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that presents obstacles to wishes so salutary. His Majesty the King of Sardinia shall remain neuter with regard to England and to the other powers still at war with the French republic.

III. The French republic and his Sardinian Majesty guarantee reciprocally, by all the means in their power, their respective possessions which they now hold in Europe during the exiftence of the present alliance. The two powers shall unite their forces against the common enemy externally, and shall give no aid, directly or indirectly, to the internal enemies of either.

IV. The contingent of troops which his Majesty the King of Sardinia shall furnish immediately in consequence of the present treaty, shall be 8ooo infantry and 1000 cavalry, and forty pieces of cannon. In case the two powers Tall think it necessary to augment this contingent, such augmentation shall be concerted and regulated by commissioners invested with full powers to that effect by the Executive Directory and his Majesty the King of Sardinia.

V. The contingent of troops and artillery shall be ready and assembled at Novarra, viz. 500 cavalry, 4000 infantry, and twelve field-pieces, by the 30th of Gerininal current (April 19), and the remainder in a fortnight after.

This contingent shall be maintained at the expense of his Majesty the King of Sardinia, and shall receive orders from the commander in chief of the French army in Italy. : A separate convention settled in concert with the commander in chief of the French army, Thall regulate the nature of the service of this contingent.

VI. The troops which form this contingent, shall participate, in proportion to the number which may be under arms, in the contributions which shall be levied from the conquered countries; reckoning from the day of the union of the contingent to the army of the republic.

VII. The French republic promises to procure to his Majesty the King of Sardinia, at the period of a general or continental peace, all the advantages which circumstances may permit him to obtain. «VIII. Neither of the contracting powers shall conclude a Separate peace with the common enemy, and no armistice shall be agreed to by the French republic, in which his Sardinian Majesty is not included. - IX. All the contributions imposed on the states of his Sardinian Majesty which are not yet paid up, shall cease to be de. manded immediately after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty. · X. The furnishings which from the same period shall be made in the states of his Majesty the King of Sardinia to the French troops, or to prisoners of war, and also those which may have

.. already

i Paripulated" name acdiately pecie.

already been made in virtue of private contracts, and which have not yet been paid for by the French republic, shall be returned in kind to the troops forming the contingent of his Sardinian Majesty: and if the amount of the furnishings should exceed the wants of the contingent, the overplus shall be repaid in specie.

XI. The two contracting parties shall immediately appoint commissioners charged to negotiate in their name a treaty of commerce agreeably to the balis ftipulated in article VII. of the treaty of peace concluded at Paris between the French republic and the King of Sardinia.-Meanwhile the posts and all other commercial relations shall be re-established without delay in the same manner as they were before the war.

XII. The ratifications of the present treaty of alliance shall be exchanged at Paris in the shortest delay possible.

Done and signed at Turin on the 16th of Germinal (April 5), I sth year of the French republic. (Signed)

H. Clarke.

CLEMENT DAMIAN. The Executive Directory ratify and sign the present treaty of alliance with his Majesty the King of Sardinia, negotiated in the name of the French republic by Henry James Clarke, general of division, appointed by an order of the Executive Directory on the 13th Ventose lait, and charged with instructions to the above effect. Done at the national palace on the 22d Germinal, 5th year of

the French republic.

I thaublic of Mlic, and mortanci

Treaty of the Union of the Republic of Mulhaufen to the French

Republic. THE Executive Directory of the French republic being assured

that the magiftrates, councils, citizens, and inhabitants of the republic of Mulhausen have expressed a desire to be united ta the French republic, and to be incorporated with the great nation, and willing to give to the most ancient ally of France the last proof of her generous friendship, have appointed Citizen John Ulric Metzger, member of the central administration of the department of the Upper Rhine, commissioner of government, to ascertain their wishes for such union, and to stipulate the mode and conditions of the same ; for which purpose the magistrates, &c. of the republic of Mulhausen have nominated to treat and stipulate in their name, Messrs. Jean Hofer, burgomaster, Joshua Hoser, fyndic, Paul Hagenin, Jeremiah Koechlin, both members of the great council, James Koechlin, one of the four assistants to the great council, and Sebastian Sperlin, all of the town of Mulhau,

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seng fen, and equally and fully charged and authorized to ftipulate for the inhabitants of Illzach and Modenheim, which form the republic and dependency of Mulhausen. The French commilfióner having, by the authentic documents subjoined, verified the free expression of their wishes for the union, the commissioner and deputies, after producing and exchanging their full powers, agreed on the following articles:

1. The French republic accepts the wish of the citizens of the republic of Mulhausen, and that of the inhabitants of the commune of Illzach, and its appendage of Modenheim, both forming a dependency of Mulhausen, and declares the said citizens and inhabitants Frenchmen born.

II. The French government, as a mark of attachment to its ancient allies, confents to prolong their state of neutrality, and consequently exempts thein from all real and personal requisitions, and from the quartering of soldiers, during ihe present war, and until the period of general peace.

III. Those citizens and inhabitants of Mulhausen, &c. who may be inclined to remove with all their effects into Switzerland, or elsewhere, thall be allowed one year from the ratifica. tion of this treaty, to prepare for their departure, and three years to accomplish the sale and liquidation of their property and debts.

IV. All the lands and effects of the town, those within its own district, and those which it possesses in the diftri& of · Illzach, and which are under the management of its magistrate and his agents, those allotted to the hospital, public buildings, and those appropriated to public functionaries, mills, commons, árable lands, meadows, pastures, forests, whether within ar without the boundaries of the territory of Mulhausen, and all yents or quit-rents which may be due to the commune, the hospital, or any other corporation or foundation of Mulhausen in general terms, all that constituted the patrimony of the said sepublic, and which was known under the general name of com, mon property, fall belong in full right and without any diminu. tion to the commune of Mulhausen,

V. The buildings, goods moveable and immoveable, and fums of money, forming the appanage of the fix corporations called tribes (Zunfte), shall also be regarded as common property.

VI. The forests, buildings, and lands, belonging to the Teu. tonic order of Malta, as well as the possessions of the chapter of Arlecheim, and the abbey of Lucelles, within the territory of Mulhausen, fhall become the property of the commune.

VII. Whatever meafures the republic of Mulhausen may have taken, previous to the exchange of the ratification of these pre


those Lents, those all under the mapoflefles in the within

sents, relative to the various species of property mentioned in the 41h, 5th, and 6th articles, shall be executed according to their form and tenour.

VIII. The buildings, capitals, rents, lands, forests, commons, and hemp-fields, ceded by the town of Mulhausen to the inhabitants of Illzach and Modenheim, shall belong to them in full property, without any exception, and they shall be free to dispose of them as they shall judge most suitable to their own intereit.

IX. To encourage the neglected agriculture of the communes of Mulhausen and its dependencies, the French government declares, that all ihe rents and duties levied on the lands and other immoveables of the citizens of Mulhausen, and their dependencies, for the behoof of the orders mentioned previously, and which would fall in to the nation, shall be abolished without any indemnity-and the lawful possessors of such estates shall be exempt from any compensation, and continue to enjoy them in perfed property.

X. The iribunal of commerce of the republic of Mulhausen fhall be continued, and organized according to the laws of the French republic. There shall be two notaryships in the town of Molhausen- the one exercised by the ancient Greffier Tabellion, and the other by one of the citizens à hommes: the titles, documents, and original writings of the chancery, shall be deposited in the archives, which shall be under the care of an officer, to be paid by the commune. To facilitate commercial relations, there shall be established an office for post-horses; the post-office for letters shall be continued. The government will establish a direct communication with Basle, Colmar, and Belford ; and 10 facilitate the dispatch of business, there will be appointed a stamp and register office. The period of their commencing business will be fixed by the government, as well as that of the payment of persunal and real contributions; and as there is at present no register of lands, nor matriculation book, the citizens of Mul. hausen having been exempt from contributions, a commission will be appointed to complete the register and matriculation, and to make preliminary arrangements for fixing and assessing the contributions.

XI. To encourage the commerce and industry of Mulhausen, and to support the credit of the merchants who carry on trade with foreign capitals, the French government declares, that it means to preserve to the capitalists and its Swiss and other foreign dependencies, the same rights and the same system of legillation which exifted before the union of the republic of Mulhausen to France. In consequence, all deeds, whether hypothecary or under figo manual, dispositions, testaments, legacies, and all acts anterior


to the ratification of this treaty, shall be executed according to the statutory laws of the town of Mulhausen.

Xll. The republic of Mulhausen renounces all its connexions with the Helvetic body; it deposits in the bosom of the French republic its right to independent sovereignty, and authorizes the French government to notify to the Helvetic cantons, in the most amicable manner, that their ancient allies will form an integral part of a people no less dear to them, and united to whom they will not cease to be in a fate of intimate relation with their ancient friends.

XIII. The ratification of the present treaty shall be ex. changed within one month from the date of signature.

Done at Mulhausen, on the gth Pluviose, 6th year.

The above treaty was ratified by the Councils on the nith Ven. tose (ift March) 1798.

Additional Convention to the Treaty of Peace signed on the 7th

August 1796, between the French Republic and the Duke of

Wurtemberg. J. THE French republic shall require and insist on the secu

larization of the district of Oberkirch, belonging to the late bishopric of Strasburgh, the abbey of Zweifalten, and the principality and prebendary of Ellwangen. ..

Il. The Duke engages to pay what he is personally indebted to the inhabitants of the countries ceded by hiin, and within five years to replace the capitals which have been paid into his private treasury, and for which he has constituted rents.

Ill. The Duke engages, by his vote in the diet, to accede to the following propositions: 1. The cession of the left bank of the Rhine, the islands and course of that river. 2. The emancipation of the Italian states from the bonds of feudality. 3. The secularization of the ecclesiastical principalities which are Decessary for the indemnification of the secular princes.

IV. He engages in all future wars between France and any other power, 10 observe the strictest neutrality, and neither to contribute a contingent nor any other assistance.

V. The French troops, in all wars commenced against France, fall enter the territories of the Duke, remain in them, and possess themselves of such military posts as shall be neces. sary for their operations.

VI. A full amnefty shall be granted to all persons who may have been arrested or prosecuted on account of political opinions, VII. The diplomatic agent of the French republic shall do


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