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MISTAKE MISTAKEN (8th S. ii. 404).—I have been very careful in the use of these words ever since Prof. Hodgson, in his 'Errors in the Use of English' (1885), called attention to their frequent misuse. I do not think any one who has not paid special attention to the matter can be aware how frequent that misuse is. Hodgson gives no instance of it earlier than Cowper; but it is much older than that. It has the authority of Bailey and of Littleton, and doubtless it was common enough long before Littleton's time. There is an instance of it in Milton ('Samson Agonistes,' 907), where Dalilah says:
I was a fool, too rash, and quite mistaken In what I thought would have succeeded best. It does not seem difficult to give a "metaphysical explanation" of the confusion. A mistake is an error; ergo, every error is regarded as a mistake, and to be mistaken as being in error.
NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.
C. C. B.
appear that moral laxity was combined with cruelty." The characteristic merits of Lewes are said to have been "clear good sense, independent criticism, and unflagging vivacity." Douglas Jerrold is said to have called him "too unequivocally" the ugliest man in London. Mr. Stephen also deals with Monk Lewis. The "Monk" is said to have been in part owing to Lewis's interest in The Mysteries of Udolpho.' One of the most important biographies is that of David Livingstone, of whose boyish struggles with difficulty and heroic life and death Col. Vetch gives an unsurpassable account. Of Mr. Lionel Cust's many interesting and adequate notices of painters, that of Sir Peter Lely is perhaps the brightest. DealMr. C. H. Firth writes the lives of William Lenthall, the ing with subjects of which he has unexampled mastery,
Speaker of the House of Commons, and John Lilburne, political agitator. Mr. G. F. Russell Barker, still a mainstay of the book, sends many important biographies, including that of the late Lord Granville and that of Charles Lennox, third Duke of Richmond. Few distinguished naval heroes challenge in this volume the brilliant gifts of Prof. Laughton; nor does the name of Dr. Norman Moore appear to any medical celebrity of the first water. The Rev. Wm. Hunt writes learnedly upon Leofric, Earl of Mercia, upon Leofwine, and upon Roger Leybourne. Mr. J. M. Rigg sends many valuable lives, among which are those of Leone Levi. Count Leslie, and Leopold, Duke of Albany. The life of Lever is entrusted to Dr. Richard Garnett, who supplies a very readable and excellent account. Among his Scottish poets Mr. Thomas Bayne has to do with one man of high interest in John Leyden. He also deals with the Leightons, Robert aud William. Canon Venables writes on Francis Lennard, fourteenth Lord Dacre. Mr. Hamilton is responsible for Mark Lemon, and Canon Scott Holland pays an enthutribute to Canon Liddon. Mr. Thompson Cooper, Miss Bradley, Mr. Earwaker, Mr. Walter Rye, Mr. Warwick Wroth, and Mr. Charles Welch are also represented in the volume.
WITH the appearance of the Christmas number of L'Art et l'Idée the publication of that periodical is arrested for a twelvemonth. The only excuse for this is that M. Octave Uzanne has wearied of the editorial labours in which he has persisted for fourteen years, and seeks an opportunity to have a hol day and visit the Chicago Exhibition. In 1894 the publication will be resumed. The present number has a very interesting account of 'Peintres Lithographes Contemporains,' with a series of original designs which are full of character and talent. Les Centres Litteraires aux États Unis' gives portraits of many literary celebrities of New York, as Mark Twain, Lawrence Hutton, W. D. Howells, John Burroughes, &c.
Dictionary of National Biography. Edited by Sidney
Black) the editor criticizes Hogarth as a book-plate IN the Journal of the Ex-Libris Society (A. & C. designer. Mr. Wright holds that Hogarth did design book-plates, and reproduces many illustrations that may pass for such. The article has much value. Mr. Ashworth sends a list of Yorkshire book-plates of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Mr. Albert Hartshorne and Mr. John Leighton are among the contributors. Under its energetic management the society flourishes.
A VERY remarkable article in the Fortnightly is that by the Rev. H. R. Haweis on Ghosts and their Photos' (sic). The writer opines that it is possible to secure, by means of highly sensitive plates, proof of the presence of ghosts, invisible to most human organs. He holds, indeed, that this has been done, though chiefly, we fancy, if not wholly, at spiritualistic gatherings. Mr. Corbet sends some grave statistics as to The Increase of Insanity,' which he is disposed to attribute to the excessive
The Statesmen of Cumberland' supplies some 'The interesting gossip concerning these worthies. Tomb of Alexander the Great,' 'On the Old Knightsbridge Road,' and 'On Thomas Bewick,' the last by Mrs. Ritchie, may all be read with pleasure and profit. —In Temple Bar, Letters of a Man of Leisure 'deals with the remains of Edward Fitzgerald, from whose A fair paper on letters ample extracts are made. Ariosto follows, and is, in turn, succeeded by a life of 'Gower Street Samuel Palmer, the landscape painter. and its Reminiscences' may also be read with pleasure. -Old Church Steeples,' in the Gentleman's, has pleaMr. Rodway describes A sant antiquarian flavour. Garden in the Tropics,' and there is a paper on Mills and Millers,' a suggestive subject. In Belgravia, 'The Maréchal de Retz is described as the original Blue Beard. -An article on Burne Jones and his Art,' in the English Illustrated, reproduces very many fine designs. 'Song Birds of India' gives some very interesting information. A portrait and memoir are supplied of 'The Archbishop of Westminster,' and there is a good description of "Through the Pyrenees in December.'-Mr. Lang, in Longman's, deals wholly with Mary Stuart and the Casket Letters.'- Humours of Rustic Psalmody' repays attention in the Cornhill.
PART LXIV. of Old and New London, containing an extra sheet, leads off the publications of Messrs. Cassell & Co. The reader is kept south of the river, and carried through Kennington, of which a picture showing it in 1780 is given, South Lambeth, and Blackfriars Road. He is shown Bethlehem Hospital, Christ Church, Westminster Bridge Road, Rowland Hill's Chapel, the Rotunda, &c.-Cassell's Storehouse of General Information completes Vol. IV., the title-page, &c., to which are given.-The Life and Times of Queen Victoria, Part XXIV., reaches 1888. The work, which has portraits of Mr. Gladstone and Sir George Trevelyan, is thus all but completed.
use of alcohol. "The Benefits of Vivisection,' with regard to the cure of tetanus, are shown by Mr. A. Coppen Jones. Writing on Michelangelo,' Mr. Herbert P. Horne expresses great admiration for the recent work of Mr. Symonds on that master, and accepts as satisfactory the views of the latest biographer as to the relations of the sonnets. A curious and uncomfortable experience of Mr. D. R. O'Sullivan is described in Tierra del Fuego.' Mr. Sullivan was shipwrecked in the Straits of Magellan, and had to live, or, rather, starve, in Fuegia for some months. His impressions concerning the country and the people, whom, at secondhand, he describes as "satires upon mankind," are vividly conveyed. The article has extreme interest.-In a remarkably excellent Aspects of number of the Nineteenth Century the ' Tennyson' of the editor is the principal feature. Full of interest and value are the indications afforded. Nowhere, indeed, do we seem to get so full and satisfactory an insight into the personality of the poet. Every passage pays perusal, and many call for close study. With this delightful article one naturally associates the fine Threnody: Alfred, Lord Tennyson, by Mr. Swinburne, which opens the number closed by Mr. Knowles. Mr. Edward R. Russell writes zealously and ably upon Mr. 'Irving's "King Lear," ," the conception of which he approves. He is a little severe upon critics, many of whom he credits with "a decided lack of acquaintance with the text " of Lear,' and puzzles us by a reference to "Mr. Furlong's Variorum edition," a work of the existence of which we have never heard. Is it possible that he means Mr. Howard Furness? Happiness in Hell' has, as was to be expected, elicited a reply from the othodox Catholic point of view; and those whom Prof. Mivart bad perhaps cheered are told that the views expressed are "calculated to do immeasurable mischief to the souls of men." Modern Poets and the Meaning of Life' repays serious attention. Lord Grimthorpe expounds at some length his views on Architecture,' and the Countess of Jersey depicts brightly Three Weeks in Samoa.'-In the New Review Mr. Archer breaks very gallantly a lance with Mr. Swinburne, and a second with Charles Lamb, the subject being John Webster, whom Mr. Archer holds to have been "not, in the special sense of the word, a great dramatist, but a great poet, who wrote haphazard dramatic or melodramatic romances for an eagerly receptive but semi-barbarous public." Canon Wilberforce, rebuking Dr. Ernest Hart, neglects to verify his quotations, and misquotes Cowper. Prof. Charcot deals with The Faith Cure,' the Hon. Rodel Noel with English Songs and Ballads,' and Mr. Archibald Forbes opens afre-h the question of Real or Bogus Stuarts.'A deeply interesting and well-illustrated account of 'The Peary Relief Expedition' is supplied to Scribner's by its WE cannot undertake to answer queries privately. chief; Dr. W. H. Russell sends a graphic sketch of The To secure insertion of communications correspondents Fall of Sebastopol '; and an excellent account of 'The Poor must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, in Naples' forms the seventh article on "The Poor in Great Cities." The illustrations to this are admirable.— or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the The frontispiece to the Century con-ists of a portrait of signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to John Greenleaf Whittier, of whom a sympathetic bio-appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested graphy, by Miss Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, is given. It is to head the second communication "Duplicate." as a nominative. Two curious to find him using "thee consecutive papers, by different men. deal with The Great Wall of China,' Crusty Christopher' is an account of John Wilson, with a capital portrait. An account of Millet's Early Life,' by his younger brother, will be studied, as will the To Gipsy Land' of Miss Elizabeth Robins Pennell.- My Lord the Elephant,' which appears in Macmillan's, from the pen of Mr. Rudyard Kipling, contains further descriptions of the the three soldiers." Under prowess and humours of the Great Wall' is another study of the Great Wall of
MR. A. W. TUER (The Leadenhall Press, E.C.) writes: "Will some one generously lend me for a few days his copy of Margarita Philosophica' (1503), containing an engraving of a female holding in one hand a key she is about to apply to the lock of a door, and in the other a hornbook, which she is offering to a little boy. The kindness will be remembered."
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