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(July 6), fixth Year. TUROPE has witnessed the bloody scenes of which Italy is the
theatre. Scarcely delivered from the evils of war, she sees with indignation discord exciting them anew. The amicable suggestions of the Executive Directory of the French republic have not been able to put a stop to those fa&tions which devoured each other, and all were rushing to certain destruction.
The French army, surrounded with insurrection and civil war, were obliged to be on their guard. It was easy to discover in all these commotions, the influence of the perfidious government, who have excited every species of crime against the repose of the world, and who have too often turned to their advantage even the most generous passions.
The real object of these last intrigues of England, is to obstruct the organization of the new republics in Italy, and to paralyze the efforts of the Directory for securing peace to all the states of the continent; and, above all, to induce us, by these outrages, to violate treaties which they know we have religiously observed.
Always certain of punishing her enemies, they have not escaped the notice of the French republic. But in the midst of them, the fees also some friends who have been misled.
She wishes to destroy the power of the first, and to restore happiness to the latter, by securing their tranquillity.
In consequence of the formal demand of the Executive Di- . rectory, the King of Sardinia has published a full and entire amnesty. No inquiry will take place with respect to the late difturbances. All proceedings relative to opinions, or political conduct, are annulled. Those who were prosecuted, or dreaded prosecution on these grounds, are free to return to Piedmont, to enjoy their properties and to dispose of thein. As a guarantee of u this promise, and likewise of the country which he governs, the King of Sardinia, the ally of our republic, has received a French garrison into the citadel of Turin.
By this means ought the flames of civil war to be extinguished. The French republic, after so many facrifices to give peace to Italy, will not permit that this fine country should be abandoned to the most sanguinary devastation.
I therefore invite all the friends of the French, who, pro. voked by the injuries, the menaces, and persecutions of the op
posite party, have taken up arms to defend their lives and their honour, to lay down their arms, and return to their habitations, and the bosoms of their families, assured of being no longer disturbed.
As to those who, after this amicable and solemn invitation, shall continue to form armed assemblages, unconnected with the organization of the French army, or the troops of the government of Italy, I declare that they shall be regarded as enemies to France, the friends of England, and promoters of disturbance; and I shall cause them to be pursued as fuch.
Letter from General Brune to the Chevalier Borghese, Minister Ple. nipotentiary of the King of Sardinia to the Cisalpine Republic.
Milan, 2d Thermidor. VOUR note of yesterday, M. Minister Plenipotentiary, could not
1 but fill me with astonishment; I am accustomed only to the language of good faith and honour, and I perceive in what your court has dictated to you, expressions and assertions, which wound the simple virtues in which my natior constitutes her glory. You call upon me to exert all my power to disperse the Piedmontese insurgents, at the very time when, drawn into snares, which their enthusiasm could alone prevent them from discovering, and which villany alone could contrive, they are massacred by hundreds ; while the insurgents confined in the dungeons of Turin, and other places, are still in irons; while your government, communicating its sentiments through you, dares immediately after the amnesty say, that the country will be exposed to new calamities, if these ferocious men (the Piedinontese insurgents) are restored to liberty. Your amnesty then was intended as a new snare.
You say, that Citizen Angros, the French commander at Tortona, has permitted the insurgents to pass under the fortress. This assertion is utterly destitute of foundation. Having been apprised at inidnight, that an armed force was approaching, he put his troops in motion: he intimated that he would not allow treaties to be violated. Angros is a brave man. Would he have done well to have allisted in exterminating wretched fugitives escaped from the massacre of the 16th Messidor? The French respect unisery; they spare the vanquished ; they never assassinate.
You ask ine, Sir, to take some steps. You affect to be igno. ra'nt, however, that the force which is under my authority, cannot, and ought not to be employed, but in the event that those of his Sardinian Majesty shall be insufficient. You say not a word of the precautions which it would be necessary to take against alsallins, who form a part of the militia of the King your master,
who daily, since the amnesty, have cut to pieces the small French detachments they meet, and shoot upon the roads our parties of cavalry. Europe will hear, and history will repeat, to the indignation of pofterity, the answer of one of the principal officers of his Sardinian Majesty, the commandant of Alexandria, to the remonftrances of a French general: “What! your troops affaslinated ? It is owing to a mistake of our militia, who take them for Piedmontese insurgents.".
You recriminate against Liguria, by accusing that republic of the charges which it imputes to you. The tree of liberty has' been thrown down with contempt and insult in the towns which you still occupy. Contributions have been imposed, vexations committed, arms carried off. Your government has been the aggrersor. Liguria showed itself the first to listen to the invitations of the Executive Directory, for the re-establishment of the peace of Italy. She laid down her arms, at the moment when her energy promised her new victories. Her good faith and generosity have never been exposed to doubt.
Nevertheless, in order to avoid all disputes on the principle of reftitution, by an order of yesterday, I decided, that the places taken on both sides shall be put into the hands of the French republic, and kept as a depot, till a definitive treaty takes place between the two powers.
Your court has made public the convention signed by Colonel Saint Mersan and me, relative solely to the taking poflession of the citadel of Turin, but it has not thought proper to publish the previous convention, which fixes the basis of the amnesty, and which was signed by Citizen Ginguene, ambassador of the French republic, and M. de Prioca, his Sardinian Majesty's ambaffador. Besides, I only received a single copy of the royal proclamation, and therefore it was not in my power to distribute it 10 our generals and commandants. If your insurgents are no better informed than we are of the difpofitions of your court, I am not surpril.d that they still entertain alarms.
I do not say a word of a number of circumstances which prove a deep, crooked policy, in certain counsellors of his Sardinian Majesty. The indisputable facts I have-mentioned, are sufficient to thow that disposition. It is yet time to return to good faith and to justice. It is the with of the French republic, that all should be tranquil and happy around her army. She ought no longer to be disturbed by seditions, occasioned by the most criminal intrigues; and his Sardinian Majesty himself would do well to remember, that it was he himself who called upon us to secure the tranquillity of his dominions.
I request you, M. Minister Plenipotentiary, to notify to your court the following demands : . 1. That liberty shall be granted to the imprisoned insurgents.
2. The citadel of Turin shall be furnished with provisions for two months, and the stores and other necessaries which were carried off when the French troops entered, shall be re-established, the taking away of which endangered the safety of the depot.
3. The militia and other forces, which exceed the peace establishment, shall be disbanded.
4. The Count de Salla, his Majesty's commandant at Alex. andria, shall be recalled.
Upon these conditions, which are all either the provisions of the consequence of the conventions signed at Turin and Milan the 8th and 10th of this month, the French republic can still rely on the fidelity of her ally, and banilh all fufpicion, notwithstanding errors of too fatal consequences,
I yesterday sent you copies of my proclamation relative to the insurgents. Í send you several others. I trust that as well for the fake of humanity, as the interest of your court, you will take care to have them distributed.
I have appointed an officer to regulate, in concert with a Sardinian officer, every thing that relates to the communications within the limits of the places which we occupy, and the means of facilitating the return of the insurgents.
tors of loof her ally month, ch
fake of hison I fend you feveres of my proclamation
Proclamation published on the 21/7 July, at Turin. THE Marquis Don Charles Francis de Thaon, Chevalier, &c. 1 governor of the city and province of Turin.-After the bene. ficent orders so often repeated for the preservation of tranquillity ja his realm, his Majesty hoped to have seen it perfectly restored among his well-beloved subjects. It is with the greatest astonishment, and the most lively regret, he learns that this tranquillity is in danger of being interrupted anew by evil-designing persons, lately returned into his territories, who labour, by false and see ducing schemes, to make ihe people favour their dark and insidious plans, either by predicting still greater misfortunes, or by artful exaggerations of the complaints of the country; or, finally, by openly and unreservedly exciting all descriptions and classes of the inhabitants against individuals of the French nation.
From the atrocious malice of these wicked men must result consequences baneful to the public and private tranquillity of his Majesty's subjects.
The French live in Piedmont under the protection of public treaties of peace and alliance. All hostile plans that might be executed against them, would, therefore, be contrary to the engagements of his Majesty, and the principles of honour which al
ways distinguished his subjects. They would be, moreover, the source of the most heavy misfortunes to the state, and to india viduals.
His Majesty, therefore, being desirous to prevent such dirorders, by making known the danger into which the enemies of public peace endeavour to precipitare his good and faithful subjects, and putting them on their guard against the dark machinations with which they are surrounded, in order to stop the proc., gress of such perfidious manoeuvres, has ordered us to notify to the public, that it is his Majesty's intention, that all his subjects should abstain from all discourse tending to agitate the minds of the people, and to irritate them against the French ; that in case of provocation or insult, complaint should be made only to their superiors, who may be able to adjust the public peace; and that all those who shall disobey their orders, shall be deemed disturbers of the public tranquillity, and punished as such.
ubfluch pershey are ruheir guard is good and
The Ambassador of the French Republic residing at the Court of Rome, to the Minister of Foreign Affairs.'
Florence, 11 Nivole (Dec. 31. ' IN my dispatch, No. 17, I gave you information relative to the pre
sent situation of Rome, Events have fince occurred which obliged me to quit that city. On the oth Nivose (Dec. 26), thrce persons came to me to say that a revolution was to take place in the course of the night; that the public indignation was extreme, and that they apprized me of this, to the end that no new event should surprise me. I replied to them, that my situation at the court of Rome would not allow me to listen tranquilly to such an overture, and that the measure appeared to me to be as useless as ill timed. They replied, that they wished to have my advice, and to know whether the French government would protect their revolution, if it should be accomplished ? I told them that, as an impartial fpe&tator of events, I should give an account to my government of the transactions ; and I added, that at the moment of a general pacification, it would be unfortunate that any thing should hap. pen, to retard it. As a man, I exhorted them to be tranquil: I did not think they had the means within themselves : and I was sure the French government would not protect them. As minister of France, I enjoined them not to repeat their visit with such intentions. They quitted me with an assurance that every thing should be suspended for the moment. The night accordingly passed in tranquillity.
Next evening, Chevalier Azarra told me confidentially, that he had just been with the secretary of state, and that it appeared VOL. VII.