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VIEW OF THE PARADE IN BATH.-Who was the engraver of an oblong folio unsigned print thus lettered? It looks like Rowlandson's work. ANDREW W. TUER.

The Leadenhall Press, E.C. "To RUSH."-Until within the last few years this was an intransitive verb. Military men seem to have been the first to make it transitive. They rush a stockade or an entrenchment, instead of carrying it with a rush, as they used to do; and now we read of attempts to rush Bills through Parliament. I shall be glad of an early instance of the verb being used in a transitive form.


MEDALLION PORTRAITS.—I should feel grateful if your readers could give me any information regarding the following personages, whose names, with the dates attached, appear on medallion portraits by James and William Tassie :Wm. Anderson, surgeon, 1796.

Bird, physician,

Rev. Robert Campbell, 1795.
Robert Freer, M.D., 1800.

James Hare, M.D., 1804.

Rev. Jas. Struthers, 1801. Robert Wallace, surgeon, 1795. Peter Walsh, M.D.,

Lady Anne Poellnitz, 1781.

As the last-named medallion represents a lady in the prime of life, the sitter can hardly have been the widow of the Baron de Poellnitz, who died in 1775 aged eighty-three. What was the name of the baron's wife; and did he leave any son to succeed to his title, whose wife the medallion may possibly represent ? The various mémoires of Baron de Poellnitz may perhaps throw some light on these points; but I have not at present access to any editions of these. G. "THE LEASH."-In the latter part of the sixteenth century (in or before the year 1584), "The Right Worshipful Sir Henrie Lee, Knight," was "Maister of the Leash "; and his " Worships most humble to commaund, Edward Hellowes was "Groome of the Leash." Can any reader kindly say what these titles mean? JOHN W. BONE.

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GOODENOUGH.-In a note-book kept by my great-grandfather, Thomes Boddington, I find

entered the marriage, on Jan. 26, 1769, of George Townshend Goodenough with Miss Ann Carter, of Portsmouth. The Gentleman's Magazine in 1769 gives G. T. Goodenough as of the Treasury. Was he the owner of Bordwood, in the Isle of Wight, and father of Susannah, who married, April 28, 1794, Walter Stirling, created a baronet his second name Trenchard? Did G. T. GoodDec. 15, 1800? Is Townshend incorrect; and was enough die Feb. 23, 1836, in Hertford Street, Mayfair, aged ninety-two? His wife appears to have died March 13, 1832. G. T. Goodenough is stated to have been collaterally descended from William of Wykeham. I am unable to find any printed Goodenough pedigree. REGINALD STEwart Boddington.

15, Markham Square, Chelsea.

TORY.-Sir Edwin Arnold, in 'Seas and Lands,' second edition, 1891, at p. 7, remarks, with reference to Tory Island :

"The black rocks of that evil-name cape, and the high white lighthouse on the isle, which has christened a great historical party, were the last landmarks for us of Ireland."

Has he any authority for this statement; or is it a piece of imagination on his part? The usual derivations of Tory I am acquainted with, so I do not wish them to appear in your pages.


"BUTCHERS'-LEAP."-A curious Shrove Tuesday ceremony is still observed at Munich, in Bavaria, called "Metzgersprung," according to which the butchers' apprentices, being clothed in lamb's-skin, leap down into a public well, whence they are declared by the masters of the guild to be mates or partners ("Gesellen," or skilled members) of the corporation. How may this strange and ancient custom have originated; and why is it performed just on Shrove Tuesday? Does it, perhaps, allude to the close of the Carnaval, and to the partial interruption of the butchers' work after Shrove Tuesday?


OLD ENGLISH SPINNING.-Can any one inform me where I can find a description, with illustrations, of Old English spinning? I have somewhere seen a representation of a woman spinning with the great wheel, now, I think, entirely out of use, but I do not recollect where it was.


GREAT CHESTERFORD CHURCH.-Can any of your readers help to discover any account of the original tower of Great Chesterford Church, which fell and broke down the west end of the church, and a new tower, of poor design, was built up of the ruins? The only certain entry I can find is as follows: "New peal of bells came home. Gt. Chesterford, Nov. 19, 1796." The original tower was certainly standing in 1722, as it appears in an


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THE ROYAL VETO. In Hazell's Annual,' 1893, under "Parliamentary Procedure," is found the following:

"The Royal Assent is always given in the House of Lords-more frequently by commission than otherwise and it is a curious circumstance that the French language is still employed in connexion therewith......If the Sovereign thinks fit to refuse approval to a measure the clerk then says Le roi (la reyne) s'avisera. This power of rejection, it may be noted, was last exercised by Queen Anne in the year 1707."

If this is a gross mistake, it is strange that in a work of the kind it has remained so long unnoticed. Will one of your readers kindly say how far the above is true or untrue? Is it absolutely wrong; or must we simply understand from it that sovereigns after Anne (e.g., George III. surely!) exercised their right of veto by some other procedure, the dismissal of their ministers, the dissolution of Parliament, &c., and so defeated the measure before it reached the stage of being presented formally for the Royal Assent? How many times since Anne has the right been practically exercised?


CARLO ALBACINI.-A friend would like to know where he could see any biographical particulars about this Italian sculptor. He has sent me a photograph of a statue of Hercules in marble by him, which is in a private collection in the North of England, and, judging by the photograph, a very fine piece of statuary. L. L. K.

TINDALL'S TRANSLATION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.-A copy of this translation, supposed to be the only copy remaining which escaped the flames at St. Paul's Cross, was sold at the sale of Mr. Ames's books, May 13, 1760, for fourteen guineas and a half. Mr. Ames had bought it for 158. The translation was completed in 1526, and the whole impression, save this one, burnt in the same year (Annual Register,' ii. 101). If this be a fact, where now is this unique copy to be seen?

W. P.

any of


SIR THOMAS PATE HANKIN.-Can readers instruct me as to the genealogy of Sir Thomas Pate Hankin, wounded as major in the Scots Grays at Waterloo? The names Hankin and Pate have once been common, according to the "History of Hertfordshire,' at Baldock, and I once thought of consulting the parish church registers there, but found the fees demandable prohibitive to mere curiosity. I venture to ask further, Who was Thomas Hankin, the last Custos Brevium? The defective registers of Stanstead and Ware prevent the possibility of proving him, through them, to belong to the Stanstead (New Hall) family of that date. C. W. HANKIN, B.A.


ST. THOMAS OF WATERINGS. (8th S. iii. 249, 295.)

As an inhabitant of the neighbourhood I can endorse the following statement of Mr. Walford : "The precise situation was as near as possible that part of the Old Kent Road which is intersected by the Albany Road......The Thomas à Becket,' at the corner of the Albany Road,* commemorates the spot where the pilgrims first halted on their way from London to Canterbury."-Old and New London,' vi. 250.

In Ogilby's 'Britannia' (1698), map 20, showing the road "from London to Hith," the stream is represented crossing the Kent Road immediately below a road on the left "to Horsley downe," now the Upper Grange Road. In 'Cary's Survey of the High Roads' (1790) the crossing is shown immediately below the "Green Man Public House.” The "Green Man" is directly opposite the Upper Grange Road, being the corner house of a thoroughfare named Smyrk's Road, of which the Kent Road end was designated Brook's Place until a few years ago, the stream being further commemorated by the name Brook Terrace (still visible) bestowed on the houses in the Kent Road between Smyrk's Road and King (now Kinglake) Street. At the spot in Ogilby's map referred to above are printed the words: "Rill called St Thomas a Watering and a stone that parts the Ld May Lib'ty." The stone is no longer there; instead thereof is a tablet on the façade of the fire-engine station at the north corner of St. Thomas's Road, bearing the following inscription :

the City of London in the town and borough of South"1818. Christopher Smith, mayor. The jurisdiction of wark extendeth northward to the River Thames and westward to Lambeth, comprehending the parishes of St. George's, St. Saviour's exclusive of the Clink Liberty, St. Thomas, St. Clave, and St. John." The distance of the "rill" from "the town" is incorrectly given by Nares, and repeated by CANON VENABLES, as 1 mile, instead of 1 mile as in Ogilby's 'Guide'; but the real distance from London Bridge is nearly 1 mile 5 furlongs.

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The "Thomas à Beckett occupies the site of Albany House, where a boarding and day school was conducted for many years by Mr. Thomas Walton, who died in 1858, according to the inscription on his monument in Forest Hill cemetery, and whose son is the Rev. Thomas Isaac Walton,


An interesting fact about this school is that it numbered among its day scholars in 1847 Sir Charles Bowen and his brother the Harrow master, their father, the Rev. Christopher Bowen, having been appointed four years predalen's in Clarence (lately renamed Massinger) viously the first incumbent of St. Mary Mag

• Wrongly written by CANON VENABLES Arundel Road. It is the thoroughfare in which I dwell,

Street, Old Kent Road. The stream (then a common sewer), coming from beyond Walworth on the west, and called by Walworth boys the Montpelier ditch, flowed in rear of the houses on the north side of the Albany Road, parting them from the parish of Newington-a portion of the choked-up bed is still visible from the boundary mark in Bagshot Street (formerly York Road)skirted the north boundary of Walton's school garden, which was of ample extent, and thence crossed the Kent Road underground. The map of Surrey in Cary's 'English Atlas' (1787) exhibits its discharge into the Thames exactly at the spot where a modern map marks 3 river-miles from London Bridge.t Not until 1866 does the "Thomas à Beckett" take the place of Albany House, which was closed in 1864, and the short thoroughfare, St. Thomas's Road, is of very recent construction; but prior to the great reform of street nomenclature half a dozen houses in the Kent Road immediately south of the Albany Road were distinguished by the name "St. Thomas Place." These were built probably about 1820.

With respect to the executions performed in this locality, we learn from Manning and Bray ('Surrey,' iii. 402) that "the gallows was erected where is now [1812] a garden belonging to the house built by Mr. Rolls," and that the last persons hanged here were a father and son for murder about 1742. In a note it is explained that

"Mr. Rolls was son of one who had acquired a large fortune as a cowkeeper. After expending a great sum in completing this house (which had been nearly finished by his father), raising artificial mounts, planting, &c., he pulled it down in 1812, selling in lots the materials as they stood."

This Mr. Rolls I take to be John Rolls, grandfather of John Allan Rolls, who was created Baron Llangattock last September. Lord Llangattock owns a vast amount of property in this neighbourhood, and is my landlord. Mr. J. R. Dickins, his estate agent, has kindly favoured me with a note saying that he believes he is correct in stating that the site of the house which was demolished by Mr. Rolls in 1812 is on the east side of the Old Kent Road and the north side of Upper Grange Road.

* About eighty paces from the front of my house, which is situated on the south side of Albany Road.

† In the Post Office Directory' map for 1857 this spot is marked Earls Sluice, and I am told that the stream whose course I have been tracing is the river Earl, called the Earl Ditch by the drainage authorities, who enclosed it in a twelve-foot pipe some years ago. Hence, I suppose, the name Earl Road, given to the first thoroughfare crossed by the stream, after flowing past the Kent Road, beneath a bridge still remembered, Perhaps this unwholesome ditch had something to do with a bad outbreak of fever at Albany House, said to have brought the school to an end.

Presumably at the Grange Farm, Bermondsey, or, as it was usually called, The Grange, See Burke's Peerage' for the present year.

According to this information, the "Dun Cow" public-house marks the spot where the executions were carried out; and readers will not fail to note a curious coincidence between the tavern sign and the Grange dairy farm. F. ADAMS. 105, Albany Road, S.E.

"SALZBERY" AND "SOMBRESET" S. iii. 101, 197, 272).—I must confess that until IN 1502 (8th MR. THOS. WILLIAMS raised the question, I was under the impression that there was a Candale in France. Hungarian historians, 1 found, always spoke of the consort of Wladislaus II. as Anne of Candale, and one of them, quite recently, stated that Candale was basing his assertion, as he led me to believe, on "a comté belonging to Gascony," the authority of Emile de Bonnechose's Géographie Historique' (Paris, 1847). I was further confirmed in my error by the knowledge of the fact that as lately as 1621 King Louis XIII. made General Henry de Nogaret d'Epernon "toute à la fois duc de Candalle et pair de France." Since your correspondent, however, has raised a doubt, I have looked up the matter and find that I was mistaken, and that at least one historian-Prof. Wentzel, of the Budapest University-correctly calls the Hungarian queen Anne of Kendal, in England.

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With regard to Anne's grandmother, MR. WILLIAMS's authority (is it Dugdale ?) states that her name was Margaret, and that she was the daughter of Michael de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk ; evidently incorrect. True, one of the articles of but the latter, if not also the former, statement is impeachment against William de la Pole, Duke of that he had "for the singular enrichyng of his Suffolk, the brother of the above Michael, was neece, and hir husband, sonne to the Capidawe” Earl of Kendal (Parl. Rolls, 28 Henry VI., art. 31). (Captal), caused the king to make the said son This passage was pointed out in 1622 by Aug. Vincent, Rouge Croix Pursuivant of Arms, in his Discoverie of Errors,' in the first edition of Ralphe Brooke, York Herald's, Catalogue of Nobility." But had the above Michael de la Pole a daughter of the name of Margaret? In the pedigree of the History of Hull (facing p. 31), three daughters of De la Pole family printed by Frost in his Early our Michael are mentioned, namely, 1, Katharine, who became a nun on Sunday (? Saturday), May 9, 1 Henry VI. ; 2, Elizabeth, who died unmarried Dec. 26, 9 Henry V.; and 3, Isabella, who died unmarried Jan 12, 9 Henry V. Several genealogists, Mr. Doyle (in his Official Peerage') among the rest, state that John de Foix, Earl of Kendal, William, Duke of Suffolk. But if the above-menmarried the Lady Elizabeth de la Pole, niece of tioned pedigree is correct, we must accept the conclusion arrived at by Frost, namely, that as Katharine was only twelve years old when she

became a nun, and Elizabeth and Isabella died as children, the former at the age of nine, the latter at the age of six years, it must be assumed that the Countess of Kendal was a niece of Duke William, not by his brother Michael, but by another brother, or by one of his sisters, of whom there were several. In the latter case, of course, her name would not have been De la Pole.

The authors of the French dictionary quoted at the first reference, too, call the lady in question Margaret, and give the name of her father as Richard; but Duke William, so far as we know, had no brother of that name. Her mother was, they state, "Marie dite de Sicile," and she herself bore a coat which may be recognized easily as Quarterly, 1 and 4 De la Pole, 2 and 3 Wingfield, though the tinctures of the latter coat-" d'azur, à la bande d'argent, chargée de trois vols [wings in lure] de sable liès de gueules"-are not given correctly. Their authority is evidently Father Anselme's 'Hist. Gén. et Chron. de la Maison Royal de France' (1728), vol. iii. p. 383. In this work we are further told that the names of the parents of this Margaret de la Pole, daughter of Duke Richard, are given "suivant une preuve d'un chanoine de Saint Jean de Lyon. [Elle] fut marriée environ l'an 1440."

own plain shield. When the arms of Anne were displayed at her wedding, they proved, we are told by the author of the French MS., that she was related to two royal families. But her seal is further charged with what seems to be the remnant of a chevron between the two sinister fleurs-de-lys in the bottom shield, the rest being absconded.

As regards the date of the wedding of Anne, there cannot be any doubt about it that it took place in the year 1502. Sanuto, in his diary, supplies a long description of the festivities given in honour of Anne at Venice on her way from France to Hungary at the end of July and beginning of August, 1502. Then we have the official reports of the Venetian ambassadors at the Court of Buda to the Signory announcing the birth of little Anne on July 23, 1503-the same princess who subsequently became the consort of Ferdinand I. of Hungary and Bohemia, and whose portrait, as Mr. George Scharf has conclusively proved it, figures in the English House of Lords among those of the wives of Henry VIII., having been mistaken for that of Anne Bullen. So if we accept the suggestion of your correspondents and translate "doyen" as "dean" the difficulty is not yet solved, as at the date of the wedding of Anne there was no Dean of Salisbury, if MR. WILLIAMS's dates Dugdale names her Margaret (p. 228), and refers are correct. Besides, Somerset Herald, if I reto the "Parl. Rolls," which do not give her Chris-member rightly, was busy on some errand in Scottian name. At another place (pp. 180-189 of land in the autumn of 1503, and, "not being a bird," vol. ii.) of his 'Baronage' he correctly states her to could not have been present in two places at once. have been the niece of Duke William. L. L. K.

The Lady Margaret to whom Holinshed refers is another lady altogether.

According to H. A. Napier's 'Swyncombe and Ewelme,' the most complete collection of material for a history of the De la Pole family, the parents of Anne's grandmother are unknown.


(8th S. iii. 327).-I venture to think that my incidental allusion to Yetminster and Ockford as meaning « dictatorial" than the tone in which PROF. SKEAT "at the minster," and "at the ford" was less demands the authority for the statement. If he had taken the trouble to refer to the most obvious of authorities, the Dorset Domesday, he would have found Yetminster recorded as Etiminstre, and Ockford Fitz Paine as Adford. The first cor

instance, become Yearsley, Yafforth, and YedEverslage, Eiford, and Ednodestune having, for naston. The more curious change of Adford to Ockford may have been helped by assimilation; Child Oakford, which, though not in the same hundred, is not far from Ockford FitzPaine, appearing in Domesday as Acford. But six hundred years after Domesday was compiled the assimilation was still imperfect.

Queen Anne's arms appear on a seal affixed to a document dated 1506, the year of her death. The seal is reproduced in Geo. Pray's 'Syntagma historicum de Sigillis Regum et Reginarum Hungaria' (Buda, 1805); but it is a very crude piece of draughtsmanship. It shows the arms of Wladis-ruption is not unusual, the Domesday names laus II. impaling those of Anne. Those of the queen are party per fess; in the top shield Navarre impaling Foix; the greater portion of the bottom shield is covered by an inescutcheon in chief charged with the two "lions léopardés" in pale for Bigorre, and a greatly distended shield in the third quarter charged with two cows in pale for Béarn. What remains visible of the field itself is charged with three fleurs-de-lys, one each in the dexter and sinister chief and one in the sinister "We Do'set" always thought that yet means base, the last, probably, displaced to make room gate. And on referring to Hutchins's 'Hist. of for the Béarn shield, which occupies about two- Dorset,' third edition, iii. 445, I find, "In ancient thirds of the width of the field. The three fleurs-records it is often written Gateminster......Tradide-lys probably stand for France, as Anne was related to the French royal family through her ancestor D'Albret, who quartered France with his


tion says that it was a principal gate into the Forest of Blackmore." On the other hand, Domesday has it (Hutchins says) Estminstre; and Coker,

"Eatminster, or more truly, Eastminster." Is not Ockford Oakford? In Domesday it is Ackford. H. J. MOULE.



PROF. SKEAT adduced from Halliwell" Lucern, a lynx," and I find the following account in Coles's English Dictionary' :

"Lucernes, a beast almost as big as a wolf, of a very rich fur in Russia."

Attention has not yet been drawn in this discussion to an item in Du Cange:

"Lucia, Animalis genus, quod facile prærupta ascen

ROBERT AUGUILLON (8th S. iii. 327).-To Robert Aguyllon, March 11, 1267, Henry III. granted a tunicle, dalmatic, chasuble, and all ornaments of vestments pertaining to a priest" (Close Roll, dit. Hist. Cortusiorum apud Murat, tom. 12. col. 809: 51 Hen. III.); and at the request of his mother,Videntes ergo Paduani prædicti dominum Canem May 24, 1280, Edward I. pardoned to Robert Aguillon and Margaret, Countess of Devon, his wife, all her offences committed during widowhood (ibid., 8 Edw. I.). Robert died Feb. 15, 14 Edw. I. (Inq. Post. Mort., 14 Edw. L., No. 16), leaving Margaret, his widow, and Isabel, his daughter and heir, the latter aged twenty-eight (ibid.).

The Inquisition of Margaret is 20 Edw. I., 20. She was an Italian princess, the daughter of Tomaso I., Count of Savoy, by his second wife, Beatrice of Faucigny. On April 4, 1286, dower was granted to her to the amount of 431. 6s. 2d. (Close Roll, 14 Edw. I.); and she is mentioned as dead July 7, 1292 (ibid., 20 Edw. 1.).

Isabel Bardolf, the only child of Robert Auguillon, was not Margaret's daughter, for she was born, according to her father's Inquisition, on March 25, 1258, while Margaret's first husband was living until 1262. She married Hugh, first Lord Bardolf, and died before May 28, 1323 (Fines Roll, 16 Edw. II.), leaving issue two sons, Thomas, Lord Bardolf, born at Watton, Oct. 4, 1282 (Inq. patris, 32 Édw. I., 64), and William, who died s.p. in his mother's life, according to Mr. Stapleton.

The usual spelling of Robert's name on the rolls is Aguillon or Aiguillon, the last i being sometimes changed to y. I do not remember ever to have found it Auguillon.


"ARM-GAUNT" (8th S. ii. 426).—My censor varies from "Arme-gaunt" to Armenian; even so may one journey from Monmouth to Macedon. This probably is intended as a withdrawal of the fore-arm quasi fore-leg theory, which seemed about the lowest depth of bathos. However, I still adhere to the suggestion that "Arm-gaunt" means bearing, or clad in armour.

The suffix gaunt has been compared with the French gantè-en-fer, as in our borrowed word gauntlet. I assume, however, that Shakspeare Conjoined arma with gero, aiming at armigerent, but shortened to 66 Arm-gaunt" for the sake of A. HALL.


13, Paternoster-row.

LUCE (8th S. ii. 328, 353, 391, 435, 511; iii. 93, 155).—In reply to the original query I sent in a note which might have passed for a replica of PROF. SKEAT'S ; but, as I made its insertion conditional, it did not appear. At the second reference

equum ascendisse et omnes milites suos vigorose pertransire et ascendere ripam, quam prius non putassent lucias aut muscipulas facere posse,' &c." (Edit. Favre.) The verbal likeness is curious; but what animal is meant, whether quadruped or quadruman, is a matter for speculation.

The following description of the Skinners' arms, from a work referred to as "New View' [1708], ii. p. 619," is quoted in Herbert's 'History of the Livery Companies,' ii. 300:

"Ermine, on a chief gules, three crowns or, with caps of the first. Crest, a leopard proper, gorged with a chaplet of bays or. Supporters, a lucern and a wolf, both proper. Motto, To God only be all glory.' An engraving of the arms, including the lucern and the wolf, is given by Mr. Herbert on p. 299, so that any of your readers who wish to see what a lucern is like may easily gratify their curiosity. In a private note to me PROF. SKEAT says: "I have no doubt at all that both luce and lucern meant 'lynx'; though, of course, luce pike is much commoner." There are luces (pikes) in the Fishmongers' arms.

105, Albany Road, Camberwell, S.E.

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KINGSLEY'S LAST LINES: "BARUM, BARUM, BAREE (7th S. xi. 387, 479).-The following passage, which I have just met with in Consuelo,' chap. lxxiv. seems to me to throw some light on the meaning of the mysterious refrain, "Barùm, Barùm, Barùm, Barùm, Barùm, Barùm, Baree," in this song or ballad. The similarity between "Barùm, Barùm," and "broum, broum" is, at all events, striking, and is, I think, worth noting.

"Il y en avait, dit-elle, un quatrième qui restait auprès du cheval et qui ne se mêlait de rien. Il avait une grosse figure indifférente qui me paraissait encore plus cruelle que les autres; car, pendant que je pleurais et qu'on battait mon mari, en l'attachant avec des cordes comme un assassin, ce gros-là chantait, et faisait la trompette avec sa bouche comme s'il eût sonné une fanfare: broum, broum, broum, broum. Ah! quel coeur de fer ! "

Since writing the above I have, curiously enough, met with "broum, broum" again in con

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