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too common in our days, I mean that noisy and irascible fierce, ness which, in a diplomatic character, can never be viewed as an auspicious d (position; be measured and guarded in all your ac. tions; and never be unmindful that impetuosity is not strength.

It is my intention, citizens, to be more regular and frequent in communicating to you the views and notions which a correfpondence with you may suggest ; increase, therefore, your vigilance and punctuality. The object of the present is more parti, cularly to form between the agents of the French diplomacy, an active and zealous confederacy against the last enemy whom the republic has to subdue, and thus to ineet and accomplish the views of the Directory. Your first and leading object must every where now how little the English cabinet is worthy of conti, dence. .

Exert all your endeavours, citizens, in this main object of your labours. You must, doubtless, meet with great difficulties, but you will, and know how to surmount them-be not dir. heartened--the army of England will remove and smooth away the obstacles that oppose you. The country keeps a fond and careful eye upon you. By exactly conforming to the spirit of the present, you may look for a sure support to the union and wisdom of the Executive Directory, and to the friendly and be. nevolent intentions of the minister who now addresses you, by a special order of the Directory. Health and fraternity. i The Minister of foreign Relations,


eye upon your look for a'sure fuppo the friendly and

The Min:Directory. We who now add friendly and in

Message from the Executive Directory to the Council of Five

Hundred on the 4th January. Citizens Representatives, THIS day the proper officers proceed 10 seize all English

1 merchandise being in France, or introduced into its territories in contravention of the law of the roth Brumaire. Such is the first act by which, since peace has been given to the continent, the war, long declared against England, at length begins to assume its real character.

The French will not suffer this power, which every where introduces its manufactures, and takes nothing of foreign industry in return, longer to enjoy the fruits of its wicked speculations, Since it had to fear the capture of its vessels, it has bribed foreign captains to take on board English merchandise, and to introduce them by artifice and fraud into other countries, and particularly into the French republic. Neutral powers must have perceived, that by this conduct their merchants were taking part in the war, and lending succour to one of the belligerent powers. Neutral


allume its realong declared peace has been

powers ought to have perceived that England, in eizing the ships of other powers bound for France, and suffering the circulation of none but their own manufactures, looked to an exclusive com: merce. A law of the marine, and a regulation made in 1904; declare all thips, in which shall be found English merchandise belonging to enemies, lawful prize. These regulations should be extended; the interest of Europe requires it. The Directory thinks that it is urgent and necessary to make a law to declare that the state of vessels, so far as concerns their quality of neutral or hoftile, shall be determined by their cargo, and that the cargo fhall not be protected by the colours; and confequently, that every vessel found on the sea, having on board the produce ot merchandises of England, or of her possessions, for her cargo, either in the whole or in part, fhall be declared a lawful priže. It would be useful also to declare at the same time, that the ports of the republic shall be shut against all foreign vefsels which shall have entered in their paslage into those of England. The Execu: tive Directory requires of you, citizens reprefentatives, to adopt those measures. No neutral or allied power can be mistaken in their object. The infallible effect of this measure is, to raise the value of the produce of their foil and of their industry, to increase the prosperity of their commerce, to reject every thing coming from England, and influence essentially the termination of the war.

Such are the motives which induce the Executive Directory to invite you, citizens representatives, to take the object of this message into your immediate consideration. (Signed)

BARRAS, President.
LAGARDE, Sec. Gen.

Proclamation of the Executive Directory to the French Nation. Citizens,

Paris, 17th Nivose, Jan. 6, 6th Year. THE legislative body has this moment consecrated the patriotic

vow offered up to the Directory by the merchants of Paris, by publishing the law relative to the English: loan. The Executive Directory is now about to recall to your minds the motives which ought to interest every individual in the success of this measure.

Citizens, conquerors of Europe-there only remains to triumph over one enemy, whose dominion is over the sea, and whose power pretends to shut you from it.

The agriculture of France, its commerce, its industry, all is wrested from you by the English, who block up your ports.

Ye Ye in particular, French traders, manufacturers, ye who are employed in the inaritime departments and in the great communes, second by your zeal the example which has been set by the merchants of Paris. Do you hear the minister of Great Britain, who informs you, with the most vain-glorious infolence, that the trade of England is, with respect to that of France, as the proportion of cighteen to one ; that the iinports and exports amount in France but to 400,000,000, whilst those in England exceed seven milliards ?

Have you a moment to lose in putting a period to the calculations of Britilh avarice? France has been compelled temporarily to sacrifice its credit to the success of the war. Now victory ought to repay those facrifices, and restore at once that portion of wealth and rank which the extent of its territory, its population, its coasts, and its rivers, entiile it to hold among commercial nations. Most elteemed merchants, think of this! Lay, the foundation of your riches on the credit of the nation. You behold the government prohibiting English goods and merchandises, whilst it is eager to open new sources for French industry. The 'cause is your own. What you do to promote the war, you do for yourselves, for the success of your trade, for the interest of your families, and for the benefit of your posterity. . Citizens of every degree, think what great effects will result from the efforts you are about to make to humble and punish the cabinet of London. For ages has England troubled the repose of Europe : its restless genius has tormented the whole continent from which it imagines itself invincibly separated. French. men, teach this ifle that it is not inaccesible because it is insu-, lated, and destroy within its bofoin those miseries which it has extended to your own dwellings. England once vanquished, a perpetual peace will be firmly established, and the balance of Europe will remain invariable ; for the French republic, too mighty to be attacked, will have no inducement to attack others : it will be too powerful to be actuated by ambition, and it will not feel the delire of going beyond its limits.'

This we may assure you of—iriumph over the English, and yon give peace to yourfelves and your descendants. You bestow it cven on the whole human race. Your batiles will be the last that shall be fought. It is you who will stop the career of military glory, and in future the heroes of France will have no rivals to contend with.

But it is not sufficient to talk to you of glory. The French revolution, diverted from its course by so many obstacles, endeavours to recover its source. We ought never to forget that the principle on which it set out was philosophy, its object liberty ; and that its defenders hare, above all, taken up arms for the happiness of nations. You desire to overthrow the dominion of


. !

the cabinet of London, but you do not wish to ensave the Eng. lith. After the infallible success of the arms of the republic, the people of England rely on you for relief from those enormous taxes which weigh down the inhabitants of its cities and the cultivators of its fields.

Halte, citizens, to convince this nation that you separate it from that hatred alone due to its oppressors. May Frenchmen, ever loyal, and ever invincible, become in England at once the conquerors of the ministry and the saviours of the citizens-the vanquilhers of the court, and the liberators of the people.

Do not believe that the English, if free, would hesitate to demand a glorious peace. The English themselves compare the machiavelism of their own government to the loyalty of the French republic. They have themselves admired the moderation of the French republic in its treaty with Austria. They know that in the struggle which their government forces them to renew, whatever may be the event, the chances are decidedly against England. If France is victorious in its first attack, the govern. ment of Great Britain falls under the weight of an immense debt. If any reverse of fortune retards your success, the Englith will see that nothing can abate your courage, or weary your perseverance. The longer the efforts of France shall be pro• longed, the more will its debt for indemnity accumulate, and Europe knows that debt must be paid sooner or later.

What in fact has been the result of that formidable league which the cabinet of St. James's organizes against you at Pilnisz? They have forced you to fight for your independence. They have disputed with you the po{fession of Belgium ; you have, in defending it, conquered Lombardy ; by defending Lombardy, you have made the Rhine the limit of France. The war cominenced against you in 1792, at forty leagues from Paris--in 1797 you terminated it within thirty leagues of Vienna. Every impediment thrown in the way of peace has given the signal for new vi&ories.

O Frenchmen, of every description, the English have done you eflential injury! Their cabinet has excited your internal discords; it is that which has raised Europe against you ; it is that which has armed you one against another. Turn your arms against it; march to London. There you will extirpate the cause of your miferies. At London you will find peace abroad, and the end of your troubles. Having no other enemies to conquer, you will only have to think of founding your republic on the bars of repose and happiness.

You have run a long career; another struggle yet remains, and the object is attained. Certain precautions already announce ndory. The power of enthusiasm has no limits in France. To prophefy your success, mcafure your will. Your enemies


have but one hope, which is, to agitate your minds, if they can, to discourage you, and to disunite you. It is in your own minds they will to fight with you. In other respects you have nothing to fear. Prove to them by the effect that you are actuated but by one sentiment. Let every one be eager to contribute to a great national undertaking; let every one, according to his resources, interest himfelf in the proposed subscription. May your eagerness to fill this loan be a pledge of that terrible rapidity with which the expedition will be carried on; and be assured, that even at the report of this unanimous movement, the cabinet of Lon. don will be already vanquished.

. The Executive Directory decrees, that this proclamation shall be printed, posted, read, and publithed in all the communes of the republic. It shall be in terted in the bulletin of the laws.

The ministers of justice and the interior are to give an account of its publication to the Executive Directory. (Signed) P. BARRAS, Prelident.

LAGARDE, Secretary General.

LIBERTY, EQUALITY. The Commissary of the Executive Directory at the municipal Admia

nistration of the Canton of Calais, to the Inhabitants of that Can. ton.


THE victorious French republic no longer apprehends danger 1 froin its enemies without.

The coalition being destroyed, leaves England exposed to her mercy; that power alone, after having supported each of the • vanquilhed powers in their turn-after having rent France with

inteltine commotions, will now sustain the whole weight of her indignation and of her vengeance. The money which she has lavilhed, and which the yet continues to lavish, will not save her from the sword of the republicans, and it is this sword which will soon avenge the cause of all Europe, of violated principle and of liberty trodden under feet. Its corrupt and tyrannical government will give place to that which the people of England, worthy, no doubí, of freedom, shall substitute to it, and before the trees shall have their first leaves on them, the tri-coloured standard, floating on the British foil, shall remind them of what they were and what they ought to be.

But in the moment of fixing for ever the destinies of the first republic in the world, the government, turning its attention to home, is no longer dilposed to leave the internal enemies of the ftate any reason to hope for success, and is determined to destroy

them ;

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