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Telegraphic address, Bookmen, London,
LOvdon, SATURDAY, JANUARY 14, 1883.
(x. 189). The Rev. Philip Tenison, D.D.,
the archdeacon, died June 15, 1660, cet, fortyCONTENT 8.-N° 55.
eigbt, M.I. in Bawbergh Church, near Norwich, NOTES :-The Tennysons and Archbishop Tenison, 21
Poets in a Thunderstorm, 22-Tom Legge, 23-Garnett :
the argent (ib. ii. 391). Philip was clearly John's Great Simple Simon'-Gelert in India, 25-Church Brasses-First Provincial Theatre Royal-Berkshire Villages in 'Kenilworth,' 26-Haydn’s ‘ Dictionary of Dates,'| The object of this note is to suggest a clue to 27.
the father of these two clerical brethren, and one QUERIES :-“Cross - purposes" -- " Brouette," 27 — Mont
could almost take it for granted that he too was a gomery-Charles Lamb-Heraldic-J. Treworgie-"ShilJam eidri" - Richard Smith - Paganini -" Wiggin" Aldine Swift' " Philazer" -"De mortuis nil nisi
bridge. Since my reply (706 S. xii. 252) I have bonum," 28-Claypoole-St. Thomas's Day Custom-St. Clement's Day-Anne Vaux-“Kodak" --John Cutts
looked into the pedigree and been aided by some "Trissino Type," 29.
notes of wills at York, for which I am indebted to REPLIES :-Portraits of Burns, 29 - Sophy Daws, 30 — my friend Dr. Sykes, F.S.A. This will is to the Busby, 31-Rev. George Oroly-"To bone"-Poems in the
point :Greek Anthology-Bale, 32-Bucketing-Legend of St. Ffraid,"To Warp "-Chalks-Yates Family, 33-Jennings “Christopher Tennysone of Riell geoman......my father -Fathers of the House of Commons-Col. Charters-
John Tennyson deceased......my son Marmaduke......my A.M. and P.M., 34–Ben Price_" Availed of"-Life of
son John at Cambridge......my son Edward......my wife Lockhart-Old Lease-Mottoes-Essex,' 35-Royal Scots Greys- Printers' Errors - Leather Money-Chalk - Por
Elizabeth......my daughter Katharine......my uncle traits Wanted-Tycho Wing_Tristram Shandy,' 36 Thornton of Hull. Dated March 1, 22 Eliz. (1579/80). • The Office of the Blessed Virgin' - Life of Daniel Defoe' --Gemmace-Italian Idiom, 37—“Yele"-Sir G. Downing
I have mentioned the will of Christopher's -Authors Wanted, 39.
father in my previous note, also John Thornton, NOTES :-Allen's 'Attis of Caius Valerius Catullus'- Mor
ley's English Writers,' Vol. IX. - Stoke d'Abernon'-Imanor of Ryall, with lands there and in “ Pawle" Weale's Rock's Hierurgia'-Lewis's Ancient Laws of Wales.'
and other places, by fine, Easter T., 1566 (Dr. Notices to Correspondents.
Collins's 'York Fines,' i. 319).
In 1597 licence was granted to John Teppyson,
B. D. of Downham, diocese of York, to marry Anne Notes.
Haldenby, “gent.” (sic), of Gemling, in the
parish of Foston (-on-the-Wolds), Yorksh. Archcol. THE TENNYSONS AND ARCHBISHOP TENISON. I Journal, vol. x. p. 35. I take this to be the son
In ‘N. & Q.,' 3rd S. viii, 454, I find it stated by John at Cambridge, 1579-80, though proof is J. B. P. that there is in the Tennyson family "awanting. Apne was no doubt daughter of Philip tradition of long standing that it is descended from Haldenby, seventh and youngest son of Robert a collateral relative of Archbishop Tenison," in Haldenby, Esq., of Haldenby, by Anne, daughter spite of the difference in spelling the name.' No of Thomas Boynton, Esq., of Barmston, in Holderdoubt attempts would have been made to prove or ness. She is a legates in the will of her uncle disprove this statement, but for the deterrent fact Jobn Haldenby, of Patrington, gent., dated to which W. C. B. drew attention (6th S. xi. 153), May 5, 1591. " that the name of Tennyson is and has been for I shall be very much surprised if John and centuries one of the commonest in Holderness." Apne are not the parents of John and Philip. The archbishop's descent from the Yorkshire stock Probably John obtained a benefice in the diocese has hardly been suspected, so far as I am aware of Ely, I could find nothing about him at Downespecially after the statement in Burke's 'Landed bolme, near Richmond. Gentry' (first edition, p. 1375) that his family The arms, with unimportant variations, Gules, “go early as the reign of Edward I. was represented in a bend between three leopards' heads jessant Oxford hire in the persons of Henry, John and William fleurs-de-lis, borne by the good archbishop and the Tvnesende, mentioned in the Hundred Rolls.”
lamented poet, are of most unsatisfactory origin, as Could anything be less likely than that the name a reference to Papworth's laborious Ordinary of of Tenison should be a corruption of “atte Towns-Arms' (p. 930) will reveal at once. They are end "? On the same page we read that the Rev. nothing more por less than the arms of Dennys, John Tenison, the archbishop's father, was son of an old West of England family, and illustrate the Dr. Philip Tenison, Archdeacon of Norwich, who improper use of a dictionary of arms, which the died 1660. If we turn to Blomefield's 'History of heralds themselves were often guilty of in a most Norfolk' we find that Philip was eleven years flagrant way. Tennyson may be Parson Evans's younger than John, who is made his son. pronunciation of Dennison; but in ancient heraldry The Rev. John Tenison, B.D., died June 25, there was a reason for everything, here nothing 1671, æt. seventy-two, M.I. Topcroft Church but a suggestio falsi. The arms of Cantelupe were
THE POETS IN A THUNDERSTORM. (Concluded from 8th S. ii. 483.) The progress of scientific discovery has the effect on the best minds, and eventually on the public generally, of correcting erroneous impressions, so as to guide men nearer and nearer until they reach the truth as it is in mature. No great discovery remains long without effecting this kind of beneficent reform, and it may be traced as a result of Franklin's bold experiment which identified lightning with electricity. For example, a thunderstorm as described by Byron would naturally be a very different affair from a thunderstorm described by Thomson. The change does not consist in the difference between knowledge and ignorance, but in the mode of treatment. The one is content to describe in picturesque language what he sees and hears; the other attempts to explain what is altogether beyond the range of the knowledge of his day. Byron did not profess to be a scientific poet, but he was sufficiently discreet to confine his muse within the limits of accurate description. The poet of the future will have to do more than this. Descriptive poetry has had its day—it is exhausted; so that future numbers will have to conform to the scientific spirit of the time, otherwise they will be lacking in the most essential feature of all good writing—namely, truth to nature. The change here indicated has been making progress during the whole of the present century. Formerly it was not expected that a poet should be acquainted with science, so that much surprise was expressed when Coleridge was seen attending Davy's lectures at the Royal Institution. When asked what business he had there, he replied, “To lay in a new stock of ideas 1” The first poem, so far as I know, that appeared after Franklin's discovery, and described a thunderstorm, was one by W. Falconer, published in 1762, entitled “The Shipwreck, a Poem in Three Cantos, by a Sailor.” The ship was a merchantman, the Britannia, bound from Alexandria to Venice, but, being overtaken by a storm, she was driven out of her course, and wrecked on the coast of Greece, near Cape Colonne. The writer seems to have had some knowledge of electricity, judging from his reference to the “electric wire,” but his account of the thunder
storm is in a bad style of inflated poetry. He begins by supposing the thunder to be prepared in the torrid zone, and to be supplied to the temperate zone as it is wanted. Now thunders, wafting from the burning zone, Growl from afar, a deaf and hollow groan Portentous meteors blaze on the masts; ethereal doom lurks behind impenetrable shade (whatever that may mean); but when the author personifies the storm his bathos is complete:– It seem’d, the wrathful angel of the wind Had all the horrors of the skies combin'd; And here, to our ill-fated ship oppos'd At once the dreadful magazine disclos'd. And lo! tremendous o'er the deep he springs, Th' inflaming sulphur flashing from his wings . Hark! his strong voice the dismal silence breaks . Mad chaos from the chains of death awakes l Loud and more loud the rolling peals enlarge, And blue on deck their blazing sides discharge. And more to the same effect. With reference to “th' inflaming sulphur” in the above passage, it must be remarked that a flash of lightning in the open causes the chief ingredients of the atmosphere to combine chemically into a compound known as nitric acid, which, descending with the rain, combines with the potash or the soda of the soil, and forms nitre; but when lightning enters an enclosed space it generates ozone, or some of the lower oxides of nitrogen, the odour of which is well known to the chemist, but popularly it is said to resemble the fumes of burning sulphur. In my young days I heard Braham, and more recently Sims Reeves, sing the popular ballad, “The Bay of Biscay, O' The words, by Andrew Cherry, were apparently suggested by Falconer's poem, as in the line— The skies asunder torn, a deluge pour— and one or two other corresponding passages. In the ballad the tyranny of rhyme seems to have compelled the author to some irregularity in his tenses, the first four lines reading thus:— Loud roared the dreadful thunder, The rain a deluge showers; The clouds were rent asunder By lightning's vivid powers. It must be admitted that “showers” is rather a mild word for a “deluge.” It may also be objected that the lightning seems to act as a force external to the cloud, instead of being an integral portion of it. But, apart from these objections, the ballad is effective in its movement, and the more so when rendered by a good voice. In bringing these examples to a close, it may be remarked that a good modern poet, while indulging in the highest flights, will not offend against scientific accuracy. Thus, when Shelley was among the Euganian hills he heard how
the tempest fleet Hurries on with lightning feet.
So also Wordsworth, in addressing the clouds, ex
Mirror'd in the ocean vast claims, in a noble apostrophe
A thousand fathoms down.
The works of Tennyson and Browning bear
testimony to the assiduity with which these two And again :
great poets cultivated a varied knowledge; and, Utter your devotion with thund'rous voices.?" to go further back, we are reminded of the answer And in his homely poem of “The Waggoner' be given by Petrarch to one who asked him what is still true to nature. Benjamin and his team he ought to know in order to become a poet. are overtaken by a storm at night among the The reply was, “Everything !" and he might have mountains. It is so dark that he and his horses cited his own example in learning all that he are perplexed :-.
could, as well as that of the great author of the Astounded in the mountain gap.
'Divine Comedy,' who embodied in his works literWith thunder peals, clap after clap,
ally all the intellectual knowledge of bis time. Close treading on the silent flasheg
O. TOMLINSON, F.R.S.
Tom LEGGE. — In the preface of Mr. G. A.
Sala's gossipy Twice Round the Clock'the followA rending o'er his head begins the fray again.! ing passage honestly explains how the title of his Lastly, Byron, in the third canto of Childe book came to that versatile author's fancy :Harold, describes a thunderstorm in Switzerland, “It would be a sorry piece of vanity on my part to which occurred at midnight on June 13, 1816. imagine that the conception of the bistory of a day and He notices the awful stillness which precedes it:
night in London is original. I will tell you how I came
to think of the scheme of Twice Round the Clock.' All heaven and earth are still-though not in sleep,
Four years ago (1855), in Paris, my then master in But breathless,
literature, Mr. Charles Dickens, lent me a little thin until
octavo volume, which, I believe, bad been presented to From peak to peak, the rattling crags among
him by another master of the craft, Mr. Thackeray, Leaps the live thunder! Not from one lone cloud,
entitled-but I will transcribe the title-page in full: ‘Low But every mountain now bath found a tongue,
Life; or, one half the world knows not how the other And Jura answers, through her misty shroud,
half live. Being a critical account of what is Transacted Back to the joyous Alps, who call to her aloud !
by People of almost all Religions, Nations, Circumstances,
and Sizes of Understanding, in the Twenty-Four Hours, The description is too long to quote, and, indeed,
ago quote, and, laced, between Saturday Night and Monday Morning. In á too well known; but Sir Walter Scott's criticism
| true Description of a Sunday, as it is usually spent on it may not be so well known. He says : within the Bills of Mortality, calculated for the twenty“This is one of the most beautiful passages of the
of the most heantiful nasangha of the first of June. With an address to the ingenious and poem. The 'fierce and far delight' of a thunderstorm
ingenuous Mr. Hogarth. " Let Fancy guess the rest."is here described in verse almost as vivid as its light
Buckingham.' The date of publication is not given; but dings. The live thunder 'leaping among the rattling
internal evidence proves the opuscule to have been crage,' the voice of mountains, as if shouting to each
written during the latter part of the reign of George the other-the plashing of the big rain-the gleaming of
Second; and in the copy I now possess, and which I the wide lake, lighted like a phosphoric sea-present a
bought at & rarity' price, at å sale where it was picture of sublime terror, yet of enjoyment, often at
ignorantly labelled among the facetiæ-it is the saddest tempted, but never 80 well, certainly never better,
book, perhaps, that ever was written-in my copy, which
is bound up among some rascally pamphlets, there is brought out in poetry.”
written on the fly-leaf the date 1759. Just one hundred In conclusion, I would express an opinion that years ago, you see. The work is anonymous; but in a if any other grand natural phenomenon were ex- manuscript table of contents to the collection of amined by the light of its poetical expression, the
miscellanies of which it forms part, I find written By best poetry would conform to the best science.
Tom Legge.' The epigraph says that it is printed for
the author, and is to be sold by T. Legg, at the Parrot, When the poet Campbell, addressing the rainbow,
Green Arbour Court, in the Little Old Bailey. Was the said,
authorship mere guess-work on the part of the owner of I ask not proud Philosophy
the book, or was Tom Legge' really the writer of 'Low To teach me what thou art,
Life,' and, if so, who was Tom Legge'? Mr. Peter did he suppose that a knowledge of Sir Isaac
Cunningham, or a contributor to Notes and Queries, may Newton's account of that beautiful phenomenon
be able to inform us." would cool his poetic zeal? Apparently he did,
What I want to know is, whether any confor he goes on to say :
tributor to 'N. & Q.' has ever answered the double When Science from Creation's face
query; and, if not, can any one do so now? I Enchantment's veil withdraws,
rather fancy that if the veteran G. A. S. was What lovely visions yield their place
unable to solve the mystery, that must be a Thoms To cold material lawe.
secundus who could succeed where he failed. Nevertheless, a little science would have saved However, the solution is worth attempting, and him from the absurdity of seeing the rainbow may possibly now be com passed by some such Thoms secundus in ‘N. & Qi Mr. Sala hints at ORIGIN OF THE DOUBLE F AS AN INITIAL. (Seethe authorship of the little volume thus :
gia S. ii. 456.)—This subject having been mooted "There are passages in it irresistibly reminding one of in 'N. & Q.,'I am glad to have an opportunity of Goldsmith; but the offensive and gratuitous coarseness saying a few words, as the genesis of the initial f in the next page destroys that theory. Our Oliver was I was not mentioned in my History of the Alpbapure. But for the dedicatory epistle to the great painter
| bet,' nor, so far as I am aware, bas it been ex
hetime prefixed, and which is merely a screed of fulsome flattery, |
It 18 not I could take an affidavit that. Low Life' was written by plained in any palæographical work. William Hogarth. And why not, granting even the fulsome correct to say, as at the above reference, that dedication? Hogarth could have more easily written this “the capital F is a combination of two small f's, calendar of Town Life than the · Analysis of Beauty.'; the curl in the middle being the remnant of tbe and the sturdy grandiloquent little painter was vain
second f.” Our capital F is, like our other enough to have employed some back to write the prefa. tory epistle, if, in a work of satire, he had chosen to capitals, a return to the Roman lapidary form, assume the anonymous. Perhaps, after all, the book was which was used in MSS. written in what are written by come clever, observant, deboshed man out of technically called “square capitals.” At the same Grub Street, who had been wallowing in the weary | time, it is perfectly true that in the "set Chancery London trough for years, and had eliminated at last some
band” of the fourteenth century a capital F takes pearls which the other swine were too piggish to dis. cern."
the form ff, which appears to consist of two small G. A. S. concludes his racy preface with the
f's; but if we trace this form backwards for some observation that
two hundred years, it will be found that what “if in the year 1959, some bistorian of the state of 1.
appears to be the second small f is in reality manners in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, merely a prolongation of the vertical tick at the points an allusion in a foot-note by a reference to an old extremity of the upper horizontal bar of the book called Twice Round the Clock,'......that reference capital F. In the twelfth century a fashion arose will be quite enough of reward for your friend. Mac- of prolonging this tick downwards till it became aulay quotes broadsides and Grub Street ballade. Carlyleaslon
e as long, or nearly as long, as the vertical stem of does not disdain to put the obscurest of North German pamphleteers into the witness-box; albeit he often dis
F, thus giving a form somewhat resembling a misses him with a cuff and a kick. At all events, we capital H with a cross-bar at the top. It is this may be quoted some of these days, dear Gus, even if we elongated tick which has been mistaken for a are kicked into the bargain."
second f. People who spell their names with ff Should this note come under the eyes of the | are merely using an obsolete law hand. Mr. genial G. A. S. he will see he has been referred Jones might just as reasonably spell his name to and quoted before 1959, and—not “kicked.” Iones. From the “get Chancery” hand came the
J. B. S. later" court hands,” in some of which, as well as GARNETT : HAWTREY. (See gth S. ii. 414.)
in some copy-book hands, there is "a curl in the The statement appearing in the Admission Register
middle of F,” which may be considered as the of St. Paul's School, that John Garnett (admitted
survival of a fragment of the downward tick at the June 24, 1763, aged nine) was the son of —
end of the upper bar of F, which got attached to a cook in Fetter Lane, London, clearly stands in
the end of the middle bar ; but, as our printing need of correction in respect of the said scholar's
types have not descended from the law hands, the parentage and age (Gardiner's ' Admission Regis.
tick at the end of the middle bar of our capital F ters of St. Paul's School,' 1884, p. 128). It may is, in fact, the tick of the Roman “square capital.” be noted that the father of John Garnett, admitted
ISAAC TAYLOR. sizar of Trinity College, Cambridge, January 28,1 "GUY FAWKES, GUY!”-As we are informed 1775, æt. 24, B.A. 1779, M.A. 1782, D.D. 1810, by the press that the old-fashioned celebration of Dean of Exeter from 1810 to the date of his death the 5th of November is flickering out, even in in 1813, was John Garnett, D.D. (1709-1782), old-fashioned Lewes, wbich was foremost in its Bishop of Clogher, of whom a brief account is fur- anti-Papal enthusiasm, it would seem desirable to nished in 'Dict. Nat. Biog.,' vol. xxi. p. 5.
place on record, for the benefit of future Brands The Rev. John Hawtrey was the son of the land Hones, any ditties sung by the grimy celeRev. Charles Hawtrey (died 1770), of King's brants of the doom of the miserable Guido. That College, Cambridge, B.A. 1710, M.A. 1714, there were many such versicles chanted hoarsely instituted to the rectory of Wootton Courtney, round the land is certain ; and now seems the time, Somerset, February 26, 1729, Rector of Dunton, if, indeed, it be not too late, to rescue these staves Essex, Chaplain to Dr. Weston, Bishop of Exeter, from the oblivion of, Rector of Heavitree, Devon, and sub-Dean of
- Il rauco suono del Tartarea tromba. Exeter, by a daughter of Richard Sleech, D.D., Fellow and Assistant Master of Eton College, and
Norwich. Rector of Hitcham, Bucks.
DANIEL HIPWELL. JARNDICE. — A diligent search through the 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.
| indices to‘N. & Q.' fails to discover any reference