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jections against it is Robert Louis Ste- sighted view. Realism has many and venson. Stevenson emphasizes especially great merits even if it does not, to quote one point: “Realism aims to reproduce Professor Bliss Perry's definition of it, life in all its detail. It tries to compete "shrink from the commonplace or the with a photograph and this it cannot do.” unpleasant in its endeavor to depict Indeed, art is selective. The true artist things as they are, life as it is." What is he who can pick out the essential and are a few of these merits ? typical in what he sees and weaving First, it calls attention to the immense them together in a gracious and beautiful importance of seemingly trivial things style, bring forth a production that is and the absorbing interest of human truly literature. To examine human life character apart from showy achievemicroscopically and then reproduce with ments or romantic background. This is "dry-as-dust” fidelity is fatal to the artis- in accordance with democracy, which tic in literature.
makes every man stand on his own mer"Moreover," say the critics, "Realism its. It is in accordance, also, with makes a deliberate choice of the purely Christianity which deals with man as a commonplace, and are we not sufficiently man and not as a creature of fortune or afflicted with the commonplace in our
of favor. own daily lives that we should not seek And, secondly, Realism prevents unfor it in literature ?
due sentimentality, false ideas, or perBut the great objection, as the Ro- verted or morbid ideals by constantly remanticists would have it, to the whole calling to us what we are. It keeps us realistic philosophy of fiction is that it down to earth when we would fly withchooses for its themes that which is un- out wings and it checks disastrous venpleasant and evil. Now this criticism is tures into fields whereof we know nothcertainly true, and the reason for it is ing. not far to seek. The commonplace These are great merits truly, and they which the Realist chooses is to the most certainly balance if they do not outweigh of us exceedingly dry and uninteresting, the criticism against it. hence, in order to lend an interest to his I have endeavored to present the work apart from the beauty of style, the meaning of this word Realism. I have novelist of this school is very likely to endeavored to bring out the current choose for his material that which is criticism against it and some of the unwicked and evil. The realistic novelist, pleasant features.
features. On the one hand says a reviewer in the New York Even- we have its vain attempt to portray ing Post, aims to recall a menagerie at life in all its infinite detail, its deliberfeeding time. And to a large extent it ate choice of the commonplace, and its is true.
tendency to prefer the wicked and vicWe have thus briefly passed in re- ious to the pure and noble; on the other view the current criticisms of realism, hand we have its invaluable service in and it must be admitted that there is in emphasizing the importance of the little every one of them an element of truth. things of life and its work as a bulwark But it is easy to exaggerate, and it is Against a flood of mawkish sentimentaldoubly easy to get a one-sided and near- ity.
GENERAL COLLEGE NEWS
The magnificent new buildings of the reception room of the school of theology. Harvard Medical School were dedicated The first bequest of $60,000 to the last month. The exercises were held on trustees of Boston University is to prothe terrace in front of the aministration vide for the establishment of a professorbuilding, on Longwood avenue, in the ship in the institution in memory of the Fenway. This group of beautiful white testator's son, Danforth Richardson marble buildings is the largest single ad- Dunn. The will provides that the second dition to the resources of Harvard in the bequest of $60,000 to the trustees of Boshistory of the university.
ton University for the general uses of the Nearly $4,000,000 has been expended institution shall include $10,000 which on the various new buildings. The new has already been given by the testator tomedical school at present consists of a ward an endowment for the university central administration building, with four so that this bequest in reality amounts to subordinate buildings surrounding three $50,000. sides of a large court. Each of the four subordinate buildings is devoted to a The Columbia Conference of the large branch of medical science, and each
Swedish Lutheran Augustana Synod has consists of two wings joined by an audi- decided to locate its proposed college at torium, thus surrounding three sides of
Cour d'Alene, Idaho. That city made an a small court.
offer of ten acres of land and a bonus of A power plant, 100 yards away from $25,000, provided the conference would the main group of buildings, is the only raise $75,000 more. other building at present erected. From
A wealthy member of the church, this power plant comes all the light, all
whose name is withheld for the present, the heating and the refrigerating, which
offered to subscribe $100,000 on condition latter is an important aid in some por
that the college should bear his name and tions of a medical curriculum, and all the
his offer was accepted. It is intended to ventilating machinery, which has been
have the college buildings erected the very carefully arranged.
coming year and actual work will begin Each of the buildings has four stories,
next September. Rev. J. Jesperson, of with two spacious elevators in each
Spokane, was elected president of the building, the construction being of the
college for the coming year. best type of the modern fireproof building. Arrangements have been made for ready access to all pipes, conduits, etc., of
The main building of the State Uni
versity of Missouri, Columbia, Mo., was which there are many, in which are the wires, tubes, etc., of the latest labor
recently broken into and robbed of goods
valued at $1,000 or $1,200. saving appliances in office practice, connecting each unit in the school more or less intimately with every other.
A resolution was adopted unanimously
at the Congregational ministers' meeting The will of the late Edward H. Dunn, in Chicago asking the authorities of Anformer president of the Boston Uni- dover Theological Seminary, Andover, versity corporation, left $120,000 of his Mass., to call a national conference of estate to the University. The books and Congregational officers and educators to bookcase of the testator are given to the consider the advisability of moving the trustees of Boston University with the seminary to Chicago. It was said that provision that they are to be kept in the while the seminary has an endowment of $1,000,000, it has but thirty students, the necessary funds and will lay the matshowing that it has outlived its useful- ter before the next synod of the church. ness in New England.
The will of former Governor Aaron T. The Catholic University of America at Bliss, of Michigan, which has been made Washington has received $29,326.07 public, makes bequests aggregating from the estate of Charles A. Hoyt, be - $65,000 to education and other instituing the bequest left by Mr. Hoyt in his tions, as follows: Albion College, $30,will. The university also acknowledges 000; Alma College, $10,000; Old Ladies' the receipt, through Cardinal Gibbons, of Home of Oneida, N. Y., $5,000, and the $5,000 from T. H. Schriver, of Union City of Saginaw $20,000 for the beautiMills, Md. During the last year the
fication of Bliss Park. fund known as the cardinals' collection for the Catholic University was increased
The new annex of the University of by $56,443.13. This fund was raised by Aberdeen, Scotland, a splendid granite Cardinal Gibbons. It has now reached
structure erected at a cost of $1,250,000, a total of $139,386.93, all raised since the failure of Thomas E. Waggaman,
was opened by King Edward last month The university has also received from
in the presence of hundreds of learned
men from America and elsewhere who the authorities of the St. Louis Exposition
are participating in the commemoration the large gold medal awarded to the
of the four hundredth anniversary of the school of the social sciences for its ex
university. Thousands of visitors from hibit of the charitable work of the Cath
all parts of the kingdom attended the olic Church in the United States. This
ceremonies. The city lavishly unique exhibit was the work of two of
decorated. The king, who was accomthe professors of the university, the Rev. panied by Queen Alexandria, expressed Dr. William J. Kerby, professor of so
his pleasure over the fact that so many ciology, and Charles P. Neill, then pro distinguished foreigners were taking part fessor of political economy, now United
in the celebration. States Commissioner of Labor.
The degree of doctor of laws was be
stowed upon Professor M. B. Anderson Dr. H. C. Evans, president of Texas of Leland Stanford University; ProfesPresbyterian College for Girls, has let sor F. W. Clarke of Washington, D. C.; the contract for a
twelve-room Professor Arnold Hague of Washington, dormitory. This building will have all D. C.; Professor H. A. Kelly of Johns modern conveniences and will accommo- Hopkins University, Professor Charles date twenty-four students. This college R. Lanman of Harvard University, Prois the property of the Presbyterian fessor Thomas R. Lounsbury of Yale Church and is controlled by the synod of' University and Dr. James W. White of Texas.
At a meeting of the trustees of the Presbyterian Bible chair at the University of Kansas, plans were made for the erection of a $42,000 building as a home for the work the Presbyterians are carrying on among the students of the university. A man, who did not want his name made public, has offered to give $12,000 for this purpose if the trustees will raise an additional $30,000. The trustees appointed a committee to raise
Francis T. White, of New York, who in the past few years has given $75,000 to Earlham College, Richmond, Ind., the amount constituting the Francis T. White endowment fund, has further increased his donation by giving $25,000 additional.
It is reported that Carroll College, Waukesha, Wis., is to have a new chapel, to be erected by a citizen of Wisconsin, the details of which President Carrier is wealthy persons have not appeared to be not ready to make public.
aware of the existence of the Chicago
Academy of Sciences and its various A music department has been added to merits, but possibly the bequest of Mr. the curriculum at St. Louis University. Willner will serve to call the attention of Instructions on the violin, 'cello, mando
devisors to the institution. lin, guitar and piano will be given to
The academy was organized in 1857, those who desire a knowledge of the fine leading citizens becoming its supporters art as well as a collegiate course.
by subscribing for life memberships at $500 each. The building first was located
in Wabash avenue, near Van Buren The annual report of Treasurer Lee
street, but the great fire swept away its McCluny of Yale University, recently issued shows that the university is out
property. In 1900 the late Matthew
Laflin offered the trustees of the academy of debt for the first time in decades, hav
$75,000, conditioned on the erection of a ing a surplus of $62,000.
fire-proof museum in Lincoln Park that
should bear his name. The park comIt is announced that Anthony H. missioners gave an additional $25,000, Wahlburg, of Cincinnati, has sent the with the provision that the museum Catholic University of America, Wash- should contain rooms suitable for their ington, D. C., another donation of $15,- offices. With these funds the Chicago 000 toward the establishment of a Ger- Academy of Sciences was established in man chair in the college. Within the its present location, and it has become past two years Father Wahlburg has one of the notable institutions of the city. given the university $30,000, and it is expected that within a similar period he will
The corner stone of Tennessee Colcomplete the $50,000 necessary to estab
lege, Mufreesboro, Tenn., was laid on lish the chair.
September 11th, with imposing cere
monies. The new school is being erected The will of W. Moses Willner, which
as a college for young ladies. The buildhas just been filed for probate, bequeath- ing will cost $45,000, and when coming $100,000 to the Chicago Academy of pleted upon the sixteen-acre campus, Sciences, recalls the fact that the academy upon which it is located, will be one of is one of the oldest of the so-called
the handsomest institutions of its kind in "learned societies of the city. The
the South. Academy Building is located in Lincoln Park, and its rooms are well filled with an excellent collection of the natural his
Elmer L. Corthell, of New York City,
has notified President Faunce of Brown tory of the North American continent. Classes from the public schools, under
University that he has made provision in
his will that his entire sicentific library the leadership of teachers, resort to the
of several thousand volumes is to become academy for the study of natural objects, and the officers of the institution accom
the property of the university. Mr.
Corthell is a well known engineer. He pany them and give all the help desired. During the school year, weekly popular
was graduated at Brown University in lectures are given in the assembly-room, 1867. He has one of the most valuable open to all who wish to attend, and espe
private scientific libraries in America. cially addressed to the capacities and requirements of the young.
Mrs. Fox, of Muscatine, Iowa, has All the work of the academy has to be presented the National Memorial Unidone by a small working force, because of versity, Mason City, Iowa, with $25,000 the fact that the income of the institution for the daughters of veterans' building, is only about $500 a year. Heretofore which is costing $50,000.
Hiram College, Hiram, Ohio, and of Congregational churches in the South. Bethany College receive $500 each by the The Seminary has no endowment or will of Mrs. Drucilla Minser, of Ohio, funds with which to buy books. It is who died recently.
the only Theological College in the entire
South maintained by the Congregational The library of Atlanta Theological churches, and the only one of any deSeminary now contains about 6,000 vol- nomination in Georgia, Florida, Alabama umes. It is the largest collection of theo- and Mississippi-a vast area, containing logical books in the southeast, and addi- over seven millions of people. It is tions are being received weekly. The aided by the American Missionary AssoLibrary is also the designated depository ciation, and is training ministers for the for all data marking the development whites of the South.
Somebody has said that "Stevenson poems called "Underwoods," Stevenson was Stevenson and there one is inclined thus pays his tribute to them: to leave it in despair of saying more."
These are thy works, O father, these thy And surely it is baffling to attempt to
Whether on high the air be pure, they shine deal with a creature seemingly so full of Along the yellowing sunset, and all night
Among the unnumbered stars of God they contradictions,-an invalid filled to the
shine; brim with life and vitality; a Scotchman,
Or whether fogs arise and far and wide
The low sea-level drown-each finds a tongue with a Scotchman's tenacity, clinging to And all night long the tolling bell resounds;
So shine, so toll, till night be overpast, ideals anything but Scotch; a man with
Till the stars vanish, till the sun return, few personal acquaintances, but with And in the haven rides the feet secure. many friends whose faces he had never
In "A Child's Garden of Verses" seen.
Stevenson has given us a touching picYet if there be reasons for these con- ture of his sickly childhood with its fetradictions, and reasons there certainly verish dreams.
. "My childhood," he must be, the student of Stevenson is pe- wrote to a friend shortly after the publiculiarly fortunate in possessing an cation of this little volume, "was in realabundance of pleasant autobiographical ty a very mixed experience, full of fematerial from which to draw. Few men
ver, nightmare, and insomnia, painful have written so freely and so unreserved- days and interminable nights; and I can ly of themselves and their emotions and speak with less authority of 'Gardens' experiences as has Robert Louis Steven- than of that other 'Land of Counterson ; fewer still have succeeded in so do- pane.' But to what end should we reing without making the reader painfully new these sorrows?” This is the quesaware of the proximity of an oppressive tion that. Stevenson asked throughout egotism. But Stevenson can chatter his whole life; “To what end should we away about himself for hours with the
renew these sorrows?" It explains his most nonchalant air, apparently taking it frank, cheerful optimism, the optimism for granted that everyone is interested in that does not shut its eyes to the sorrowhis affairs and doings; and, as it falls ful, but looks through the cloud to the out, he is not often mistaken.
silver lining. Robert Louis Stevenson was born in The world is so full of a number of things,
That I think we should all be as happy as Edinburgh on the thirteenth of Novem
kings, ber, 1850. His father and grandfather, exclaims the "mad little poet." And this, of whom he was deservedly proud, were I think, is Stevenson's chief excuse for famous engineers known particularly as his optimism. The hosts of things in light-house builders. In the volume of the world and the hosts of pictures sug