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them; not because it is apprehensive of their efforts, but because they weaken the public spirit, and because it is time to give to the state all that energy which has been vainly attempted to be destroyed. Government wishes 10 rally all the friends of their country and of liberty by republican institutions ; because republican institutions alone can give energy to the public mind, and operate within, what its victorious arms have effected without.
Awaken, then, republicans of this canton, from your Iumbers; you especially, patriots of 1789, who do not confound liberty with licence, and the laws with anarchy. This is the mament in which you must consolidate your work, and fix for ever the fate of France. Rise from your depression, second the efforts of a government which is perpetually triumphant-a government, which on the 4th of September destroyed the hopes of the royalist faction, and fixed peace, and secured liberty on the inost unthaken basis. Dare to avow your principles openly ; dare to call yourselves republicans; and may this title, hitherto unfavourably regarded, become henceforth an honourable title ; and may those who do not deserve to share it with you, at least learn to be silent.
Officers of government! it is to you in particular that I address myself. Remember the republic will only be served by those who are the friends of liberty. Remember there is no longer any room to temporize, and that you must frankly show yourselves to be what you are. If there are any among you who are not devoted to the cause of liberty, remember that of all kinds of baseness it is the greatest to receive pay and maintenance and to hold a place under a government which you detest, and the destruction of which you are desirous to bring about. Quit your situations before you are driven from them, and lay alide a mask, which sooner or later will be torn from you.
Zealous officers of the republic, it is on you that the republic particularly relies, and on your example and your influence, to give vigour to the public mind. Employ in your offices none but the partisans of liberty, and discard those who have signalized themselves by contrary opinions. Scrupulously observe the days of repose, and let your offices be close shut on those days, and do you yourselves allemble, together with the magistrates, in the temple of the laws, there to be present at the promulgation of the new decrees and orders of government, to hear the recital of th.cir triumphs, the songs composed on their victories, and the cisic discourses, which are to encourage and give strength to the love of the country.
Government requires that I should acquaint them with the conduct of those who act contrary to these instructions; and I notify
you, that I fall neither betray the truth nor neglect my
You (-3; who have been included in the requisition, and have been able, by means of the exceptions which government has thought proper to make, to preserve yourselves at home with your familics, should recollect, that the favour you have met, renders it particularly incumbent on you to respect government, and to aslift it by combating the enemies at home, while your brave comrades are engaged in contending with thofe abroad.
Citizens of all clasies; at the commencement of hoftilities against England, these coasts are about to be covered with the numerous battalions of the conquerors of Italy. -Welcome these brave defenders, and receive them with honours; observe their wounds; remember the acts of valour which they have performed-remember, that half naked, in want of every thing, and forgetting that they had relations and children, and considering only that their country and liberty were threatened, they secured these blessings by their blood-remember that they daily braved death, while you, quietly at home, were contented to read the details of their victories by your fire-lide.-Render them then that tribuie of graiilule which they have a right to expectapplause, at least, you owe them.
They indeed may speak of their country and of liberty—they know what they have done for them, and may consider them as their own work, since, without their efforts, neither the one nor the opher would have been in existence. It is by uniting yourfels to these men that you will learn to appreciate the value of thule great bleflings, liberty and the republic. As to you who abhor thefe benefits you especially, strangers, to whom the republic affords an'afylum-you, too, whom passions, prejudice, and resentments, render insensible to her glory and to her trinmphs, who daily pour forth your guilty wishes for her overthrow, whom the inemory of past horrors cannot deter-whoever you be, and wherever you exist, be careful not to mistake the indulgence of government for weakness. I give you notice, that the end of this indulgence is at hand; and remember, that the power which has destroyed all the kings of Europe can with a breath annihilate you.
Interna} enemies! believe that government knows and fees every thing ; clubs, taverns, and places of public entertainment, nothing can escape their vigilance. Awaken all of you from your error: you especially who have suffered yourselves to be corsupied by perfidious influence, return to those sentiments which you owe your country, and draw that line between you and the agents of England which can alone protect you, can ensure you falety, and hinder you from Tharing the punishment which hwaits all men who seek to thwart its projects. I
Citizens of all classes, I should betray you were I to conceal a cruel truth. In spite of my constant efforts to distinguish the
mass mass of the inhabitants of Calais from some individuals, perhaps more imprudent than culpable, I have not been able to prevent government mistrusting this commune; I have not been able to prevent them from considering it in an unfavourable point of view, and from suspecting that there are a number of individuals in it who oppose its measures, who regret the monarchical system, and who, devoted to perfidious England, are ready to atlift the views of that power. “We are in possession,” says the Directory, in its letter to me, “ of the clue of this plot, and we al. ready know part of the truth, that the public spirit is corrupted among you, and you alone. You, commiffary, in whom we have placed confidence, you alone, among these numerous denunciations, cannot find one guilty person. What are you about? We remind you of your duties, and of your oath."
No, my fellow-citizens, I profess it loudly-no, you are not given up to perfidious England. Its gold has not corrupted you ; public spirit is not extinguished among you ; and if the English who threatened the walls of Dunkirk, Thould have come to present themselves before the memorable gates of Calais, it is then that the world would have been convinced that if some among you were formerly devoted to a king, you would all have been resolved to perish, in order to preserve liberty and the republic.
No; both of them are for you the only object of your wishes and of your solicitude. You have proved this, by the numerous sacrifices which you have already made, and you may hereafter make, No-no, you are not Englishmen ; you are Frenchmen-you are even republicans. ( undertake to convince government that it has been dereived.
At this moment, when the armies approach, when the goverament is making every preparation for invasion, you must, citizens, remove every suspicion, by breaking off all connexion and communication with the country which the republic is about to attack, and cover with its arms : you will avoid every correfpondence, which, though really innocent, might excite the jealoufy of the government, and cause intentions to be ascribed to you which you have not, and which you are far from entertaining. This is one sacrifice more, but it is time to make it ; and you will make it readily, because it is indispensable ; because, by fo doing, you will prevent new infinuations from occafioning new errors; becaule it will be one proof more of your devotion and your civism.
A patriotic loan is now opened at Paris, in order to accelerate the approaching invasion. Already have the adasinistrations and the body of merchants at Paris subscribed several millions. A number of individuals in the departments are haltening to fol. low this example. You will no doubt imitate them. YOL.VII.
Governa Government has left it to the merchants of Paris to fix them, selves the moft-speedy mode of repayment; and they will them: selves ailift the operation of it, which, as far as it appears at present, is by the produce of the postage of Calais.
You will join your offering to mine of 100 franks, which I propcie to add to those already made. I shall transinit it to the municipal adminiftraion, who will keep an account of the names of the lenders. The wholu sum will be sent off from Calais in ten days, and you will prive, that, so far from the gold of Eng land being all-powerful with you, you can yourselves lay down money to humiliate and reduce it.. . I repeat it again, second my efforts : do not reduce me to the cruel alternative of being obliged either to use severity in the performance of my duty, or to betray it by a culpable indulgence. May I always be happy enough to be able to proclaim the civism and the virtues of my fellow-citizens, and never unhappy enough to prosecute the guilty at the expense of my own feelings. . i No! citizens of Calais, you will still be what you always have been the friends of the country, of liberty, of equality, and of the constitution; and you will always gladly exclaim, Vive la republique !
Commissary of the Executive Directory.
laden, of their cargoes; therenemies, Thali nith regard to their
Resolution proposed by Villers ta the Council of Five Hundred, and
padopted, respecting Ships, on the 11th January. 1. THE situation of all ships and vessels, with regard to their
quality, as neuter or enemies, shall hereafter be determined by their cargoes ; therefore, every vessel found at rea, laden, or partly laden, with the produce or merchandise of Ergland, or of any of its possessions, is declared a lawful prize, whoever be the proprietor of the said produce or mer. chandise. • 2. No foreign vessel, which in the course of her voyage may have entered an English. port, shall be permitted to enter any port of the republic, unless the be in distress; in which case, the Thult be obliged io fail as soon as the causes of her distress shall have ceased.
3. This resolution shall be sent to the Council of Ancients, by a melienger of state.
[The Council of Ancients approved of the resolution.
Repori, by Ricu, to the Council of Five Hundred, 5 Pluviofe (7an;
24), respecting the Treatment of French Prisoners in England *. VOUR committee has executed a most painful talk. They
are now to place before your eyes a series of crimes at which they have already shuddered--to demand vengeance, in the name of outraged humanity, against the English government-to interest, while they wound, your feelings-and, in fine, to offer those means which they regard as effečtual for saving the nearly exhausted lives of 22,000 republicans, entombed in the dungeons of England.
The English government has heaped the measure of opprerfion, and the cries of death are raised against it from the four quarters of the globe. It has every where sustained, by guilty means, a power first established by corruption or by treason. It seems to wish that rivers should not flow but for the use of England—that the seas should bear their vessels only, and that all the productions of the New World, and of the distant regions of Hindur'an, should become the prey and the aliment of her universal como erce. In cpprelfed India, not a step can be taken without discovering the train of English guilt. In that fair country, favoured of heaven, but desolated by man, the English gave, a few years ago, a dreadful example how far despotism may go, when joined with avarice and inhumanity. To obtain the mera chandise of India at a better rate for England, the company of the latter coined rupecs of gold to the amount of several millions, but into which there entered at least two-thirds of alloy. Thus the wretched inhabitants were deceived and robbed in their sales. But foon after the English had put this false money into circulation, they perceived that they must suffer themselves, from its return in the way of commerce and of contribution. The Indians were, therefore, ordered to exchange these gold for silver rupees. They came with confidence to make this exchange, when the money which was fabricated to rob them was taken only at its actual value-an immense loss to the oppressed as great a gain to their oppressors.
A short time afterwards, Bengal was afflicted with an horrible drought. Rice grew only in some parts, and there in a small quantity. Of this the English took pofleffion; they monopolized with avidity whatever provision was to be found, and held it in reserve for themselves and their sepoys. Thus secure, they disa dained to attend to a numerous people, who were threatened with
* The English government published an account of their treatment of Fran Frilorers, which our readers will find in a fuslequent part of this 16" , 24 which proved the allegations of France to be totally unfunicu. K 2