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XI. When there are French and Cisalpine t:oops in the fame fort, station, or cantonment, the rank of the officers being equal, they shall be commanded by a French officer ; but if the rank'is unequal, by the superior officer, whether French or Cisalpine.
XII. The French republic fhall give up to the Cisalpine republic, on the terms agreed on between Citizen Buona parte and the Executive Directory of the Cisalpine republic, as much of the artillery taken from the eneiny as the Cisalpine republic shall require.
XIII. The fort which has been planned out at the rock D'Amfo by the French engineers, under ihe orders of Citizen Buonaparte, to command the valley of Sabia, shall be constructed with. out delay. The works necessary to complete the forts of Perchiera and Mantua shall also be carried on without delay, as well as the fortification of the heights of Valleggio, and the little fort of Coetto,, according to the plans approved by Citizen Buonaparte: the whole to be performed at the expense of the Cisalpine republic.
XIV. The Cisalpine republic shall organize an armed force composed of Italian and auxiliary troops, the number of which, horse and foot, shall be regulated by a separate convention. She thall always keep in readiness 120 field-pieces, upwards of 60 pontoons, and a flotilla on the lake of Garda
XV. The Cisalpine republic shall not suffer any French emigrant to reside within her territory. Every French emigrant found on the territory of the Cisalpine republic shall be arrested, in order to his being transported to the place which the Executive Directory of the French republic shall point out. Every Cisalpine emigrant found on the territory of the French republic shall be likewise arrested, and placed at the disposal of the Cifalpine republic.
uonapar.coetto, accof the heie barried on"
Subfiance of the Treaty of Commerce between the French and Cisalpine
Republics, concluded in July 1798. Art. I. NEITHER of the two republics, French and Cisal
pine, ihall ever prohibit the importation or the consumplion of any merchandise of the growth or manufacture of the other republic, its ally.
II. Neither of the two republics shall prohibit the exportation of any of its productions or manufactures to the other republic, its ally, except grain or flour, which may be occasionally discontinued ; but only in cases of scarcity, and when the same prohibition shall be extended to every other nation.
3000 livre under painte exclu.
III. In case either of the two republics fhall judge it proper to impose a duty upon any production or merchandise of the growth or the manufacture of its ally, fuch duty thall not exceed fix per cent, ad valorem.
IV. Coul a general peace, all duties shall be reduced one halt, when productions or merchandife of the growth or manufacture of both republics shall be transported in the waggons or ships of either--these commodities, if in waggons, are to be Conducted by citizens of one or other of the said republics; or if in veilels, by a crew, three-fourths of which thall be citizens of the one or the other republic.
V. At the period of a general peace, the advantage stipulated by the preceding article mall cease, with regard to pro: ductions or merchandise imported in vesels; but the produc. tions or merchandise of the growth or manufacture of France, shall not be imported into the ports of the Cisalpine republic, but in French or Cisalpine vessels, wholly to the excluson of the vessels of every other nation, under pain of confiscation of Chip and cargo, and 3000 livres of fine, to be levied upon the proprietors, consigners, and agents of the vessel or cargo, or upon the captain or mate.
VI. The valuation which thall serve as the basis for regulating the duties on importation shall be proved by the invoices or written declarations which may accompany the goods. In case the comptrollers of the customs shall suspect the invoices or declarations to be forged, it shall be lawful for them to detain the merchandise, paying for it at the rate of the invoice or declaration, with an addition of 25 per cent.
VII. Each vessel or waggon shall be furnished with a declaratin made before the consul, or, if there be no consul, before the municipal officer of the place where it shall have been loaded, This declaration shall mention the country in which the said Lerchandise was produced or manufactured.
VI. Both republics shall employ all their good offices and inirence, in order to obtain from intermediate states the def.r.le facilities for the transit of their respective commerce, either by an exemption of the duties it may be liable to in pa.ing through these states, or by the restitution at leaving hem of what was paid upon the entry.
IX. There shall be established relays of post-horses and pries for letters on the road from Milan to Paris : this road Mail be directed through the Valois and the Pays de Vaud, and shall allo pass through Lausanne, proceeding by the road tsed by the peace of 1748. The French and Cisalpine repub. lics Thall be at the expense of these cílablishments on their Iespective territories. They Mall also unite in demanding from
the the Helvetic republic the formation of similar establishments on its territory.
X. The Executive Directory of the French republic shall employ its good offices with the powers of Barbary, in order that the Cisalpine flag may be treated with the same respect by their corfairs as the French.
Extrax from the Register of the Deliberations of the Commission delea
gated by the French Government to the Leeward Ipands. THE commission, considering that the ports of the Windward + Illands, as well as Port-au-Prince, St. Marc, L'Arcahaye, the Mole, and Jeremie, given up to the English, occupied and detended by the emigrants, are in a fiate of permanent liege, and ought not to enjoy the same advantages as the ports of the different English colonies, possessed by that power before the war, and from other titles;
Conlidering that is against all principle to treat a horde of rebels, without country, without government, and without a fag, with the same respect which polished nations observe to one another during war;
That it is notorious that the different places of the colony given up to the English no more belong to them than La Vendee, in which the English minister had in like manner stipendiary troops, Tegments in his pay, wearing the same uniform as the troops of ite king of England;
The revolted cities of La Vendée were, as well as those of the colony, garrisoned by emigrants; its coasts equally protected by Erlih vessels, and that nevertheless it never entered into the tead of a reasonable man to think that it ought to be allowed to merchants of neutral nations, to supply these brigands with food,, wio were only occupied in rending the bosom of their country;
Considering that in virtue of the nith article of the treaty of alar.ce, concluded at Paris on the 6th of February 177,8, between the United States and France, this first power engaged itself to defcr.d the poste slions of France in America in case of war, and that the government and commerce of the United States have fra gely abused the tolerance of the French republic, in turning to her detriment the favours which were granted to her, of entera ity ard trading in all the ports of the colony;
That in permitting any longer to neutral vessels to carry warlike and other provisions to men evidently in a state of rebellion, is td Vol. VII.
wish to prolong cívil war, and the evils and crimes that are the effects of it:
The commission has decreed, and do decree, as follow :
ARTICLE ift. The capfains of vessels of war and French privateers are authorized to capture and to conduct into the ports of the republic, all neutral vessels destined for the ports of the Wind. ward and Leeward Islands of America given up to the English, occupied and defended by emigrants.
2d. The faid vessels are declared good prize, and shall be sold for the benefit of the captors.
3d. The arret of the 7th Frimaire, taken conformably to the refolution of the Executive Directory of 14th Meslidor, shall be put in force until it shall be otherwise ordered.
Done at the Cape, 6th Nivole ( 2611 Dec.), 5th year of the
SANTHONÁX, President. “
LEBLANC, } Commissaries.
by my wife letters received or fenumitances respectin
from mation hielty the Eimimmedi
Declaration of General La Fayeite, previous to his Release from
Olmutz, July 26, 1797. THE commission with which the Marquis de Chasteller is en
trusted, appears to relate to three points: 1. His Imperial Majesty wilhes to ascertain the true state of our fituation at Olmutz.--I am not disposed to prefer any complaint upon the subject ; the detailed circumstances respecting it may be found in the letters received or sent back, which were transmitted by my wife to the Austrian governinent; and if his Imperial Majesty is not satisfied by reading over the orders sent in his name from Vienna, I am willing to give the Marquis de Chasteller any information he may desire. . 2. His Majesty the Emperor and King wilhes to be assured that, upon my release, I shall immediately set out for America. I have frequently signified this to have been my intention. But, as an answer, under the present circumstances, might seem to admit the right of exacting fuch a condition, I do not judge it proper to comply with this demand. . 3. His Majesty the Emperor and King does me the honour to fignify to me that the principles which I profess, being incompatible with the security of the Austrian government, it is his pleasure that I should not re-enter his dominions without his special permission.--I have duties from which I am not at liberty to withdraw myself, I am under obligations of duty to the United States;