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Telegraphic address, Bookmen, London,
LONDOX, SATURDAY, JANUARY 14, 1893.
(x. 189). The Rev. Philip Tenison, D.D.,
the archdeacon, died June 15, 1660, æt. fortyCONTENT 8,- N° 55.
eigbt, M.I. in Bawbergh Church, near Norwich, NOTES :--The Tennysons and Archbishop Tenison, 21,-. with — be it particularly noted
these arms, Poets in a Thunderstorm, 22–Tom Legge, 23–Garnett; which Blomefield says were granted to him : Hawtrey-Double F as an Initial-"Guy Fawkes, Guy! -- Jarndyce, 24 - Translators---Cobblers"Johnnies Sable, a fess embattled and in chief three doves Election of Mayor at High Wycombe-Alexander the Great Simple Simon-Gelert in India, 25-Church argent (ib. ii. 391). Philip was clearly John's Brasses-First Provincial Theatre Royal-Berkshire Vil- younger brother. lages in Kenilworth,' 26—Haydn's Dictionary of Dates,' The object of this note is to suggest a clue to 27.
the father of these two clerical brethren, and one QUERIES :-"Cross - purposes" -." Brouette,” 27-Mont could almost take it for granted that he too was a gomery-Charles Lamb--Heraldic-J. Treworgie-"Shillam eidri" - Richard Smith - Paganini — "Wiggin" clergyman, bred at the same university, i. e., CamAldine Swift' – "Philazer" -- "De mortuis nil nisi bridge. Since my reply (7th S. xii. 252) I have Clement's Day-Anne Vaux-"Kodak"-John Cutts | looked into the pedigree and been aided by some " Trissino Type," 29.
notes of wills at York, for which I am indebted to REPLIES :-Portraits of Burns, 29 - Sophy Daws, 30 - my friend Dr. Sykes, F.S.A. This will is to the
Busby, 31.- Rev. George Croly. To bone " Poems in the point :-
son John at Cambridge......my son Edward......my wife Greys-Printers' Errors – Leather Money-Chalk - Por Elizabeth......my daughter Katharine......my uncle traits Wanted-Tycho Wing-Tristram Shandy, 36- Thornton of Hull. Dated March 1, 22 Eliz. (1579/80). • The Office of the Blessed Virgin' Life of Daniel Defoe -Gemmace-Italian Idiom, 37—“Yele"-Sir G. Downing
I have mentioned the will of Christopher's -Authors Wanted, 39.
father in my previous note, also John Thornton, NOTES :-Allen's 'Attis of Caius Valerius Catullus '- Mor- the merchant of Hull, his uncle, who bought the ley's English Writers," Vol. IX. - Stoke d'Abernon
manor of Ryall, with lands there and in “Pawle" Weale's Rock's 'Hierurgia'-Lewis's . Ancient Laws of Wales.'
and other places, by fine, Easter T., 1566 (Dr.
Collins's York Fines,' i. 319). Notices to Correspondents.
In 1597 licence was granted to John Tennyson,
B.D. of Downham, diocese of York, to marry Anne Notes.
Haldenby, "gent.” (sic), of Gemling, in the
parish of Foston (-on-the-Wolds), Yorksh. Archæol. THE TENNYSONS AND ARCHBISHOP TENISON. Journal, vol. x. p. 35. I take this to be the son
In ‘N. & Q.,' 3rd S. viii. 454, I find it stated by John at Cambridge, 1579-80, though proof is J. B. P. that there is in the Tennyson family “a wanting. Anne was no doubt daughter of Philip tradition of long standing that it is descended from Haldenby, seventh and youngest son of Robert a collateral relative of Archbishop Tenison," in Haldenby, Esq., of Haldenby, by Anne, daughter spite of the difference in spelling the name.' No of Thomas Boynton, Esq., of Barmston, in Holderdoubt attempts would have been made to prove or She is a legatee in the will of her uncle disprove this statement, but for the deterrent fact John Haldenby, of Patrington, gent., dated to which W. O. B. drew attention (6th S. xi. 153), May 5, 1591. " that the name of Tennyson is and has been for I shall be very much surprised if John and centuries one of the commonest in Holderness." Anne are not the parents of John and Philip. The archbishop's descent from the Yorkshire stock Probably John obtained a benefice in the diocese has hardly been suspected, so far as I am aware, of Ely. 'I could find nothing about him at Downespecially after the statement in Burke's 'Landed | bolme, near Richmond. Gentry' (first edition, p. 1375) that his family The arms, with unimportant variations, Gules, € 80 early as the reign of Edward I. was represented in a bend between three leopards' heads jessant Oxfordshire in the persons of Henry, John and William fleurs-de-lis, borne by the good archbishop and the Tynegende, mentioned in the Hundred Rolls."
lamented poet, are of most unsatisfactory origin, as Could anything be less likely than that the name a reference to Papworth’s laborious Ordinary of of Tenison should be a corruption of "atte Towns- Arms' (p. 930) will reveal at once. They are end”? On the same page we read that the Rev. nothing more por less than the arms of Dennys, John Tenison, the archbishop's father, was son of an old West of England family, and illustrate the Dr. Philip Tenison, Archdeacon of Norwich, who improper use of a dictionary of arms, which the died 1660. If we turn to Blomefield's 'History of heralds themselves were often guilty of in a most Norfolk' we find that Philip was eleven years flagrant way. Tennyson may be Parson Evans's younger than Joha, who is made his son. pronunciation of Dennison; but in ancient heraldry The Rev. John Tenison, B.D., died June 25, there was a reason for everything, bere nothing 1671, æt. seventy-two, M.I. Topcroft Church but a suggestio falsi. The arms of Cantelupe were
doubtless the foundation of all those in which the storm is in a bad etyle of inflated poetry.
Не strange device of leopards' heads jessant fleurs-de- begins by supposing the thunder to be prepared lis occur. It would have been better if all the in the torrid zone, and to be supplied to the Tennysons had used the arms mentioned above as temperate zone as it is wanted. granted to Philip.
Now thunders, wafting from the burning zone, The poet's intermediate ancestors should probably Growl from afar, a deaf and hollow groan ! be sought for at Keyingham, near Hedon. The Portentous meteors blaze on the masts; ethereal register of the parish covers the period, commencing doom lurks behind impenetrable shade (whatever in 1604.
A. S. ELLIS. Westminster.
that may mean); but when the author personifies
the storm his bathos is complete:THE POETS IN A THUNDERSTORM,
It seem'd, the wrathful angel of the wind!
Had all the horrors of the skies combin'd; (Concluded from 8th S. ii. 483.)
And here, to our ill-fated ship oppos'd The progress of scientific discovery has the At once the dreadful magazine disclos'd. effect on the best minds, and eventually on the
And lo! tremendous o'er the deep he springe,
Th'inflaming sulphur flashing from his wings | public generally, of correcting erroneous impres.
Hark! his strong voice the dismal silence breaks ! sions, so as to guide men nearer and nearer until Mad chaos from the chains of death awakes! they reach the truth as it is in nature. No great Loud and more loud the rolling peals enlarge, discovery remains long without effecting this kind And blue on deck their blazing sides discharge. of beneficent reform, and it may be traced as a And more to the same effect. result of Franklin's bold experiment which identi- With reference to "th' inflaming sulphur” in fied lightning with electricity. For example, a the above passage, it must be remarked that a thunderstorm as described by Byron would natur- flash of lightning in the open causes the chief ally be a very different affair from a thunderstorm ingredients of the atmosphere to combine chemicdescribed by Thomson. The change does not con- ally into a compound known as nitric acid, which, sist in the difference between knowledge and descending with the rain, combines with the ignorance, but in the mode of treatment. The one potash or the soda of the soil, and forms nitre ; is content to describe in picturesque language but when lightning enters an enclosed space it what he sees and hears; the other attempts to generates ozone, or some of the lower oxides of explain what is altogether beyond the range of the nitrogen, the odour of which is well known to knowledge of his day. Byron did not profess to the chemist, but popularly it is said to resemble be a scientific poet, but he was sufficiently discreet the fumes of burning sulphur. to confine his muse within the limits of accurate In my young days I heard Braham, and more description. The poet of the future will have to recently Sims Reeves, sing the popular ballad, do more than this.' Descriptive poetry has had The Bay of Biscay, O! The words, by Andrew its day-it is exhausted; so that future numbers Cherry, were apparently suggested by Falconer's will have to conform to the scientific spirit of the poem, as in the linetime, otherwise they will be lacking in the most The skies asunder torn, a deluge pour essential feature of all good writing-namely, truth and one or two other corresponding passages. to nature.
In the ballad the tyranny of rhyme seems to The change here indicated has been making have compelled the author to some irregularity progress during the whole of the present century; in his tenses, the first four lines reading thus :Formerly it was not expected that a poet should
Loud roared the dreadful thunder, be acquainted with science, so that much surprise
The rain a deluge showers; was expressed when Coleridge was seen attending The clouds were rent asunder Davy's lectures at the Royal Institution. When
By lightning's vivid powers. asked what business he had there, he replied, "To It must be admitted that "showers" is rather & lay in a new stock of ideas !"
mild word for a "deluge." It may also be objected The first poem, so far as I know, that appeared that the lightning seems to act as a force external after Franklin's discovery, and described a thun- to the cloud, instead of being an integral portion derstorm, was one by W. Falconer, published in of it. But, apart from these objections, the ballad 1762, entitled “The Shipwreck, a Poem in Three is effective in its movement, and the more so Cantos, by a Sailor.” The ship was a merchant- when rendered by a good voice. man, the Britannia, bound from Alexandria to In bringing these examples to a close, it may Venice, but, being overtaken by a storm, she was be remarked that a good modern poet, while indriven out of her course, and wrecked on the dulging in the highest flights, will not offend coast of Greece, near Cape Colonne.
against scientific accuracy. Thus, when Shelley The writer seems to have had some knowledge was among the Euganian hills he heard how of electricity, judging from his reference to the
the tempest fleet "electric wire," but his account of the thunder- Hurries on with lightning feet.
So also Wordsworth, in addressing the clouds, ex
Mirror'd in the ocean vast claims, in a noble apostrophe
A thousand fathoms down,
The works of Tennyson and Browning bear
testimony to the assiduity with which these two And again :
great poets cultivated a varied knowledge ; and, Utter your devotion with thund'rous voices. ?' to go further back, we are reminded of the answer And in his homely poem of “The Waggoner' be given by Petrarch to one who asked him what is still true to nature. Benjamin and his team he ought to know in order to become a poet. are overtaken by a storm at night among the The reply was, “Everything !" and he might have mountains. It is so dark that he and his horses cited his own example in learning all that he are perplexed :
could, as well as that of the great author of the Astounded in the mountain gap.
‘Divine Comedy,' who embodied in his works literWith thunder peals, clap after clap,?
ally all the intellectual knowledge of his time. Cloge treading on the silent flashes
C. TOMLINSON, F.R.S.
Tom LEGGE. — In the preface of Mr. G. A.
A rending o'er his head begins the fray again.! ing passage honestly explains how the title of his Lastly, Byron, in the third canto of Childe book came to that versatile author's fancy :Harold, describes a thunderstorm in Switzerland, “It would be a sorry piece of vanity on my part to which occurred at midnight on June 13, 1816. imagine that the conception of the history of a day and He notices the awful stillness which precedes it:- night in London is original. I will tell you how I came
to think of the scheme of Twice Round the Clock.' All heaven and earth are still-though not in sleep, Four years ago (1855), in Paris, my then master in But breathless,
literature, Mr. Charles Dickens, lent me a little thin until
octavo volume, which, I believe, had been presented to From peak to peak, the rattling crags among
him by another master of the craft, Mr. Thackeray, Leaps the live thunder! Not from one lone cloud,
entitled-but I will transcribe the title-page in full: Low But every mountain now bath found a tongue,
Life; or, one half the world knows not how the other And Jura answers, through her misty shroud,
half live. Being a critical account of what is Transacted Back to the joyous Alps, who call to her aloud ! by People of almost all Religions, Nations, Circumstances, The description is too long to quote, and, indeed, between Saturday Night and Monday Morning. In á
and Size of Understanding, in the Twenty-Four Hours, too well known; but Sir Walter Scott's criticism true Description of a Sunday, as it is usually spent on it may not be so well known. He says :- within the Bills of Mortality, calculated for the twenty
"This is one of the most beautiful passages of the first of June. With an address to the ingenious and poem. The 'fierce and far delight' of a thunderstorm ingenuous Mr. Hogarth. “Let Fancy guess the rest." is bere described in verse almost as vivid as its light. Buckingham,' The date of publication is not given; but nings. The live thunder 'leaping among the rattling internal evidence proves the opuscule to have been Crags,' the voice of mountains, as if shouting to each written during the latter part of the reign of George the other-the plashing of the big rain-the gleaming of Second; and in the copy. I now possess, and which
I the wide lake, lighted like a phosphoric sea-present a
bought at a rarity' price, at á sale where it was picture of sublime terror, yet of enjoyment, often at- | ignorantly labelled among the facetiæ-it is the saddest tempted, but never so well, certainly never better, book, perhaps, that ever was written-in my copy, which brought out in poetry.”
is bound up among some rascally pamphlets, there is
written on the fly-leaf the date 1759. Just one hundred In conclusion, I would express an opinion that years ago, you see. The work is anonymous; but in a if any
other grand natural phenomenon were ex- manuscript table of contents to the collection of amined by the light of its poetical expression, the miscellanies of which it forms part, I find written By best poetry would conform to the best science. the author, and is to be sold by T. Legg, at the Parrot, When the poet Campbell, addressing the rainbow, Green Arbour Court, in the Little Old Bailey.' Was the said,
authorship mere guess-work on the part of the owner of I ask not proud Philosophy
the book, or was. Tom Legge’really the writer of 'Low To teach me what thou art,
Life,' and, if so, who was "Tom Leggo'? Mr. Peter did he suppose that a knowledge of Sir Isaac Cunningham, or a contributor to Notes and Queries, may Newton's account of that beautiful phenomenon
be able to inform us." would cool his poetic zeal ? Apparently he did,
What I want to know is, whether any confor he goes on to say :
tributor to N. & Q.' has ever answered the double When Science from Creation's face
query; and, if not, can any one do so now? I Enchantment's veil withdraws,
rather fancy that if the veteran G. A. S. was What lovely visions yield their place
unable to solve the mystery, that must be a Thoms To cold material laws.
secundus who could succeed where he failed. Nevertheless, a little science would have saved However, the solution is worth attempting, and him from the absardity of seeing the rainbow may possibly now be compassed by some such
Thoms secundus in ‘N. & Q. Mr. Sala hints at ORIGIN OF THE DOUBLE F AS AN INITIAL. (See the authorship of the little volume thus :- 8th S. ii. 456.)-This subject having been mooted
"There are passages in it irresistibly reminding one of in ‘N. & Q.,'I am glad to have an opportunity of Goldsmith; but the offensive and gratuitous coarseness saying a few words, as the genesis of the initial f in the next page destroys that theory. Our Oliver was was not mentioned'in my History of the Alpbapure. But for the
dedicatory epistle to the great painter bet,' nor, so far as I am aware, bas it been ex: I could take an affidavit that Low Life' was written by plained in any palæographical work. It is not William Hogarth. And why not, granting even the fulsome correct to say, as at the above reference, that dedication? Hogarth could have more easily written this "the capital F is a combination of two small f's, calendar of Town Life than the ' Analysis of Beauty,'; the curl in the middle being the remnant of the and the sturdy grandiloquent little painter was vain second f." Our capital i is, like our other tory epistle, if, in a work of satire, he had chosen to capitals, a return to the Roman lapidary form, assume the anonymous. Perhaps, after all, the book was which was used in MSS. written in what are written by some clever, observant, deboshed man out of technically called "square capitals.” At the same Grub Street, who had been wallowing in the weary time, it is perfectly true that in the "set Chancery London trough for years, and had eliminated at last some hand” of the fourteenth century a capital F takes pearls which the other swine were too piggish to dis- the form ff, which appears to consist of two small cern."
G. A. S. concludes his racy preface with the f's; but if we trace this form backwards for some observation that
two hundred years, it will be found that what “if in the year 1959, some historian of the state of appears to be the second small f is in reality manners in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, merely a prolongation of the vertical tick at the points an allusion in a foot-note by a reference to an old extremity of the upper horizontal bar of the book called Twice Round the Clock,'......that reference capital F. In the twelfth century a fashion arose will be quite enough of reward for your friend. Mac-of prolonging this tick downwards till it became does
not disdain to put the obscurest of North German as long, or nearly as long, as the vertical stem of pamphleteers into the witness-box ; albeit he often dis- F, thus_giving a form somewhat resembling a misses him with a cuff and a kick. At all events, we capital H with a cross-bar at the top. It is this may be quoted some of these days, dear Gus, even if we elongated tick which has been mistaken for a are kicked into the bargain."
second f. People who spell their names with ff Should this note come under the eyes of the are merely using an obsolete law hand. Mr. genial G. A. S. he will see he has been referred Jones might just as reasonably spell his name to and quoted before 1959, and—not "kicked.” Iones. From the "set Chancery” hand came the
J. B. S. later“court hands," in some of which, as well as GARNETT : Hawtrer. (See gth S. ii. 414.)– in some copy-book hands, there is "a curl in the The statement appearing in the Admission Register middle of F,” which may be considered as the of St. Paul's School, that John Garnett (admitted survival of a fragment of the downward tick at the June 24, 1763, aged nine) was the son of
end of the upper bar of F, which got attached to a cook in Fetter Lane, London, clearly stands in the end of the middle bar; but, as our printing need of correction in respect of the said scholar's types have not descended from the law hands, the parentage and age (Gardiner's 'Admission Regis- tick at the end of the middle bar of our capital FM ters of St. Paul's School,' 1884, p. 128). It may is, in fact, the tick of the Roman “square capital.” be noted that the father of Joba Garnett, admitted
Isaac TAYLOR. sizar of Trinity College, Cambridge, January 28, “GUY FAWKES, GUY!"-As we are informed 1775, æt. 24, B.A. 1779, M. A. 1782, D.D. 1810, by the press that the old-fashioned celebration of Dean of Exeter from 1810 to the date of his death the 5th of November is flickering out, even in in 1813, was John Garnett, D.D. (1709-1782), old-fashioned Lewes, which was foremost in its Bishop of Clogher, of whom a brief account is fur- anti-Papal enthusiasm, it would seem desirable to nished in 'Dict. Nat. Biog.,' vol. xxi. p. 5. place on record, for the benefit of future Brands
The Rev. John Hawtrey was the son of the and Hones, any ditties sung by the grimy cele-
Il rauco suono del Tartarea tromba.
Norwich. Rector of Hitcham, Bucks.
JARNDYCE.-A diligent search through the 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.
indices to 'N. & Q.' fails to discover any reference