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the midst of peace. Numerous and powerful motives will easily re-animate against them your magnanimous resentment. And who among you has forgotten the calamities which France has been compelled to bear during a long and terrible war? It was not enough that an impious league was formed to annihilate the infant republic; it was not enough that the French territory' was stained with facrilegious ftandards. Our intestine divisions, the crimes of rival factions, the civil war kindled in the western departments, fanaticisın inflaming the credulous populace, ruin and devastation overspreading our fertile fields; are not all these calamities the work of haughty England, and some obedient kings who declared themselves at once the agents and the pensionaries of the English government? Have we not feen their judges open up in our courts the arraignment of liberty: Have we not feen their representatives within the sacred walls where the majesty of the French people resides ? And, ye unfortunate old men, ye plaintive mothers, if solitude reigns in your cottages; if, unbending under your rustic roofs, you call in vain the sons who thould have foothed your last moments, and fut your dying eyes; those fons, those heroes, escaped from so many battles, have fallen under the daggers of hired affaflins, and their unhonoured corpses have dyed with blood our indignant rivers. Not even a grave have they found in this immense republic, founded, cemented, aggrandised by themselves. Royalism cut them off in the midst of a people who had abolished royalty. Their last fighs, their last looks, implored the absent republic; and if the interest of all Europe now solicits peace, their alhes and your solitary tears still cry for vengeance.

The arms of the republic have overcome all obstacles, and prostrated all its enemies. At the beginning of the war the Stadi. holderate had connected itself with the destinies of England; the Roman theocracy launched against us the exhausted thunders of the Vatican; the Helvetic confederacy protected all the confpirators banished from the French territory. Five years have scarcely elapsed, and the Stadtholderate is overthrown, the Roman theocracy is humbled with the dust, and the Helvetic oligarchy an. nihilated. In the place of tyrants and adversaries, we see republicans and friends. Upon an element which sometimes baffles the most sublime courage, fortune may for a moment have forsaken the defenders of their country! Glory has every where pursued them! The ocean has buried some of our heroes, but not their never-dying renown. England, affrighted at her triumph, awaits with melancholy dismay ihe inevitable blow which is to stab her to the heart, and to revenge the two worlds!! Wce to the inconfiderate monarchs whom her corrupting gold shall seduce into new wars! Let not the governments which yet are willing to tempt the

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dangers of war, hope to weaken our efforts by fowing divisions among us. Long and cruel experience has taught us to despise those homicidal denominations which create and perpetuate face tions. Vainly shall they attempt to oppose to each other the power which enacts and the power which executes the laws. They shall march closely knit, indissolubly united.

The spirit by which they are equally animated is a sincere and constant defire of peace. But it is of a peace glorious for France and her allies ; it is at the same time the invincible resolution of repelling by force every insult offered to the dignity of the republic. Fathers of families, bless your children, whose services our common mother requires ; inspire them with your praises : the ef. teem of age is flattering to courage, and their glory will be reflected upon your grey hairs. Mothers, wives, retain not their generous steps; animate their heroism by your commands; hurry them on to glory ; let them hasten to reap their share of that which is the inheritance of every Frenchman! And you, ye young defenders of your country, iy! your brothers in arms await you. You will find in the armies the example of living heroes, and the memory of the heroes who have fallen in the cause of liberty. Hoche and Marceau, on the banks of the Rhine ; Laharpe and Stengel, on the banks of the Hendan ; repose amidst the glory of their exploits. On their tombs you will shed the tears of gratitude and of religious respect; and if the hour of battle arrives, you will swear on their afhes to die victorious.

EQUALITY, LIBERTY, FRATERNITY.

THE Executive Directory of the Batavian republic hereby give

I notice, that the representative body, as established by the constitution, having taken into their consideration, that the various laws and proclamations heretofore enacted and published against the importation of British goods, have not been sufficiently clear and efficacious to cause that interruption to the trade of England which the hostile and insolent conduct of that country towards this republic at all times has merited ; and considering that it is absolutely necessary, in order to disappoint the avarice and humble the pride of Britain, as also for the encouragement of the manufac. tures of the Batavian republic, to enact more precise and rigorous restrictions, and such as shall admit of no evasion on the part of the merchants and dealers, nor be liable to be inisunderstood by the public officers, from a doubt what commodities and wares are to be understood by the term English goods :

The representative body having likewise considered the danger

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ous and iujurious consequences of the trade carried on by neutral vessels, directly from England to the ports of this republic ; and lastly, having taken into consideration that the interest of commerce in general requires that the nature and extent of this restriction hould be fully known, decrees as follows:

That from the 31st of October of the present year, all laws, proclamations, ordinances, and decrees, of the States General, the National Affembly, the Constituent Assembly, or the late unconstitutional representative body, relative to the importation of British commodities, manufactures, and productions, shall be repealed and cease; and that henceforth it shall be decreed, as it hereby is de creed :

That after the 3:st of the present month, O&ober, no British manufactures, commodities, or productions, by whatever name they may be called, shall be imported into the Batavian republic, either by land or water, either directly from Great Britain, or by any circuitous route, under the penalty that such British manufactures, commodities, or productions, thall be declared forfeited and confiscated to the use of the state.

That all such persons as directly or indire&ly shall have been concerned in the importation of such goods, or favoured the same, or to whom they shall have been conligned, shall not only be punished by the loss of the goods, but if it thall appear that they had knowledge of thein, and after the time limited by this procla. marion did not give notice to the custom-house, or the officers appointed for that purpose, they shall be conlidered as enemies to their country, and banished for ever from the Batavian territory.

And in order to remove all doubts, either of the dealers or officers, with respect to what are to be considered as British manufactures or productions, it is hereby declared, that the following articles thall be so deemed, whatever their origin may be, or from whatever place they may have been configned or shipped :

1. All forts of what are called Manchester manufactures.

2. All cloths and stuffs of wool cotton, cotton wool, linen, or thread.

3. All mixed stuffs made of any of the above-mentioned articles.'

4. All cottons, linens, muslins, dimities, and nankeens, whether wholly or in part printed or painted.

5. All woullen, cotton, or worsted waistcoats, breeches, and pantaloons, or stuff for these in the piece.

6. All English, Scotch, and Irish itockings.

7. All ipillinery and manufactures of cotton, wool, and leather, whether plain, mixed, or coloured.

8. All sorts of buttons.
9. All kinds of plated ware.

! 10. All sorts of hardware, or manufactures of iron, steel, ting copper, and pewter, whether plain, lackered, or painted.

11. All sorts of cutlery ware.
12. All kinds of cabinet-maker's work.

13. Watches, gold and filver clasps, watch-chains, rings, faus, and all kinds of jewellery.

14. All sorts of leather, tanned, carried, or prepared in any manner; boot-legs, men or women's fhoe-leather, whether wholly or partly finithed. : 15. All sorts of carriages, whether wholly or partly finished i new or second-hand saddles, and all kinds of saddlery.

16. All sorts of filk waistcoats and ribands, whether wholly or partly filk, cotton, or thread.

17. All sorts of men's and women's hats, whether of felt, straw, or any other material; filk handkerchiefs and thawls known by the name of English.

18. All sorts of spun wool and hair, peruke-makers' work, floor-cloths, carpets, whether complete, or in pieces or rolls, from which they may be finished.

19. All sorts of prepared leather, washed leather, skins for making of gloves, breeches, or waistcoats, whether painted, printed, or plain ; as also all articles employed in the manufacture of these.

20. All sorts of English glass, except that which is used for the making of optical instruments and clock-work. · 21. All sorts of English taffeties, paper-hangings, and fur"niture. . .. 22. All sorts of refined sugars, whether in loaves or powder, or loose, which have been refined in Europe. ? 23. All sorts of porcelain, earthen and pottery ware... . And it is likewise decreed, that after the 31st of October of the present year 1798, no ship coming from British ports, and having taken in her lading there, shall enter any of the ports of this republic, under pain of confiscation of the said lading to the use of the Batavian nation. : This penalty of confiscation, however, shall not be enforced

against neutral ships laden with such goods, till after the 15th of ' November next ensuing. .

The Executive Directory is hereby charged with the publication of this decree, in the usual manner; and the agent of finances with its strict enforcement. .. (Signed)

F. ERMERINS.

S. DASSE VAAL, Loco-See, Hague, O&t. 23, 1798, . the 4th year of Batavian diberty.

Proceedings

Proceedings of the Congress at Rastadt, continued from Page 337.

Substance of the Note from the Prusian Minister to the Deputation of

. the Empire, on the 14th June. I. THE Rhine is to serve for a boundary from a point to be

· vaken near the Wezel, as far as the spot where it feparates into different branches, and continues its course through Holland, under the name of the Waal.

II. With respect to the Wezel in particular, it will be proper for a boundary to fix on the canal concluded in 1784, across the illand of Buderich.

III. The Rhine toll is to be continued for the present; and as to the right of levying customs, the propositions made on this head cannot be acceded to ; and at all events, the regulation of these objects ought to be deferred on account of there being matters to be settled by a treaty of commerce after the conclusion of peace.

Substance of the Answer of the Deputation of the Empire to the Note

of the French Ministers of the 4th Mesidor (June 22). THE propositions contained in the last note of the French ministers are to be considered as appertaining only to the demand of the French government respecting the forts of Kehl and Hu. ninguen. The deputation subscribes to the article concerning the immediate nobles : but it demands that the sequestration should be immediately taken off, and that they should be restored to the posfeffion of their properties, without waiting for the exchange of the ratifications of the treaties of peace. It insists also that the principalities which possess mediate eftates, should not be comprised in the confiscations, and that their properties should be restored to them forth with. With respect to the property of the clergy, as the subject is as yet untouched, any explanation upon it is reserved for some future opportunity.

9th July.

Answer of the French Minifiers to the Nore of the Deputation of the

Empire of the 9th July. THE underligned ministers of the French republic for the negotiation with the German Empire, have received a note from the deputies of the Empire, bearing date the 21st Messidor last (gth July), which has been communicated to them by M. de Metternich, minister plenipotentiary from his Majesty the Emperor. It appears proper, in the outset, to answer some obje&tions which the deputies have made in their note of the 29th Floreal, and Vol. VII.

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