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tive importance would you now place on given one at a time, the student finishing study and on activities outside the cur- up one study before beginning on anriculum (e. g., athletics, societies)," the other. Each student will be given indialmost universal answer is studies first vidual instruction, and will spend as of all, social associations second in im- much time on one study as he may reportance, athletic third and societies last. quire. This will give him a chance to Objection raised to athletics is that com- show his individuality, and is one of the paratively few are encouraged to partici- greatest benefits to be derived from the pate, and “there was a pretty general system. feeling that general athletics should be When the student completes the redeveloped more and less time given to
quired work he will receive all the priviuniversity teams.” If this is the senti- leges of the degree at once, although he ment of Yale graduates, in the face of will have to wait until the regular comthe great success of Yale teams in every mencement to receive it formally. When branch of athletic rivalry, it should be this system is applied to the whole coleven more the sentiment of graduates of lege, it would be possible for a student other colleges. On the question whether to enter at any time. Old students may the discipline of the college now seems to stop if necessary and re-enter at some have been too severe, there is an over- future time. whelming opinion that if anything it was
It is thought that no more instructors too lax.
will be required under the new system These replies are especially interesting than under the old. Though the idea because of their uniform conservatism on
is yet in the experimental stage, it has all the questions submitted. The under
been so carefully studied out and planned graduate is apt to chafe under discipline,
that there is little doubt but that it will to disparage Greek, to rail at enforced at
prove a success. The scheme originated tendance at chapel, and to prefer optional with Dean Raymond. If it proves this and elective against prescribed studies.
year that it is the best system to use, it The mature view of "old grads," from
will be extended to all of the Applied the Yale replies, is in effect a vote of con
Science classes as fast as possible. If, fidence in the superior judgment of the
however, there is any doubt, as to its faculty and overseers, and general ap- practicability, the division started this proval of conservative methods both of
year will be carried through the entire government and of instruction.
course and the decision made then. The
new students seem to take quite readily The German university system of in- to the idea ; already the number of applistruction will be tried this year in the cations for the course exceeds the num
freshman engineer- ber decided upon for the experiment. The German System ing class at the Uni- Those who will take it will be chosen Adopted at Iowa
versity of Iowa. Al- by lot. Educators and students, alike, University.
though in common are looking forward to the trial of this use on the continent, this will be the method with a good deal of interest, as second trial the system has been given its success may mean a great change in in this country. Major studies will be the system of instruction.
OF CURRENT INTEREST
THE YOUNGEST COLLEGE MAN.
Many educators agree that boys generThe freshman class of Tufts College ally graduate from our colleges at too adhas the distinction of having for a mem
vanced an age. The great need now is ber the youngest collegian in the coun- to save two years by better high-school try, Norbert Wiener, aged 11 years. At
instruction or by permitting students to the age of 18 months he learned his al- shorten the collège course. Between phabet, and he began to read when he young Weiner graduating at fifteen and was but three years old. His precocious the average bachelor of arts still facing mind has so developed that when he his professional training at twenty-three reached his eighth year he was reading
there is a golden mean. philosophy, and was acquainted with Hadley, Darwin, Ribot and Haeckel. The lad's father is Leo Wiener, a Rus
THE GIRL ATHLETE. sian, assistant professor of Slavonic lan- Year by year the girls of the country guages at Harvard University, and who who attend college are paying more and has been connected with that institution
more attention to athletic development. for almost 11 years. Norbert was born To be sure they are not progressing as in Columbia, Me., Nov. 26, 1894.
fast in that line as the young men, and Precocity has been marked in the child- that is quite natural, but nevertheless they hood of many eminent men. Alexander make very good records. Hamilton at twelve was left in charge Possibly after eleven years of training of a colonial counting-house and at nine- the girl athlete has pretty nearly “struck teen was a Revolutionary leader. John her gait.”. If this is the fact it makes Stuart Mill read Greek at four. A re- especially interesting a comparison of markable case of early development was the scores of a leading woman's college that of the son of John Evelyn, the
with some of those set by young amadiarist, who did not live to fulfil his teurs of the ruder sex: promise. At two years and a half this 50 yard run: men 574 seconds, women child "pronounced English, Latin and 7 1-10 seconds. French exactly and could perfectly read 100 yard run: men 9 3-5 seconds, in those three languages.” Before he women 13 2-5 seconds. died at five he “got by heart almost the Standing jump: men u ft. 478 inches, entire vocabulary of Latin and French women 7 ft. 6 inches. primitives and words
and had Running high jump: men 6 ft. 558 a strong passion for Greek.” The early
The early inches, women 4 ft. 34 inches. development of musical talent is a com- Running broad jump: men 24 ft. 1134 mon phenomena among eminent com- inches, women 13 ft. I inch. posers.
Throw baseball: men 381 ft., women It is not difficult to "prepare" for col- 185 ft. 77/2 inches. lege at eleven a precocious child. There The difference is least in running, are thousands of children who with pri- greatest in jumping and throwing. The vate teaching could accomplish the feat. woman champion put an 8-pound shot As children are commonly trained the 22 feet 4 inches; the men's amateur forward ones are retarded by the aver- record for putting the 16-pound shot is age intelligence of large classes. The 48 feet 7 inches. The women's achievelose little by the experience if the leisure ments about equal those of their halffrom their light tasks is devoted to exer
grown brothers. cise and good reading.
But these figures are wholly mislead
ing as an indication of the real compara- agement to those engaged in the work of tive strength of the sexes. Endurance is education and makes them truly grateful an important phase of strength, and in for a season of prosperity. That is in the this women probably surpass men. donation of handsome sums for endowWhymper tells of Alpine women porters ment purposes, not to say anything of who carry heavier burdens than men. the smaller contributions that in aggreWomen succumb less easily than men to gate mean a great deal to such instituasphyxiation, to disease or wounds. tions. The present commencement seaEven in the athletic specialty of the son has been especially prolific in anstronger sex women do best in the sport nouncements of splendid donations, wellwhich best combines vital endurance with to-do donors frequently signing their muscular strength-long distance swim- names to checks that extend well up into ming.
the tens of thousands and give a subThe sex which is longer lived and stantial lift. Some have conditioned more resistant to disease, wounds and in- their benefactions of large amount and firmity need hardly envy the sex which upon the college bestirring itself and makes showy "records.
getting its friends to make up a similar amount in order to acquire the first
offered amount. These have met with a PROSPERITY AND COLLEGES.
ready response. If there is any particular class or in- Another pleasing feature is the institution that can be especially for the creased attention that the smaller colblessings of general prosperity, it is the leges are receiving in the way of such institution of learning, more notably the assistance. For them it has been for the college. There are several ways in which most part a very severe struggle, the such reap the benefits. One of them is larger and more expensive institutions the way in which the number of students naturally attracting the attention of the is increased in each institution and an- men of wealth who freely give to that other is the way in which these institu- form of education. It is well that the tions are made the recipients of the boun- work being done by these smaller instituties of prosperous times.
tions, which might be supposed to have When the people of the country are
a difficult time holding their own among doing well, it is the most natural thing some of the more pretentious institutions, in the world that they should apply at
has been courting attention and marks of least a portion of their increased re- appreciation that the donations of large sources to the giving to their children a sums shows. good education. Especially does this apply to the starting of the young folks COLLEGE GIRLS AND MATRIMONY. along the lines of more liberal education,
After considerable observation the and the colleges, of course, find that there
East Window has come to the conclusion is an especially bright opening for them
that the college woman marries as quickto increase the size of the student body. ly as the woman who has not the advantThose who closely watch the statistics of age of a college training. When the the higher institution have been ready to right man comes along the woman will note the larger numbers beginning their say yes whether she is a bachelor of arts college courses and the tide of prosperity or a housemaid. And she will make the has been in evidence for a sufficient better housemaid because she is a bachlength of time to make the effect felt even elor of arts. There are some educated as far as the graduating classes of the women who are wedded to their profespresent year.
sion-until the right man comes along. While this condition is without a doubt Then he is their profession. Marriages a matter of much gratification to the co!- of convenience are made less frequently leges, there is another that gives encour- by college women because they do not
feel obliged to marry and escape poverty had come to be thousands of good people or dependence. But love marriages are who would gladly see this institution made as often and it is only the love mar- and the naval academy shut up altogether tiage that is worth the making.
if no way could be found to Somebody gathered statistics relative to the graduates of a certain college in Columbia for young women. They were asked at graduation what they planned to
THE FIRST YEAR OF A COLLEGE GIRL. be. Seven said teachers, three artists, one To be a successful freshman is the a lawyer and one a missionary. Ten of most difficult thing in college life, and a the twelve are married and have nine- few suggestions as to conduct may be teen babies and there is hope for the other useful to young women who begin their two. The girl who was going to be a college career this fall. For most gradmissionary married first of all. May be uates admit that of the entire course the that's what she meant.
freshman year is the most trying, and If there is any girl who isn't going to new students cannot be too careful of the college this year because she thinks col
friends they make or of their attitude tolege will interfere with her matrimonial ward the work, for every freshman is chances she might as well change her being critically watched by both upperplans and go to college. She will have
class women and instructors, and the ima better chance to become a wife after
pressions they make the first few weeks she has been through college and will be usually determine their standing during a better wife.
the four years of study.
If there are secret fraternities in the in
stitutions, then new girls are even more HAZING WIPED OUT AT WEST POINT.
closely scrutinized by older students, and It will probably be as surprising as it the necessity of carefully choosing acwill be gratifying to the people of this quaintances is more paramount than becountry to read the recent report of the fore. visitors of the West Point Military
It is often better to endure a little Academy and the announcement it makes patronizing from upper-class women than of the final disappearance from that in- to go about with a high and mighty air. stitution of the practice of hazing. Its
The first will not hurt and the second language is as follows:
would certainly make one disliked. The practice of hazing new cadets, at Many freshmen are in great danger of one time prevalent among the older stu- being permanently spoiled by the attendents of the academy, has been effectually
tion which they get from college organstamped out and we have been informed izations. The dean of one of our large that no instance of real hazing has come Eastern colleges once remarked: “We to the attention of the academy authori- expect all freshmen to have this period ties during the last three years, or since of conceit. I have seen very few who effective measures were employed for its had sense enough to avoid it." This abolition.
statement is perfectly true and at the The report goes on to say that this same time gives the only safeguard great change was largely due to the against this danger-common sense. cadets themselves, who discovered that Girls should realize that anyone else in hazing was injuring the academy. This their position would be as eagerly sought, is another way of saying that it was due and that all who have gone before have to public sentiment.
been entertained, or, as it is technically The way in which hazing was injur
called, "rushed" just as much as they. ing the academy was by giving the coun- Many have spoiled their social life in coltry at large a contempt for it that bor- lege by a bad beginning. So, too much dered on hatred and indignation. There emphasis cannot be put on the necessity
for decorous conduct for the first few there are seasons when such students weeks.
neglect their own work in order that It's not alone conduct and work that they may put in twelve or fifteen hours a are watched, for a girl's room and her day with the lads whom they are tutorpersonal appearance enter largely into ing, but a good many things have comthe opinion formed of her by the stu- bined to spoil the market in New York. dents, especially those in fraternities. The preparatory schools, if they are
All freshmen should take especial care not doing their work better than they did in arranging their rooms, as most of the it twenty years ago, are at least directing expensive fittings are kept through the it more strictly to the end in view, that four years. In many of the larger insti- of putting youths into college. Conditutions the girls bring their own bed- tions are fewer than they used to be, and ding, and in such cases one large double electives give a student a chance to disblanket, which may be used singly or cover soft things in the way of studies. doubly, six sheets and six pillow cases, Even the summer tutoring of lads who all carefully marked with the owner's have failed in the June entrance examinaname, will be essential to comfort. tions is not the profitable business it once
was. There was a time not so long ago
when husky young football players from LESS COLLEGE TUTORING.
the preparatory schools gave up twoPrivate tutoring no longer yields the thirds of their summer holidays to studyrich harvest of former times to clever ing against the autumn entrance examstudents in the universities and colleges. inations, and anxious friends of college The palmy days of the business vanished athletics urged them on to their distasteten or fifteen years ago, when a student ful tasks. Parents gladly paid from $3 working his way through college could to $5 an hour to the men who thus carstill earn from $1,000 to $2,500 a year,
ried dull or idle boys through their vacaand when some men earned nearly twice
tion studies. the latter sum.
Tutoring is not specially frowned upon Even then, however, the business was at the universities and colleges. Some of not such a science as the "Widow" makes the professors themselves earned almost of it at Harvard. You may learn almost as much as tutors in their college days anything of the Widow that is taught in as they now earn as heads of departthe uni versity, and there are under- ments, and then the business does not graduates who fervently believe that he assume its worst form here. (for the Widow is not a woman) knows
In those universities where tutoring more of most subjects than the real pro- has been brought to such perfection that fessors.
the idle undergraduate with money to The Widow's neatly typewritten lec- spend can be reasonably sure of passing ture notes, the Widow's careful sum
his examinations without attending lecmaries of the matter assigned for col- tures regularly or reading the books aslateral reading, are regularly served out signed professors flunk the fellows who day after day to those students that can are known to be regular customers of the afford to pay the Widow's prices. It tutoring mills. It is said that a lecturer costs a good deal more to get the at one university once confessed that Widow's lecture notes and other aids to
when he examined the typewritten notes scholarship than the fees of the uni- of one of his own lectures furnished to a versity.
student by a tutoring mill he found them Columbia and the University of the
fuller than the notes that he was himself City of New York have no Widow. using, for the tutor had put in side reThere are hard working students who marks and illustrations that did not apstill tutor undergraduates for pay, and pear in the lecturer's notes.