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PREFACE.

TN fubmitting to the Public the Seventh Volume of this Cole ·lection, the Editor flatters himself that it will be found to ina clude documents of equal, perhaps of superior importance, to any of those contained in the preceding volumes.

As he has been singularly fortunate in procuring a considerable mumber of State Papers, which, he trusts, have never yet been published in England, he thinks it necessary to direct the attention of the Public in a more particular manner to them. Of the negotiation at Paris between the United States of America and the Republic of France no complete account had hitherto been collected ; the Editor therefore obtained from America an official copy of the proceedings printed by order of Congress. The very detailed letter from the American ministers* upon the differences between the two nations, and upon the conduct of France towards the United States, has never yet been published in this country. The same assertion may be made with respect to the answer of the American ministerst to the letter of the French minister for foreign affairs. But the Editor has also been able to render the narrative of the negotiation still more complete even than the official publication of the American government. That publication concludes with the departure of General Pinckney and General Marshall from Paris. From the French official papers the Editor has extracted all the subsequent correspondence between Mr. Gerry and the French minister to the departure of the former from France, and the final rupture of the negotiation:::::::::::::::

Hitherto the Public have only feet a fhort: and unlarisfactory account of those disturbances at Vienna wikich led to the departure of the French ambassador Bernadotte. from that capital. The reader will here find an official account of the event by Bernadotte

• Page 232 to 265.

+ Page 399 to 426.

himself,

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himself*, which the Editor has translated from the German papers.

The changes which have taken place in the government of the cantons of Switzerland, the destru&ion of the Papal power, the negotiations at Rastadt, and the expedition of Buonaparte to Egypt, have engaged the attention of all Europe. It has therefore been the sedulous attention of the Editor to procure every of. ficial document relative to those important events.

The affairs of Ireland, and the recent rebellion in that country, promoted and encouraged by the French government, come naturally within the scope of a publication whose professed object is to collect every state paper that relates to the war with France. The Editor has inserted all the Proclamations published during the progress of that rebellion, together with the very interesting Reports upon it presented to both Houses of the Irish Parliament : to these are added the able and satisfactory Report on the treatment of French prisoners in England, a document highly gratifying to the national character.

It has hitherto been usual to arrange the Proclamations, Correfpondence, and Papers relative to Neutral Powers, under distinct heads. That arrangement having been found inconvenient, all the papers in this volume have been claffed under one general head: but as a very copious Index has been added, no person can experience the smallest difficulty in finding any paper he may want, whether it relates to the neutral or belligerent powers.

In the preceding volumes, the Appendix, containing the history of the war from the Gazettes, has always been brought down to as late a period as possible. In the present volume that rule has been departed from, for two reasons: ist, the size of the volume was already sufficiently large ; and, 2dly, the Editor had every reason 10 believe that its publicaiton: was impatiently expected. The Appendix the cfore- has öniy þeen completed to the beginning of March. The remainder of dit :Gazettes are reserved for the succeeding

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CO N T E N T S.

Page

Treaties, Conventions . .
Proclamations, Manifestoes, Papers relative to Neutral

Powers, and Correspondence
Parliamentary Papers

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STATE PAPERS.

TREATIES, ARMISTICES, &c.

Treaty of offenfive and defensive Alliance between the French Republic

and the King of Sardinia. Ratified by the Council of Five Hundred on the iA Brumaire (08. 21), and by the Council of Ancients ont the 4th of the fame Month (Oa. 24), 1797.

THE Executive Directory of the French republic, and his

Majesty the King of Sardinia, being desirous, by every means in their power, and by the most intimate union of their respective interests, to contribute as speedily as possible to the restoration of that peace which is the object of their wishes, and which will fecure the repose and the tranquillity of Italy, have determined to enter into a treaty of offensive and defensive alliance ; and have charged with full powers to that effect, viz. on the part of the Executive Directory of the French republic, Citizen Henry James William Clarke, general of division in the armies of the republic; and on the part of his Majesty the King of Sardinia, the Chevalier D. Clement Damian de Priocia, knight of the grand cross of the order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, first secretary of state in his Majesty's department for foreign affairs, and prefix dent of the home department; who, after exchanging their res fpe&tive powers, concluded as follows:

I. There shall be an offensive and defensive alliance between the French republic and the King of Sardinia, until the period of continental peace. This alliance shall then become purely defenfive, and thall be established upon a basis agreeable to the recia procal interests of both powers.

11. The present alliance having for its object to haften the restos ration of peace, and to secure the future tranquillity of Italy, its cxecution during the present war shall be directed solely against the Emperor of Germany, he being the only continental power VOL. VII.

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