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no other free ele&tion to the people, but merely to fill the vacancies in that body. At that moment a flagrant breach of the constitution was comınitted, and a direct violation of the inalienable rights of the people perpetrated.

No disgraceful pretexts, no contemptible perversion of the words of the conftitution, will ever be found sufficient to justify this act of violence in the opinion of any nation in Europe.

These things, Batavians, you have all seen ; they could escape the observation of no person. But we, whose different situations have placed us around the intermediary administration, have been able to view the whole of these transactions, and discover their motives and consequences. Numerous complaints of the inhabit. ants, which would not have existed, had it not been for the violent event of the 22d of January, have incessantly diverted the attention of the intermediary administration from the great interests

of the country, and fixed it on matters of less importance. The .. negligence of the ruling powers has spread from commune to ' commune through the country; and had not we, and some others,

cxerted ourselves to stem the torrent, a general lilleliness and inactivity must have pervaded the whole land, and disaffection and alarm seized on all.

And will you then, Batavians, any longer fuffer in silence the injustice done you? Do you not feel, like your ancestors, the vaJue of civil freedom? Can you not distinguith reality from appearance, and the substance from the name ? Have you not long wilhed and expected that we, who have swom fidelity to our country, who, from our situation, must be most capable to deliver you, fhould attempt your deliverance. The resistance of the people must be fatal to oppression, and each Batavian who feels his worth, muft at this moment be transformed into anotlier Brutus. Batavians! you have wrested the authority from your tyrants, who have stolen it from you under the pretence of being your friends.

But think not, Batavians, that we will never restore to you that which is your inalienable property, or that, in the mean time, we will deliver it into unworthy hands. We here declare, that we are responsible for it to you, and each of you, to our own con. sciences, and to the eternal Cause of all things.

The event will show whether we have delivered you from usurpation, or seized the authority as usurpers ourselves. Let the first constitutional legislative body that hall meet, decide uçon this fact; and, as we have already observed, since the majority of our former representatives, legally elected, who, on the 22d of January last, formed themselves into a constituent assembly, and now have declared themselves a conftitutional legislative body, by which they have been guilty of an open attack on your sovereign power; and as your other representatives, who acted as the heads of the federative or aristocratic adminiftration, now annulled, have


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scrupled to take their seats in the assembly : we, compelled by the urgency of circumstances, and observing what is directed in the 31st article of the regulation annexed to the constitution, in case of a vacancy in the Executive Directory, have decreed, and hereby do decree,

s. That all such legislative authority of the Batavian people as Thall require to be exercised for the daily and necessary interests of the country, shall, as soon as possible, be committed to citizens whose honour and integrity cannot be suspected..

2. That the late intermediary administration of the Batavian republic shall be required, as bound by their responsibility, to carry into effe&t the constitution of the Batavian people, in a speedy and regular manner, for the restoration and establithment of the constitutional legislative body.

3. That all authority of legislation, or in general of sovereignty, exercised by the intermediary administration, shall, im. mediately after the establishment of the legislative body of the Ba. tavian people, pass to that body; and after the election by the latter of a legal Executive Directory of the Batavian republic, all the executive authority which we now necessarily exert for the deliverance of our country, shall be resigned to that Directory.

4. That we engage to be answerable for the just and faithful use of our authority, and the resignation of it at the time we have mentioned, to the legislative body that fhall be elected, or by delegation from it, to the high national tribunal hereafter to be chosen.

Perfe&ly convinced that what we have done will be approved by the majority and most enlightened of the Batavian people, we hereby command, in their name, all constituted authorities, provincial administrations, or administrations of communes, all justices of peace, civil officers, and commanders of the military, and all and each of the inhabitants of the Batavian republic, to obey our commands, and acknowledge no other authority than ours, until the intermediary administration shall have met; which notification thall be made public, and be affixed up, in such places as similar notices usually are. Done at the Hague the 12th of June, the 4th year of Batayian freedom.

J. SPOORS, Agent of Marine.
G. J. PYMAN, Agent for the War Department,
J. G. A. GOZEL, Minister of Finance.
R. W. TADAMAR, Minister of Justice.
A. J. LA PIERRE, Minister of the Interior.

Vol. VII.


Message from the Executive Direétory to the Council of Five Hundred,

sent on the if July 1798. TOR a long time the government of Malta has shown I itself hostile to France. It afforded protection to emigrants, as also to the soldiers of Condé's army. Her constitution ought to have obliged her to observe a strict neutrality, but the always acted in favour of the enemies of France, The French, who were friends to liberty at Malta, were ill treated and confined. In a manifesto of the roth October 1793, the Grand Master declared that the ports of the island fhould be shut against French vessels, and that he should recognise the ambassador but as a chargé d'affaires of the King, without saying any thing of the republic; he declared he could not, nor would not, recognise it. On the oth of June of the present year, a requeft was made by the French general for water, which was refused by the Grand Master, who declared ironically, that he could not admit but two ships into the port. Dared he thus insult a French army, commanded by Buonaparte? The ioth of June, the French were on fhore early in the morning, and Malia was in. vested, and the town cannonaded on all sides. The besieged made a sally, in which General Marmont, at the head of the 19th brigade, took the standard of the order. On the 17th the knights surrendered the town and port, and renounced their property in the island to the French republic. We found at Malta two vessels, one frigate, four gallies, 1200 pieces of cannon, 40,000 muskets, 1,500,000 rounds of powder and other ammunition, of which the Directory have not received the particular details,

republic; he ataires of the Kihould recognilhould be

Speech made by Citizen Sieyes, upon presenting his Credentials to the

King of Prufia. THE credentials which I have the honour of delivering to your

1 Majetty, express the sentiments which animate the Directory of the French republic towards your person. They announce also the motives which have induced the Directory to confide to me the important and honourable mission which I am come to fulfil.

I accepted this million, because in my country I have constantly declared, to whatever fur.ction I was called, in favour of the system which tends to unite by intimate bonds the interests of France and of Prussia; because the instructions I have received being conformable to my political opinions, my ministry will be frank, loyal, and every way suitable to the morality of my character; because this system of union, on which the proper position of Europe, and perhaps the salvation of a part of Germany depends,


was that of Frederick the Second, great among kings, immortal among men! because this system is worthy of the wisdom and good intentions which marked the commencement of your reign.

May the hopes of my government not be disappointed, and my well-known sentiments be regarded by your Majesty as one title more to the confidence of your ministers.

dignity to which have and generous with the auth

Discourse addressed by Guillemardet, Ambassador from the French

Republic to the Court of Spain, on presenting his Credentials, on the 12th July 1798.

Site, CHARGED by the Executive Directory of the French republic

to maintain, in the presence of your Majesty, the intimate connexion commanded by nature, as well as by the most sound policy, between the two countries, I hasten to renew the assurances of the esteem and affection of the government to which I have the honour to belong. A citizen of the republic which has acquired the respect and admiration of Europe, my soul is penetrated with a sense of the dignity to which the man is exalted who speaks in its name. Allied to a nation brave and generous, I am not less proud of the august functions which I am to fulfil with the authority which represents it. The exercise of the ministry of peace is that which is most congenial to my natural disposition. Thus you will find in me loyalty, frankness, and inviolable respect for the sacred engagements which unite the two nations. It gives me pleasure, Sire, to give you this guarantee with that assurance which sincerity inspires, with that full conviction of the duties which the honourable character with which I am invested, necessarily imposes. I thould esteem myself truly happy, if, in acquiring some claims to the confidence and esteem of your Majesty, I could also acquire that of the two countries, which their mutual interest, and a sense of their glory, invite to the most intimate connexion.

Speech to the Queen, same Day. Madam, I HAVE assured the King, your husband, of the sincere desire I feel to draw closer than ever those bonds which unite the two nations. Such is the wish of the government which has sent me to your Majesty. My own engagements are conformable to it. I shall adhere to them. The ties which bind you to the King have entitled you to his entire confidence: thus you may enjoy the insaleable advantage of being able to contribute to the prosperity of N .

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the Spanish nation : and if it be its interest, as it is that of the French nation, to maintain between them that intimate connexion which, by reciprocal confidence, may revive industry, commerce, and arts in their bofoms, it is worthy of you, Ma. dam, to participate in those acts which attach the people to those who govern them. Confide, in this respect, to the fincerity of the envoy of a republic, which knows how to join the love of liberty to the respect which its constitution promises to the governments of those nations with whom it is in friendship.

Letter from the President of the Executive Directory of the Cisalpine

Republic to General Brune. Citizen General, W HEN, by the treaty of alliance between the French and

W Cisalpine republics, the government of both confided to the commander in chief of the French army in Italy the entire disposition of the Cisalpine troops, it was done in the firm conviction, that such general would so dispose of them as not only to secure the frontiers of the republic from all invasion, but also to cause the Cisalpine name to be respected by all its neighbours. It is in the same confidence, Citizen General, that the Executive Directory haftens to acquaint you, that the court of Turin, daily forgetting the most facred laws of good neighbourhood, and that refpe&t which friendly nations should never lose sight of, has suffered in its capital a Cisalpine soldier to be taken by conftables and kept bound in a dungeon. This injury, joined to many others, too long to be detailed to yoii, makes us hope, Citizen General, that you will make such dispositions as will enable us to claim vigorously reparation from the court of Turin, and secure from any attack the frontiers of our republic. Its conduct towards our friend, the Ligurian republic, whose territory it has violated, and its evil dispositions in regard to ourselves, give us reason to distrust the good faith of the protestations it has made to maintain good harmony between us.

(Signed) CostaBILI, The President of the Executive Directory.


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