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independence, and the exertion of their rights, cannot be more
ärdent or more strongly expressed. Their motto of union is the
same with that of your nation-Liberty: a Republic. What a for-
tunate omen for the fulfilment of a wish so dear to our hearts! It
is doubtless the duty of the Cisalpine government, on its first be-
ginning, to inake known to the brave Batavian nation, the com-
mencement of a period which must ever be recorded in the annals
of history; to that nation, which, from the limilarity of its litua-
sjon, has the fame enemies to oppose and conquer. The mutual
interests of the two republics cannot but unite them, and induce
them mutually to support each other. The Cisalpine people, ren-
dered free by the power and generous support of the French re.
public, our ally and friend, has opened new channels for the re-
ciprocal trade and activity of the three nations, and will fhortly
become the firmelt bulwark of general freedom and happiness.
Let us hasten, therefore, to connect ourselves together by the
bands of the strictest friendship ; bands which must be indiffoluble
between two nations, which so cordially love and esteem each
other. It is impoflible that a nation which has once tasted the
fweets of liberty, should willingly put on again the chains of
flavery. The uniformity of our sentiments, our confidence in
each other, and our ardent with for the general happiness, are re-
ciprocal bands by which we are connected. The same sentiments
are a pledge of the heartfelt fatisfa&tion I personally feel on this
occasion, and the delight I feel in the fulfilment of my duty, in
communicating 10 you the joyful intelligence, that the independ-
ence of the Cisalpine, republic is ackuowledged, and that the Di-
rectory began to enter on its functions on the uth of Meslidor.
The members of it are the Citizens Giovanni, Galeazze Serbelloni,
Pietro Moscati, Giovanni Paridisi, Marco Alalsandri, and Gio.
vanni Conftabili Contadini. Receive then, with the same senti-
ments with which it is transmitted, this first proof of friendship
and alliance which the Directory, through me, considers as a duty
and a pleasure to communicate on the part of the Cisalpine people.
The sentiments which I have had the honour to express, I feel
with the warmest fraternal esteem. Perinit me to add the fincere
wish of my nation for your individual happiness and welfare ; and
to assure you of the esteem which I thall ever feel towards you.

Health and fraternity!
(Signed) CHARLES Testi,

The minister for foreign affairs.

Extract

Xvu paid to theme much unealinele at the intrigue.

Extract of a Letter from Citizen Noel, Minister Plenipotentiary of

the French Republic to the Batavian Republic, addressed to the

Minister General of Police, and dated Hague, September 2. | LEARNT a very singular thing from Marshal Broglio, and

which was confirmed to me afterwards, at Brunswick, by above twenty different personsof credibility, viz.that Louis XVIII. had sent to Gotha for his field equipage, and that every exertion was making to prepare it. The Marshal thinks that the King's hopes were never better founded. He believes that he will be recalled.—You have no idea of the language of the emigrants at Brunswick. There are so many, that I am sure Louis XVIII, carries on a correspondence in France, and that it is necessary to watch carefully.

August 28.—1 ought to tell you, that the intrigues I see cara rying on here give me much uneasiness; there is not sufficient attention paid to them. Many people are led to believe that Louis XVIII. has a strong party in the Council of Five Hundred, and that he will speedily be recalled through their means. The major of Mirabeau's corps, M. Juguier, concerning whom I spoke to you about four months ago, and of whom I also gave notice to Caillard, has at length obtained passports. I believe they came from the manufactory of the Count de Harcourt and Colonel Donn, at Bremen, upon which I gave you a note. He is at Paris, and has written several letters to Mad. de Nadaillac here, and also to the Count d'Escars and St. Maixant, in which he draws a picture of Paris, of the Directory, and of the Councils, which contributes very much to elevate the hopes of the emigrants and of the priests. Nadaillac sent the letters to Madame Reitze, and they were read to the King; they were shown to me, and the. Abbé de exhibits them like relics.—This has a great effect upon the counter-revolutionists, except Haugwitz, who only shrugs his shoulders at them. The Prince of Hesse Caflel, to whom a, copy was shown at Pyrmont, faid, that it was written by some rascally emigrant, who deserved the bastinado. It would be well if the police at Paris would watch these gentlemen who arrive à little more clofely. They are paid by the English to go and in. trigue at Paris. I know that Madame Nesbeth is gone into Switzerland to seek for persons to send into Paris. She asked me for addresses and descriptions for that purpose at Pyrmont By the way in which the proceeds, there is money to be made with her. Since the ministers Caillard and d'Anadice have heard of the peace with Portugal, Anadice predicts that the first courier will bring an account of a peace with England; but from what I hear from the Bishop of Derry, Mrs. Nesbeth, Lord Elgin, and others, I entertain no such hopes: I am convinced that the VOL. VII.

negotiaa

negotiation is only a farce. Upon that subject I have some proofs, which I should have wined to cominunicate verbally to you, if they would have suffered mne to come.

The English do not want an inmediate peace; they look with too much certainty for the speedy dissolution of the French government, and are making great sacrifices for that object.

Manifefo of the Governor of Turin, Sept. 20, 1798. HIS Majesty, defiring nothing so much as the maintenance of

d public peace and tranquillity, has taken all the measures and precautions judged expedient for that purpose, and has charged us, at the same time, to announce, by a manifesto, to all the inhabitants of this capital, its suburbs and territory, that they must positively abstain from all provocation or insult whatever, which might tend to disturb the public tranquillity ; to invite all good and faithful citizens not to frequent any of those places where they might be exposed to the like; and particularly, not to give ear to the reports which evil-designing men, some of whom abuse the national cockade, propagate, for the purpose of alarming the public mind. His Majesty expects also from the loyalty of the French government, that it will contribute to maintain and confirm, more and more, the good harmony which ought to fublift between the two allied governments.

Tatjay on the afirance, I inspirof Paris,

Admiral Morard de Galles to the Citizens composing the naval Army.

Brest, 26 Fructidor (September 12, 1797). IN transmitting to you, upon the 24th, the proclamation of

the Executive Directory to the citizens of Paris, and, the following day, that to all France, I inspired your republican hearts with joy on the assurance that liberty had triumphed over the satellites of royalty, who had flattered themselves with the hopes of restoring your chains. Now, citizens, I take the earliest opportunity to acquaint you with the details which have officially been transmitted to me relative to this great event, which will restore the republic to all its fplendour, and give to its children peace and happiness. These details will inform you, that if hitherto the paternal folicitude of the governinent has vainly exerted itself to meliorate your fituation; it, in spite of its incessant application to the legirlative body to obtain funds necessary for the payment of your falaries and the comfort of your families, you remained naked and deltiruic, it was because ihe royalist confpirators who

fat

eft exertions oconfummating rich they have a meligns, have bee the governing their horrible outraged. and thres have been directed to the after having piracies;

11) fat in the legislative body had laboured industriously to dry up the sources of the public treasury, in order to discourage the republican armies by the excess of their sufferings, and io render the republic odious. Now, citizens, these wretches are under the avenging sword of the laws which they have outraged. They are disabled from consummating their horrible conspiracies; and the first exertions of the government, after having disconcerted their designs, have been directed to the land and naval force. Already measures have been taken by it for the payment of your arrear, and the improvement of your situation. Be calın and firm at your posts, as your brethren of the immortal armies have been on the news of this memorable event; and be assured that your chiefs, always emulous to give you the example of patriotism and devotion to the cause of liberty, will not lose sight of the success of the republicans, in order to make you participate with the whole nation in the advantages which this triumph over our enemies will procure.

(Signed) MORAND 'DE GALLES.

Address to General Augereau, Commander in Chief of the Armies of
the Sambre and the Meuse,' and Rhine and Moselle, 10 she Troops
composing those Armies.

Fellow-Soldiers,
F Death were to choose her own vi&tims, guilt alone would be

banished from the world; but he strikes without diftin&tion an
Achilles and a Therlites, a hero and the child of vice and of effemi.
nacy. His scythe cuts down indifferently every thing that presents
itself to his blow. Vice and virtue, it is all one. Cato, unable
to survive the liberty of his country, tore out his own bowels, -
and on his smoking corpse, Cæsar reared a throne. Hoche died
in the flower of his age, and in the height of his glory, and
Pichegru outlived his crimes. Such are the decrees of blind
destiny. Soldiers, drop a tear on the bier of the hero, and let a
cry of indignation anathematise the traitor! Long deceived, often
neglected, sometimes betrayed, what force of arm, what senti-
ment of glory, what robuft patriotism and courageous constancy,
did you not require to relift at once conspiracies, sufferings, ine
ternal disgust, and the efforts of Austrią from without ? Doubtless,
it is when, with pure intentions and tried republicanism, a chief
is appointed to the command of men like you, that victory is
rendered subject to his will. Penetrated with this truth, my
fellow.soldiers, it is, that I have not hesitated to accept the vast
charge which the governinent has imposed upon me in placing me
at your head. I know the extent of the charge, and I am not
dismayed; is not this a sufficient declaration of the esteem

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in which I hold you? Soldiers, the chiefs of the royalist con: spiracy no longer fit in the senate, and the cabinet of Vienna no longer has auxiliaries in the Luxembourg. The Executive Directory, long placed by the conspirators in the cruel impossibility of putting a period to your sufferings, is now seconded by the representatives of the people who remained faithful to the peo. ple. The eyes of the government are open to you and to your wants. Its power is far from kecping pace with its paternal intentions. Nevertheless, your fufförings shall be mitigated. It is in order to accelerate the aitainment of this object that I remain at Paris. I thall very speedily follow this address, which I send you. I shall bring funds along with me; clothing and fuel thall be provided before the rigour of winter. Every part of the administration shall be purified, and reduced to regularity; and henceforth nothing but unforeseen events can interrupt, and that only for a moment, the discharge of your pay, and condemn you to wants which it shall be iny chief care to abridge. Every mnoment of my life, all my faculties, my whole existence, fellowsoldiers, shall be consecrated to your service. But, in proportion as you ought to expect every thing from my devotion to your cause, I am entitled to require from you a discipline, not trilling in its details, nor degrading, but just, severe, inflexible, and completely republican. Patriotism and courage are virtues which it is easy for you to practise. If, however, there are men among you to whom it is painful to exercise them, let them quit their ranks, let them withdraw. These eneinies of liberty ought to have no share in the glory of her children. Soldiers, let your bravery catch fire from the sacred love of your country, and let the rise of your glowing energy strike terror into your enemies beyond the Rhine, and inspire with dismay those whom you leave behind that river. The Emperor, it is said, is raising levies. Poor wretches, torn from the plough, and trained by violence, are coming to swell the number of his satellites. Vain precaution! France, restored to the vigour of republican infti. tutions, is at this moment one entire army, of which we are only the advanced guard. In a word, if our enemies remain obfti. nate; if, rejecting the pacific offers of our government, they still wish for blood, why then let them be satished. They are only so extensive in their demands, because we were so generous, and let it one day be asked, if the people of Vienna ever had masters ?

(Signed) 'AUGEREAU.

Proclamation

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