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transmitted to them on the 21st instant, by the minister plenipo. tentiary of his Majesty the Emperor.

It results from this paper, that the deputation of the Empire was actually occupied in deliberating on the 3d article of the note of the French legation of the 19th of July ; that it had given an answer to that article, but that the answer was not found, as it should have been, in the note communicated the roth of August by the minister plenipotentiary of his Majesty the Emperor. li is the effect of an omission which cannot be attributed to the deputation, and for which every possible reparation is now made by the restitution of the text.

As an explanation on the subject matter of that answer, the undersigned declare, that they cannot in any way listen to what is propofed to them ; and that on account of the reasons sufficiently detailed, and annexed to the 3d article of their note of the 19th of July, they perfist more strongly in their opinion on that point, as well as on all the other articles of the same note, which they have equally offered as conditions of peace. The undersigned therefore refer to the two notes of the 13th and 19th of August, the object of which, instead of being determined, still sublifts completely : and adhering to the declaration made by them to the deputation of the Empire, that it remains responsible for the consequences which may be produced by further delays, they require it repeatedly to furnish, without delay, an answer, both categorical and separate, with respect to all the articles of their note, and particularly of that of the 19th July, to which it has not yet given its consent.

The French government sincerely wishes for peace. It proves that wish by its moderation, and still more so by employing all the means of melioration which are in its power. If the deputation wishes for it, as they desire to believe, let it at length come to a decision. Peace can be retarded but by those who think nothing of the public calamities, and who are blind with respect to their future interests.

(Signed) BONNIER.

TEAN DEBRY. Rastadt, August 22.


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Note transmitted by the Plenipotenciaries of the Courts of Deur

Ponts, Hesse Darmstadt, Baden, the Houses of Nassau, and the
Protestant Counts of Wchtphalia and Veteravia, to the French

THE undersigned have the honour to inform the minister ple. nipotentiary of the French republic, that they have just transmitted to the deputation of the Empire a note, in which they are dently solicit them to accelerate the peace of the Empire. They


fiatter themselves that the ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic will be convinced they have used every effort to render such a step efficacious, and to attain the beneficent object so generally delired. Penetrated with the juftest confidence in the sen. timents of equity and humanity which animate the ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic, the underligned abstain from retracing the afflicting picture of the numberless iniseries which, for seven years, Germany, and more particularly the countries of their constituents, have experienced. The enormous facrifices which have been the consequence of this disastrous war are known; and the despair of the inhabitants of those countries would be complete, if they did not cherith the hope of better things to come.

The underligned invite by the most presling solicitations the ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic to concur efficaciously in the work of pacification, and they promise themselves that they will not refuse to consider this step as a fresh proof of the wishes that animate the princes of the states of the Empire for the immediate conclusion of peace. They dare to hope that the ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic, by deferring to this prelling invitation, will prove in their scale that it is not in vain; but that it is with a well-founded confidence reliance has been placed upon the generosity and moderation of a great nation, the eclat of whose power will be augmented by softening the conditions upon which depends the accomplishment of their wishes. (Signed) BARON de RECHBERG of Pappenheim,

Kruse, Rectenstein. 26th Aug. 1798. The Count de Solms.

Conclufum of the Deputation of the Empire of the 29;h Auguft.

THE deputation of the Empire informs the Imperial legation, that it has resolved on the following answer to the French note of the 5th Fructidor (August 22).

The French ministers plenipotentiary, in their last note of the 5th Fructidor (August 22), have returned an answer to the detailed note of the deputation of the Empire of the roth of August, in a manner which cannot fulfil its object. As this note of the joth of August contained precise and circumstantial explanations relative to the seven articles of the French note of ist of Thermidor (July 19), an answer equally precise and detailed was ex. peated on the part of the French ministers, since it is only by reciprocal approaches that negotiations already so advancd can be bappily terminated; instead of which, the French ministers plenipotentiary, in the answer they have remitted, have merely re. ferred to the contents of their note of the ist of Thermidor (July

19), 19), to which the deputation had already answered, as far as in its power. · The deputation of the Empire, in its note of the roth of August, has already acceded, particularly to article 1, relative to the suppression of the tolls on the Rhine, and also to the demolition of the fortress of Ehrenbreitsiein, mentioned in article 3 ; and when it required, in return, that the French government should restore to the Empire all the fortified points on the right bank of the Rhine, and on this side the Thalweg, it equally understood that all these points should be and remain dismantled. .

As to article 6, relative to the important object of debts, it feemed sufficient to prove in a general manner, the existing impossibility in every respect of taking charge of all the debts indifcri. minately; and the French ministers are required to explain themfelves in a manner more precise relative to their object, as well as to all the other points which they have not yet answered. The French ministers plenipotentiary must be convinced that this article of the debts, and that of the particular properties of the abfentees and emigrants of the left bank of the Rhine, as well as of those whoin service or other relations will not permit to remain on that bahk, are among the most effential articles of the peace, without which the deputation of the Empire can conclude nothing. Though the deputation of the Empire is convinced of the French government's love of justice, and is certain that it never can have meant to form pretensions on the property of individuals, yet it cannot but with that the French ministers would, by an explicit declaration, place beyond all doubt the preservation and free enjoyment of every kind of individual property.

The deputation of the Empire has certainly laboured hitherto most seriously, and with a sincerity which cannot be misunder. stood, to accelerate the work of peace. It feels in the most lively manner the urgency of circumstances; and to attain its principal object, which is to secure the independent existence and tranquillity of the Empire, it has consented to make the greatest sacrifices. The only demands to which it cannot accede, are those which are contrary to the object of its mission, and which cannot be comprised among the conditions of a permanent and suitable peace. By endeavouring to prevail on the French ministers to defift from such pretensions, it cannot by any means incur the reproach of retarding ibe conclution of peace; and in such a state of things, the deputation cannot in any case become responsible for the consequences which may be produced by the delay of the conclusion of peace. Continuing to place a confidence in the moderation of the French government, of which it has received such repeated assurances, it waits a tranquillizing declaration, conformable to those moderate sentiments relative to all those points which have not yet been adjusted.


The deputation of the Empire, taking into consideration all exifting circumstances, believes itself entitled to expect that the Imperial legation Thould give its sanction to this answer, as well as

o that part of its decision of the 7th of August, to which the minister plenipotentiary has not yet acceded.

Nole of Bavaria, delivered in the Sitting of the 29th Auguft. FROM the last note of the French ministers it follows, that the doubts raised relative to the conclusum of the deputation of the 21st Thermidor no longer exift ; that the thread of the negotiation has been resumed: but the language in which this note is couched, is ill calculated to follow it up with effect.

That different answers given in the conclusum of the uth Thermidor, upon the seven articles of the French note, are perfectly nugatory; and it seems that it is determined to consider them as such, until each of them is answered absolutely in the affirmative, that is to say, one side has only to demand, and the other only to agree.

To this pretence are added in each note threais of responsibility, as if they reckoned as nothing the immense sacrifice of the countries situated on the left bank of the Rhine. The deputation ought to be satisfied with respect to the article of responsibility. It is convinced, as well as the whole Empire, that its justification exists in the constitutional progress of the negotiation, and in the motives of its resolutions.

If a few men among the Germans have thought it their duty to press the deputation to make sacrifices greater than it has done, it is the cruel effect of the excellive distreiles to which we are reduced by the miserics of war-miseries which have not been entirely erased during the course of the negotiation. But the cries of suffering humanity are addressed with less force to the party which is constantly demanding sacrifices, than to that which is constantly forced to yield them. These complaints of despair should not induce the deputation to betray its duties towards the Empire. If it consents, without examination, to whatever may be incompatible with the dignity, the existence, and the future safety of the Empire, it would then fill up the measure of its responsibility towards the present and future generations.

Previous to the demand of keeping possession of all the fortified posts on the right bank of the Rhine, Germany thought she would be entirely separated from France by a natural barrier which could not be surmounted, and which would form a protection against any future aggression. This idea was the natural consequence of the exprefsions contained in our respective notes. But on a sudden appeared that of the French ministers of the 17th Floreal. They demand all the islands, Caflel, Kehl, all the fortified posts upon Vol. VII. 3Q


the right bank of the Rhine, and they with to convert the natural limits of the Rhine into a barrier, to facilitate future hostile enterprises. From this idea of a new barrier it naturally results, that the deputation, in agreeing to it, would compromise the very existence of the Empire, and would devolve on itself a real re. sponsibility.

The Empire desires, and ought to desire peace. The French ministers desire it also. This assurance is consolatory. We are therefore sensible, though we cannot explain it, that there exists in the negotiations an obstacle which paralyzes its diplomatic pro


May all difficulties be finally terminated by moderate measures. In the present state of things, the undersigned deputy is compelled to infilt on the contents of the conclusum of the cift Thermidor, and he thinks we ought to declare to the French ministers, that in return for the demolition of Ehrenbreitstein conceded to them, they ought to renounce the fortified posts on the right bank of the Rhine ; that they ought to endeavour to come to an understanding on the article of debts, and that they should determine upon questions which have not yet been proposed, as well as those already submitted to discusion. As we have before expressed our thoughts on these important objects, without forming any refolution on the subject, it behoves us to occupy our attention solely in presenting a note to the French legation.

Note of the French Ministers Plenipotentiary of the If September.

ANOTHER note from the deputation of the Empire has been communicated on the 14th Fructidor (301h August) to the underfigned ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic, appointed to negotiate with the German Empire, by the minister plenipotentiary of his Majesty the Emperor. :

The undersigned hasten to acquaint the deputation of the Empire, that they accept the pure and fimple consent given in their note to the demolition of the fortifications of Ehrenbreitstein ; but they persist most strongly, and for reasons expressed in their preceding note, in demanding the cession of Kehl and of Caslel, and its appurtenances, points essential to the safety of the French frontier, of which the republic is in poffeffion, and which are partly neceffary dependencies upon what has already been irrevocably ceded to them.

They equally persist in all their other propositions and declarations contained in the notes they have remitted up to this day; that is to say, since and including the 14th of last Floreal. The deputation of the Empire feels too well that even if the French government should facrifice Itill something more to their desire of


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