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ELIZABETA AND MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS. Queene Elizabeth.-A memorial of certaine matters

| committed to or servante Thomas Randolpho sento to No character in history or fiction has excited our good Syster the Queene of Scottes the xxth of 80 much sympathy as that of the beautiful young August 1563. Queen of Scots, whose career began so brilliantly Of fyrst ye shall declare we have founde you agreeable and ended so disastrously. By some she was con- to bir for the intertuinment of the amitie betwixt us, sidered a saint, by others regarded as a woman wee haue presently sent you to declare our minde in á devoid of every feeling of natural affection and be well used by us bothe may bringe a contineuall com

| matter of suche weight as the importance thereof if it right principle. In writing her life there appears to fort to us bothe and an immortall weale to both our bave been a difficulty in obtaining trustworthy in. contries and beingo contrarly used must needes bringe formation from contemporary documents. Hosack, notable discontentation to us both and irraparable damage in his work 'Mary, Queen of Scots,' alludes fre- to our countrye. The matter is the marriage of our

sister wh. we wishe most fortunate to hir, and see great quently to the loss and disappearance of important

cause to doubt whether that which maye bauo appar. papers, and those he quotes are Randolph's replies

ance to some of bir ffrindes of happiness maye not or communications to Cecil, consequently be judges proue manifestly to the contrarie and for dischardge of Randolph more as a court spy or gossip than as our frendshippe and for satisfaction of our sisters an emissary, which he really was, sent to mediate

request wee haue not only deeply thought theron, but

haue thought it necessarie by you to advertise hir what between two rival queens.

wee thinke therein both meete and unmeete for her to The following instructions, given by Queen understande and necessarie for us by waie of frendshippe Elizabeth through her Privy Council, I have to declare : and herein wes do persist for the order of transcribed from a very curious old MS. book our consideration in the same sorte as we partely shewed written in the latter part of Queen Elizabeth's our minde to hir secretarie the L Liddington.

First ther is to be by hir considered which is of reign. They are indited in Privy Council hand

greate moment in all marriages the mutuall contenta. writing, and are Privy Council orders to different tion betwixto bothe the parties in respecte of their foreign ambassadors and others on various subjects private personages that the love maye probably haue of importance during the reigns of the last four continewance before God and man, Tudor sovereigps.

Secondly that the person maye be sucho as shee I could not find at the Bodleian Library any mave be sure of an unfained allowance and louo of hime

beinnge a Queene of a Realme and multytude of poople reference to similar orders, and so far as I know by hir Realme bir nobilitie and Comong. they are unique, and, therefore, will be very in- Thirdly that the choise be suche as the amitie wb. is teresting. They show how complete the instruc- nowe 80 straight betwixt us not only for our owne tions to Randolph were, and very far from being persons but also for our nations, maye be continued and

| not disolued nor diminished. written in a friendly spirit. It may be plainly

Of the first and second you may saie althoughe we seen that the English queen considered her Scotch

doubt not but shee and hir councelle sball finde mucha “sister" as subservient to her will and pleasure. to be considered yet we will thus passe them over : for

At the time of these matrimonial intrigues bir owne contentacion consideringe our sister hath Mary was only twenty-one years of age and hertofore been married we doubt not but shee will

I theirin be well advised and therin we can suie verie Elizabeth was nine years her senior. The latter the

little. appears to bave looked upon the Scotch queen's

For the seconde we could saio muche, but that wee narriage in a business-like way, which must have knowe shee hath good and faithfull counsello who can been distasteful to the young warm-hearted woman, judge what is meete for the pollicie of that Realme And who felt keenly her desolate and defenceless posi- because we will not enter into the considerations of the

conditions of the people of another prince we will for

beare : only wishinge our sister to thinke no rule nor Elizabeth's character never has been and never

Gouernmento either easie or happie that is kepte by can be understood. She seems to have been devoid force or subject to, alterations, but contrary wise, that of affection; she could not have offered Lord Robert only happie that is ruled by naturall allowance of the Dudley in marriage to the Scotch queen had she nation.

The thirde and last is the matter most properly cared for him herself, nor would motives of

belongioge to us to give advise in and 80 royally apper. ambition or policy have restrained her from

tayninge to us bothe as the good direction there of must marrying him had she really loved him. May not breede either notable contentacions or what be disquietmotives of policy have weighed with Elizabeth in nesse besides common profitte or damage to our Kyngrefraining from marriage, though it was so often domes. Buggested, there being so many objections to all

The seekinge of husband for our sister is honorable

and convenient for hir and a thinge we like verie well in her suitors, whether subjects or not? The whole

bir althoughe hitherto wo hauo not founde such dislife of the Virgin Queen is a mystery so far as position in our selfe : remittinge never the lesse our regards herself; no proof can now be forthcoming minde and barte to be directed by the almightie God as to decide it; but in the matter of the Scotch it shall best please bime for his bonor and the wealth queen it is certain that the evidence as it comes of our team:

* But here in we consider that to seeke such a hua. to light goes far to prove that Elizabeth was guilty bando as we well manie waies perceave, is sought for in of great heartlessness to a young, friendless, and the Emperor's lineage by her uncle the Cardinall of defenceless woman.

Lowrrayne of whose former practises against us wee have

tion.

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hadd good experience must needes bringe a manifest danger to our privat amitye, an apparannt occasion to dissolue the concord that is presently betwixt our nations, and thirdly an Interruption of suche a course as otherwise might be taken to farther and advance suche right or title as shee might haue to succeade us in this Crowne, if we shoulde departe without issue of our bodye. For our private amitie we cannot forbeare but frankly lett our Sister understande that by suche a manner of marriage as we take this to be intended by some of hir uncles we do well judge that no good is intended towardes us: And how we can contineu our amitie where so great cause shalbe mynistered we meane not by our Sister for we thinke so frindly of hir that for hir owne part shee will neuer seeke to breake the amitie we must leave it to be judged by hir selfe. But althoughe we should contende for the frend. shippe that is betwixte us with nature that is not disaloue that which wee know is intended against us yet our sister shall playnly understande that there be many causes whie this kinde of marriage should speedely dissolue the naturall concorde that is betwixte our nations. And to repaire that, wee must confesse that neither it shall rest in the power of hir now of us. Lastly to consider hir owne particuler which in waie of friendshippe towardes hir we do most weight we do assure hir by some present prooffe that we haue in our Realme upon some smale reporte made hereof, we well perceave that we do not intermedle and interpend our authority, it will not be longe before it shals appeare that as muche as witte can imagine wilbe used to impeache hir intention for the furtheraunce of hir title And consideringe the humours of suche as (excepte our Authoritie and the feare of us shall staie them) mynde theare owne particular what can our sister thinke more hurtfull to hir, then by this manner of proceedinge of her frindes, that be not of hir naturall nation of hir kingdome, first to indaunger the amitie betwixt us, Secondly to dyssolue the concorde betwixt toe such mightie nations, and lastly disapointe hir of more then euer they shall recouer, wherefor you shall conclude, that our advise is shee should not be thus abused under Fo of greatnes to hazarde not only the wealth of ir country, but also the expectation of mor then all hir friends can procure hir: And farther then this our meaninge is that you shall not proceede: But yf soo that shee shall thinke of this maner of advise, and shall preasse you to knowe precisely what we would haue hir do, and what manner of marriage shee should seeke then if you see no other meanes to content ye shall saie we are content if our Sister will in hir marriage haue regarde to theese thinges and content us and this our nation in hir marriage upon assured knowledge hereof to proceede to the inquisition of that right or title to be our nexte cosen and heire and to further that which shall appear avantageouse for hir and to hinder and impeache that which shall seeme to the contrarie usinge also therein such meanes as maye be to the contentacion of our Realme both of our nobilities and Commons. And yf shee shall preasse upon you what kinde of marriage you thinke mighte best content us and our realme you maye well saie that it must be such as maye not be apparante to us or our people that it is only sought to procure trouble to this realme, as shee save was done in the tym of hir marriage the Frenche Kinge. And therefore you maye said you can but wyshe that ther might be funde, some noble person of great birthe within this, our Realme that might be agreeable

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JUDGE JEFFREYS'S HOUSE IN DUKE STREET. (Continued from p. 203.) With regard to the exact site of Judge Jeffreys's house, we have Strype's testimony (in Stow's ‘Survey of London,’ bk. vi. p. 64) that the house stood at the south end of Duke Street, that it had “a fair pair of freestone stairs” into St. James's Park, and that passing by Jeffreys's house “on the same side beginneth a short street called De la Hay Street.” This was published in 1720. The house he also tells us was made use of, for a time, for the Admiralty until the office was thenceremoved to Wallingford House, against Whitehall, as more convenient, and built at King William's charge. Further there is a plan of St. James's Park drawn by Knyffe, and engraved by Kip, which is reproduced on a greatly reduced scale on p. 54 of vol. iv. of Cassell's “Old and New London,” wherein the date of the plan is given as temp. Charles II., owing, no doubt, to the absence from the royal arms of the inescutcheon bearing King William's paternal arms of Nassau. But as the plan shows the fair pair of freestone stairs built in the reign of James II., and also the “Admiraltie” housed in Duke Street, the plan cannot be older than the reign of William and Mary. On the small scale plan in Cassell's book the double flight of stairs got smudged and looks like a counterfort on the inside of the park wall. Finally there is a plan of part of the parish of St. Margaret's, in J. T. Smith's ‘Antiquities of Westminster’ (the copy before me bears date of publication 1807), from a drawing formerly in the possession of the Westminster Bridge Commissioners. The date assigned to it by Smith is between 1734 and 1748; but it must be older than the latter date, as it shows the old George Yard and the surrounding houses as they stood before Great George Street was built. There is no scale given on the plan, but it seems to be a careful survey. Measuring at random a few distances between some well-defined points still in existence, I compute the scale to be about four feet to a mile. Viewing this plan by the light of the evidence already furnished, there is no difficulty in identi

or or if that shall not be yet of some other country beinge one whome neither we nor our realme should Pomanifest cause to judge to be sought for the truble

fying the site of the house once inhabited by Judge Jeffreys. Pitt tells us that Storey lived at

the “backside” of Princes Court. His small the bottom of the present stairs leading down into house and the passage referred to in Sir Henry the park at the end of Charles Street. Fane's petition are shown on the plan next to the 1 Moses Pitt disappears from the scene in 1691. Long Ditch (now Princes Street) and the passage Further particulars about him will probably be is named “Storey's Gate," which name still exists found in his widow's petition to the Lords of the though the plan of the passage has been greatly Treasury, dated Dec. 31, 1702. altered. The passage at the north side of Webb's The Treasury Papers made use of in this article house is also shown, and the distance from the back are those numbered 45 in vol. xiv.; 25 in vol. xxii., of the houses on the north side of Princes Court and 2 in vol. xxiii. to Webb’s passage, nearly opposite Crown Court, The next query is whether the house demolished scales about 570 feet, which is the length given in last year was or was not the same as the one built Sir William Harbord's report. Measuring back by Pitt and inhabited by Jeffreys. Judging by seventy feet from Webb's passage there is a fence several features in the construction of the buildings line which is clearly the southern boundary of disclosed during their demolition, I should feel Webb's house, though no buildings are shown inclined to answer the query in the negative. But on the slip belonging to the park. Another fifty probably more conclusive proof will be forthfeet brings us to the next house, clearly the one coming. One of your correspondents quoted Leigh then inhabited by the Earl of Scarsdale, whose Hunt, according to whom only a remnant of Jefwall, we know from the Treasury Papers, was the reys's mansion existed in his days, which served as southern boundary of Mrs. Webb's yard, devoted a chapel of ease to St. Margaret's. Unfortunately no to the breeding and' nursing of young and weak chapter and verse is given for this statement. Leigh fowl. There are only five buildings standing on Hunt was born in 1784, and died at a ripe old age the “ freeboard” of the park, namely, Storey's in 1859, and as he was a very prolific writer, it house, another house which forms the north side would be like looking for the proverbial needle in of his gate, two wings at the elbow of Duke Street the baystack to try to find the passage in his works. and occupying the sites of what are to-day Nos. 1 Perhaps your correspondent could supply the reand 2, Chapel Place, and a house at the back of ference, or, better still, the year, when the statement the Earl of Scarsdale's, now No. 23 (late 25) De first appeared in print. Perhaps Mr. Walford labay Street. One of the wings, the one immedi- will also let us into the secret where he got his ately north of the passage leading to what is now information about the demolition of the mansion, known as Chapel Place, is marked as a chapel, and and kindly tell us how Shepherd's view got into on another plate, also published by Smith, pamely Cassell's book,

L. L, K. on the plan of Duck Island, the chapel is identified by Smith (in 1807) as Judge Jeffreys's cause PEG WOFFINGTON'S RECANTATION. (See ante. room, but no authority is given for the statement. p. 205).-Since writing my previous note I find The chapel is shown standing on the vacant ground that Dr. Doran has touched upon this subject in behind the houses, and does not extend across the the chapter on Margaret Woffington, in his whole depth of the block into Duke Street, as Annals of the Stage. It is much to be regretted, shown on Stanford's 'Library Map of London,' bowever, that the somewhat feasible solution to pablished in 1862, and many edition of it since the mystery therein afforded is largely discounted

There cannot be much doubt about it that the in value by the picturesque and not unpleasing " great house." originally built by Pitt, and let to vagueness which the chatty writer so much affected. Jeffreys stood on the site of the houses numbered In treating of the Woffington's sojourn in Dublin in Kelly's Post - Office Directory' of last year during the three seasons 1751 - 54, Dr. Doran Nos. 7, 9, and 11, Delabay Street, in the elbow at says :the south end of Duke Street, of which only No. 11 “It was at this time she took a stop which was sharply remains. The two wings subsequently erected for

canvassed—that of forsaking the church in which she the Lord Chancellor by Pitt and Mill occupied

was born, and putting her arm, as it were, under that of

Protestantiem. She went a long way and in strange the sites of Nos. 1 and 2, Chapel Place-Chapel

companionship too, in order to take this step. She and Place itself being the terrace mentioned by Sheridan made a pleasant excursion, on the occasion, Pitt. Only one flight of the fair pair of stairs

through Mullingar to Longford and Carrick on Shannon, remains.

and on, by Lough Allen and Drumshamboe, till they Crown Court, with its continuation, Bell Yard,

stood on the verge of the Pot of the Shannon.

“Murphy fancies that as Roman Catholics could not shown on our plan was subsequently remodelled

then legally wear a sword, she renounced her old faith and renamed Crown Street, whicb, together with that she might carry one, in male characters, without the next street, Fludyer Street, existed till about offending the law! This is sheer nonsense. But whatthe beginning of the sixties, when they both dis- |

ever took her to the little village on the mountain side, appeared and their site is now occupied by the

it is impossible to conceive a more striking contrast than

| the one between this magnificent district, where occasionnew Foreign Office.

ally an eagle may be seen sweeping between Quilca and Mrs. Webb's poultry-yard occupied the site at Sliev na Eirin, with Covent Garden or Smock Alley! I

do not know if at that period, as till lately, the Primate and I hope to find some oxlips as well.” That is of Ireland had a little shooting-box on a platform of the bringing it to a point ; and I shall be very glad if mountain, but to the modest residence, still existing, of a the Protestant pastor Sheridan and Margaret took their

either of the above gentlemen will, as I am sure way; and there the brilliant lady enrolled herself as a he can, clear up the uncertainty once for all. member of the church by law established. The in- A lady to whom I mentioned the matter writes fluences wbich moved her to this were simply that she to me: “I saw the other day a French person would not lose her chance of an estate for the sake of whom I know (not a lady), and I asked about the the old religion in which she had been baptized. Hermolinsh ex-admirer MacSwiney, had left her heiress to his estate.com

cowslip. She said at once, 'Oh, oui ; c'est bien of 2001. a year; and that the bequest might be legal, and peigle. Do 1 Lperglej musu ve provincial the succession uncontested, the frail Margaret qualified is, no doubt, the case, as I do not find it in any for prospective fortune by declaring herself a Pro- of my French dictionaries. It is curious that in testant, in the presence of competent witnesses."

Essex cowslips, and in Suffolk buttercups, are One cannot but marvel at the extraordinarily called “paigles.” See ‘N. & Q.,' 3rd S. i. 330, periphrastic indication of the locality; quite Glad- and 4th S. vi. 155; see also a long list of flowers stonian in its linked sweetness long drawn out. in Ben Jonson's Masque ‘Pan's Anniversary,' Can any reader of N. & Q.'say at what period Peg where the word — whatever it means here-is spelt first became acquainted with her boary-headed |“ pagles” (Gifford's 'Ben Jonson,' ed. 1860). admirer's beneficent intentions ? An occurrence In 'N. & Q.,' 4th S. vi. 155, it is stated, in an which Burke alluded to shortly after his arrival in editorial note, that “fleur de paralysie" is a London as a matter of past history but dimly re- French pame for the cowslip. Neither M. Gasc called to mind could not by any possibility have por P

| nor Prof. Roubaud gives this, but in Spiers “herbe taken place during the “ three seasons 1751-54.” | à la paralysie” is defined as “common primrose.". If one could only unearth the data which justified

JONATHAN BOUCHIER. Dr. Doran in giving utterance to his dogmatic Ropley, Alresford. assertion concerning the MacSwiney bequest, the FOLK-LORE OF HERRING FISHING.–The follow. mists surrounding this curious matter might be ing excerpt is from the Daily News of Dec. 3, readily dispelled.

W. J. LAWRENCE.

1892:

"Some still existing superstitions among fishermen PRIMROSE, CowSLIP, AND OXLIP IN FRENCH. are communicated by a resident in Fraserburgh to an -French dictionaries seem to be in somewhat of Aberdeen contemporary, the Daily Free Press. At the a fog with regard to the exact equivalents of these be

beginning of the herring season the crew all try to seize innocent-hearted flowers in French, nor does even

the herring first on board, to see if it be male or female.

If it is a male, their fishing may be expected to be a M. Gasc's most excellent dictionary (ed. 1889), poor one; if a female, a good one. Sometimes, however, quite clear up the difficulty. Under the head of the skipper secures it and hides it away, salting it, and “ Cowslip," M. Gasc gives coucou, brayette, and pris laying it past for the season. The boat must not be mevère commune: but then in the French. English | turned against the sun. Certain animals considered of division he explains brayette as“cowslip"(tbat agrees

ill omen must pot be spoken of in the boat, and ministers

in this respect occupy the same place as rabbits, hares, with the definition in the English-French division); and pigs. Fishermen do not like to lend anything to & coucou, as “cowslip, daffodil, ragged robin, barren neighbouring boat, lest their luck should go with it. If strawberry-plant”-a complex definition that leaves they lend a match, they will contrive-secretly if possible as all in the dark ; primevère, M. Gasc explains as

- to break it and keep part, hoping thereby to retain

their luck. Their dislike to have anything stolen is in“primrose, cowslip, oxlip, polyanthus.” Cowslips,

creased by the fear that the thief may have stolen their oxlips, and primroses, I am told, all belong to the luck with it. To ask the question, Where are you same genus; but surely they are different species ! going?' of any one who is going on board is equivalent A member of the Primrose League would not, I to destroying all his chances for that time. "Person8 imagine, consider that he had done his devoir if. with certain names are held to be of bad omen, the on Primrose Day, he laid a garland of cowslips or

| dreaded names being different in different villages." oxlips on Lord Beaconsfield's statue. Spiers ex

F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. plains brayette as "cowslip," which agrees with “THIRTY DAYS HATA SEPTEMBER.”—A paraM. Gasc, but Roubaud explains it as “common graph is going the round of the provincial press primrose," which throws us out again. Both Spiers attributing these well-known lines to a schooland Roubaud explain primevère as “primrose, master at Newcastle - on - Tyne, named Springcowslip, oxlip." An oxlip, in M. Gasc's dic- mann, who flourished there during the early years tionary, is primevère élevée. "Why primevère at all, of the present century. The blunder originated in if primevère is really a primrose? As M. Gasc a curious way. Eight or ten years ago a biography occasionally writes in 'N & Qui' would there be of Springmann appeared in the Newcastle Weekly any barm in asking him (or DNARGEL) to translate Chronicle, in which note was made of a practice the following sentence into such French as an which the old schoolmaster adopted of turning his educated French person would ordinarily use ?- lessons into rhymes, like the familiar lines “Thirty “I am going out to gather cowslips and primroses, days," &c. Somebody, misreading the article,

assumed that Springmann composed " the familiar be determined as if they related to one of the five lines," and has recently sent the error booming other specified dignities hereditary, viz., duke, through the press. A paragraph in ‘N. & Q.' may marquis, earl, viscount, baron. help to arrest the further progress of this stupid

CHARLES S. KING. blander. RICHARD WELFORD.

WARLOCK AND WITCH.—On June 12, 1827, there JAMES, SEVENTH EARL OF DERBY._I have a died in the poorhouse of Westerland, Sylt, one of the copy of a French memoir of James, seventh Earl strangest of the North Frisian islands, Johann Rex, of Derby, and Charlotte de la Trémouille, his wife,

more than pinety years old, “einst als Hexena thin pamphlet of nineteen pages, which has the

meister berüchtigt," and in the same month in the

same island the wife of Andreas Gideon, of Kamfollowing title-page :"Précis historique de La Vie de Jacques, Septième

pen, in the same island, “gewöbnlich Golann Comte de Derby, et de sa femme la Comtesse de Derby;

genannt, und als Hexe berüchtigt," was bitten by cotte dame distinguée etait la Princesse Charlotte de lá a mad dog, from whose wound she died (Hansen, Trémouille, fillle (sic) de Claude Duc de Thouars et de 'Chronik der Friesischen Uthlande,' p. 256). It ea femme la Princesse Charlotte Brabantino de Nassau, l is, perhaps, scarcely wonderful that this book, & fille de Guillaume premier Prince D'Orange, et de la Princesse Charlotte de Bourbon.”

mine of curious lore, is not better known, as it has

neither table of contents nor index, and the above There is no date, but the dedication is dated

curious note is embedded in a paragraph which “ Frimley ler Janvier, 1837." This dedication is

begins with the building of a poorhouse at Keitum, addressed “à son excellence le Duc de la Tré

and ends with the stranding at List of a dead mouille," as follows:

“Finnfisch," seventy-five feet long. “Monseigneur, Comme la Princesse Charlotte (Claude)

WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK. de la Trémouille, un des principaux personnages figurant

Glasgow. dans le présent mémoire descendait de la même maison quevous [sic] permettez moi devous [sic] en offrir

MUMMY SEEDS. -The illustrious surgeon and la dédicace, comme au chef actuel de cette maison illustre de la quelle la Princess de la Trémouille genial professor familiarly known as

genial professor familiarly known as “Tommy tire aussi son origine; et par son mariage avec | Bryant of Guys,” in his recent oration, dwells on lo Prince Louis de la Tremouille, votre frore, un plus this subject (see N. & Q.,' gtb S. ii. 55, 187, 296). jeune rejeton a été enté sur le même arbre dont elle

He first lays down the axiom “all the water in doscend dans la personne de ce lui qui a l'honneur d'être,

the world would not make dead seeds grow.” Monseigneur, avec la plus parfaite considération votre tros humble et tres dévoué serviteur, Alexander Murray.

Later on we read, “Mummy seeds, when watered, Frimley, ler Janvier, 1837."

will spring up with renewed vigour.” This gentleI shall be glad of any information about this

man must be regarded as a specialist, and he pamphlet or its author. It appears to me to bave

appears to credit certain reports as to the growth been printed in England and also to have been

of wheat from a mummy soed ; and we are therewritten in English and then translated into French,

| fore to infer that the process of embalming preas there are several misprints similar to those

serves vitality.

, A. H. indicated on the title-page and in the dedication.

JAMES II.'s COACHMAN. — A tablet to the It should be noted that in size it is imperial

| memory of this historic personage may be seen quarto, measuring nearly sixteen inches in length by thirteen inches and a half in breadth, and

affixed to the outer side of the north wall of the

| chancel of Ravensthorpe Church, Northamptonthere are ample margins round the text.

J. P. EARWAKER.

shire. It bears the following inscription :Pensarn, Abergele, N. Wales.

To the memory of

Mr. John Adams DIGNITIES HEREDITARY CREATED, NOT MADE.

wbo Departed this life

on yo 19th day of March 1698 - In the Times list of presentations at a recent

Also Susanna His Wife loveo I noticed that all save one of the new peer

Departed this life on ye 20th ages are described as “created," while one peerage

day of October 1737 in and all the baronetcies are described as "made."

the 86th year of ber Age

He wag Coachman to King James It might surely be expected that well-paid Court

the Second on his Departure out functionaries would know their business sufficiently

of this Kingdom, well to give correct information to the papers.

JOHN T. PAGE. Any one with a smattering of knowledge on the Holmby House, Forest Gate. subject knows that, under the letters patent of the Orown, all baronetcies, equally with peerages, are RAPID WRITING.-In an article on Mr. Marion created dignities, and an attempt to make a dis- Crawford, in the Review of Reviews for January, tinction between them in this respect is an infringe- it is stated that :ment of King James I.'s enactment that all ques. “When he gets his story into his head, he sits down at tions relating to the dignity of a baronet should his desk, and will write 150,000 words in twenty-five

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