

II. Every village which thall arm against the French army shall be burned to the ground.

III. Every village which shall submit to the French Mall hoist the French flag, and that of the Sublime Port, their ally.

IV. The Cheiks fhall seal up the houses and effects of the Mamelucks, and take care that not the smallest article shall be loft.

V. The Cheiks, Cadis, and Imans, shall continue to exercise their respective funcions. Each inhabitant fhall remain in his house, and prayers shall continue as usual: every one thall return thanks to God for the destruction of the Mamelucks. Glory to the Sultan, glory to the French army Nfs friend! Curfes to the Mamelucks, and happiness to the people of Egypt !



Orders of Buonaparte, General in Chief.
Head Quarters on board l'Orient, 3d Mesidor

(211 June), 6th Year. ART. J. Every individual of the army who shall pillage or fteal shall be shot.

II. Every individual of the army who shall impose contributions upon towns, villages, or individuals, or shall commit ex. tortions, of whatever kind they may be, shall be shot.

Ull. When any individuals of a division shall have committed any disorders in a country, the whole division shall be responsible. If the guilty are known, the General in Chief shall order them to be not; if they are unknown, the General in Chief shall endeavour to discover ihem ; and if they remain undiscovered, he shall retain, on account of the division, the sum necessary to indemnify the inhabitants for the loss they may have sustained.

those who fall ei hands of the

thor every thing as require and silver, phin twelv

IV. No individual of the army is authorized to make requisitions, nor raise contributions, unless furnished with instructions froin the Comissary in Chief, in pursưance of an order of the General in Chief.

In case of 'urgency," as it often happens in war, if the General in Chief and the Commissary, in Chief should chance to be at a distance from a division, the General of Division may authorize the Commissary at War to make the requisitions of urgency. : i

V. The General of Division shall immediately send to the Ges neral in Chief a copy of the authority which he shall have given ; and the Commissary at War fhall immediately send to the Commissary in Chief a copy of the objects he requires.

VI. Nothing but necessaries for the soldiers, hospitals, transports, and artillery, shall be put in requisition.

VII. When once the requisitions are made, the objects required Thall be put into the hands of the agents of the different administrations, who shall give receipts for them, and receive others from those to whom they shall distribute them, and shall be accountable for every thing. Thus in no case can officers or soldiers receive directly the objects required.

VIII. All money, gold, and silver, proceeding from réquisitions, contributions, or otherwise, shall within twelve hours be deposited in the chest of the Paymaster of division; and in case he shall be at a distance, it Ihall be deposited in the chest of the Quartermaster of the corps.

IX. In those places where there shall be a commandant, no requi. sition thall be made without the Commissary at War first acquainting the commandant of the place by whose order it is the requifia tion is made. The commandant of the place shall immediately inform the Etat Major-general thereof.

X. Those who act contrary to the 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, and joth articles, shall be calhiered, and condemned to two years imprisonment. | XI. The General in Chief orders the General Chief of the Etat Major, Generals of Division, and Commissaries in Chief, to use their utmost endeavours to execute the present order ; his intention being, that the funds of the arıny shall not be applied to the advantage of a few individuals, but to the advantage of all. The General in Chief,


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Declaration of the Mufti and principal Cheiks. of the City of

Alexandria, in the Name of the Inhabitants.

GLORY to God, to whom all glory is due, and peace to the holy Prophet Mahomet, his family, and the companions of his divine million. • The following agreement has been concluded between us, the chief men of the city of Alexandria, whose names are hereunto subjoined, and the General in Chief of the French army encamped in this city.

The undersigned Chiefs shall continue to observe the law and sacred institutions. They thall determine all difference according to the purest justice, and carefully keep at a distance from the crooked path of iniquity. The Cadi, io whose care the tribunal of justice is to be confided, shall be a man of the purest morals and the most irreproachable conduct ; but he shall not pronounce any fentence without first consulting the chiefs of the law, and his final judgment shall be regulated by their decision. The sub. fcribing Cheiks thall study the means of making righteousness flourish, and direct all their efforts to that object, as if animated with the same spirit.. They shall take no resolution but what is adopted with one accord. They thall zealously labour for the good of the country, the happiness of the people, and the dea Itruction of the children of vice and iniquity. They further proinile nerer to betray or attempt to ensnare the French army, to act contrary to its interests, nor enter into any conspiracy that may be formed against it.

To all these promises they have bound themselves by the most folemn oath, which they renew by this act in the sincerest and most religious manner. .

The General in Chief of the French army promises on his part, that no one of the soldiers shall moleft the inhabitants of Alexandria by vexatious proceedings, rapine, or menaces; and those who shall commit such exceles shall be punished with the utmost ngol?r.

The General in Chief has also most folemnly promised, that He shall never attempt to compel any of the inhabitants to change their religion, nor to make any innovation in their religious usages; but, on the contrary, assures them, that his with is, that they shall continue to profess their religion, and that he will continue to maintain their tranquillity and property by all the means in his power, as long as they hall abstain from any atteinpt against his person, or the army which he commands.

The present convention was prepared and signed on the morn. ing of Wednesday the 20th of the moon Muharem, 1213th year

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