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of a place in ‘N. & Q.' One would like the testi- fellowships were ordered each one to lay in & mony of an educated eye-witness too :

permanent stock of coal, and to renew it every "A remarkable scene was witnessed in tbe parish of autumn. The Mercers were down for 488 chalWoodham Ferris, Essex, on old Christmas Eve. "On that drops, Merchant Taylors 750 cbaldroos, and others night a number of persons went on a pilgrimage to the in like proportions ; the few poor companies being village to witness tbe bursting into leaf of a bush locally list off with

let off with three or six apiece. It is stated that known as the “Holy Thorn,' It is a fact that at mid. night the bush did burst into leaf. The peculiar features

this order was then first introduced as a novelty. of the phenomenon are tbat the bush assumes its normal Was this accumulation of combustible watter in condition a few hours afterwards, and breaks forth with private buildings, called balls, offices, &c., the real renewed vigour in the spring."

cause of the extreme severity of the fire in 1666, so

C. MOOR. very widespread, so persistingly destructive? We The Essec County Chronicle of January 20 know of the imputation conveyed by the Fisk states that the holy thorn wbich was reported to Street Hill “bully"; clearly, if any private conhave bloomed in so remarkable a manner on the spiracy really existed, the knowledge of these ove of Old Christmas Day at Woodham Ferris, "stores” shows a specific means of extending the was imported some years ago from Palestine. It conflagration; it occurred in September, 1666, is a species of blackthorn. Thomas Bird. I just as the autumnal supply of coal would be collected Romford.

in, which I fancy has not since been renewed.

Most of the companies lost their halls. Thus, the DENTON MSS.-It is a recognized fact that the Drapers, storing 562 chaldrons, fell to the ground; old-fashioned county histories of Cumberland are their neighbours the Carpenters, with only 38 based upon the two manuscript compilations of John chaldrons, escapod.

A. HALL. and Thomas Denton. John Denton's MS. is well 13, Paternoster Row, E.C. known, as many copies exist; but Thomas Denton's has long been missing, though diligent search has

SLANG : “ PAINT THE TUWN RED.”— been made for it in the muniment - rooms at 6. I say,' suggested George, • I have finished my book, Lowther and Whitehaven Castles. Its very ex- and you have nothing to do. Let us pack up our traps

and go to Paris and paint the town a vivid ecarlet.' IBCOACO and been doubted t quite recently, woeo | What?' asked Jonah Wood, to whom slang had always two vollum-bound MS. books, which appear to be been a mystery. 'Paint the town red,' repeated George. the John and Thomas Denton MSS., were accident. In short, bave a spree, a lark, a jollification, you and ally discovered in Lord Lonsdale's town house. I.'”—The Three Fatos,' by F. Marion Crawford, 1892, It is clear that Messrs. Lysons, who had the loan p. 386. of these MSS., must have returned them to the “To paint the town red " seems generally to be Earl of Lonsdale, at his house in London, where considered modern slang from America ; but if they have remained forgotten for nearly eighty Jonah Wood had known his Shakspere he might years (1816), instead of fiuding their way back to bave got some light by recalling Prince Henry's the well-arranged muniment-room at Lowther narrative of his friendship with the leash of Castle.

DANIEL HIPWELL. drawers, of whom he says : 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

They call drinking deep, dying scarlet.

i Henry IV.,' II. iv. ABP. PARKER'S CONSECRATION. — The editor Is there anything modern Sbakspere did not antiof Fuller's History of the Church,' vol. ii, bk. ix. I cipate ?

WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK. p. 455, referring to one Thomas Neale, chaplain to Glasgow. Bishop Bonner, has this note: “A curious coincidence in name between the origi

CHAUCER'S “STILBON."-In Chaucer's 'Parnator of this oft-refuted slander (of the Nag's Head, doner's Tale,' group C, l. 603, we find : “ Stilbon, and the zealous propagator of it in more modern times, that was a wys ambassadour.” It is quite certain the author of the History of the Puritans.'”

that, as Tyrwhitt showed, Chaucer's memory played Referring to Neale’s ‘History of the Puritans,' him a trick, and that “Stilbon” means Chilon; see vol. i. p. 122, I find him-80 far from propagating my note. But whence “ Stilbon"? The answer this ridiculous story-repudiating it as "a fable is, that one “Stilbon” is mentioned in his that has been sufficiently confuted by our Church favourite book, "Valerius ad Rufinum ne ducat historians." He refers to it again as "a calumny" uxorem,' cap. 28, in another connexion. A note (iv. 178). With these plain words before him, it in Migne's edition says that Stilbon was a philois very strange that Mr. Nichols should have sopher who, baving lost his wife and children, allowed himself to fall into such a scandalous rejoiced that all his wealth now belonged to himerror. G. L. FENTON. self.

WALTER W. SKEAT. Clovedon,

ABRAHAM RAIMBACH (1776-1843), ENGRAVER. THE FIRE OF LONDON.-It appears that, in the -It may be noted that Abrabam Raimbacb, son year 1665, fifty-six of the City Companies and of Peter Raimbach (ob. 1805), by Martha, his

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(or perhaps with transposition of meet and face). This he dates from memory about 1850. His suggestion seems not unlikely, unless it can be shown that “crocodile” in this application is earlier. I first heard it in London in 1868 or 1869. It has since then generated a verb; a distinguished lecturer, according to the Pall Mall Gazette of April 25, 1889, “urged the desirability of substituting lawn tennis, and even cricket, for the everlasting “crocodiling’ about the streets which is so dear to the hearts of all schoolmistresses.” Further historical notes will be welcomed by J. A. H. MURRAY. Oxford.

JUDGEs’ Robes : Counsels' Gowns.—Will any of your readers kindly give or refer me to authentic information on these matters? Why do the judges' robes differ; and why do the Common Law judges appear sometimes in one kind of robe and sometimes in another ? Why and when was a distinction made between silk and stuff gowns? The gown, I suppose, has an academical origin; but I am told the stuff gownsman of antiquarian tastes can give interesting details of its make and uses. P.

“Ex AFRICA semper ALIQUID Novi.”—I shall be very glad if you can give me chapter and verse of the well-known quotation, “Ex Africa semper aliquid novi.” I believe the substance of it originally occurs in Herodotus, but, at any rate, was frequently quoted by one or more of the Latin authors. W. A. WILLS.

“OMERIFICAN.”—On the title-page of “Novum

Testamentum Graecum, ex officipá R. Stephani,

Lutetiae, 1549,” is a written extract, specifying it

as the “Omerifican" edition. What is the mean

ing of the word? Is this a rare or valuable edition? G. L. FENTON,

“PROFUSE LACHRYMATORY.”—In one of the Chetham Society's publications there occurs the following passage:–

“Sir Wm. Stanley—it is 1579 before Stanley's name occurs in history—being one of Sir William Drury's captains, and assisting in an inroad into Limerick, he was, for his conduct, knighted by Drury at Waterford. Stanley took part in the battle of Monasta Neva, and distinguished himself in the defence of Adare. At this time Barnaby Rich, who poured such a profuse lachrymatory over Drury, was in Munster, also Captain Walter Raleigh.”

Can any reader kindly inform me where I could find a copy of this “profuse lachrymatory,” or, more kindly still, furnish me with a copy of it?


DEscENDANTs of Thomas A BECKET.-Can any reader of ‘N. & Q.’ supply me with information concerning the descendants of the family of Thomas à Becket? There was a Thomas Becket, supposed to be a kinsman of the archbishop, living at Westerham, in Kent, towards the end of the seventeenth century. I am endeavouring to prove his connexion with the family of Thomas à Becket. The arms of the Beckets, of Westerham, were Or, on a chevron between three lions' heads erased gules, a fleur de lis between two annulets of the field. The arms at Lambeth Palace, supposed to be those of the archbishop, are Argent, three bechets (or choughs) sable. F. PALMER.


MITCHELL FAMILY.—Can any one oblige me with pedigrees of any of the following 7 Margaret Gordon, daughter of Gordon of Ellon, in Scotland, who married Hugh Henry Mitchell, of Dublin; also, Mary Webber, who married Hugh Henry Mitchell, of Glasnevin, who was father of the above Hugh Henry; also, Hugh Henry Mitchell, of Glasnevin.

D. R. PACK BERESFORD. Fenagh House, Bagenalstown.

PigoTT.—Can any correspondent of ‘N. & Q.” tell me who the –– Pigott, Esq., was, who married Susan, daughter of Alex. Telfer Smollett (died 1799), of Bonhill, co. Dumbarton? This lady married secondly Edmund Nagle, of co. Cork. PIGOTT.

MINIFIE.—Can any one give me the origin of this surname? Prince, in his “Worthies of Devon,” mentions a Jerom Minify, who settled near Honiton about 1600, from Burwash, Surrey, and Tuckett, in his Devonshire pedigrees, mentions a family named Menifie, of Polhill, in Kent, which settled in Devon in the sixteenth century. What is the likeliest derivation ? R. M. PRATT.

254, Cowbridge Road, Cardiff.

HERALDRY.—Can any of your readers inform me in what publication an article recently appeared on

this subject, containing the statement, amongst rites of the day ('De rerum Inventoribus,' bk. ii. others, that there bad never been any grants of arms, ch. 17).

É. W. but that various devices bad been adopted by the knights for use upon their bappers as emblems by

“BOXING HARRY."— When George Borrow, which they should be recognized, without any

hont and in the summer of 1854, reached the village of

Pentraeth Coch, in Anglesey, Mrs. Pritchard, the royal grant, or any reference to any functionary ?) I am told the article I am desirous of finding

hostess, could offer her hungry guest no fresh meat, appeared in an evening paper some two or three

| and, of course, suggested bacon and eggs, wheremonths since.


upon the Romany Rye exclaimed, "I will have

the bacon and eggs with tea and bread-and-butter, BERKSHIRE TOPOGRAPHY: DUNSTAN HOUSE.

not forgetting a pint of ale-in a word, I will box The above-mentioned bouse, formerly the seat of

| Harry." Later on he explained that a great many the Warings and Crofts, is described by Roque (in

years ago, when he was much amongst “comhis · Survey of Berks') as being in 1761 one of

mercial gents," those whose employers were in a the most magnificent mansions in the county.

small way of business, or allowed them insufficient Can any reader inform me, or refer me to informa. salaries, frequently used to “box Harry," that is tion, as to its history, when and by whom it was

have a beefsteak or mutton-chop, or perhaps bacon built, and the origin of its name? Nash and and eggs, with tea and ale, instead of the regulation Angus do not help, nor does Moule.

dinner of a commerical gentleman, namely, fish, OLD BERKSHIRE. | hot joint and fowl, pint of sherry, tart, ale and

cheese, and bottle of port at the end of all ('Wild A COFFEE-HOUSE IN CHELSEA. –The following | Wales,' chap. xxxiii.). This phrase is probably passage will be found in the description of his extinct now; at any rate, I have never heard it. prison lodging at Newgate by the author of “The

Can any origin for it be suggested ? History of the Pross-yard...... London, 1717, 8vo.":

JAMES HOOPER. "The Table and Chairs were of the like Antiquity Norwich. and Use; and Potiphar's Wife's Chambermaid's Hat at the Coffee-bouse in Chelsea, had as fair a Claim to any “LARGE AND SMALL PAPER COPIES."—Where Modern Fashion, as any one Thing in the Room." can I find full particulars of the origin of the What does he mean ?

terms “large paper" and “small paper" as applied DRUMMOND-MILLIKEN. I to books ; and what work was the first so pub. GIRTON, co. CAMBRIBGE, COURT ROLLS.-I 118064

W. B. GERISH. shall be glad of information as to the whereabouts THE QUEEN AND ROBERT OWEN.-Some short of such of these records as relate to the period time ago I came across the following paragraph, in between, say, 1516 and 1720. I shall be further a weekly contemporary, signed “C. D.:greatly obliged for information as to deeds or «The Victorian era fairly commences with the birth records prior to 1650 relating to Girton.

of the Queen, Robert Owen, the Socialist, was the first MARK W. BOLLEN. man who had the infant Queen in his arms, placed Barnard Castle.

there by her father, bis friend, the Duke of Kent-an

incident as deserving record as much else we find in PEG WOFFINGTON'S ALMSHOUSES.-One of the print.” last acts of Pug Woffi ogtod's life was to build and Can any correspondent substantiate this from endow a number of almshouses at Teddington, in any trustworthy source ? JOSEPH COLLINSON. Middlesex, where she died and is buried. This is Wolsingham, co. Durham. mentioned by Doran and even later writers. The cottages still stand, but have become private pro ARABELLA FERMOR.—Is it known whether this perty. Can any of your readers tell me the date lady, the passive cause of the composition of the and under what circumstances the charity was ‘Rape of the Lock,' was in any way related to abolished or transformed ? A reply direct would Thomas Fermor, Lord Leominster, who was created be greatly esteemed by

Č. W. Pitt. Earl of Pomfret in 1721 (a title which became 25, Watör Street, Boothen, Stoke-on-Trent.

extinct in 1867), the year after he married the “ SACERDOTES CORONATI."-Can any of the Jeffreys ?

granddaughter of the famous (or infamous) Judge readers of 'N. & Q.' refer me to a fuller account

W. T. Lynn.

Blackheath. of the following custom, mentioned by Polydore Vergil ? He says that in various countries, in CHAMBERS'S LONDON JOURNAL.' --Can any cluding England, it was the custom for the priests one inform me when this weekly periodical ceased, on great festivals to wear crowns or garlands during and how long its caroor ran ? The name was, I divine service, and especially in London, where the suppose, adapted from its Edinburgh contempriests of St. Paul's, on the apostle's festival in porary, and it was issued in much the same form June, wear crowns whilo performing the sacred (small folio) as was the first series of that journal,

and patterned on the same lines. It was in existence about 1845, was edited, I believe, by Laman Blanchard, and contained much good and useful information in its pages. Prior to his death my friend, Cornelius Walford was engaged upon the compilation of a “Dictionary of Periodical Literature’—a magnum opus indeed. He had collected an immense amount of materials when death ut an end to his work. Many of his valuable SS. left behind were destroyed or damaged by a disastrous fire which took place at the house where | his widow resided at Seal, near Sevenoaks. John PICKFord, M.A.

EY ABBEY.—I take Ey to mean Eye. To which Eye—that of Bereford, Northampton, or Suffolk— does this “celebrated ruin” belong? There is no mention of a topographical history of either Eye in Anderson, the only reference book I have by me just now. W. F. WALLER.

St. JERoN.—The Rev. G. G. Honig, the parish priest of Noordwyk, near Leiden, Holland, has written to the Catholic News to inquire if anything is known in this country as to the life of St. Jeron. He was a missionary in Frisia and Holland, and was martyred at Noordwyk in or about the year 856. He is believed to have been a native of England or Scotland.

Edward PEAcock. Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey.

HERALDic.—Whose are the following arms ? Quarterly: 1. Sable, an eagle displayed argent, crowned with an electoral bonnet gules, guarded argent (or ermine). 2. Quarterly, land 4, Argent, three archers' bows (!) gules, on a chief azure, three besants; 2 and 3, Parted per saltire, or and azure, two cinquefoils or (or perhaps besants) in pale. 3. Quarterly, 1 and 4, Or. on a bend azure three fleurs-de-lys (or perhaps eagles displayed) or, a torteau at sinister chief; 2 and 3, Gules, a chevron between three crosses or. 4. As 1, impaled with Argent, a fess gules between three wolves' heads proper, langued of the second, a crescent gules for difference. Crest, on a torce arg. and sa., an eagle displayed argent, crowned with electoral bonnet

gules, guarded ermine (or argent).
The above arms are on a three-quarter panel
picture of a knight, signed by Cornelius Jansen,

aow in possession of a gentleman in Oxfordshire.
S. C. L. Close.

St. Victor.—What is known of the life and History of this saint 1 Can any correspondent describe his symbols, mottoes, arms, or characteristics? PHILoTECHNIC.

1DREss IN 1784.—What was the usual colour of the coat worn by gentlemen in the year 1784; and *ad the profession of the wearer anything to do orith the colour ! E. S. P.

$tylits, PORTRAITS AS BOOK-PLATES. (8th S. iii. 81.) In placing the portrait-plate of Pepys in his collection of “book-plates,” one might easily imagine that Mr. Egerton Castle had been led astray. Yet I am informed by my friend Mr. Wheatley that Pepys's portrait was used as an ex-libris, and was pasted in Pepysian volumes, which I cannot help thinking a pity, it having the appearance of a frontispiece. It is a line engraving, and a good work of art, digne to face a title, but hardly suited to grace an opening coverture of millboard backed by marbled or other tinted paper. I do not say that such portrait-plates of the “frontispiece” order have not been used to denote book ownership, for I know that they have, yet the Kneller-White looks as if asking to face a title-page, and that alone. In the Plantin Museum at Antwerp there is evidence of an owner's portrait from a copper-plate having been worked upon the blank back of a title-page, an indelible imprint, not easy to detatch, or possible to deface, by any means short of splitting the paper. On the backs of titles book-plates are sometimes found affixed. The Musée Plantin is particularly sparse in specimens of the ex-libris order, a fact M. Max Roses, the custodian, considers due to the collections being the creation of the imprimerie, and not to a selection. Regarding the Pepys “kit-cat,” I can see nothing to connect it with the Bibliothèque—no arms, view, legend, livre, or device—hence it appears reasonable to delete it to the frontispiece, or to the picture-frame. I can remember the time when all books of standing could be purchased in the sheets, and it was then that such plate printing must have been done upon the back of the bastard or the full title itself. Portrait book-plates are rare. I have a few, of which I will take three as types. First, Robt. Udny, of Udny, Esq., F.R.S. and S.A. Above is a medallion portrait by Robt. Cosway, R.A., engraved by W. H. Gardiner, and below, occupying equal space, the arms with supporters, temp. 1810–20. Secondly, I have that of Joseph Knight, etched by W. B. Scott, who was here at his best in portraying the literal, and not the imaginative. Many of the plates by H. S. Marks, R.A., are portraits; and those that are not, posterity will put down as such, as it is a great deviser of meanings never meant. The third example I would mention is my own, an older, and a newer, plate than either, the border being both bookish and heraldic, of eighteenth century origin, engraved by Kitchen, the centre portrait being by “Sol” (“c'est à dire photogravure"), an effigy that when worn in the

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MR. HENDRIKs is sceptical on two points which do not admit of doubt, and he questions statements made by Mr. Egerton Castle which are absolutely correct. The book-plates of Pepys, although scarce, are well known to collectors. The late Dr. Diamond told me some years ago that he had found a large number of these portrait bookplates in an old tobacco-box, but he had given them all away. I never before heard any one doubt that Pepys pasted his portrait into his books, and every one who has had the privilege of visiting the Pepysian Library at Magdalene College, Cambridge, has seen them there. It will, therefore, astound those who know to read such a sentence as this:— “If it could be ascertained as a fact that this portrait was really pasted by Pepys in the books of his library, as well as employed by him, as is certain, for a frontispiece to his book above referred to, the discovery would be curious as well as convincing.” MR. HeNDRIRs might have taken the trouble to look at available sources of information before writing about “discoveries” still to be made. In my ‘Samuel Pepys and the World he lived in,’ p. 239, I describe the two portrait book-plates as follows (MR. HENDRIKs does not allude to j than one, although Mr. Castle mentions oth):— 1. Robert White. Kneller, painter. Portrait in a carved oval frame, bearing inscription, “Sam. Pepys. Car. et Jac. Angl. Regib. a. Secretis. Admiraliae.” Motto under the frame, “Mens cujusque is est quisque.” Large book-plate. 2. Robert White. Kneller, painter. Portrait in an oval medallion on a scroll of paper. Motto over his head “Mens cujusque is est quisque”; underneath the same inscription as on No. 1. Small book-plate. The point respecting Pirckhey mer's portrait is not so well known ; but as every one of Pirckheyner's books in the old Norfolk library at the Royal Society has passed through my hands, I can Bay from actual inspection that the large portrait was pasted in many of the books. I hope I shall not be considered discourteous if I say that MR. HENDRIRs's last sentence, “The affirmative of the proposition would appear to be still not proven by the ordinary laws of evidence,” is quite monstrous. The statements rest on evidence which would be accepted in any court of law. I feel

called upon to make this remark, as MR. HENDRIRs refers to me in quoting from Mr. Castle, and then puts my testimony aside as quite unworthy of credit. Being so sceptical, I think M.R. HENDRIKs, before writing his letter, might as well have taken the train to Cambridge or the omnibus to Burlington House. At both those places he might have satisfied his mind. HENRY B. WHEATLEY.

No doubt these are very uncommon for the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but they have existed, although MR. HENDRIKs may be quite right in saying that the fact has not been so far “proven.” I have in my collection of ex-libris a very good specimen, which I took from the cover of a book myself, and if this be thought insufficient evidence, on the ground that a later possessor might have inserted it, I fortunately have another still in situ, the cover being stamped with the arms and name of the nobleman whose portrait appears in the ex-libris. So may we not take it as “proven” that portraits were used as personal book-plates in the seventeenth century? for luckily both mine are dated ex-libris, the first doubly dated, by chronogram of 1668, and by the engraver, who adds to his name the date 1667. The second is dated 1609. I have also one dated 1614, with a fine portrait, head of a man with flowing beard ; but as this is the ex-libris of Michael Bardt von Harmading und Basenpach, it may be only a punning device on his name, and not really his portrait. But surely most collectors know of the beautiful engraved portrait of John Hacket, Bishop of Lichfield, by W. Faithorne, dated 1670, and placed on the inside cover of every book bequeathed by the learned bishop. This may be more of an ex-dono than an ex-libris, but at least there is here the using the likeness of the owner as a personal mark in all his books, and this is the very thing that is doubted or in question. NE QUID NIMIs.

East Hyde.

Longfellow's ‘Song of THE SILENT LAND’ (8* S. ii. 507; iii. 14).-In the original German poem by J. G. von Salis, simply entitled “Lied’ (“Song”), we read:— Der mildeste von unsers Schicksals Boten Winkt uns, die Fackel umgewandt. These words would run thus in a literal translation: “The mildest (or kindest) herald of our fate beckons us with inverted torch.” It goes without saying that by this herald with torch inverted the poet meant Death (cf. Lessing's splendid essay, ‘How the Ancients represented Death’‘Wie die Alten den Tod gebildet”). It is also clear now that those editions of the American poet's works which have faith instead of fate are undoubtedly wrong. It may be further observed that Longfellow has allowed himself an occasional liberty with the original. The opening lines of the second stanza, “Into the Silent Land . To

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