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they confidently flatter themfelves then, that the French plenipotentiaries will accede to it. The plenipotentiaries of the deputation of the Empire present, Electors, Princes, and States, re commend themselves for this effect to the Imperial legation.
Substance of the Vote of Austria in the Sitting of the 20th September,
THE most'unhappy events of nine ages have not injured the Germanic body so much as the cessions made within the last nine months, on the left bank of the Rhine, by the deputation of the Empire. By these, France acquires a population of more than two million of souls, an annual revenue of more than nine millions, and the finest and most fertile part of Germany, besides the inestimable advantages offered by the Rhine, in a military and commercial point of view. The majority of the deputation has, moreover, consented to the demolition of the fortress of Ehrenbreitstein, upon the conditions declared in the conclusum of the 7th of August, and has also shown a disposition, contrary to the adopted principle of the Thalweg, to cede the important island of St. Pierre, near the right bank of the Rhine. All this clearly Thows that the deputation has not continued in a wavering state, and that Germany has made many facrifices. The delegates of Austria therefore require that every place on the right bank of the Rhine, and every thing appertaining thereto, should remain to the German Empire. As to the debts, they will readily accede to . whatever the deputation shall further determine on this subject. With respect to the emigrants, they must remark; that those who . abandoned their homes, driven by the distresses of war, at a time when the separation or cestion of these countries was not' thought of, have no right to be subjected to the French laws on emigration. They also recommend it to the deputation to intercede with the French ministers for the unfortunate inhabitants of the bishoprics of Balle, Liege, and Strasbourgh, and all others similarly situated.
Substance of the Note of the French Ministers of the 3d Oftober, in
Answer to the Conclufum of the Deputation of the Empire of the 220 September.
THE French ministers congratulate the deputation on its re. turn to the true interest, to the real and presling want of Germany, a peace with France. The grand step taken for this purpose after the cession of the left bank of the Rhine, is that of the island of St. Pierre, and the demolition of Ehrenbeitstein. The moment is come of determining, by decisive acts, the alternative of peace or war. It would not have delayed it so long,
if it had considered the influence of French principles in case of a rupture. The Executive Directory have shown a condescending dignity, and a moderation unexampled, on the part of a victorious power; they will support that character, by restoring the territories of Kehl and Cassel. This is the price at which the deputation must accede to the following articles:
1. The delimitation of the course of the Rhine and its islands, and the liberty of the navigation of that river.
2. The suppression of the toll of Elsfleth, upon the Weser, as being a restraint on our commerce with Bremen; and the conservation of their political existence and constitutional independence to the cities of Bremen, Hamburgh, and Franckfort.
3. Liberty to establish bridges, purely commercial, on two points of the Rhine.
4. The renunciation of every demand contrary to the French constitution in favour of the immediate nobility.
5. The article of debts shall remain as it is. But the republic will charge itself with such of them as are for the particular ad. vantage of the countries become French.
6. The laws on emigration shall not be applicable to the countries now ceded to France, nor to Mentz; but they shall be in full force in the united countries.
7. The republican troops shall repass to the left bank of the Rhine, immediately after the pacification. Until then, they are to remain in their present position.
8. The Empire shall consent to the cellion of Frickthal, and of all the places in that country, and in those belonging to the Italian republics.
9. The French republic, and those of Italy, shall renounce, on their part, all pretensions to the remaining countries in Germany. They shall treat separately on the subject of the particular engagements contracted by France with the German Princes during the war.
10. Besides the demolition of Kehl and Cassel, the Empire muft undertake not to erect any fort or entrenched camp at a less distance than fix kilometers, or three thousand toises, from the right bank of the Rhine.
If these conditions should not be accepted without delay, the conditional promise of restoring the territories of Kehl and Caffel shall be null and void. Such a rejection would thow the Empire wishes for war.
Note delivered by the Prusian Minister to the French Legation.
THE underligned minister plenipotentiary of his Majesty the King of Prussia has seen with peculiar satisfaction, from the last note of the plenipotentiary citizens ministers of the French re
th fome The King ench Dirility of Gernis Maje
the futures relative to this kind hain
public, that, induced by the strong reasons urged by the deputation of the Empire, they have given up their claim of the territories of Kehl and Cassel; and that they restricted themselves, with some modifications, to the boundary of the left bank of the Rhine. The King cannot but express his approbation of this concession of the French Directory, which is of so much consequence to the future tranquillity of Germany ; but in the same note there are objects relative to which his Majesty finds his just expectations disappointed. Of this kind, among others, is the circumstance that the old course of the Rhine, in the middle of the tracking or navigation way, shall be strictly held to be the boundary on each side, by which all the declarations contained in an official note from his Majesty's minister, of the date of the 19th of June, are disregarded. As such a claim must militate against the wishes and interests of his Majesty, the undersigned is convinced that the ministers plenipotentiary of the republic, when they consider the reasons alleged in the above-mentioned Pruffian note, will not refuse to yield to them. He grounds this hope on the known circumstance, that the Rhine anciently bore the name of the Waal. Another point, considerably connected with this, is the course of the Rhine opposite Wesel. The undersigned has repeatedly had the honour to observe to the French legation, of what importance it is to the town and fortress of Wesel, that the isle of Buderich, which is formed by a canal, which so directs the course of the Rhine that it leaves the island to the right, should remain to the Empire, that the water-works which are necessary to the existence of the town and fortress of Wesel may be properly maintained. Should the full powers of the ministers of the French republic not be sufficiently extensive for them to accede to the representations of the undersigned on this subject, he requests that they will transmit the present note to the Executive Directory, accompanied by a favourable statement. The love of peace and humane dispositions, which artuate the ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic, and which they have so lately inanifested, encourage the underligned in the pleasing hope, that, to hasten the conclusion of peace, they will not only espouse with zeal the representations relative to the two points above-mentioned now submitted to their mature confi. deration ; but that they will not refuse to admit further modifications and concesions, relative to various other points in their nole, of the utmost consequence to the most iinporiant interests of the German nation.
Raftadt, Oct. 8, 1798.
Theispatch to their act: 9). They had entiary of the daidave se.
Answer of the French Minifier to the Note of the Pruffian Minijier,
of the Date of the 8th of Oriober, relative to the Boundary on the Lower Rhint, and the Isle of Buderich.
THE undersigned ministers of the French republic have re. ceived the notes of the Pruflian plenipotentiary of the date of the 18th Vendemiaire (Oct. 9). They had transmitted with the ut. most dispatch to their government the note received from the Prusfian legarion, on the ift Metsidor, relative to the same object. They communicated the verbal answer they received, staiing, that the French government found it impoflible to accede to the with of his Prussian Majesty: the undersigned cannot, therefore, undertake to transmit to the Directory deinands, relative to which it has expreffed itself so explicitly in the negative ; wherefore they must consider this object as determined. His Prussian Majelly and the ministers plenipotentiary are too just to find any thing in the application of an acknowledged principle, to which the republic has ix ade so great sacrifices, that can weaken the good understanding or friendly relations, the maintenance of which between the two states the Directory has so much at heart. The ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic express with
pleasure their high consideration for the minister plenipotentiary of . bis Pruflian Majesty.
• JEAN DEBRY. (04. 13).
Reply of the Pruffian Legation to the Note of the French Minifiers
of the 13th October. THE undersigned ministers plenipotentiary of his Pruffian Majesty have received, the 13th of this month (22d Vendemiaire), the note which the citizens ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic addressed to them in reply to that of the 8th of this month.
The contents of that reply have obliged the undersigned to the following explanations. The citizens ministers there allure them, that they have not failed to make known to the members of the King's legation, the verbal reply they had received upon the objea of the note of the Pruflian mission of the Ist Mellidor (igth June, and the impollibility in which the French government were placed to accede to the with of Prullia.
The underligned know nothing of a verbal reply which might have been given them by the citizens ministers plenipotentiary of the French republic, upon the above-mentioned note of the Prus.
fian legation. They could not suppose that the infinuations, made to some of their members occasionally, and by way of conversation from individual to individual, could be wished to be consi. dered as such. This mode of explanation has been formally declared by the French legation as not being to be regarded as official, the French legation being indivisible.
But in case even that a verbal reply should have been given to the undersigned, respecting their note of the 19th of June, they could not regard as peremptory the conclusions drawn by the citizens ministers plenipotentiary of the republic.
They make known in their note of the 13th of October (22d Vendemiaire), that they cannot take upon them to reproduce to the Directory demands upon which they have declared themselves in a negative manner, and in a way to make them consider the object in question as terminated.
The frankness with which the undersigned have made it a rule to open themselves upon every occasion to the ministers plenipotentiary of a power friendly to the King their master, lhall still in this note be the guide of their conduct. Faithful to this principle, they will not dissemble to the ministers plenipotentiary of the republic, that they could not but be much surprised to find, in the passage before cited, expressions which appear to them to contain a formal refusal to convey to the Directory their note of the 8th of this month, a note, whose object is not only the article stated in an anterior note of the 19th of June, but which, besides, includes other important objects, to which the King and the Empire attach a sufficiently considerable interest; a note, in short, which contains reiterated most amicable assurances of his Majesty to. wards the French republic.
The undersigned are inclined to believe, that in any case the citizens ministers of the republic to the congress will not refuse to convey to the knowledge of their constituents the demands which mall be addressed to them on the part of the undersigned, who negotiate in the name of the King their master,
They observe besides, that should even their demands appear to the legation of the republic to be objects terminated, that judge ment cannot be looked upon by the underligned as without appeal. In the course of all negotiations, cases present themselves, in which, on one side or the other, ulterior discussions are judged inadmislible. It happens, however, that, after reiterated representations, important modifications, and sometimes absolute renunciations, are admitted. • The undersigned will not renounce the hope that the Executive Directory of the republic will find in their justice ulterior expla. nations upon the object of the note of the 19th of June, worthy of all their attention. , · Vol. VII.