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the rebellion can be derived ; without them, very till two centuries after the alleged occurrence. little. Of personal narratives by far the most MR. Mount's inquiry elicited no answor, and the interesting is that of Charles Jackson. Jackson authority for Gifford's statement has still to be got early into the rebels' power, and to save his life discovered. In addition to the dictionaries cited was made by them to execute some of their by MR. MOUNT, I have turned to the recentlyprisoners, his fellow townsmen, with his own hands. published 'Stanford Dictionary of Anglicized He appears to have been the last man, in the last Words and Phrases,' in the hope of gaining some batcb, on the last day, brought down to the bridge further information. This dictionary merely reat Wexford by Dixon's orders to be piked; and iterates the statement of its predecessors, and adds was kneeling there tremblingly expecting his turn to the Jonson citation the following lines from wben orders came that every able-bodied rebel was ‘Hudibras,' part iii, canto i. (1678) : wanted at Vinegar Hill. So in a dazed sort of a

Youl'a find yourself an arrant Chousa condition he was taken back to gaol, the safest

If y' were but at a Meeting House, place for him. From gaol the next day he some- An earlier quotation might have been given how or other managed to pass safely through the from Wycherley's comedy of 'Love in a Wood, hands of the infuriated soldiers to his wife and Act I. sc. i., in which Lady Flippant tells her children and his burnt-out home, to pick up after-estimable friend Mrs. Joyner that she is "no wards what precarious living he could as a carver better than a chouse, a cheat." This play was, in and gilder in impoverished Wexford, and to all probability, first produced on the stage of write his parrative.

W. 0. WOODALL Drury Lane Theatre in the spring of 1671, but Scarborough.

may have been written some years earlier. * The P.S.-If it should so happen that any one in word was, therefore, in vogue soon after the Restoraterested in this rebellion history should care tion; but is there any evidence that it was emabout having photographs of the places I have mon ployed at an earlier date? The Turkish incident tioned, I may state that the negatives of the must have occurred in 1609, and it seems extremely photographs taken for me are (I believe) still in the improbable that a word of the “boycott" class possession of the photographer who took them, should have lain dormant for a period of fifty or Mr. Andrews, 13, High Street, Wexford.

sixty years from the date of the events out of which it originated, and should then bave come into com

mon use. If the theory of Mr. Sala and the dic“ OBOUSE.”—Mr. G. A. Sala, in his “Echoes of tionary-makers is to be substantiated, I submit the Week," printed in the Sunday Times of May 14, that it is necessary for some evidence to be prorefers to an article on Americanisms wbich recently duced showing that the word was employed in its appeared in the Daily News, in which the writer modern sense between the days of Ben Jonson and observed that many words ordinarily supposed to those of Wycherley and Butler. Otherwise, I think be of Transatlantic coinage are not American at all. it would be safer to assume that chouse is a colOne of these words is chouse, wbich, according to loquialism of English, perhaps provincial, origin, the Daily News writer, is “perfectly good English.” to which the freedom of the Restoration drama On this Mr. Sala remarks :

gave some kind of literary currency. " I should say that choruse can only be considered good

W. F. PRIDEAUX. English in the same sense that burke, macadamize, boy 29, Avenue Road, N.W. cott, bowdlerize, and grangerize can be held to be English. Chonse has a very curious origin, of which the writer in SIR JOHN FALSTAFF.- At the commencement the Daily News does not seem to be aware. It was for- of Balzac's historical novel entitled "Sur Catherine merly spelled chiaus, chiauz, and chaous; various corruptions of the Turkish word for a messenger, agent, and

de Médicis,' occurs the following remarkable interpreter. It happened that a Turkish commercial in passage :London, in the reign of James I., swindled some of the “Par suite d'un caprice de Shakspeare, et pout-être merchants trading with Turkey out of large sums of fut-ce une vengeance comme celle de Beaumarcbais contre money; and from the notoriety of the circumstance the Bergasse Bergeares), Falstaff est, en Angleterre, le type du word came to mean a cheat, and so gave rise to the verb ridicule ; 90n nom provoque le rire, O'est le roi des clowns.

se. Ben Jonson mentione & chiaus in the 'Al | Au lieu d'être énormément replet, sottement amoureux, chemist.'”

ivrogne, vieux, corrupteur, Falstaff était un I do not feel sure that the matter is so certain

sonnages les plus importants de son siècle, chevalier do as Mr. Sala assumes it to be. Some years ago

l'ordre de la Jarretière, et revêtu d'un commandement ('N. & Q.;' 7th 8. vi. 387) MR. C. B. MOUNT staff avait au plus trente-quatre ans. Co général qui se

ago supérieur. A l'avénement de Henri V. au trône, Sir Fal. dealt with the word in a very interesting note, signala pendant la bataille d'Azincourt et y fit prisona which he traced its dictionary pedigree, and wound up by asking for further information re

* Wycherley uses the same expression in his 'Gentlegarding the history of the swindling chiaus, which

man Dancing - Master,' III, i., where the words "a 80 far seemed to rest upon the authority of Gifford, This play was first printed in 1673, but was probably

Cochouse, a cheat" are put into the mouth of Mrs. Caution. whose notes to Jonson's plays were not written produced a year or two earlier.

nier le Duc d'Alençon, prit en 1420 Montereau, qui fut It may be noted that Mr. John Lionel Ching, vigoureusement défendu. Enfin, sous Henri VI., il battit | the gentleman in question, is the son of a former dix mille Français avec quinze cents soldats fatigués et

Mayor of Launceston, the grandson of another of

M mourants de faim! Voilà pour la guerre."

| the borough's chief magistrates, and great-grandson I have searched all the books within my reach that seemed likely to throw any light upon this

of John Ching, of Launceston and Cheapside,

whose worm lozenges were famous among our foresubject, but to very little effect. I may, however,

fathers. On these lozenges "Peter Pindar" wrote a mention that in Chambers’s ‘Book of Days'

squib, called “The First Book of Ch-gp,' wherein (vol. ii. p. 561) the following name is included in

,10 were described the wonderful effects of the medicine the obituary for November 6 : “ Died, Sir John

“ on the king and on his courtiers, on bis captains Falstaff, English knight, 1460, Norwich"; and on referring to the Imperial Gazetteer,' under the

over fifties and on his captains over hundreds."

DUNBEVED. heading of “Norwich," I find the following notice: “ Two curious old mansions are Fastoll's Place, or TENNYSONIANA: THE MANUSCRIPT OF 'POEMS Falstaff's Palace, built before 1459 by Fastolf of BY Two BROTHERS,' 1827.-A record of the sale Caistor." Probably some of the learned corro. of this precious little work should be given in spondents of ‘N. & Qo' may be able to throw some ‘N. & Q. It was sold by Sotheby, Wilkinson additional light upon this subject, and even to dis- & Hodge on Friday, Dec. 23, 1892, and was prove the assertions of Balzac, which, as they stand bought by Mr. R. Bowes for Messrs. Macmillan in the above extract, would appear to charge Shake. | & Bowes, of Cambridge, for the sum of 4801. This speare as having been guilty, not only of bad taste, included the receipt given to Messrs. Jackson for but also of spiteful and long-continued defamation 201., the amount agreed upon for the copyright of of character.

G. MARSON. the volume and a copy of the printed book. In Southport.

offering this manuscript for sale, Messrs. Mac[For Sir John Fastolf sea 'Sketch of the History of millan & Bowes described it as follows:Caister Castle,'1842; “Procès de la Precellé,'by Quicherat; “The original autograph manuscript, consisting of (1) • Nouvelle Biographie Générale,' &c.]

A volume of 76 leaves, originally bound in brown sheep

skin but taken to pieces to print from. (2) The inside SIR TAOMAS JONES (D. 1692), CHIEF JUSTICE of the boards of the volume covered with writing. (3) OF THE COMMON PLEAS.-His baptism as “son Five poems in continuation of the volume with a leaf of of Edward Jobnes. Esquier” (above“ gentleman,” corrections : in all 12 leaves. (With rough pen sketches

at the back of 3 of these.) erased), is recorded in the parish register of St.

(4) Introductory Poem,

• 'Tis sweet to lead from stage to stage l' 2 leaves. (5) Alkmund, Shrewsbury, under date Oct. 13, 1614.

A letter, without date, 4 closely written pages, contain Soo further ‘Dict. Nat. Biog.,' vol. xxx. p. 166. ing a list of 100 poems in the MS. volume that are to

DANIEL HIPWELL. form the printed volume, and some remarks on the 17, Hilldrop Crescent, N.

amount to be paid for the copyright(6) The intro

duction, dated March, 1827, 1 leaf. (7) A letter, without “ GRASS-WIDOW.”—I do not know the French date, objecting to the initials C. & A, T, being put at the equivalent at the present time, thougb very likely end of the introduction, with list of errata on the there is one. But such a widow is neatly termed i

reverse, 1 leaf. (8) A letter, without date, attached to

|(4) and concluding on p. 2: The C. & A. T, did not by Froissart a“ veuve de vif mari.” His words form part of our agreement. You, of course, added it are :

inadvertently !'" "Monseigneur, vous savez que je suis une seule femme The whole as described, 4201. The receipt for ......et veuve de vif mari, s'il plaît à Dieu, car monseig- the copyright and the printed volume were not neur Guicbart (her husband) gît prisonnier en Espaigne ons és dangers du roi d'Espaigne."--Livre i., partie ii.,

offered for sale. A short description gave the chap. ccclviii.

result of a minute examination of the MS., and

F. CHANCE the authorsbip of most of the pooms identified. Sydenham Hill,

The result is given in the new edition of the work

just issued :CORNISH OR Chinese ?-In a recent issue of|

| “We have also compared the MS. with the printed the Launceston Weekly News is an account of the

volume and find that there is hardly a poem that has not success of one of its townsmen who has settled in been altered, while in the case of some of the poems the Queensland, which contains the following curious variations between the MS. and the printed volnme are passage :

numerous." “Mr. Ching is never tired of declaring his birthplace, 1. bedeavours w

Endeavours were made to keep the manuscript and in all bis advertisements, &c., be puts after his in England, but without success, and it has gone name, ‘From Launcestop, Cornwall, England.' This is, to America. According to a late number of the no doubt, in order to prevent his suffering from the anti- | Publisher's Weekly it is in the possession of Dodd, Mongolian prejudices which exist in Australia. His name has rather a Cbinese ring, and he asks his agents

Meath & Co., of Boston. It would be well to to tako notice and to make the fact known that he hails

know from an American correspondent where the not from the Flowery Land, but from the good old town manuscript is finally deposited. G. J. GRAY. of Launceston, Cornwall.'"

Cambridge,

MAY-DAY. —It may interest some readers of ‘N. & Q.’ to know that it is still common in parts of Shropshire—notably in the neighbourhood of Shrewsbury, Wellington, and the Weald Moors— for the children to honour May-day by coming round to the houses with posies of the glittering flowers of cattha—marsh-marygold, as it is wrongly named—and which just now in marish places is burning on the moors “like a thing dipped in sunshine.” Shropshire boys and girls call them “May-flowers,” and great bunches of them may be seen suspended on cottage doors on the morning of May-day.

Query, Are not these flowers Shakespeare's “Cuckoo-buds of yellow hue”? Elsewhere he speaks of the “crow-foot,” the old name of buttercup, and still used by botanists as the tribal name of the Ranunculaceae. His song is of the cuckoo, with whose coming the cattha has always been associated. Linneus tells us that in Sweden the wood-anemone blows on the arrival of the swallow, and the marsh-marygold, cattha, when the cuckoo sings, and the same coincidence has been observed in England. C. A. WHITE.

FALSE DICE.-The following passage explains the various methods of cheating at dice in the Elizabethan era so well, that I transcribe it in full, for the benefit of commentators on old plays, &c.:

“What false dise use they? as dise stopped up with quicksilver and heares, dise of a vauntage, flattes, gourdes to chop and chaunge whan they lyste, to lette the trew dise fall under the table, and so take up the false, and if they be true dise, what shyste wil they make to set ye one of them with slyding, with cogging, with foysting, with coytinge as they call it.”—Ascham’s ‘Toxophilus,’ 1545, fol. 20.

J. E. SPINGARN. New York.

@ntries. We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them direct.

Picture. By Jacques Jordaens.—There is a painting by Jacques Jordaens, the title of which I should be pleased to know. Three figures are depicted, one that of an old man seated at a table on which are open books which he has been reading, and a few closed, having clasps. His left hand supports his head, which is turned up, showing the face marked with an expression of deep sorrow or great pain. His right hand clutches the lapel of his purple robe. The second figure is also that of an old man, but younger than the other. His right hand is laid on the right arm of the other, and his face, very pale, is bent towards him with a look of deep compassion, as, standing behind him, he seeks to administer consolation. Both of these wear full beards. The third figure

is a woman, with right arm completely bare and hanging down. In the hand is an instrument, the top portion only seen, having the appearance of the top part of a poker. The one white garment, partially covering the upper portion of the person, hangs supported by the left shoulder. The lower garments are dark, and fastened tightly round the waist. The face, like those of the others, is turned towards the right, but looking round on the beholder with a leering smile, awaking the thought that she is the cause of the old man's pain and is enjoying the contemplation of it. The books and the woman's arm are beautifully painted. The canvas measures forty-nine by thirty-seven inches. Can any one say what is the subject? Jacques, or Jacob, Jordeans (1594–1678), born in Antwerp, was son-in-law to Adam van Oort, under whom he studied ; he also received instruction from Rubens. D. MACPHAIL. Johnstone.

“FIMBLE.”—I find this word in dictionaries as designating a kind of hemp, But in the accountbooks preserved at Althorp the word occurs in a totally different sense. In the year 1597 there is a payment of eightpence “to Lammey for a hoke and fimble for Great Norrells gate, the other being stolen.” Is fimble still in use in Northamptonshire; and is it noticed in any dialect glossary? Many interesting extracts from the Althorp household books are to be found in the Appendix to Mr. Simpkinson's tale ‘The Washingtons,' published in 1860. JAYDEE.

SIR THoMAs Robinson, BART., and his sister are described by Dr. Busby, the famous head master of Westminster School, in a codicil to his will, as his “only near relations now living.” According to Burke's ‘Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies,’ Sir Thomas Robinson succeeded as third baronet on June 6, 1684, and died without issue on April 21, 1743. His sister appears to have married Sir Comport Fitch. I shall be glad to have further particulars of them, and to know in what relationship they stood to Dr. Busby, and whether there are any descendants of Lady Fitch in existence. G. F. R. B.

AUsTRIAN FLAG AT Acre.—Can any reader of ‘N. & Q.' inform me where I can find an authentic copy of the Austrian flag which Richard I. is said to have thrown into the ditch at Acre? Any reference will be acceptable. R. H. S.

BRIGADIER-GENERAL W. PHILIPPs.-I write to ask whether you can throw any light on a distinguished officer of the Royal Artillery, who fought at the celebrated siege of Boston, and died a very few years afterwards of fever in Virginia in 1776. I refer to Brigadier-General William Philipps. I want to know–1. What family of English Philippses he belonged to. 2. Whether it is true that his

wife Mary and daughter Louisa, aged about ten J. H. MORTIMER : SHAKSPEARE CHARACTERS. years, were with him at the siege of Boston. 3. -How many of these did he design and engrave ? Whether his greatest friend was not Major Small, I know of twelve, and what appears to be a titlewho distinguished bimself greatly at the Battle of page (undated) with lettering “Nature and Bunker's Hill.

Genius,” introducing Garrick to the Temple of F. W. FEILDING-KANE, Lieut. -Col. Shakespear; the other twelve are dated May 20,

1775. The size is 16 in. by 13 in. EPITAPH.-Can any reader of N. & Q.' ex- |

Geo. Clulow. plain the following, from a tomb in Christchurch

Belsize Avenue, N.W.
Abbey, Hants ?
We were not slayne but raysd

“SPURN-POINT." - IQ Jeremy Taylor's 'SerRaysd not to life

mons,' Sermon xxiii., “ The Good and Evil Tongue,' But to be buried twice

part ii., see, towards the close of section ii., "He By men of strife What rest could the living have

that makes a jest of the words of Scripture......be Wben dead bad none

stakes Heaven at spurn-point"? Can any one Agree amongst you

explain the “spurn-point." It has no capital Here we ten are one.

letter in the edition of Tyler, London, 1668. Henry Rogers, died April 17, 1641.

J. T. F. G. H. CLARKE. Bp. Hatfield's Hall, Durham. PORTRAIT BY KNELLER.-I have a life-size por- COBBLERS CALLED “SNOBS." —Why in certain trait of Sir Thomas Robinson, Bart., supposed to parts of the country (Hertfordsbire, to wit) are be painted by Sir Godfrey Kneller. Can any of cobblers called snobs ? your readers tell me anything about the history of

JOAN CHURCHILL SIKES. the picture ?

W. R. 13, Wolverton Gardens, Hammersmith, W.

[See 7th 8. iv. 127.] CAURCH PATRONAGE TRUST.-This is a similar body to that known as the Simeon Trustees (who BARCLAY'S 'ENGLISH DICTIONARY.'-_What was were the subject of several communications to your the Christian name of the author of Barclay's columns some years since (800 66h . x. 229, 315, 'Complete and Universal English Dictionary'? 433, 524), in regard to holding the patronage of a The work was published at Liverpool in 1811. number of churches in various parts of the country.

HELLIER R. H. GOSSELIN. Can any of your readers oblige me with informa Bengeo Hall, Hertford. tion respecting the history and constitution of this

M. Yates.--I have a letter, dated Aug. 31, trust—that is, When and where was it formed ;

en; 1863, from Wouldham, near Rochester, written by what are the general provisions of the trust under

the above. Will any autograph collector kindly which the body was constituted ; how did they

oy say if the letter is worth keeping, and for what Mr. become possessed of the advowsons which they

VYates was noted ?

PHILIP PENTIN. now hold ; how are vacancies in their number

Midland Institute, Birmingham. supplied ; what are the names of the present members ; and who is their secretary? My pur- RHYME ON CALVINISM. Can any of your pose in asking this information is not controversial ; readers tell me where I can find the rhyme conbut it seems curious that a body having such a taining a short and succinct description of Oalviplarge number of benefices in their gift, as appears ism, part of which runs something like this! by the Clerical Directory,' should be so utterly

You can and you can't, ignored in all publications in which Church matters

You will and you won't ; are dealt with, such as 'The Church Year-Book,'

You 'll be damned if you do, &c. I hope, therefore, it will be possible to ascer

You 'll be damned if you don't. tain these particulars through your columns.

J. B. FLEMING. W. S. B. H. How TO REMOVE VARNISH.-Will some corre MAPLE Cops. At the coronation of King spondent kindly tell me the best way to remove George III. the Mayor and Burgesses of Oxford, hard clear varnish or French polish from oak farniby charter, claim to serve in office of butlership tó | ture made some twenty odd years ? the king with the citizens of London, with all fees

H. M. LL thereunto belonging allowed, and to have three CARIST Cross Row ALPHABET. (See 46 S. vi. “ maple cups " for their fee; and also, ex gratiâ 367 ; vii. 418.)-It seems worth while to reopen regis, a large gilt bowl and cover (' Annual this question by noting that, having come across Register,' 1761, p. 202). Are these cups still the word kruasa, used as the Basque for alphabet, retained by the Corporation ; and have thoy any in the little 'Gramera Berria ikasteko Eskualdunec thing to do with other so-called maple, or mazer, mintzatzen Espainoles; ó sea Nueva Gramática cups occasionally seen ?

W. P. para enseñar á los Bascos a hablar Español por D.

Francisco Jauregui de San Juan' (Buenos Aires, 1883), I asked several French Basques to explain it to me, as it was otherwise a perfect stranger. I learned that it must be a transcription of Castilian cruz or French croix, plus the Basque definite and post-positive article a, and that it must refer to the custom, formerly existing in Basque schools, of beginning the alphabet lesson with the sign of the Christian faith, which was also printed at the beginning of the alphabet in the books. Canon Inchauspe, a learned Basque, author of eight volumes described in the “Essai d'une Bibliographie de la Langue Basque, par Julien Winson” (Paris, 1891), and of a beautiful translation in Souletin prose of the first canto of the Inferno, kindly sent me the following note thereon : “Dans mon enfance on apprenait l'alphabet surun feuillet qui avait une Croix en commençant, avant l'A, et on disait croix à la Croix, puis A, B, &c.” See what Littré says in his dictionary about croix as meaning alphabet. HEUSCARologus ANGLICANUs. Paris.

“NoMENCLATOR NAVALIs.”—Iremember, some quarter of a century ago, examining in the British Museum a manuscript having the above title. It is a dictionary of English naval terms. I think there is more than one copy of it in the national collection. Has this work ever been printed If not, it is worthy of the attention of the English Dialect Society. There is, I understand, a reference to a manuscript bearing this name in the * Second Report of the Historical MSS. Commission," p. 45. K. P. D. E.

LYN FAMILY of BAssINGBouBNE.-Can any genealogist tell me whether the four brothers of William Lyn, of Bassingbourne, in 1588, who married Elizabeth Stuart, the mother, by a second marriage of Cromwell, married and left also ?

“SHEDBARschEMOTh”: “SchARLACHAN.”—Sir Walter Scott, in his novel ‘The Antiquary’ (vol. i. ochap. xxi.), puts these two words into the mouth of Lousterswivel. As I see many contributions in your columns on the subject of occult science, I hope one of your readers can help me to find out if these two words are gibberish, invented by the author, or from what source he derived them, and whether they have any meaning in our language.

GEORGE H. Hooton.

HAwiss A DE FERRERs. – From a charter of Robert de Ferrers, Junior, Earl of Nottingham and second Earl of Derby, granted to Tutbury Priory in 1141, we learn that his mother's name was Hawisia, and in other records it is given as Hawis and Hadewise. No additional name appears in any pedigree I have so far seen, and I am anxious to discover of what family this lady was a member,

and especially to know by what armorial insignia

they were distinguished. Can any one kindly

inform me? H. NorBIs, Tamworth.

THE Royal LUsiTANIAN LEGIon.—I have a book entitled ‘A Narrative of the Campaigns of the Royal Lusitanian Legion under Sir Robert Wilson,’ &c., viii, 346 pp., 8vo., London, for E. Egerton, 1812, about the author of which I would like to know something. The book is edited by Col. William Mayne. The “Narrative” is only from pages 29 to 117, while most of the text consists of an Appendix lettered A–R. Appendix D contains an extensive notice of the death of Sir John Moore. In the “Advertisement,” signed William Mayne, he speaks of being indebted for the “Narrative” to a young officer, “one of the most meritorious Flowers of the corps.” This is evidently a pun on the name of Capt. Lillie, of the 60th British Infantry, who is mentioned in a MS. note as being the author, and who is referred to in the text as one of the officers in the expedition. The British Museum Catalogue has this rather amusingly indexed under “Flower” as author, on the apparent assumption that the word Flowers in the “Advertisement” was simply a play on the word. P. LEE PHILLIPs. Washington, D.C.

SIR Cornelius WERMUYDEN, - This historic Dutch engineer on English sens in the period of James I. and Charles I. and onwards is believed by Dr. Smiles (see his ‘Lives of the Engineers," i. 45) to have died abroad after 1656. I much desire to learn whether any account of the Wermuyden family exists in other English books. I have some reasons for surmising that there are descendants in England through a female line. Charles Wermuden was a Christ Church B.A. in 1661. Smiles records the Parliamentary Colonel Cornelius Vermuyden, the eldest son of the engineer, resigning his commission and going beyond seas in 1645, but reappearing in England in 1665 as a member of the Corporation of the Bedford Level. Mention is made (Burke's ‘Landed Gentry,’ 1849, iii. 247) of lands acquired in Sedgmoor by the marriage of a Blake with a daughter of Sir Cornelius, the name of Wenn enter ing, not clearly, into the statement. In the London Gazette of February 17, Sub-lieutenant Robert Wermuyden Woods, of the Royal Naval Reserve, is promoted to be lieutenant. KANTIUs.

Quinta dos Tanquinhos, Madeira.

MANDRAGoRA.—In an old play, a witch gives the hero the following advice: “Sow next thy vines Mandrage, and ever keepe thine eares open,” &c. To what popular superstition does the author allude 1 J. E. S.

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