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siderable additions. London: John Murray, Albemarle Street. MDCCCXxv.-8vo. pp. vi, 7-135. B.M. T. 1156 (1). B.M. Catalogue says: "By B. Disraeli." Lawyers and Legislators: or notes on the American mining companies. "A strange and a strong Delusion it is, wherewith these men have be witched the World; a forcible spirit of Error it must needs be, which hath brought men to such a senseless and unreasonable persuasion as this is." Hooker. London: John Murray, Albemarle Street. MDCCCXXV.-8vo. pp. viii, 99. B.M. T. 1156 (2).

The pamphlet is dedicated to George Canning "by his sincere admirer." The B.M. Catalogue says: "By B. Disraeli."


NOTES:- Beaconsfield Bibliography, 321 Grenville's 'Nuga Metrica-The Mid-day Angelus, 323-Old Gloves -Clevedon-Valuations of Property-Price of Cod in 1824 Vienna Press-Louis XVI., 324-0. G. Lewis-Cromwell's Hat-Marriage by Capture-Bow Street Runners-Hyde Park, 1824, 323-Basire Family-Nom de Plume-Tennyson: Poems by Two Brothers,' 326. QUERIES:-Marylebone Lane Green-Dr. Watts-Pedigree of Brian Boroimhe-"Yetminster" and "Ockford Samplers-Tying Straw to a Street-door-Barnard-Robert Auguillon-Earl of Lindsay's Coat of Arms, 327-Sir J. Pooly-Sir W. Crosby-Blackwater-Jacobite Bibliography -Clan Badges-The New Timon" Impossible, yet probable"-Father of Abigail Hill, 328-Trollope's Novels Alexander Walker-Fairman-Truro Stannary CourtChristian Cole-Lewin-George Townshend, 329. REPLIES:- Mere-stones-Gladstone Bibliography, 329"Dammer"-St. Govor's Well-Glasgow University Mace, The Star Chamber. Vol. I. Part I. For April 19330-Scottish Counties-Shakspeare and Green-Schola June 7, 1826. "He would diverse times goe into the Verluciana-Letters of Junius, 331-Wedding Wreaths, 332 Sedan-chair, 333-Sir T. Corry-Loops-Hell Fire Club-Star Chamber, as occasion would serve: there he spared "Jingo"-The Hollow Sword-blade Company-Dr. T. neither high nor lowe, but judged every estate according Zouch-Rubbers-Influenza, 334-Seventeenth Century to his merits and desertes." Cavendish's Life of Wolsey. Commonplace Book, 335-Hereford Cathedral-Evan- London: William Marsh, 145, Oxford Street.-8vo. pp. iv, Phenix-St. Thomas's Day Custom-Chesney-Oldest 154. B.M. P.P. 5865. Tree, 336-Lemgo-Feast of the Windy Sheet-Dr. M. Lister-Wife of Viscount Bourke-Folk-tale-In Memoriam-"Loosestrife," 337-Burial by Torchlight-"Corporal Violet"-Tennyson's Cambridge Contemporaries"Cousin Betty," 338-Turnbrigg-Damask Rose, 339. NOTES ON BOOKS:-Fowler's History of Corpus Christi College, Oxford '-Grosart's' Bower of Delights-Macray's Catalogi Codicum Manuscriptorum Bibliotheca Bodleiana-Baddeley's 'Queen Joanna of Naples.' Notices to Correspondents.

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The life of Paul Jones, from original documents in the possession of John Henry Sherburne, Esq., Register of the Navy of the United States. London: John Murray,

Albemarle Street. MDCCCXXV.-8vo. pp. xii, 320. B.M. 615 f. 11.

The Preface occupies pp. v-ix. It is unsigned. The B. M. Catalogue has this note concerning the book: "Abridged; with a preface by B. D."

An inquiry into the plans, progress, and policy of the American mining companies. Third edition, with con

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The B.M. Catalogue says this satirical journal is attributed to Benjamin Disraeli. Mr. Hitchman, in his 'Public Life of the Earl of Beaconsfield' (second edition, 1881, p. 12), says: "The paper was never acknowledged by Lord Beaconsfield, but from internal evidence an impartial observer will probably be disposed to conclude that he was mainly responsible for it." No. 2 & 3, for Wednesday, April 26, 1826, contains a notice of the two volumes of Vivian Grey' just published, consisting of a long extract describing the castle of the Carabas family and an equally long extract depicting Mr. Stapylton Toad. In No. 7, for May 24, appears A Key to Vivian Grey,' the originals having sometimes the first letter of the surname or title, and sometimes the last letter in addition. In No. 5, for May 10, appears a satirical poem, 'The Dunciad of To-day. The second portion appeared in No. 6, the whole consisting of 446 lines with copious notes. An eloquent tribute is paid to Keats in 11. 419-34. The second part concludes with the words "To be continued. A paragraph in No. 8 Dunciad of To-day' will be continued in our next number. The prose writers of the day will then pass the ordeal." The promise was, however, never fulfilled. The article in the ninth number, for June 7, headed 'Dissolution of Parliament,' contains the announcement: "With the cessation of the present Parliament, the sitting of the StarChamber will for the present cease.' " The following is the

Key to Vivian Grey.'
Vols. I. and II.

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Marquess of C- (Clanri-

Mr. B-m (Brougham)
Rt. Hon. G. C-g(Canning)
Colonel L-n

Earl of E-n (Eldon)

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Mr. H-n (Huskisson)
Lord P-(Porchester)
S-r G-, Esq.

Duke of W-Wellington)
Prince E-g (Esterhazy)
Mrs. C (Coutts)
J-P-, Esq., M.P.
Mr. S-R-

Lord Wm. L- (Lennox)
Mr. S-, M.P.
Marchioness of L-y (Lon-

Mr. Mc'h (Macculloch)
Sir T. W-, Bart.
Lady B-(Blessington)
Prince G-t-1 (Gortscha-

R. A-, Esq.
TH-k, Esq. (Theodore

Marq. of H-d (Hertford)
Mr. N-h (Nash)
Captain C-e

Lord C-e

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In the reprint of this key appended to the key to the third, fourth, and fifth volumes the name of the original of Mrs. Felix Lorraine is given as Lady Caroline) L(amb).

Vivian Grey.

"Why then the world 's mine oyster, Which I with sword will open."

Vol. I.

London: Henry Colburn, New Burlington Street. 1826.-12mo. B.M. N. 435.

Vol. i. has pp. iv, 266; vol. ii., pp. iv, 236. The dedication is characteristic:

“To the best and greatest of men I dedicate these volumes. He, for whom it is intended, will accept and appreciate the compliment: those, for whom it is not intended, will do the same."

See Star Chamber above, and also 1827, 1870, 1881, 1888, and 1892.

Vivian Grey.

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Why then the world's mine oyster,

Which I with sword will open."

Vol. III. London: Henry Colburn, New Burlington Street. 1827.-12mo. B.M. N. 435, 436.

Vol. iii. has pp. ii, 333; vol. iv., pp. ii, 362 ; vol. v., pp. iv, 324. These three volumes were issued in 1827. At the end of the Museum copy of vols. iv. and v. is bound a Key to Vivian Grey' (tenth edition, published in 1827 by William Marsh). This gives the names of the originals of

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Baron Von Konigstein
Chevalier de Boufflers
Prince Salvinski
Mr. Fitzloom




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Mr. St. Leger

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The Author

Lady C. C-11 (Churchill) Hon. Miss F

Lord P-m

Prince Es-h-y (Esterhazy)

Mr. D'Is-i, Senior (Dis-
Lord (
M. B-a

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Sir R. K. P.
Sir R. P-1 (Peel)

Mr. D-x, late of Christchurch, Oxford

Sir E. J-y, of Ditto Prince of S-C-g (Leopold of Belgium)


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Quarterly Review
Edinburgh Review
Ab-n-thy (Abernethy)
Miss D-n, daughter of the
late celebrated Dr. D-n
Duke of W-n (Duke of

M. de Sismondi, Author of
'Julia Severa
Hon. Capt. K.

Lord B-g-h (Burghersh) M-s of L-d-y (Londonderry)

Mr. A

Mr. B-tt-n

Lieut. W-r
M. S-n


The voyage of Captain Popanilla. By the author of "Vivian Grey." "Travellers ne'er did lie, tho' fools at home condemn 'em." London: Henry Colburn, New Burlington Street. 1828.-12mo. pp. viii, 243. B.M. N. 187 (2).

For other editions see 1870, 1881, 1890, and


1831. the author of "Vivian Grey." The young duke. "A moral Tale, though gay." By In three volumes...... London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, New Burlington Street. 1831.-12mo. B.M. N. 838.

Vol. i. contains pp. iv, 300, pp. iii, iv, being occupied with an Advertisement from the author and the publishers, and pp. 297-300 by Notes. Vol. ii. has pp. iv, 271, the last page containing the Notes. Vol. iii. has pp. iv, 265. For later editions ree 1870, 1881, 1888, and 1892.


The Court of Egypt. A sketch.-New Monthly Maga. zine and Literary Journal, 1832, vol. xxxiv. pp. 555-6. The little sketch is signed "Mesr." It is reprinted in 'Tales and Sketches,' 1891.

The speaking harlequin. The two losses; in one act. -New Monthly Magazine, 1832, vol. xxxv. pp. 158-63.

This little piece is in four scenes, and includes two stanzas entitled "Colombine's Ritornella." It is reprinted in 'Tales and Sketches,' 1891.

The Bosphorus. A sketch.-New Monthly Magazine, 1832, vol. xxxv. p. 242

Signed "Marco Polo, Junior." It is reprinted in' Tales and Sketcher,' 1891.

Egyptian Thebes.-New Monthly Magazine, 1832, vol. xxxv. pp. 333-39.

Signed "Marco Polo, Junior." It is reprinted in 'Tales and Sketches,' 1891.

Ixion in heaven. By the author of "Contarini Fleming," and "Vivian Grey." New Monthly Magazine, 1832, vol. xxxv. pp. 514-20.

Section viii. is followed by the words "To be continued." See 1833, 1870, 1881, 1890, and 1891.

Contarini Fleming. A psychological auto-biography. In four volumes...... London: John Murray, AlbemarleStreet. MDCCCXXXII.-8vo. B.M. 899,900.

Vol. i. has pp. iv, 228; vol. ii., pp. iv, 247; vol. iii., pp. iv, 194, and two pages of advertisements; vol. iv., pp. iv, 230. See 1846, 1853, 1870, 1881, 1888, and 1891.

(To be continued.)

Lord GRENVILLE'S 'NUGÆ METRICÆ,' 1824. (Continued from p. 241.)

Dropmore, 2nd February, 1829. MY DEAR SIR,-I have to thank you for the beautiful little collection of the English and Latin Psychae, with both of which I have been highly gratified, and the more,

because both were equally new to me. Nor must I forget your happy imitations from the Anthologia,* that rich, and far too much neglected store of elegance and sentiment. From one of your Extracts, I have remarked, what I was ignorant of before, that Jortin drew the conclusion of his much and justly admired Epitaph,† "Tu cave Lethaeo contingas ora liquori," from that ample


I see you are as fond of Flaminius as I am, nor is there in his whole volume, anything, which speaks more to my Heart, than the little Poem which you have

*Anthologia Latina Veterum Epigrammatum et Poematum,' Amst., 1759-73.

tIt will be found in a selection of Latin metrical inscriptions by Thomas Warton, Poet Laureate. See 'Annual Register,' 1803, vol. xlv. p. 769.

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History of France,' vol. ii. p. 74, it is stated that the mid-day Angelus was instituted by Louis XI., the authority quoted in a foot-note is a passage from Jean de Terre as follows :—

l'Eglise dudit Paris la grosse cloche, chacun feust "Doresnavant a l'heure de midy, que sonneroit donner bonne paix au Royaume de France." fleschy un genouil a terre en disant Ave Maria pour

The passage seems open to construction in the *After a long period of ill-health Lord Grenville died in January, 1834.

Signed by himself.

Lord Grenville, to suit his metre, has used a poetical license in attributing roses to spring.

sense that the Ave Maria was at the given time said with a particular "intention." Is there no earlier authenticated reference to its observance? A narrow, secular, political origin seems hardly sufficient to account for a custom that has spread over Europe, and indeed throughout Christendom. It would destroy much of the poetry and sentiment that have appealed in successive generations to multitudes of thoughtful and religious men and


He heard the Angelus from convent towers As if a better world conversed with ours, Longfellow says, putting into words what many have felt; and we all remember the pathos of Millet's picture of the Angelus.' It seems presumptuous to question in any way the authority of the learned Dean of Winchester. It is the wish, rather than the hope, that he may in this instance be wrong that induces me to write to you.

E. B. M. OLD GLOVES.-At the sale of the late Earl of Arran's curiosities in Covent Garden, the gloves given by King Henry VIII. to Sir Anthony Denny were sold for 381. 178. ; the gloves given by King James I. to Edward Denny, Esq. (son of Sir Anthony), for 221. 18.; the mittens given by Queen Elizabeth to Sir Edward Denny's lady for 251. 48.; the scarf given by King Charles I. for 107. 10s. All were bought for Sir Thos. Denny, of Ireland, who is lineally descended from the said Sir Anthony Denny, one of the executors of King Henry VIII. ('Annual Register,' 1759. p. 84). W. P.

CLEVEDON AND THE POETS.-After reading ('In Memoriam,' xix. ),—

They laid him by the pleasant shore,
And in the hearing of the wave,

and again (xx.) of

the grasses of the grave,

it was a disillusion to find Arthur Hallam buried in the dark chancel of a church. Another bard, yet more melodious and philosophic, but wanting in that self-control which was so marked a feature of the Laureate, is still remembered at Clevedon. One of our streets bears his name, and the tiny house where he and Sara lived is still inscribed "Coleridge Cottage." I one day observed to the present tenant that S. T. C. had been a famous poet, when she replied, somewhat testily (frequent visitors having ruffled her), "A poet! Well, I don't think much of that; he might have done better!" And no doubt Coleridge might have done many things better, though few things have been done better, in its way, than The Ancient Mariner.' G. L. FENTON.

Clevedon, VALUATIONS OF PROPERTY.-Quite recently, one large business freehold in the City, offered for sale by auction, was bought in at the rate of 45l.

per foot, total 176,000l.; it being under the reserved price. Comparing this with old Rome, I find that the house of Clodius cost 119,4791. of our currency; some buildings, classed as palaces, went much higher. It is of interest to note that all such private houses had their business quarter, where produce from the country estates was stored for sale in the metropolis. Crassus left 1,614,5831. in land, and his residence sold for 28,000l. The reports that reach us show that, as with America, the capital sum was recorded, few reckoning by fixed income. Seneca, the so-called philosopher, left 2,000,000l., the Emperor Augustus received 32,000,000l. in legacies. America, at present, is pre-eminently prosperous; but taken generally, high figures do not prove national prosperity, they only bring out into stronger relief the poverty of the lowest class. If wealth were more equally divided, we should hear nothing of an eight hours' day."

13, Paternoster Row.


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VIENNA PRESS AND LOUIS XVI.-The following is a translation of an article of the Neue Freie Presse, which will certainly interest readers of 'N. & Q.':

hundred years ago could control their impatience when, abroad, events of the greatest consequences were approaching."

"It is nowadays difficult to understand how people a

Thus the Wiener Zeitung (or Vienna Gazette), of January 30, 1793, relates that three questions* had been put to the Paris National Convention: first, whether King Louis was guilty; second, whether the judgment passed on him should be laid before the people for approval; third, what the punishment should be. Nine days before, ere this news was ever read, viz., on January 21, Louis had already ended his career on the scaffold. On February 2 the inhabitants of Vienna heard that 366 members of the Convention had been sentenced to death, 319 to life-long imprisonment or exile, and at last, on February 6, the Wiener Zeitung appeared with the news of Louis XVI.'s execution.

51, Sale Street.


LOUIS XVI.-The following is cut from the Daily News of February 24:—

"It has often been wondered what had become of the crucifix used by the Abbé Edgeworth at the execution of

*See Carlyle's History of the French Revolution." book ii, chap. vii.

Louis XVI. Our Paris correspondent says it is now in the possession of the parish priest of St. Medard de Guisiere, to whom it was given by one of his flock, a Madame d'Espilat, when she was dying. She enjoined him never to part with it, because it was a sacred relic, and she expected that Louis the Martyr would one day figure in the calendar of the Church along with his ancestor, St. Louis. The crucifix, with the Christ on it, is in old carved ivory, and probably made at Dieppe." W. D. PINK. CHARLES GEORGE LEWIS.-He lies buried in Felpham Churchyard, near Bognor. His epitaph runs as follows:

"Charles George Lewis once an engraver born at Enfield June 13, 1808, I died at Felpham June 16, 1880,

late of 53, Charlotte Street, Portland Place, W."

L. L. K.

OLIVER CROMWELL'S HAT.-In the Weekly Dispatch of June 17, 1821, I recently met with the following, which may interest your readers:"Mr. Cromwell, of Cheshunt [Herts], has now in his possession the hat of his ancestor, Oliver Cromwell, by which the skull supposed to be the Protector's, which, with two others, were, after the Restoration, affixed over the entrance to Westminster Hall, until the reign of Queen Anne, has been tried, and no doubt is now entertained of its identity.'

W. I. R. V.

MARRIAGE BY CAPTURE.-The following paragraph, which appeared in the South Wales Daily News of March 14, is so interesting as to deserve a place in the columns of 'N. &. Q.':—

"At the last meeting of the Dafydd ap Gwilym Society, Oxford, Mr. J. H. Davies gave an interesting account of peculiar marriage customs which still prevail in many parts of Cardiganshire. It would appear that in this county we have still a survival of the old practice of marriage by capture. On the marriage day the bridegroom and his friends proceed to the house of the bride. Here the door is locked, and resistance is offered to their entry by the bride's friends and relatives, scuffling and horseplay being freely indulged in. When order has been restored, the spokesmen on each side hold a dialogue, generally in verse. The bridegroom is then allowed admission, but meanwhile the bride has been disguised, and is more often than not eventually found, dressed as an old crone, nursing a male child. The child is a male, in order, it is supposed, that the first children of the mar riage may be also males. Soon after the contracting parties go forth to chapel or church,a 8 the case may be. Trouble is not yet as an end for the hapless groom, however. The father, or father and brothers, ride off with the bride, and a chase ensues. When the groom comes up with the bride she is delivered into his hands, and the ceremony now proceeds in the orthodox manner."


BOW STREET RUNNERS.-Traditions of these people survive, but there are not many persons now alive who can remember seeing them in the flesh. We have more than once been asked questions relating to them which we were unable to The following passage was written by Charles Dickens on April 18, 1862. It may be well to transfer it to your pages, where, when


indexed in due course, it will be at hand for reference for all time :

"The Bow Street Runners ceased out of the land soon

after the introduction of the new police. I remember
them very well as standing about the door of the office in
Bow Street. They had no other uniform than a blue
dress-coat, brass buttons (I am not even now sure that
that was necessary), and a bright red cloth waistcoat.
The waistcoat was indispensable, and the slang name for
them was 'red-breasts,' in consequence."- Letters of C.
Dickens,' ed. by his sister-in-law and his eldest daughter,
1880, vol. ii. p. 178.
N. M. & A.

HYDE PARK ON EASTER SUNDAY, APRIL 18, 1824. The afternoon scene there is thus described by an American clergyman, the Rev. N. S. Wheaton, whose 'Journal' was published at Hartford, U.S., in 1830:—

"Who has not heard of the promenade in Hyde Park? As the weather was very fine, I walked in that direction between three and four, and squeezed through Cumberland Gate with the crowd. Here, one of the most lively, animated scenes presented itself. The whole distance between Oxford Street and Hyde Park Corner, a stretch of about three-quarters of a mile, was thronged to excess; and throwing myself into the tide of human population, with no object in view but to study and observe, I was borne along with the crowd. Here might be seen wealthy shopkeepers, in whose rotund persons were displayed the substantial qualities of the roast beef of Old England'-firm stepping matrons and mincing maidens -the old, the shrivelled, the young, the beautiful, and the fair-privates of the guards, with their military strut and rusty mustaches-thriving green bachelors in their frog-buttoned frock coats-corinthians and exquisites from Bond Street, sporting an eye-glass and perfuming the gales with their ambrosial locks-waiting men in laced coats, and plush unmentionables of yellow, green, blue, red, and all the primary colours-and a multitude more of pedestrians not so readily classified-all elbowing their way amidst the throng, in the gayest and most talkative humour imaginable. They might have almost been reckoned by tens of thousands, the fineness of the day after a long succession of rains having enticed them abroad. On the other side of the railing. in Park Lane, the scene was no less amusing. A double row of carriages, moving by each other in opposite directions, occupied the middle part of the street; and on each side hovered a cloud of horsemen. The carriages moved on as in a funeral procession, at a slow pace, interrupted by frequent halts, and so close as to be almost in contact. The tops were generally down; and many a fair one, who glitters in the purlieus of St. James' and Grosvenor Squares, among the ascending, culminating, and waning stars of the court, might be seen reclining at her ease, directing her opera-glass towards the thick mass of pedestrians over the railing, or chatting with some gallant cavalier, or innocently drawing aside her veil, in the consciousness of possessing charms which needed not that charitable concealment. Here were and griffins yawned, and phoenixes blazed, and cocks carriages, on which coronets glittered, and lions ramped, crowed; and on which were pourtrayed all the quaint and multiform devices of heraldry, denoting descent from ancient and honourable families.' Interspersed between, were stanhopes, and tilburys, and curricles, drawn by ponies of every size, from that of a large Newfoundland dog and upward, and loaded with citizens and their families; while on either side, the dandies galloped to and fro, 'witching the world with noble horsemanship.'

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