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be blessed to the conversion of his heathen | factory. May the Lord keep her from evil companion in life.
and perfect her in grace. Accordingly, the wife of Rajkumar has
“ Believe me, been instructed for the last six months by
“Yours affectionately, some kind friends, and her progress in
BEHARI LAL SINGH." divine knowledge has been most satis
JOURNAL OF A MISSIONARY TOUR.
BY THE REV. BEHARI LAL SINGH.
20th September, 1865.-By the middle 24th, 25th.—Ramnagur is also a railway of September all the lower parts of Rajshai station. Here we sat down and spoke to a are overflowed, nothing appearing on the congregation of fishermen and boatmen for surface of the water but villages and lofty nearly three hours. palms. The preachers visited the hamlet's 26th, 27th.-Kishengunge is a large town ihrough the flooded fields by means of containing some thousand inbabitants ; and country boats, or long scooped-out trunks this, from the number of houses and the of the palm trees. Almost everywhere a extent of ground which it covers, may be listening congregation was secured, but under the truth. Here we proclaimed the the crafty priesthood disliked the subject Gospel to a congregation of intelligent matter of our discourse, wbich consisted of young men who knew something of Chrisstrokes against idolatry, and arguments in tianity from having been pupils in misfavour of Christianity,
sionary schools, or hearers of a preached 21st, 22nd.-In its course from the Him-Gospel, or readers of the Bible and tracts alaya to the sea, the Ganges receives many which they had obtained from native lesser streams, some of which are equal to preachers. the Rhine, and others larger than the 28th.-Shibnibasi was the residence of Thames. One of these is called the Ma- Raja Kishen Chunder Roy, of Nuddea, an tabbanga, which during the rains is equal interesting memoir of whom has been pubto the Nile in point of magoitude. We lished at the Serampore Press. He deentered the mouth of this stream on the signed to make this insignificant place rival 22nd. In walking along its baoks the or eclipse the famous city of Benares in traveller sees at intervals a few acres of the number of temples dedicated to the jungle-then an open field cultivated with third person in the Hindoo Triad. Acrice, indigo, and other vegetable productscordingly he laid out his princely fortune then a village, or collection of huts, inhabi- for this purpose, and endowed the temples ted by simple and unsophisticated ryots with extensive lands for the maintenance of who live from hand to mouth-then large the priests and the poor. The village bas towns, the dwelling-place of landholders, now but few temples left, and the once merchants, &c., &c. If the traveller walks beautiful garden wbich adorned it has been through the jungle, he sees a variety of partially converted into jungle. We insects and vermin, some of them beautiful visited this place more than once, and held to look at, and others loathesome and discussions with the priests on the compoxious. He sees, too, some of the loftiest parative merits of Hindooism and Christrees yielding, in spite of their firm and tianity. They are men of superior intellects, tough texture and strong roots, to the and exert a most powerful influence over violent current of the river, and falling into the mass of ignorant and illiterate Bengal it with tremendous crash. But letting that ryots. pass, let us proceed with our journal. 29th.-Hash Khali has a bazaar, an indigo
23rd. - Choahdanga derives its importancə factory, and a police station. We arrived from its being a railway-station. Great at this place in the afternoon, and went to quantities of the country produce are the market, where we had an excellent opbrought here by merchants, with a view to portunity of declaring the truth. Two or send them to Calcutta by rail. Early in three young men put to us all manner of the morning we went into the village and irrelevant questions, which demanded an spoke to many attentive people. In the abundant stock of patience on the part of evening we addressed a large crowd on sin the preachers. and salvation. They heard us apparently 30th.–From Hash Khali to Ranaghat we with great attention. Some of them ac- passed a number of villages, one of which, knowledged the impurity of their deities. Ūla, is inhabited by rich and influential
Brahmins. Much tact and skill were ne- | aspect of the country, we have cause to cessary in order to command their respect thank God and take courage. and atteution to the proclamation of the 3rd.-Shooksagar was once a valuable truth.
plantation, being the country-seat of Lord 1st October.-Ranaghat, so called from Cornwallis, one of the Governor-Generals, the Ranee or Queen of Kishen-Chunder- and the residence of some enterprising and Roy, is the dwelling place of an influential wealthy manufacturers; but the greater land holder. A Bengalee Brahmin, who part of the town, together with the buildhad forty wives, is said to have died here. ings, has been long swallowed up by the We reached this place at sunset, and had Hoogly ; so that there is nothing to rereligious conversation with the people. mind us of its former grandeur or wealth. One of our hearers was an intelligent and we staid at this village for six hours, and well-educated man. He wished us to preached to the people at different placer. establish a missionary school, and doubt. We met with little or no opposition. I less if the missionary had the requisite believe God is opening the eyes of some of means he would gladly plant one. We the villagers; for it is a great thiog to bear then entered into conversation about the some of them say, “ Idolatry will be overreligion of the Brahmas, when among other thrown, and Christianity will triumph.” things he observed, they deny the doctrines 4th.—Chinsurah was formerly the capiof a fall, an atonement, a Trinity, &c., &c. tal of the Dutch, and is situated about This is what Theodore Parker and other twenty-five miles north of Calcutta, on the Unitarians deny. Can this system become right bank of the river. The missionaries the creed of the enlightened Hindoos ? He of the London Missionary Society occupied concluded by remarking that notwithstand- it fifty or sixty years ago, and preached the ing their loud professions of belief in Gospel to its benighted inhabitants, though Unitarianism, they connive at idolatry there has appeared little or no visible fruit whenever it suits their purpose. Another in the shape of decided conversions. Toof my audience said, “ They worship their wards the close of 1848 the station was belly with all the pomps of the western generously transferred to the Free Church world.”
missionaries, who established a first-rate We entered this day (2nd October) institution for the Christian education of the Hoogly, or Bhagruttee, which is an- the young. Several cases of conversion other offshoot of the great Ganges. In no have occurred; and we would say in repart of Bengal have so many missionaries ference to them, “Not unto man, but to laboured for so many years for the dis- thy name give glory, O God." Two of semination of the truth as on the banks of the Free Church missionaries who laboured the Hoogly; and probably in no part of at Chinsurah have entered their rest. One the country have the fruits of missionary of them, the late Dr. Mackay, was dislabour been so conspicuous. It was here tinguished no less by his splendid talents, that the Bible—the boliest and most won and varied and profound scholarship, than drous book of life-had been translated by by the spirituality of his mind. Being of the venerable and learned Carey, and his a retired and modest deportment, and being native assistants, more or less accurately unable to do much by way of public speakinto the vernacular languages. It was ing, on account of his chest complaint, he here that thousands and tens of thousands was not a public man; but all who knew of young Bengalees had been instructed by him wish and pray that many similar the Scottish missionaries in that know. in natural and spiritual qualifications ledge which maketh man wise unto salva- may be raised up and sent forth into tion. It was here that the first native the mission field. The other was the church, composed of Bengalee Christians, Rev. Eben. Miller. Those who had the had been formed, and native brethren set privilege and pleasure of intimate interapart as evangelists to their countrymen. course with him, and of sitting under It is here, too, that the government sys- his ministry, felt that in him they possessed tem of education produced its natural and one of the most gifted preachers, and a degenuine fruits in Atheism, Materialism, voted missionary. To meet with friends Rationalism, with intuition culled from and colleagues, endeared to them by a host American, German, or English infidels. of most sacred associations, and, above all, It was here that the founders of the Free to see them face to face whom unseen they Church Mission-pre-eminent for their in- had served, what complete enjoyment ! tellectual gifts and attainments-exposed A Mohammedan gentleman, having no the fallacies of the infidel throng, and en- sons or descendants, determined to conseforced the truths on their understanding. crate his property in perpetuity to the Altogether, when we contrast Bengal three- service of God, in other words, to cause quarters of a century ago, when Carey prayers to be offered for the prophet and landed in Calcutta, with the promising ihe Imaums, to defray the expense of the festivals, and the repair of the Mosque, Hindoos. We walked to the market, a dwelling-house, sepulchros, &c., &c. In place which I have visited several times. consequence of this hapdsome endowment, Some of the young men recognised and conChin-Burah, or Hoogly, has become a versed with me. They need the Spirit of stronghold of Mohammedanism. It ap- God to awaken their slumbering souls to pears that little has been attempted for the thought about their eternal interests. conversion of the deluded followers of the 6th.-Here I was detained longer than I false prophet. The means we used durivg had anticipated, owing to the arrangements the few hours we stayed at this place were I had to make for carrying the furniture of the distribution of the Holy Scriptures, and our church at Rampore Bauleah, and suitable tracts on Mohammedanism, and sending my dear wise and children to Midprivate conversation.
napore. We stayed with Mr. and Mrs. 5th.-Serampore was the residence of the Fyfe, of the Free Church. Their house is venerable and immortal triumvirate, Carey, the missionary's home-ever open to reMarshman, and Ward, and their no less ceive with kindest hospitality those who, celebrated colleagues and successors, Mack, during their pilgrimage in this wilderness Leechman, and Denham. The Baptist of life, require a resting-place. Mrs. Fyfe Missionary Society has a chapel and a col. is a judicious counsellor to all the converts, lege, the gist, I believe, of Mr. J. C. and sympathizes with them in all their difMarshman, the first editor and proprie- ficulties, and rejoices with them in the tor of the Friend of India. The present successes of their labours. editor of this able paper is Mr. George Smith, an elder of the Free Church, who,
(To be continued.) from his command of the Serampore press, exerts a powerful influence over the general business, commerce, education, and missions of the country. In our trip down
MADAGASCAR. the country, we always met a large amount of Christian kindness from him and his The Queens of England and Madagascar excellent Christian lady. On the opposite have just concluded a treaty of alliance, the side of Serampore we saw Brigadier Colin text of which is published in the Gazette. Mackenzie and his lady, through whose Its chief provisions are as follows :-" The liberality. I was enabled to visit Europe. treaty declares that British subjects in the Few officers have done so much for the dominions of her Majesty the Queen of honour of their Divine Master, and the Madagascar shall be allowed freely to exertemporal and spiritual welfare of the netives ciee and teach the Christian religion, and than he. I was very much pleased to find to erect and maintain suitable places of that he did not shrink from telling the poor worship, to be recognised as the property heathens around him of the wonders of of the Queen of Madagascar, who shall perredeeming love. I asked one of them why mit them to be applied for ever to the he sought Christian instruction from an special purposes for which they shall bave officer. His answer was, “ He and his lady been built. Full religious liberty is also walk worthy of God, as Christians ought." granted by the Queen of Madagascar to all O that we had hundreds of such laymen her own subjects. The Queen of Madaexhibiting similar qualifications of head and gascar further engages that British subjects heart, then might the prejudices of the sball, equally with her own subjects, enjoy idolaters wear away, and many acknowledge within her dominions full and complete the more excellent way.
protection and security for themselves and 6th.–Balli is a large and populous village, property, and that a British resident shall inhabited by rich and influential high-caste be received in her capital.”
PRESBYTERY OF NEWCASTLE.
This W. A. P. Johnman, and J. Reid, ministers ; Presbytery met for ordinary business in with Messrs. Burnop, Davison, Hedley, the John Knox Church, Newcastle, on the sen., McGregor, and Willis, elders. The 11th of September. There were present meeting having been duly constituted, the the Revs. Î. W. Brown (moderator pro minute of last sederunt was read and sustem.), J.-Jeffrey, J. G. Murray, J. Brown, tained. Reasons of absence from Messrs. &. Wallace, J. Stewart, S. M. McLelland, Black and Wilson were submitted and
sustained. On the motion of the clerk, McLelland, seconded by Mr. T. W. Brown, the Revs. J. M. Ross (of Manchester) and moved that the report be adopted, but that J. B. Jobnstone (of Warrington) being the question of publication be left to future present, were associated, and took their consideration. "Mr. Reid moved the adopseats accordingly. Mr. J. Brown having tion of the report, but that the lectures be taken the chair, Mr. T. W. Brown moved not published. By the casting vote of the that the Presbytery do hold a private con- Moderator, Mr. McLelland's motion was ference on the subject of Union. To this carried. The Presbytery agreed to the the Presbytery ed. And having con- proposed scheme of visiting the several sidered the matter fully, on resuming in congregations. Mr. Hedley, sen., then open court, on the motion of Mr. T. W. submitted the following report of the Brown, seconded by Mr. Reid, it was Presbyterial Church Extension Committee. agreed unanimously that the following be 1. The Committee unanimously recomthe deliverance of this Presbytery anent mend Hull as a suitable field in which to the Report of the Union Committee sent commence operations; and as a prelimi. down for consideration, viz. :-“The Pres- nary step they would propose that one of bytery, recognising the extreme desirable- their number should spend a fortnight in ness of union among the non-conforming exploring the district, and visit Beverley. Presbyterian_churches of this country, 2. That two elders be appointed on each especially in England, rejoice to learn, from side of the Tyne to explore and report to the findings of the joint Committee, that next meeting of Presbytery. 3. That this the four Churches now negotiating on the Presbytery do correspond with all the subject have so much in common; but ministers in the Berwick and Northumberconsidering that difficulties still stand in land Presbyteries, requesting them (80 the way, and that an incorporative union often as any of their members remove to ought not to be entered into until the this district) to communicate with the several parties in the case thoroughly ministers of the respective towns to which understand each other's views, and with they may be coming. On the motion of such full knowledge agree that union is Mr. Murray, seconded by Mr. McGregor, dutiful, and therefore safe, recommend as it was agreed that the report be adopted, follows:-1. That fuller inquiries be made the thanks of the Presbytery be given to regarding the duty of the civil magistrate the convener and committee, and that Mr. to further the interests of religion ; how Stewart be appointed to visit Hull and far or in what circumstances any church is Beverley, and report. Messrs. McGregor justified in receiving assistance from the and Saybourne were appointed to inquire as State; and especially what attitude should to the supply of Presbyterian ordinances be assumed by the United Church in the on both sides of the Tyne, and report. The matter of Government grants for education. Presbytery also agreed to record their 2. That the whole subject of finance should thanks to Mr. Hedley for his offer to bear be minutely examined in detail, and in the expense connected with the visit to particular that an attempt should be made Hull and Beverley. The clerk was into agree on a mode of arranging for the structed to communicate with the ministers support of the ministry which might be of Berwick and Northumberland in terms universal throughout the Church. 3. That of the report. The Presbytery then rein further investigating the subject of ceived the deputies of the Home Mission the ninth head of programme, the Com- Committee, when Messrs. Ross, Jobnston, mittee should lend their strength to the and Brown, elder, addressed the court on elaboration of a scheme of adjustment the subject of their mission. On the mowhich would combine the advantages of a tion of Mr. Murray, the thanks of the separate and independent jurisdiction with Presbytery were given to the deputies, and the maximum of moral and material sup- it was agreed to afford them every facility port from the stronger to the weaker in visiting the several congregations within church."
The clerk was instructed to the bounds. On behalf of Mr. Black, who transmit an extract of this finding to the is at present laid aside by ill bealth, the convener of the Synod's Committee on clerk craved two months' leave of absence. Union. Mr. T. W. Brown then submitted The Presbytery desire to express their deep the report of the committee on the subject sympathy with Mr. Black, and grant leave of lectures and Presbyterial visits to the of absence as craved. Mr. Murray gave several congregations within the bounds. notice of motion at next ordinary meeting Mr. Murray, seconded by Mr. Hedley, anent the use which the Presbytery might sen., moved that the report be adopted. advantageously make of the press in furand that the committee shall take charge therance of the interests of the Church. of the publication of the lectures, with Home Mission schedule from Seaton consent of parties, as early as possible after Delaval was submitted, examined, and orthe whole course has been delivered. Mr. dered to be attested and transmitted with
recommendation. Next ordinary meeting dating the debt on the new manse was appointed to be held in the church at nected with the Presbyterian church, North Blyth on the 13th of November next, at Sunderland. An appeal is made to the half-past twelve o'clock p.m. The meeting ladies of the church at large for assistance closed with prayer.
in the shape of “ useful and fancy artiPRESBYTERY OF BERWICK.—This Pres- cles,” and we trust that it will be largely bytery met at Berwick on the 4th Septem- responded to. The debt amounts to £200, ber. The Rev. W. Dunn, moderator. and it is hoped that the result of the preSederunt: Messrs. Fraser, Terras, Cant, sent effort will be its complete discharge. Valence, Haig, M‘Lean, Scott, Dunn, and There was a necessity for the building of a McGuffie, ministers ; Mr. A. Lilley, elder. manse, inasmuch as a suitable house could It was reported that the congregations of not be found in the place for the minister Ancroft Moor, Belford, Berwick, Horn- and his family. Since Mr. Dunn was setcliffe, Lowick, Norham, North Sunderland, tled at North Sunderland the congregation, and Tweedmouth had 'made collections for we believe, bas prospered, and the enlightthe Synod's School Fund. The congrega- ened energy which minister and people tions which did not, at last
meeting, report have lately exhibited gives them a claim on collections for the Synod's Foreign Mission the sympathies and aid of the church. Fund, now did so. The Presbytery now Contributions will be received by the Rev. made arrangements for receiving the Home Wm. Dunn, the Manse, North SunderlandMission Committee's deputies ; and believ- by-Chathill. ing that the best time for the deputation to visit the congregations would be the middle of October, this was agreed to. It MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. was also agreed that others be associated with the deputies from the South, from Ar the last meeting of the London Presneighbouring Presbyteries, that the con- bytery of the United Presbyterian Churcb, gregations may be addressed on a Sabbath- Dr. Edmonds gave notice that he would day. As formerly agreed, the Presbytery ask the Presbytery either themselves to now took up the subject of union with overture the Synod, or to transmit an overother churches, when several suggestions ture in his own name, in reference to the were submitted by Mr. Valence for con- question of being allowed to use instrusideration and transmission to our Com- mental music in public worship. He bemittee. It was agreed not to transmit at lieved that the Presbytery of Lancashire present, but that the subject be resumed at was to take up this subject; and in so far next meeting. Mr. McGuffie requested, as his own action was concerned in the and it was granted, that Mr. Andrew matter, something would depend upon Lilley, elder, be appointed to act with him their decision. in the Etal Session, at the election and PRINCELY SUBSCRIPTION TO MR. SPURordination of elders. Agreed to take up GEON, &c.—The princely gift of £20,000 the Synod's remit, on the regulations of has been promised by a lady to Mr. C. H. admission of students to the college, at Spurgeon to found an orphanage in connext meeting, appointed to be held at Ber- nection with the Metropolitan Tabernacle. wick, on Tuesday, the 23rd October next, Other works are in contemplation. The at twelve o'clock, noon.
sale of the Park Row Chapel will place CARLISLE PRESBYTERIAN CONGREGA- funds at command, which it is proposed to TION.-A congregational meeting was re-employ in the erection of large schools; and cently held in the English Presbyterian the establishment of a grammar school, in Church, Warwick-road, Carlisle, in the which the children of the middle classes presence of the Presbytery, when it was may be educated in connection with the Taunanimously agreed to present a call to the bernacle, has been suggested. The ground Rev. Thomas Smith, M.A., of Edinburgh. for the erection of some almshouses has The congregation has been without a been secured opposite the Elephant and pastor since Mr. McIndoe accepted the call Castle Railway Station, and building to Paisley. Mr. Smith has preached to thereon will be shortly commenced. them several times, and is a great favourite EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE.— The autumnal with the people.
conference of the British organization of THE COLLEGE.—The next session will the Evangelical Alliance will be held at be opened on Tuesday, October 2nd. The Bath. Its meetings will commence on the Rev. Dr. Lorimer will deliver the lecture, 16th of October, and extend to the 19th. baving chosen for his subject, “The teach- The following, among others, have been ing of Christ on the Evidences of Chris- engaged to take part in the proceedings :tianity-critique of · Ecce Homo'." The Revs. Charles Kemble, Dr. Winslow,
NORTH SUNDERLAND.It is intended to Canon Auriol, Dr. A. Morton Brown, and hold a Bazaar in October to aid in liqui- Dr. John Hall ; Captain Ed. Marsb, J.Png