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you, ye boundless regions of all perfection !” do The reading fate is certainly the original, and not English Salis's verses, “IDs stille Land ! "faith,” in its stead, a later alteration. For LongZu euch, ihr freien Räume Für die Vered-fellow's translation, “The mildest herald by our lang!”. Nor do the words in the same stanza, fate allotted beckons” renders the original of "The Fature's pledge and band !” adequately Salis: "Der mildeste von unsers Schicksals Boten render the original : “Künft 'gen Daseins Pland,” winkt uns." As an illustration of this “ Angel of which simply means that the tender morning dreams Death,” who stands with inverted torch and leans of beauteous souls are the “pledge of a fature upon a corpse, to symbolize the extinction of life, life.”
K. TEN BRUGGENCATE. it may be worth while to refer to Lessing's dis"The mildest berald by our fate allotted for all sertation (first printed in 1769), “ Wie die Alten the broken-hearted” (to quote Longfellow's words
den Tod gebildet."
Oxford. in their natural order) is Sleep, the Somnus of the ancients. Cf. Ovid, “Metam.,' xi. 623 :
TAE POETS LAUREATE (8th S. ij. 385, 535; iii. placidissime Somne deorum,
89). — Apparently Dr. Furnivall and his coadjutors Pax animi, quem cura fugit.
of the Chaucer Society have not yet succeeded in To fall asleep is to die, sleep being a figure of extinguishing the belief that Chaucer was born in death:
1328. This date is given as that of the poet's Stulte, quid est somnus gelidæ nisi inortis imago ? birth by MR. WALTER HAMILTON, in his elaborate In Smith's 'Dict. of Gr. and Rom. Biogr. and and useful “ Table of the Poets Laureate of Eng. Mythol.,' art. “Somnus," we are told that "in works land” at the last reference. Nor does MR. HAMILof art Sleep and Death are represented alike as Ton indicate that there is any doubt on the subject, two youths sleeping or holding inverted torches in just as if nothing had occurred since George L. their hands." Thus, in a statuary group of Sleep Craik wrote, fifty years ago, “Chaucer is supposed and the Muses from the Cassian villa at Tivoli, to have been born......in the year 1328, if we may Sleep is exbibited as a youth standing, the head trust what is said to have heen the ancient inreclined, the eyes shut, the left arm resting on a scription on his tombstone." Now, since those tree-stump and holding with difficulty a torch re- remote days, there has been a Chaucer Society, versed (Bernard, Dictionnaire Mythologique'). and Dr. Furnivall, Dr. Morris, Prof. Ward, and The meaning of the inverted torch is obvious, both Prof. Skeat have all laboured to shed now light on Sleep and Death being offspring of Night. Bomer the difficulty. See specially Chaucer’s ‘Prologue,' (Iliad,' xvi. 672) calls them twins Bidvudoves)
. &c., edited for the Clarendon Press by Dr. Morris The words of Gorgias on his death. bed are and Prof. Skeat.
THOMAS BAYNE. memorable: “Sleep is already beginning to hand Helensburgh, N.B. me over to his brother" (Ælian, Var. Hist.,' I take the following from Lloyd's Evening Post: ii. 35). In reply to MR. WARREN, I take leave to inform reate, in the eighty-sixth year of his age.
Dec. 9-12, 1757. Died, Colley Cibber, Esq., Poet Laubim tbat" fate" is the vera lectio, being repre. Dec. 12–14. We hear that Mr. Mason, author of sented in the German original by Schicksal :- Elfrida,' is to succeed Colley Cibber, Esq., as Poet LauAch Land I ach Land !
reate. Tbe salary is 1001, a year, and a handsome allow. Für alle Sturmbedrohten
ance for a butt of sack annually. Der mildeste von unsers Schicksals Boten
Dec. 18. On Sunday night was interred, in South
Audley Chapel, the remains of Colley Cibber. Esq.
Dec. 19. Monday, William Whitehead, Esq., late of
Clare Hall, Camb., was appointed by his Grace the Duke In's stille Land.
of Devonshire Poet Laureate in the room of Colley F. ADAMS.
Cibber, Esq., deceased. 105, Albany Road, S.E.
From this it would appear that Cibber was not The song is a translation from Salis (born 1762, by MR. HAMILTON ; and that "an annual allow
buried in the “ Danish Church, London," as stated died 1834), and here is a literal translation of the ance in lieu of the wine” was not first made in third stanza :O land, O land
the case of Henry James Pge.
W. F. WALLER.
“EATING POOR JACK” (8th S. ii. 529; iii. 76). And leads us with a gentle hand
-This is the equivalent of the Spanish phrase Into the land of the great departed, "Hacer penitencia.” Your Spaniard, when he Into the silent land.
asks you to dinner, says sometimes, “Comemos Salis has Schicksals Boten, and “messenger of a las seis : Quiere vmd. hacer penitencia conmigo ?» Fate" is as dear an equivalent as our language seems (We dine at six. Will you come and do ponance to offer.
C. W. ERNST. with me 1) Now, “Poor Jack"=Poor John, and Boston, Mase.
Trincalo could tell you who he is. “A fish: Hesmells
like a fish; a very ancient and fish-like smell; a possible, moreover, that in their minds the word kind of none of the newest Poor-John." So also stole” had its classical meaning of a long garcould Gregory: “ 'Tis well thou art not fish; if ment, a use of it, I fancy, not unknown to our thou hadst, thou hadst been poor John.” Now, older writers ?
W. C. B. Poor John is dried hake or cod (Bacalao).
HENRY H. GIBBS.
PARISH EKE-NAMES (8th S. iii. 46).—The fol. Aldenham,
lowing Gloucestershire distich may interest Me.
JAMES HOOPER :ANDREW VESALIUS (8th S. ii. 527).- In the Mincing Hampton and Painswick Proud, account of Vesalius which is given in Adams's 'Bio- Beggarly Bisley and Strutting Stroud. graphical Dictionary' (1793-5) there occurs the “ Mircing Hampton " is a mere verbal play on following statement : “He was married, but such the full name of the village, which is Minchinthe querulous and imperious humour of his wife, hampton. “Apt alliteration's artful aid " has that he never enjoyed much happiness at home" possibly had quite as much to do with the choice (vol. iii. p. 375).
J. F. MANBERGH. of the other epithets as their inherent appropriateLiverpool.
Some applicability may, however, perhaps There is some account of the life of Vesalius be traced to the localities to which they are prefixed to his works, published by Boërhave respectively prefixed. Bisley is a poor village in (Leyden, 1725). CONSTANCE RUSSELL. an agricultural district, the soil of which is upproSwallowfield, Reading.
ductive. Stroud, on the other hand, was formerly
surrounded by manufactories, and numbered CHARLES LAMB AS A RITUALIST (8th S. iii. 28, among its inhabitants many of the nouveaux 76).—PALAMEDES' and DR. SIMPSON's quotations riches. If pride springs from poverty, the epithet refer to “Dicky" Suett, not to Dodd. See Canon to Painswick may have been well chosen, as it has Aivger's edition of the 'Essays of Elia,' 1883, been said that the inhabitants of that village are in pp. 188, 189.
E. S. N. an unhappy predicament, being so poor that they
cannot live, while the air of their home is so Is not stole often used by the poets as an equiva- healthy that they cannot die. F. A. H. lent to surplice, in the classical sense of “ad talos stola demissa"? When Scott, for instance, says :
MR. JAMES HOOPER asks if "any reader of That night alone of all the year,
N. & Q.' can say how downright Dunstable Saw the stoled priest the chalic rear,
ecame an equivalent for being drunk." This he meant probably the larger rather than the proverbial saying is used by Sir Walter Scott smaller vestment. I quote the lines from
without any reference to drunkenness. Arthur
memory. EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A.
Mervyo, in writing to his friend Col. Mannering, Hastings.
“And here, dear Mannering, I wish I could
stop, for I have incredible pain in telling the rest If the librarian of St. Paul's know, as Dr. W. of my story......But I must still earn my college SPARROW SIMPSON assures us, a hawk from a nickname of Downright Dunstable” (“Guy Mannerhandsaw," it is evident that a dean of that cathe ing,' chap. xvi.). JONATHAN BOOCHIER. dral at one period of his life did not know a cope from & chasuble. In Milman's play of 'Anne
I am not familiar with “downright Dunstable" Boleyn 'the following passage occurs :
in any other sense than that of plain speaking. See I saw the arch-heretic enrobed
Brewer's Reader's Handbook.'
S. ILLINGWORTH BUTLER.
A “CRANK” (8th S. ii. 408, 473; iii. 53). — Is
"crank" The reference is to Archbishop Cranmer, and the able to give many English instances of it.
odd American word.”? I am un.
I speaker one devoted to the old religion.
K. P, D. E.
quips and cranks and
wanton wiles," would scarcely be taken as Shall I be forgiven if I say that one would not proper specimen of the modern acceptation of the think of putting newspaper writers on a level with term. Still, I hardly see where else it can be
Elia" and " Ingoldsby" ? But when we are told classed. Burton goes so far as to speak of a that one priest "carried his tonsure in his hand," "counterfeit crank," and sets him down as that another “practised celibacy in the open cheater.” In Beaumont and Fletcher's "Wit at streets," that “thurifers were suspended from Several Weapons,' there figures a gentleman's the roof," and that Mr. "Roffen. is the Bishop of gentleman called Pompey Doodle. He is servant Rochester's apparitor," we may even suppose, to Sir Gregory Fop, and with great diligence without detriment to their reputations, that neither patterns after his master, who is all that his name Charles Lamb por Harris Barbam know much of implies, Pompey is vain, empty, conceited, fond what is now understood as ritualism. Is it not of using big words, and easily persuaded that
a lady is in love with him. A copy of Mal- in 1 Cor. i., where it evidently signifies the volio in many respects. Having dismissed his tortuous passages of the buman body. Halliwell master, Sir Gregory speaks of him as “malapert” has, “ Crank, an impostor. Burton." Here the and " frampel” (or saucy), and a "cutter about twist would be a moral one. But does not the ladies' honours," or a swaggerer. He sums up ‘N. E. D.' tell us all about the word ? Pompoy with, "Now he's crank," because he thinks
C. O. B. the young lady has set her affections on him. Is not this the meaning of the "odd American word”? brewer, proprietor, and manager of the Bath
JOHN PALMER (8th S. iii. 87).—John Palmer, Bailey's old. Dictionary defines a ship to be crank, and Bristol theatres, Post Office reformer, and “ when she cannot bear her sail, or can bear but a originator of mail coaches, subsequently Mayor small part of it for fear of oversetting.” This is of Bath, and twice returned to Parliament as Pompey's case precisely ; and will it not stand for member for that city, married the daughter of the the crank" of the present day? I lately found Dake of Richmond - Lady Madeline Gordon. the following definition of the word floating in the He was succeeded as member for Bath by his son newspapers, “ A crank is a specialist in something Major-General Palmer. A brief outline of the that you take no interest in." Like many other life of this public benefactor will be found in supposed Americanisms, “ crank” is evidently at 'N. & Q., 5th S. vi. 307, 435, 514, and faller home in the realms of old English. DOLLAR
particulars of the opposition to his scheme for Crank has many other meanings besides those expediting the transmission of letters throughout already given, though there is a family likeness in the country are given in 'Her Majesty's Mails, a all these meanings. Two of our greatest writers History of the Post Office, by William Lewins, use it, Shakspeare and Dickens, the former twice p. 130-8. Palmer died at Brighton, August 16, the latter once (to my recollection), and each time 1818.
EVERARD HOME COLEMAN, with a different application. Hotspur (Heory
71, Brecknock Road. IV.,' first part, Act III. sc. i.) exclaims : "See, I would refer MR. DRURY to chap. vi. p. 25 in how this river comes me cranking in, and cuts me my Annals of the Road,' on “ John Palmer and from the best of all my land”; and it appears the Mail Coach System.” It was the mail, and again in 'Venus and Adonis ': "He cranks and not the stage, coach be introduced. crosses with a thousand doubles"-though there
HAROLD Malet, Col. may be some similarity of application in this to the former use of the word as applied to a winding 477 ; iii
. 72, 94). —MR.
PLAINNESS VERSUS BEAUTY (8th S. ii. 289, river, such as the Trent, of which Hotspur is of the error with respect to the authorship of his speaking. As regards Dickens, in the seventh chapter of The Old Cariosity Shop Dick charming poem 'Dorothy' is as necessary as it is Swiveller made "an observation to the effect that welcome. I have several times seen it attributed his friend appeared to be rather cranky'in point to Lord Carlisle (and once to Carlyle) in country of temper." The friend was young Trent, which newspapers, and in editorial “ Answers to Correis perhaps somewhat of a coincidence, and, as
spondents." In an address on Women's EducaDickens puts cranky between inverted' commas, tion,' given by the head master of Clifton College ke perhaps considered himself as quoting from to the teachers and pupils of the high school there some other author. Was it Shakspeare ?
(a report of which will be found in the Journal JNO. BLOONDELLE-BURTON.
of Education, March, 1888, pp. 130-2), twentyBarnes Common.
four lines of the poem were quoted — probably Time, which alters so many things, seems to attributed to the late Lord Carlisle," as usual.
from memory, as inaccuracies abound-and were have effected a revolution in the meaning of this I am very glad to see that the real author has now word. In Dyche's Dictionary,' published for come forward.
GEO. E. DARTNELL. Catherine and Richard Ware at the Bible and San on Ladgate Hill, MDCCLX., crank is defined THE HIPPODROME (8th S. iii. 47).-The Hiphealthy, merry, brisk, lively, jolly; also positive podrome was a racing ground, part of which is now or sure.
occupied by Kensington Park Gardens. St. John's In "Glossographia Anglicum Novo,' crank is Church, Notting Hill, which was built in 1844, thus described : "At sea when a ship cannot bear was called by the Notting Hillites of that day her sails, or can bear but a small part for fear of "The Hippodrome Church. RAVEN BROOKE. Over-setting, they say she is crank; also lusty, stout.” Neither of these references has the word Mr. John Whyte, at Notting Hill, on May 29,
This place of fashionable resort was opened by 0. A. WHITE.
1837. It was surrounded by a lofty fence, and "A cranky chap" (the phrase is one I have contained a steeplechase course of two and a quarter been familiar with from a boy) means literally a miles. A mound of raised ground occupied the man who bas a mental twist. Of the word cranks centre, from which an excellent view of the course
could be obtained. Being required for building leigh Barton (in the parish of Tamerton Foliott) purposes, it was closed about the month of June, passed to Copplestones by marriage. E. V. F. 1841. The present St. Stephen's Church stands on a portion of the site. 'Old and New London,' the Coplestones and of Coplestone Cross in Mr.
It may be of use to refer to a brief account of vi. 181-3, contains extracts from the Sporting R. N. Worth's · History of Devonshire,' p. 111. Magazine for 1837, and descriptive sketch of the place when in its full novelty and pride.
EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M. A. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.
Hastings. 71, Brecknock Road.
The couplet about this family and those of
Cruwys and Croker is of traditional antiquity in MAYOR OF WIGAN' (76 S. x. 107, 172, 254; Devon and Cornwall, and one of the commonest 8th S. iii. 118).-I am obliged to MR. HIPWELL sayings throughout the south-west of England. for his information regarding the whereabouts of
E. WALFORD, M.A. copies of Hillary Butler's Mayor of Wigan.' Ventnor. Since I last wrote to ‘N. & Q.' upon this subject I have secured a copy of the book, which I pur.
ABRAHAM RODHALL, BELL-FOUNDER (7th S. xi. chased at the Hailstone sale. Its extreme rarity 4; xii. 207, 296). --- At Sotheby's rooms, April 11, and its strong local connexion with the borough 1859, there was sold in lot 1507 a rare broadside of Wigan are its only recommendations. The printed sheet (c. 1750), entitled-Monthly Review of the year 1760, the date of its "A Meditation upon Death, to the Tune of the Chimes publication, describes it as “a
dirty story, poorly at the Cathedral in Glocester, the Music by Jeffries, told."
H. T. FOLKARD.
Organist at Glocester, &c., also the same tune set to the Wigan Public Library.
proper key of the Bells' by Mr. Abr, Rudhall, Bell Founder in Gloucester."
W. I. R. V. "Oasts” (880 S. iii. 107).-Does this word refer to innkeeper ? See Ooste in Skeat's Middle English
FOLK-LORE (8th S. ii. 305, 416, 511).—The Dictionary,' which gives references to Matzner's following passage from Aubrey's 'Remains of 'Dictionary and to Chaucer. Paul BIERLEY.
Gentilisme and Judaisme,' p. 25, ed. 1881 (Folk
lore Society), explains the modus operandi with COPPLESTONE FAMILY (8th S. iii. 47).—The the sieve and shears :current Devonshire couplet which S. W. R. finds “ The magick of the Sive and Sheeres (I thinke) is in in Kingsley's novel
Virgil's ' Ecglogues.' The Sheers are stuck in a Sieve, Crocker, Crewys, and Coppleston,
and two maydens hold up yo sieve with the top of their When the Conqueror came, were all at home
fingers by the handle of the shiers : then say, By St. Peter
and St. Paule such a one hath stoln (such a thing), the is quoted in Murray's 'Handbook for Devon ' in others say, By St. Peter and St. Paul He hath not stola relation to the family of Coplestone (or Copleston), it
. After many such Adjurations, the Sieve will turne of Coplestone, a family which appears to have at yo name of ye Thiefe.” been seated at Coplestone in the time of King
This is the way in which the Bible and key are Eadgar (974). We are told in Murray's 'Hand manipulated. The key is made fast witbin the book that the "great Coplestones," as they were leaves of the Bible by tying so as to allow the called, lived in ancient days at Coplestone in great handle to project above the top of the Bible. The state.
two operators then each place the forefinger I find elsewhere that Sir John Copleston, a of the right hand anderneath the handle. In my member of the family (possibly the head of it), boyhood I often witnessed the performance of the lived at Warleigh, near Plymouth (no doubt the operation.
F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. Warleck or Warlake of S. W. R.'s query), and I believe he was living there at the time of the
STRACHEY FAMILY (8th S. ii. 508 ; iii. 14).beraldic visitation of 1620. This Sir John Cople- I take it that Shakspere's reference in Twelfth ston was lineally descended (through the families Night,'. II. v., is a mere generality; thus, "The of Gorges and 'Bonville) from Robert Foliot of Lady of the strachey married the Yeoman of the Warleigh, living 1285. The present owner of Wardrobe "-a contrast. Strachey may be a cor Warleigh, Mr. Radcliffe, is the direct descendant ruption of strath, a valley ; the lady owner of ten (through the families of Bastard and Bamfield) of or twenty villages, in a broad fertile valley, is Sir John Copleston. The estate of Warleigb, how typical of wealth; while the "yeoman ” might be ever, was acquired by the Radcliffes not by in- a. confidential attendant. It merely points to a heritance, but by purchase from John Bamfield, disproportionate alliance, such as we lod in the of Hestercombe, in 1741. C. W. Cass.
Tudor connexion ; thus, Lady Mary Grey, sister
of Queen Jade, married Martin Keyes, groom There are memorials of this family in the Church porter to Queen Elizabeth ; her mother, Frances of Colebrook, Devon. Consult Rogers's Tombs Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk, was remarried to of Devon,' Polwbele’s ‘Hist. of Devon,' &c. War- Adrian Stokes ; while her stepmother, another Duchess of Suffolk, née Baroness Willoughby Frank and Mrs. Henry Siddons that of Jeanie D'Eresby, accepted Richard Bertie, Esq., in Deans. In ‘The Bride of Lammermoor,' persecond puptials. All were commoners; and, while formed at Edinburgh (no date given in “The the last-named is well known and bighly respected, I Waverley Dramas "), he sustained the part of fail to collect adequate details of Keyes and Stokes. Captain Craigengelt and Mrs. Henry Siddons that
A. HALL of Lucy Ashton. In 'Montrose ; or, the Children I must beg leave to correct Prof. Skrat in bis of the Mist,' neither of them seems to have acted.
This information is taken from the abovemisleading quotation of the “hopeless crux of Strachey in "Twelfth Night.'" If he will
mentioned work, which contains many interesting
compare his note with the 1623 folio, he will find from the particulars in the introduction concerning the latter that the word is not spelt with a small s, adaptation of the “Waverley Novels” to the but is capitalized, and, as if to lend it greater im- stage, and gives a list of the dramatis persona or portance, is put in italics. The hope that the word cast of performers in each. Amongst them stands conveyed to Elizabethan audiences a topical allusion prominently Mackay, the inimitable Bailie Nicol will, I trust, not prove barren. JNO. MALONE. Jarvie. There is an engraving of him in this cha
racter, and a very fine one in mezzotint of Mrs. CONTRIBUTIONS TO A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE Siddons as Isabella in 'The Fatal Marriage,' one of Right Hon. W. E. GLADSTONE (8th S. ii. 461, her most famous characters, holding by the hand 501 ; iii. 1, 41).—As the able contributor of the her son, then a boy, presumably in after years the list of Mr. Gladstone's publications usually actor Mr. Henry Siddons. explains the circumstances under which each paper
John PICKFORD, M.A. was penned, it may as well be mentioned that “Daniel Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. O'Connell. —Nineteenth Century, January, 1889, pp. 149–68," is a complimentary review of 'The
"TøE CAILDREN'S GARLAND' (86h S. iii. 48).Private Correspondence of Daniel O'Connell, Perhaps I may take advantage of SPINDLE'S edited by W. J. FitzPatrick (London, Murray, Sand's son ?) in his illustration of the scene in 'Con
query to ask why Maurice Sand (query George 1888).
D. F. G.
Buelo' in which Haydo, the composer, as a lad, is W. H. MURRAY (8th S. ii. 427, 472, 510). - His cutting off his fellow-pupil's beautiful queue, has first wife, Anne Murray, née Dyke, died in June, represented Haydn as holding the scissors in his 1827 (Thomas Moore's Memoirs, Journals, and left hand and "the pigtail stout" with his right? Correspondence,' ed. Russell, vol. v., 1854, p. 180). It is seems to me that in a rape of the lock" the Murray was interred in the burying-ground of St. operator would do the very reverse. Was Haydn Andrews Cathedral. A transcript of the monu- left-handed ? The victim is also represented as mental inscription appears 76 S. X. 154.
writing on the board on the wall with his left
DANIEL BIPWELL. hand. See the large double-columned edition of 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.
Consuelo,' 1855, p. 169. Is this episode in the In the introduction to the “Waverley Dramas " youthful career of Haydo founded on fact ? (Glasgow, 1872), eight in number, founded on the
JONATHAN BOUCHIER. novels of Sir Walter Scott, it is said “that he (Maurice Sand is a son of the novelist.] retired in 1851, and died shortly afterwards at St. Andrews." Mrs. Henry Siddons was his widowed
CAESNEY Family(8th S. ii. 387, 478; iii. 58). — sister, who sustained some of the female rôles in Burke, in his 'General Armory,' gives Áz.,
an oak the Edinburgh Theatre Royal in the same dramas tree fructed ppr. as the arms of Chesne, of France. with her brother.
The Chateau de La Chesnaye, about fourteen In Waverley,' performed at Edinburgh in 1824, miles from the town of Issoudun and village of Mr. Murray played the part of the Laird of Bal | Vatan, Department of Indre, France, formerly the mawbapple and Mrs. Henry Siddons that of Flora residence of Agnes Sorel, the beautiful mistress of Mac Ivor. Io 'Guy Mannering,' represented at Charles VI., and now of Count Ferdinand de Edinburgh in 1818, he played the part of Dirk Lesseps, may have been in ages past the property Hatteraick. In 'The Antiquary,' represented at of the Chesnayes. Chesney is quite a familiar Edinburgh in 1820, Mr. Murray sustained the name in the county Antrim, where I believe the part of Jonathan Oldbuck. In 'Rob Roy,' acted ancestors of Major - General Francis Rawdon at Edinburgh, 1819, he performed the part of Chesney, the author of the interesting Survey Captain Thornton. In Old Mortality,' performed of the Euphrates Valley,' originally resided. The at Edinburgh in 1823, he acted the part of name does not occur in the Roll of Battle Abbey. Grahame of Claverbouse and Mrs. Henry Siddons
ELIZ. S. Pigott. that of Edith Bellenden. In The Heart of Mid
Dundrum, co. Down. Lothian,' represented in Edinburgh in 1820 and Cheney is written in half a dozen different ways 1823, Mr. Murray sustained the part of Black --Do Cagneto, De Kaisneto, De Chaisneto, De