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Third. That all preparations are made ready to receive the succours which they shall give to him; and on the arrival of the troops, the chiefs and officers fhall find every thing necessary to carry on a war that Europeans are little accustomed to.

Fourth. Finally, he only waits the moment when the French Thall come to his aid, to declare war against the Englih, ardently wishing to drive them from India. ,

As it is impossible for us to reduce the number of the 107th and 108th regiments, and de la garde foldée du Port de la Fraternité, on account of the assistance we have sent our allies the Dutch, we invite the citizens voluntarily to embody themselves in their respective municipalities, to serve under the colours of Tippoo. This prince desires also to have the citizens of colour freemen; and we invite all those who wish to serve under his ban. ners, to enrol themselves.

We can assure all the citizens who wish to enrol themselves, that Tippoo will make advantageous treaties, which will continue with his ambassadors' who may engage for themselves, besides in the name of their sovereign, in such way, that the French, who fhall have taken part in his armies, shall not be retained when they wish to return back to their country.

Done this roth Pluviose (29th Jan.), the 6th year of the
French republic.


Letter from his Excellency M. de Sandos Rollin, Pruffian Minister at

Paris, to the Regency at Cleves.

Paris, Feb. 18. THE minister for foreign affairs this moment informs me, that

the Directory has ordered the French commissioner, Citizen Rudler, to discontinue every measure tending to organize your provinces. This step, which proves the uprightness of the Di. rectory, has been adopted in consequence of my having exportulated on the above measures. I therefore haften to acquaint you with it, and remain,

(Signed), DE SANdos Rollin.

Decree of the Executive Directory, published on the 24th Feb. 1. THE minister of the marine and the colonies shall immedi

ately repair to Brest, to forward the naval operations ordered in that port by the Executive Directory, respecting the expedition against England. He shall also visit those of other ports with all convenient speed.

2. The ministers of justice and of marine are respectively charged with the execution of the present decree, which shall be printed. (Signed) P. BARRAS, President.

LAGARDE, Secretary Gen.

THE Execheffed to it by here, and considering

Executive Directory. Decree of the 11th Germinal (311 March). THE Executive Directory having seen the reports that have

been addressed to it by the minister of marine and the colonies during his journey to Brest, and considering that the want of concert between the operations of the land and naval armies destined for the expedition against England, may impede their ceTerity and prevent their success, has decreed as follows:

uit. General Buonaparte shall repair to Brest in the course of the present decade, to take upon him the command of the'army of England.

2d. He is charged with the direction of all the forces, both by land and sea, destined for the expedition against England.

3d. The ministers of war and of the marine, each in his refpeclive situation, are charged with its execution.

(Signed) Merlin, President.

LAGARDE, Secretary Gen.

Arret issued by the Executive Directory on the 25th Feb. 1798.. ALL English prisoners of war, without exception, shall be

confined in prison ; and these reprisals Thall last until the English government, listening to the dictates of humanity, and the law of nations, treats the French prisoners in that manner which has hitherto constantly been observed between civilized nations. All the English prisoners shall be imprisoned in the department of Seine and Oise, Seine and Marne, Aisne and Loiret. The anterior regulation, pursuant to which the above prisoners were to be removed into the interior, to the distance of fifteen leagues from the coast and frontiers, is hereby annulled.

Speech of Garat, the French Ambassador to the Court of Naples,

when presented to his Majesty, on the 8th May 1798. YOU have had evidence, Sire, that the first object of my mis

fion is, to maintain the peace which has been established between your Majesty and the French republic. That object is, to cherith all the sentiments of reciprocal confidence, which alone


can render peace always more permanent and more advantageous between two powers.

You likewife have occasion to see that the principles of the Dir rectory of the French republic, in its relations with the other na. tions of Europe, are the same with those which, under the French constitution, unite Frenchmen to Frenchmen-the same with the principles of justice. Occurrences which have filled Europe with their splendour, justify this testimony which I bear to the Directory of my republic. The peace which has been granted, at the moment of our highest glory, and the most complete developer ment of our force, to nations which presenied to the victors no longer obstacles to be surmounted, but advantages to be enjoyed ; the independence and the liberty which have been bestowed upon nations in the midst of the thunder which threatened them with the yoke of a conqueror; new treaties of alliance formed with goś vernments founded on principles hoftile to the republican system ; and that signal political toleration, the only means, the only pledge of peace to the present generation of Europe, established as a part of the constitution which has for ever shielded the social fystem in France from all dangers, by rendering it more capable of every attack :-fuch, Sire, are the features of the new government of France : they are the attributes of force moderating itself, stopping even at the point when it is justice invincible which alsigns to itself limits which nothing on earth could impose.

Such distinguished qualities naturally invited to peace with the French republic all the powers which can appreciate and respect virtues so useful to the earth. From this, Sire, it happened that your Majesty was one of the first to sue for peace from France,

The time is come, Sire, when, under every government, those who govern are known, appreciated, judged by all Europe. The eyes and the ears of nations are now in the palaces of kings, as well as in the national assemblies and directories of republics. This public observation, too, penetrating into your heart, there discovers all the sentiments which are the gerins of the virtuesthat taste for fimple manners which in every age has distinguished well-formed and elevated fouls, and which must be deeply rooted and original to be long preferved upon a throne; the habit of frequently withdrawing from the vain pomp of a court, to examine into the wants of a people, and to culiivate their affection.

Your personal averfion for the complicated forms of justice, and your horror for cruel laws, have every where been displayed in the efforts you have made, from the beginning of your reign, to fimplify the one and to correct the othér.

The Dire&ory of the French republic, Sire, not only wish to live at peace with you, but invite you to unite, by all the bonds of amity, the people whom you govern, and that whose laws they


administer ; but, between nations as between individuals, friend. ship supposes or produces a reciprocal exchange of benefits. The treaties by which you are already united with my republic, doubtless, Sire, will produce, and it is the wish of the Directory that they should produce, treaties which thall open between the two nations a communication of their respective riches.

An enlightened policy dictates such a conduct ; and nature, by placing the two nations on the shores of the same sea, prefcribes it.

A nation which, above all others, would have little intercourse with that sea, were not, or oughi not, every sea the common domain of all nations; a nation, which, by the genius suited to its situation, might thare with France the glory and the happiness of being the light and the example of the world, and which, milled, or hurried away by its government, has attempted to convert that which it calls liberty into the means of imposing servitude on every king, and every people ; this nation, by the despotisın of its commerce, has too long suppreiled all kinds of commercial intercourse between Naples and France. This despotism approaches its termination, and the desire you must feel to see the people of the Two Sicilies increase in every sort of prosperity, which so benignant a climate and so fertile a soil ought to ensure, muft induce you, Sire, to connect their industry with the industry of France, by which it may be improved and fertilized, rather than with that of England, by which it is extinguished.

It is by the diffusion of blessings that governments succeed in tranquillizing the anxieties of nations; and the examples both of ancient and modern times bear witness, that violence has never preserved a government for any length of time, but that it has rapidly produced their ruin, and inultiplied their falls. Even in the very enthusiasm of its infant liberiy, the French republic beheld the shocking system of terror on the point of overwhelming liberty, and all the hopes it inspired in the blood' of Frenchmen: and at the present day, when generosity and clemency have difplaced that hideous system ; now that the enemies of our laws are no longer condemned by them only to live under other laws, all The virtues, and all kinds of prosperity, begin to dawn upon France under the influence of this mild regime.

This language, Sire, is the language the most consonant to that goodness which is said to be so congenial to your heart-and it is also a language that becomes the representative of a republic, become all powerful by the means of liberty, and wife by the d dates of its misfortunes. The Directory was desirous to address this language to your Majesty. It has chosen me to be the interpreter of its will at your Majesty's court--it is not because they send me sauntering under the porticos of favour and ambis tion, that the Directory has inclined their attention to make Vol. VII.


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choice of me 'for this extraordinary mission; I have but rarely lived remote from the peaceful silence of the country, or fiom the Jyceum or the porticos of philosophy; and when the course of revolutions, and the will of a republic, send me to refide at your Majesty's court, invested with a title, and charged with a mislion which may prove useful to several states, imagination recalls to the mind the meinory of those antique times when, from the bosom of the Grecian republics, philosophers, whose celebrity was borrowed only from their powers of thought, arrived in these very regions, on this very continent, on these very islands, to express their wishes for the happiness of the human race: many of them succeeded in doing much good, and all were anxious to do it. The wishes I breathe can have no other object ; nor have I received a mission of a different nature from the Directory of the French republic.

Such are the wishes which should be poured into the hearts of all governments, by every voice that can address itself to the human breast, in the name of heaven, and in the name of nature: and in these realms, where you reign amidst the most striking and astonishing phenomena of the heavens and of the earth ; in this land, a magnificent pile, ruins accumulated by the revolutions of the globe ; in the view of these volcanos, whose ever open and ever smoking mouths make us reflect on the burning lava which they have vomited, and which they will again vomit; it appears to me, Sire, that under whatever denomination of government we may live, whether republican or monarchical, we ought to feel the most ardent in patience to signalize, by some folid and durable benefit to mankind, an existence which is so transitory and precarious.

Speech addressed to the Queen of Naples, on the 20th Floreal (oth

May), by Citizen Garat, Ambassador of the French Republic ta the Court of Naples.

Madam, I YESTERDAY laid before the King of the Two Sicilies, his Majesty, your husband, the intentions of the Directory of my republic, respecting the maintenance of peace and good understanding, and I received the wishes of his Majesty for the conti, nuation of that harmony which is so necessary for the preservation of his power. You, Madam, will be pleased to cherish in the heart of your husband such sentiments as may likewise contribute to your personal happiness and tranquillity.

France is accustomed to discover in the princes of the House of Austria, a great number of those principles and those views which She is anxious to convert into instruments for bringing to perfec

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