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Haven, where JAYDEE will do well to dedicate a day to them on his way to or from the World's Fair in Chicago. Appleton's American Biography' gives a good account of his career. JAMES D. BUTLER.
Madison, Wis., U.S.
NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.
Captain Cook's Journal during his First Voyage Round the World. Edited by Capt. W. J. L. Wharton, R.N., F.R.S. (Stock.).
IN most readers the information that they have not always possessed the original text of Cook's famous first voyage will beget some astonishment. What has passed as such is, we are told, the joint production of Cook, Mr. (afterwards Sir Joseph) Banks, Dr. Solander, and Dr. Hawkesworth. Cook's own journal is in triplicate. One of the copies was for many years in the possession of our old friend and contributor, F. W. Cosens, and at the sale of his books, in 1890, after his death, came into those of Mr. John Corner, an enthusiastic admirer of Cook. Arrangements were at once made to print it. These, though interrupted by the sudden death of the new owner of the MS., have been resumed in a pious spirit by his son, the result being the goodly and interesting volume before us. To Capt. Wharton has been entrusted the editorial responsibility, and the proceeds of the sale will be devoted to the restoration of Henderwell Church, the parish church of Staithes, whence Cook ran away to sea. The MS. has been collated with others in the possession of Her Majesty and of the Admiralty. So much information as this is supplied in the preface. The remaining contents are, of course, written in Cook's simple, nervous style, and are printed with strict observance of his etymology and his views as to the use of capitals. Editions of Cook's travels are to be found in all libraries, and a bibliography of them would occupy many pages of N. & Q.' The present edition will commend itself to most, not only on account of its beauty and its illustrations, but as giving the ipsissima verba of the great hero and martyr.
The Poetical Works of John Gay. Edited by John Underhill. (Lawrence & Bullen.)
To the exquisite series known as the " 'Muses' Library," the prettiest edition of the select poets that has yet appeared, Messrs. Lawrence & Bullen have added an edition of Gay. Though far less interesting, both as poet and as individual, than Marvell and Herrick, his predecessors in the series, Gay has many claims upon attention. His poems, with the exception of the fables, have subsided into something not far removed from oblivion, and one is glad to glance through them again. If anything would tempt one to study afresh Gay's sparkling lines and elegant or quaint antitheses, it would be the chance of reading them in so delightful an edition, and the pleasure of perusing Mr. Underhill's admirable biography of the poet and his even more admirable disquisition on his work. The notes are few and to the point.
Notes on the Oxfordshire Domesday. (Oxford, 116, High Street; London, Frowde.)
THE author of this interesting pamphlet withholds his name, though the letters J. L. G. M. at the end of his short preface do not leave Oxford men in any doubt as to the person to whom we are indebted for this laborious and accurate compilation. The main object of the work is to "afford an exact means of identifying the places
mentioned in the Oxfordshire Domesday." The more the Conqueror's great survey is studied the more knowledge is evolved therefrom. As time goes on we feel that there is no single work which has come down to us from the Middle Ages which is so replete with knowledge. The author has given a catalogue of Domesday places and their holders. This is succeeded by a list of pre-Conquest landowners which is of singular interest for those who wish to ascertain all that is knowable regarding the English landowners during the last days of the old national monarchy. Two Alnods appear in this catalogue; can either of them be that Elnoth who is the first recorded ancestor of the great house of Berkeley? The list of Domesday sub-tenants is a short one; there were far fewer of these in Oxfordshire than in Cambridge, York, or Lincoln. We trust that this little tract may pave the way to an exhaustive analysis of the great Norman survey.
Scottish Ballad Poetry. (Glasgow, Hodge & Co.) To the "Abbotsford Series of the Scottish Poets" has been added a collection of Scottish ballads, edited with a critical introduction, giving a full and an interesting account of ballad literature. A large number of beautiful and characteristic ballads are crowded into a shapely and handy volume, and are accompanied by explanations and annotations. To those who are not fortunate enough to possess Prof. Child's noble and all but exhaustive collection this volume may be warmly commended. The Fall of Adam. By Rev. S. S. Maguth, LL.D. (Digby, Long & Co.) DR. MAGUTH has written a big book, 897 pages of the largest octavo, and as speculative as it is big. He is not a theologian, but a prophetes. He claims to be the mouthpiece of a controlling and divine power which has made him the medium of a new revelation as to the true nature of the fall of Edenic man." That it is considered an inexplicable mystery is due solely, it appears, "to the spiritual incapacity of all past and present theologians" (vol. i. p. 20). Dr. Maguth, being better endowed, knows all about it, and this is his explanation. When Adam was created the earth was already peopled with a race of "carnivorous anthropomorphous mammals," superior to the ape, but inferior to man. "This is the true talisman which resolves all our Biblical difficulties." With these inferior beings the new race was forbidden to intermarry. In fact, the Preadamite was the tree of knowledge of good and evil. He is also identical with the caveman, and he survives in the savage of Terra del Fuego. Among these Preadamites there was one tribe whose totem was a serpent, and its chief, a very crafty and ill-conditioned creature, was known as "The Serpent." This pithecoid savage seduced our first mother into evil ways, and thence came all our woe. In short, the fall of Edenic man consisted in his carnal union with anthropomorphous animals. The result was a hybrid race of men, partaking of the characteristic nature of each type of progenitor-some reverting more decidedly to the one ancestral strain, and some to the other. Evil, in consequence, is only the resultant of natural law. Does Dr. Maguth seriously think that his elaborate and highly conjectural theory would allay the doubts of the sceptical cobbler, whose obstinate questionings, he tells us, first set him forward on this investigation? We would wager on his persistent incredulity.
The Descent of Charlotle Compton, Baroness Ferrers de Chartley. By Isabella G. C. Clifford. (Methuen & Co.)
THERE are a few books relating to genealogy wherein, along with names and dates, wills, and Ing. p.m., we
have a running stream of personal details-gossip, if you will-which renders them simply charming. We have never understood why the ordinary writers of family history make their pages somewhat duller than the Introduction to Algebra' of the late Mr. Bonnycastle. That the fact is so admits of no doubt, and the result has been that a most absurd prejudice has grown up in certain quarters against all genealogical pursuits
There are a few exceptions to a rule but too general. Smyth's Lives of the Berkeleys' is far more pleasant reading than many a modern romance, and we know no volumes we more love to linger over than Earl Crawford's Lives of the Lindsays.' The volume before us is another and a most favourable example of this very limited class. Charlotte Compton, Baroness Ferrers of Chartley, was one of the most highly descended women in England. It is very pleasant, in these dull, prosaic days, to find her great-granddaughterrecurring lovingly to the memory of her charming ancestress. We have but one fault to find, but that is a grave one. The book is much too short. The authoress has the faculty of literary expression; why, therefore, has she confined her self within limits so very narrow? Spencer Compton, Earl of Northampton, who fell at Hopton Heath, is well worthy of an extended biography. We do not think that his descendant mentions the letter he wrote to his countess from York in 1642. At the time of writing he was in attendance on the king and evidently in good spirits, little anticipating the years of misery and bloodshed that were to follow. The light-hearted postscript is very touching: "My blessing to the children. I will not be unmindful of James's business. Kiss my wenches, and take care your cock-horses be not appointed for the militia,"
Epochs of Indian History.—Ancient India. By Romesh Chunder Dutt. (Longmans & Co.) THIS is the first of a series of "Epochs of Indian History. It is a summary of the history of ancient India, of the Hindu sovereignties which eventually were conquered by the Mohammedans. It is a remarkable little volume, and contains a store of information. A thing worthy of note is that the author is himself a Hindu, well known to all who take an interest in the progress of our Indian Empire and in that branch of its administration which, in the education of the people, is building up the most enduring and beneficial monument of Imperial government. Considering how important it is that everything connected with the history of the millions who have come under our sway should be known, we can heartily commend this valuable volume to the notice of our readers. If the following histories of each epoch prove as excellent as the first, they will form a treasure of concentrated information and most useful guides to students of Indian history.
Poland. By W. R. Morfill, M.A. (Fisher Unwin.) IT was fitting that the same hand which dealt with Russia in "The Story of the Nations" should also undertake the history of Poland. Slavonic scholars, indeed, are not so numerous amongst us as to admit of much choice in the matter. Mr. Morfill gives a careful and impartial sketch of this unfortunate country, the true "Niobe of the nations," eschewing political bias, but basing his account on native authorities. In addition to the historic review of the Polish nationality from its rise under Mieczyslaw I. in 963 to its final dismemberment in 1795, he supplies an able résumé of Polish literature and a chapter on the social conditions of the people, past and present. Amongst the causes which led to the downfall of this ancient nationality he enumerates the want of patriotism among its nobility, the intoler
ance of the clergy, the absence of any real middle class, and the degradation of the serfs. Its sovereigns, more over, for the most part were wanting in capacity and energy.
The Princely Chandos. By J. R. Robinson. (Sampson Low & Co.) "THE PRINCELY CHANDOS" was John Brydges, the first duke, who is now best remembered as having been satirized-maligned, some say-by Pope in his Moral Essays' under the character of Timon, though the poet himself never admitted the truth of the impeachment. The "Timon's Villa" there referred to as a monument of tasteless extravagance was the famous country-house at Canons, which was the marvel of the time. Its shortlived magnificence came to an end in 1747, when the house was pulled down and its treasures dispersed by auction. Mr. Robinson champions his hero against the charge, which has often been levelled at him, that he rose to fortune through his peculations in the office of Paymaster-General under Marlborough. Any laches he may have been guilty of, it is maintained, was part of a recognized system, and the fault of the age. Mr. Robinson's style is disfigured by some faults of taste, e. g., in speaking of Pope more than once as "the note of interrogation." On p. 168 "minimus" is a misreading of novimus; and that "Custos Rostolorum" is to be found on the duke's tomb (p. 208) we more than doubt. Moreover, the illustration at p. 228 which purports to be the Railing in New College, Oxford" (said to have been removed from Canons), labours under the defect of showing no railing whatever.
THE Handbook to Hastings' was published in 1845, and was one of the earliest attempts to improve upon the ing-places were content. Several editions were published meagre and misleading "guides" with which most wateraccomplished writer of Brampton Rectory' and other at intervals, and the author (Miss M. M. Howard, the books) prepared an abridged edition, which was still in MS, at the time of her death, in January last. The work has been revised for the press by Mr. E. H. Maraball, and will be published shortly by Mr. E. Stanford.
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