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of its earliest records preserved to us, was

chiefly concerned in adjudicating on petitions 10 CONTENT 8.-N° 73.

the Chancellor in cases of assault, trespass, or outNOTES :-Our Public Records, 381–The Three Septs. all of which were cognizable at Common

rage, Gauran, 382—". Fray-bug," 383—" Telepathic Obsession "Engendrure”- Proverbs Rewrit-" Suum cuique," 384— Law, but for which the petitioner was unable to Prone-The Horse Chestnut-" Week-end": " Trippers" Inscription - The Cardinal Virtues – Hull Quilds, 335. The tion of his adversary or of his adversary's

friends ;

obtain redress, owing to the powerful social posi. Woodpecker'-Clark's Alley-Grey Friars' Church, 386. QUERIES : -Inscription on Brass-Monastic Rules" Ale- this being so, we naturally find in Chancery

dagger." —Brains in One's Belly-Rev. H. Adams-Self-(Equity) Records numerous pictures-thrown by : and Crawford" Engines with paddles Joan of Arc and side-light it is true—of the manners and customs William Tell — “Cruelty" - Constantius II.-Sir

Chris- of men and women in days gone by, as well as topher Milton – Islebam - Bartholomew Howlett-"As material of the very highest importance-we are proud as a louse"-Sir. C. Sedley: 3838. Lors de la morty speaking now of those of the sixteenth century and

of "Tub's Grave,” 389. RBPLIES :-Henchman, 389 - Mistake: Mistaken, 390 - later-to the podigree-barter and the topographer.

Truro Stannary Court-Abraham Raimbach - Martin Lister To the former, who is about to deal with Chancery of Congress" Profuse lachrymatory"- Lady of the Bed- proceedings, a word of advice may be given,-Do chamber, 392–Editors – The Roses of Kilravock-"The not be discouraged from looking for the record of Republic of Letters"-Telephonic, 393—"American Cobbler"-Rockstaff—The Royal Veto, 394—“Canary Bird”

an event at a very long time after it happened. I Fairman-English Actress in Paris--Practical Politics" mean, do not, if you are seeking for an incident in -Chancer's Pilgrimage-"Philazer," 395–Medallion Por family history of the time of Elizabeth, hesitate to Cephisus and the Ilissus-Family Papers of James Craggs search proceedings, to which members of that - Fine Champagne”–Residence of Mrs. Siddons, 396 family were parties, of the time of George I., or Lord R. Douglas-Saas-Schola Verluciana—Altar, 397— later. It not unfrequently bappens that in a Bill

“Curse of Scotland "-Trumbull, 398. NOTES ON BOOKS :- Wharton's Captain Cook's Journal of Complaint in Chancery a title going back some

-Underbill's Poetical Works of John Gay' - Notes on two hundred years is set out.
the Oxfordshire Domesday'-Scottish Ballad Poetry!
Maguth's 'Fall of Adam'-Clifford's • Descent of Charlotte

Now let us see what records of those two sides Compton '-Romesh Chunder Dutt's Ancient India' - of the Court of Chancery are preserved and within

Morfill's Poland'-Robinson's ‘Princely Chandos.' reach of the searcher. On the ordinary, or Common Notices to Correspondents.

Law side there is the County Placita (" Tower”

Series), John to Edward IV., which contains a Notes.

variety of legal proceedings, arranged under

counties, belonging to that side of the Chancery, OUR PUBLIC RECORDS.

and transcripts of proceedings in other courts, the (Continued from p. 343.)

King's Bencb, &c., brought into Chancery by In my last paper I considered certain Chancery Writ of Certiorari. To the whole of these there is documents which recorded dealings by the a very slight index, and a full calendar of such as sovereign with his or her own people, with the relate to counties the names of which commence rulers of other states, and with the subjects of with letters between B and N; both the index those states. I will now speak of the record of and the calendar are in the Legal Search Roon. proceedings in the Chancery as a legal tribunal. Then there are the pleadings ; these exist from

It has been already said that the Chancery Henry VII. to James I. in the "Rolls Chapel ” became a court of justice in the reiga of Richard I., Series, and from that date to Victoria in the at which time the business of the Curia Regis was “Petty Bag" Series. There are memoranda of subdivided between the principal officers of the orders made on these pleadings from 14 Charles J. courts. Its jurisdiction was of two kinds,—the to 2 Georgo II. There is a calendar to the pleadordinary, wherein the judge was bound to observe ings for the reign of Henry VII. in the Literary the order and method followed by the Common Search Room (“ Palmer's" Indices, No. 107), and Law; and the extraordinary, in which he proceeded ton MS. volumes of indices to those in the Petty on the rules of equity and conscience, taking cog- Bag Series. A few other classes of records on the nizance of intention rather than the letter of the Common Law side of Chancery exist, but do not law. The ordinary court held plea of recognizances call for special remark here. acknowledged in Chancery, of writs of scire facias, The Equity side of Chancery requires more &c., for the repeal of letters patent, of personal notice. Here the pleadings exist in almost unactions by or against officers of the court, of com- broken sequence from the time of Richard I. until missions in bankruptcy, idiotcy, charitable uges— the present day. They are arranged in something indeed of any matter anising out of a commission like chronological order, and a calendar to those issued by Chancery. The extraordinary court, of an early date is now in preparation; and a most though in later days its time has been mostly important calendar it will be. Now none (or occupied in deciding points affecting property, practically pone) of the pleadings are available to at the date of its earliest records, or rather the student prior to the time of Elizabeth. For

this reign there is a printed calendar with a fairly the set is that (No. 11) which is an indesc locorum full index,* but unfortunately this does not con- to all the rolls, or rather to each volume of the set tain anything like all the mass of pleadings of that of calendars, which calendars, in turn, give you the reigo. For the reigns of James I. and Charles I. reference to the rolls. there is an index of names of parties arranged One more class of Chancery (Equity) records under the first letter of the plaintiff's name; and demands notice, and with that I will conclude after that there is no chronologically arranged index this paper,-the original reports and certificates at all, only one in about twenty-six volumes (the made by the Masters of the Court in the various very sight of which would deter any but the most causes that came before it. The information in indefatigablerecord-bunter from attackingit), known these is most important. Customs of manors, awards, by the somewhat vague title of “ Chancery Proceed family bistory, personal particulars of litigants, and ings, before 1714.” In these volumes are references a host of other matter, often not elsewhere recorded, to suits going back to the time of Henry VIII., and find mention in these reports, which extend from of all intervening periods from that reigo to the the year 1544 to 1869, and comprise nearly three first year of George I. Mixed up with the indices thousand volumes, in which they are arranged to pleadings are those to depositions. There is not alphabetically, term by term. There are indices a more valuable class of records in the Record from 1606 to the end, similar iu style and arrangeOffice than the Chaucery proceedings; there is ment to those just mentioned, to the decree books, hardly a class worse provided with means of and in searching which similar care must, therefore, reference.

be taken.

W. J. HARDY. Besides the Chancery (Equity) pleadings and

(To be continued.) depositions, there are affidavits from 1611 to 1869; they are referred to by indices. These affidavits from 1615 to 1746 are also entered in a register. THE THREE SEPTS OF GAURAN OR GOVERN. Then we have the decrees and orders of the court,

(Concluded from p. 284.) made upon the pleadings ; these go back to

Modern histories, with one or two exceptions, do 26 Henry VIII., and are entered, some in volumes, not even mention the illustrious warrior primate some on rolls. Those on the rolls go back the Archbishop McGauran's name; still he was one of farthest, 26 Henry VIII.; the entries in the books the most distinguished historical and patriotic perbegin ten years later. To the books there are sonages towards the close of the sixteenth century, indices, under the first letter of the plaintiff's and entitled to rank as such in Irish history. He name, for the entire series ; each year has a volume organized the rising and gathering of the great of index, which contains four alphabets, one for northern chiefs and their clans, and his diplomatic each term. There are two indices for each year, negotiations with the Papal see and Philip II. of one (the index to the A book) containing the alpha- Spain equalled those of Monsignor G. B. Rinucbet from A to K, and the other (the index to the cini, Archbishop of Fermo, in his famous embassy B book) that from L to Z. But numerous pitfalls in Ireland in the years 1645-1649. See Calendar await the uninitiated in searching these indices. of State Papers, Ireland,' temp. Eliz., and O'DonoThey are supposed to be under the plaintiff's name van's Four Masters,' second edition, 1856 ; see or names, and so they are ; but suppose your plain. also the Abbé MacGeogeghan's 'Ancient Irish tiff is a peer-Lord Coventry, say; you may find History, translated from the French by O'Kelly, your suit under C (“Coventry'); you may find it where the name is spelt MacGowran, and the * Dominus," or if not of a particularly early date, tribe-name MacSamhragain ; and in O'Donovan's under "Lord.”

So with bodies corporate ; a suit work aforesaid Mac Samhradhain, pron. Magauran, to which the Mayor and Burgesses of Bristol were M'Govern, and Magowran; in Hennessey's ' Ann. plaintiffs is as likely, indeed, if not more likely, to Loch Ce,' Magauran and McGovern; Magauran come ont under M (“Major et Burgenses," &c.), as and Magovern in Lynch's Cambrensis Eversus '; noder B (“Bristol, Mayor and Burgesses of). The Magawryne and McGawrene in a deed of comwriter has known a suit to which the Earl of So, position, vide O'Flaherty's 'West or H. Iar and-so was plaintiff put under T ("The Earl," Connaught'; and McGawran, Magawran, and &c.).

McGowran in an inquisition held in 1607, given This is enough to show the searcher of these, in a foot-note thereto; McGawran, M'Gawrain, and of a great many other indices, compiled long and Magawran in Cal

. State Papers, Ireland, ago, how very careful he must be in searching. temp. Eliz., 1586–1596 ; and Gawne, ibid., temp.

To the Chancery Decree Rolls there are fourteen James 1., 1606, p. 18; in Carew, 'Cal. S. P., I., volumes of calendar; one or more alphabetical index. McGauran, McGawrad, Magawran, and Mato parties exists in each volume; but the best of

gauran ; MacGawran, and MacGauran in Gil

bert's Contemporary Hist. of Affairs in Ireland'; * In this calendar are given, an examples, some earlier M'Gauroll by Sir J. Davies, Attorney-General of proceedings, Richard II, to Henry VIII.

Ireland, in a letter to Robert, Earl of Salisbury,

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dated 1606, vol. i. p. 136, in Vallancey's Collec- p. 296, in a note on Cloughoughter Castle. tanea de Rebus Hibernicis '; M'Girrell and O'Reilly subsequently claimed a right of tribute M'Googbe in an old map of Tullyhaw about the from McGaurad, concerning which dispates arose year 1609, noticed in my article on 'Irish Bells," between O'Rourke and O'Reilly, and are mentioned

N. & Q.,' 76 S. xii. 21 ; M'Gioveran in appendix, in the ‘Cal. S. P., I.,' temp. Eliz. In Beauford's p. 9, vido Musgrave's 'Memoirs of Rebellions in Ancient Map of Ireland 'the territory is referred Ireland,' 1801, McGauran by Major McGauran* to as Magh Cauran, and in his ' Ancient Topo(or McGovern) in his ‘Memoirs,' where he states graphy of Ireland, Magh Gauroll and McGauroll, “ from a younger branch of the family of O'Connor the vide Val. Col. de Re. Hib.,' vol. iii. p. 293. last monarch of Ireland is mine descended, and the place O'Dugan's poem, previously quoted at p. 49, refers of their residence, now vulgarly called Talaba, received to another Irish chieftain of the name of O'Gabh. its original name, which was Tealleagb-Achy,

that is the rain or OʻGauran, and at p. 73 that seat of Achilles, from one of our predecessors, Achilles McGauran. Our family seat once formed part of the

He is no shy slender chieftain,

O'Gabbrain of Dal Druithne. province of Connaught till it was annexed to that of Ulster, when the Baron McGauran joined his relations In O'Donovan's Tribes and Customs of Hy and allies, O'Neil, Earl of Tyrone ; O'Donnel,

Earl of Many,' translated from the Book of Lecan, 1843, Fyrconnel; O'Reilly, Earl of Cavan; McGuire, Baron of pp. 76, 77, O'Gabhain of Dalo Draithne is menInniskillen ; and the greatest part of the nobility of Ulster, in taking up arms to oppose the sovereignty of tioned; and in a foot-note that this name and Queen Elizabeth. But being overcome by the Lord the situation of the tribe is unknown (O'Hart Deputy Mountjoy, they were obliged for a time to sub- in his Irish Pedigrees,' fourth edition, locates mit. They, however, made another attempt in the reign Dal Druitbne about the district of Loch Ree). At of King James the First to free their country, which proving unsuccessful, they were all attainted, and their p. 85 it is stated in the Irish life of St. Grellin, lands, amounting to five hundred and eleven thousand, that this tribe paid him no tribute or impost of four hundred and sixty acres, confiscated."

any description. Again, at pp. 87, 91, the

taisigheachtallaidh of O'Connor (King of ConThe area of the barony of Tallybaw is now much daught) belongs to the Dail Druithne (I have not smaller than in ancient times. The co. Cavan was been able to ascertain the meaning of this term) divided into seven baronies (see Vallancey's work at the recommendation of O'Kelly (King of Uiaforesaid), whereas it now contains eight; by the Act Maine).” The Dal Druithne have the carrying 6 & 7 Will. IV. four townlands were taken from of the wine from the harbours of the West of Conit, vide ‘Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland, Daught to the seat of the arch-chief. According

Cavan,” p. 382. In Thoma's Official to O'D. F. M., in a note 1180, “O'Gowran, Chief Directory, Ireland,' 1892, the contents are given as of Dal Druithne, was tributary to O'Kelly of Hy 90,701 statute acres ; see also the Census Parlia- Many." But whether there is any connexion mentary Papers, 1891, giving the names of the between the regal race of McGauran or McGovern townlands aud parishes and their areas therein. of Scotland, other than their common Irish According to Ortelius's Map of Ireland,' 1562, Milesian origin with the royal tribe of McGauran giving the territories of the old Irish septs, the clan McGauran or McGovern were also indigenous chieftains of Dal Druithne, it is most difficult to

or McGovern, of Tullyhaw, or that of O'Gatran, to co. Leitrim, their lands forming a portion of conjecture. But it is nevertheless clear wby Lord McGauran's country, wbich was surrounded by Stair, in Lower's 'Patronymica Britannica' inpowerful dynasts, viz., on the north and the north- cluded the name of McGauran in his schedule of east by Maguire, Rig Mor Taath, or tribe king, of Scottish surnames, although originally springing Fermanagh ; on the east by O'Reilly, Rig Mor from Ireland as the parent country. Tuatb, or tribe king, of East Brefney, now Cavan;

JOSEPH HENRY MCGOVERN. and on the south and the south-west by O'Rourke,

60, Victoria Street, Liverpool. Rig Mor Tuatb, or tribe king, of West Brefney, Dow Leitrim-all of whom encroached upon and

“FRAY-BUG."--Two instances of this word, and circumscribed the tribal possessions. At one time the Rig Tuath, or tribe king, of Tullyhaw, was

two only, so far as I can discover, occur in Foxo's tributary to O'Rourke wben he was Rig Mor lished by Seeleys, in “The Church Historians of

• Acts and Monuments. I quote the edition pubTaath of all the Brennies ; then O'Reilly would England." I never met with the word elsewhere. also be tributary to him. How the latter royal Both of them are found in letters written by chieftain freed "himself is described by S. K. Laurence Saunders to his wife in the year 1555:Kirker, Esq., Fellow, in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, 1890-1, the spirit doth embrace. o Lord ! how loth is this

“ Fain would this filesh make strange of that which

loitering sluggard to pasg forth in God's path! It * See my note on the Battle of the Boyne' in pbar tasieth forsooth much fear of fray-bugs.”—Vol. vi. ‘N. & Q.,' gth 8. ii. 21. Also another on 'Royal Ceme- p. 621. tory of Clonmacnoise,' 7tS. xi. 422, where I refer to Dr. “Be not afraid of fray-bugs which lie in the way."O'Donovan associating the tribal name with Malabrain. Vol. vi, p. 631.

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