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Acting President Harry Pratt Judson effect of the rule will simply be to infollowed Dean Vincent with an address sure that intercollegiate contests shall be setting forth the opportunities that lie in participated in by none save true college a college course. Other speakers empha- students, to wit, undergraduates who are sized the necessity for not letting the uni- pursuing regular courses for baccalauversity life take precedence over home reate degrees. With that rule firmly and ties.

faithfully enforced, college sports should

be largely freed from the worst reproach An additional step toward the reforma- which has fallen upon them in recent tion of college sports has been taken by years.

the Council of New True College Ath. York University, letics.

following the exam- For the first time in its history the

ple of Harvard and University of Pennsylvania will give an some other institutions, in its resolution restricting participation in intercollegiate

Degrees for Women Opportunity to at University of

women to obtain its athletic games and contests to bona fide

much - coveted bac

Pennsylvania. undergraduate students in the University

calaureate degrees College and in the School of Applied Sci- in the sciences and arts. By the inauguence, and barring out from such partici- ration of a series of special courses which pation all special students and members the trustees of the University will put of the various professional and graduate into effect at the beginning of the second schools.

term, next January, professional men and Commenting upon this act, the New women who cannot spare time from their York Tribune says: We believe we do business. to take up the regular college no injustice in saying that a considerable courses will have a chance to win diplopart of the brutality which has disfigured mas and be graduated with the regular football, and of the "professionalism" classes by taking special courses after and other improper practices which have working hours and on Saturdays. brought reproach upon college sports, is The decision of the trustees to adopt due to the playing of students from pro- such a course was reached after many fessional or graduate schools in intercol- months' discussion. It was pointed out legiate games. It is credibly reported that many school teachers have been that some institutions have taken into hampered in their advancement because some of their departments—for which they were not graduates of a college of college entrance examinations are not re- standing. Such a course has been workquired-brawny young men who were in ing at the Chicago University for two no true sense "college men," and who years, and it is estimated that at least 75 had no thought of completing the courses per cent of that city's school teachers of study, for the sole purpose of putting have taken advantage of it. An equal them into teams for intercollegiate sports. number are expected to attend the That was the grossest form of abuse, courses at Pennsylvania. but it is not the right thing to put into The courses will be entirely separate such teams bona fide students in non- from the regular studies at the college, collegiate departments, and it would be although they will be much the same. a good thing to rule out law, medical, Sixteen different subjects will be taught dental, veterinary and other professional in thirty-eight courses and the graduates students from all intercollegiate competi- will receive the regular college diploma. tions.

They will cover every branch of the arts This is not, of course, to deny such and sciences taken up now in the regustudents the privileges and advantages lar curriculum and will extend the same of physical culture. They may still make number of years. The requirements for full use of the gymnasium and athletic admission will be identical with those of field, and they may compete in all the the regular courses. contests within their own institution. The To obtain the diplomas students will be required to take a certain number of ance of the interests of other men is a units in the following branches of study: moral doctrine rather persuasive to men Chemistry, English, foreign languages interested in practical ethics, but still to (two at least), history, logic and ethics, be considered unsatisfactory if regarded mathematics and physics. Elective sub- as an external force. Our relations to jects open to students in the course in- other men, however, are not only exterclude anthropology, astronomy, botany, nal, but sympathetic. Other people are chemistry, economics, English, fine arts, to a certain extent embodiments of ourFrench, geology, German, Hebrew, his- selves in other relations, and an action is tory, Italian, Latin, linguistics, metal- right because others, who are a part of lurgy, mineralogy, pedagogy, philosophy, ourselves, demand it. Selfishness is thus physics, political science, psychology, a folly. Sanskrit, sociology, Spanish and zoology. This approaches close to the view

finally offered by the lecturer himself,

that the basis of obligation is one's own The Harvard Ethical Society opened nature. What our own ideal nature deits work for the year with an address by mands is right. This standard would be

Professor George identical with the first standard of conThe Basis of Obliga. Santayana. Profes- science, provided the conscience truly tion.

sor Santayana has represented one's own nature. Con

just returned after science must be rational-rational on the a two years' absence to take up his work basis of a particular animal constitution, in the department of philosophy; during for reason is a method in man of makthe past year he served as Hyde lecturer, ing an animal nature harmonious and in succession to Professor Wendell, in intellectual, Conscience ought to be the the Universities of France. His topic expression of one's own nature, and is was, “The Basis of Obligation”- an at- aided as a criterion by the more we know tempt to formulate a standard of right. of ourselves. Experience and reason help

Professor Santayana took up in turn us to act in accordance with our own the various bases which have been sug- nature as a basis of what is right. gested as criteria of the moral "ought," and pointed out their inadequacy, finally presenting a solution of his own. The Professor Eugen Kunnemann of the mere conscience would not do, as it is University of Breslau, visiting professor too variable and is apt to be irrational

Harvard Visiting from Germany in and not truly representative of our moral German Profes- the annual demands. Neither would physical neces- sor Begins change between sity serve as an explanation of why a


Harvard and

and the certain act is right. The force of nature German universities, has begun his is no doubt a moral suasion; egotism, for course of lectures. They will be delivinstance, is corrected by the contempla- ered in German throughout. In his intion of nature. But, however great the augural remarks, he expressed his appremoral force of environment, progress is ciation of the great privilege granted to often the result of rebellion against en- him as successor to Professor Ostwald vironment, against nature and dominant at Harvard University. He recalled his opinion. The will of God, considered visit to America last fall, in which he beexternally as a basis of duty, is not even came acquainted with our glorious Inas potent as the suasion of nature; noth- dian summer. “I come again under the ing external can really make our action most auspicious circumstances to a place right. With many, however, the will of where not only American life has its God is not an external conception; if it most spiritualized and cultured expresrepresents an ideal with respect to your- sion, but where also the future of Amerself, embodied in nature or some divine ica is being shaped. Among my hearers, form, it approaches much nearer to an I am sure, are some of the intellectual adequate criterion. Finally, the further- leaders of coming America, and it is a


keen pleasure to me to come into contact for a month and sleep in the snow, and with the soul of Young America." Re- there is no rubbing down, either. I beferring to the question of the choice of lieve it is a good thing for a man to rest language in his lecture, he was pleased his stomach, better than to fill it full of at the request made to him to deliver his a variety of civilized victuals. course in German, so that they might “The trouble with the paleface is that hear a German give in the German lan- he is a boaster. We could pile up buildguage the great history of the German ings, but we do not want to deface intellect and spirit. He believed this re- mother earth. Civilization has ruined quest revealed some of the aspirations of the virgin forests. Some of the laughing American life of today, for America, waters which have been big streams are which is now creating its own national now but a few sad trickling tears because expression in literature, philosophy and the white man uises up the stream.” art, must needs be acquainted with the youngest spiritual expression of Germany and of Europe.

The decision taken by the Prussian

Government to protect its university deDr. Charles A. Eastman, of Amherst,

grees at the outset, Mass., a full-blooded Sioux Indian, is the

German University by requiring certifi

Restriction. only North AmeriA Sioux Indian Lec

cates of a proficiencan Indian now lec

cy from foreigners tures

“The Real Indiaa." turing on his peo

who wish to matriculate that is roughly ple. He was born equivalent to that demanded from Geramong his tribe in Minnesota in 1858, mans, is in line with the attitude of the and spent the first 15 years of his life more advanced American universities towith his people, never hearing a word ward their higher instruction. Harvard's of any foreign tongue, and all the while refusal to admit students to the study of was taught distrust of the white man. theology, law, medicine or the many Later he went to school and attended branches of graduate research, unless Beloit and Knox colleges, and after that they can show the earlier academic dewas graduated from Dartmouth. For gree of bachelor, has been followed by the last 15 years he has been a physician, other universities, especially in the East, a missionary and a writer.

and still others are preparing to join in He delivered a lecture recently before the movement. the Harvard Union, in which he said: So long as the number of Americans “The Indian is a true philosopher, and frequenting German universities was as such he has never been surpassed by small, these institutions could afford to any representative from civilization. He be very liberal as to terms of admission. has his high ideals and he lives up to The foreigner was something of a curithem. He credits everything that is beau- osity, and the mere fact that he had travtiful to the Great Mystery. He worships eled a long distance attracted by the fame a perfect physique.

of Jena or Griefswald or Giessen, was "The paleface turns out good-shaped flattering and counted for much in his fellows, but they are perfect mush- favor. In time the Germans have found rooms. They are incubator-hatched. The out at examination time that, in many soil in which they are brought up is too cases, unfamiliarity with their language artificially fertilized with tenderloin and and methods covered gaps in the foreignbaked potato. The Indian developes a er's home education, and they have stomach and a heart, a stomach to digest learned to distinguish. The numbers, rawhide if necessary.

He will run all too, have increased greatly, so that day without his breakfast, for he is

at the most frequented universities, taught by experience that he can do it especially Berlin, German students comcasier with an empty stomach.

plain of being crowded and hampered in “He can run every other day like this their work by foreigners.

Prussia, of all German States, has al- unfairness the possibility

the possibility of which ways been least willing to make conces- seems to be now obviated. sions in educational as in other matters. The relations between Germany and Even in the older days she held more America in matters of the higher educastiffly to the letter of her university re- tion have been too long and too cordial quirements than the other States, insist- to admit the suspicion of any intentional ing, for instance, long after the others, slight in the action of Berlin University. that the doctor dissertation must be writ- Germany has no more loyal friends than ten in Latin. The admirable equipment the Americans who spent their years of of her chief university, Berlin, in profes- wandering at her universities. Of that sors, in laboratories, in other appliances fact no man has a better comprehension for research, has attracted more than a than Kaiser Wilhelm II., as has been due proportion of foreign students. So shown repeatedly, and his university aushe takes the lead in applying restrictions. thorities are the last people in the world

If, as is reported, the catalogue of Ber- to run counter to his wishes. lin University specifically requires degrees of English and American students only, there is, undoubtedly, no intention Hermann Schumacher, professor of of discriminating against either nation- political science in the University of ality or of reflecting on their educational

Berlin and Kaiser standing. It is, probably, merely a mat- Columbia Begins Wilhelm, professor ter of administration. In neither the

1530 Year.

of German history United States nor Great Britain does the

and institutions at national Government take school exami- Columbia, and Prof. William Hubert Burr nations in hand or provide the official were the principal speakers at the opencertificates dear to the German heart. ing exercises of Columbia University. Every Government on the continent of Professor Schumacher came to this counEurope does hold State examinations try under an arrangement made between similar enough to those of Prussia to be the trustees of Columbia and the Prusaccepted as an equivalent at its face sian Ministry of Education for an exvalue. The nearest approach to these change of professors. : certificates that the Berlin authorities Columbia has sent to Germany, on the have found in the two countries that do nomination of the German Emperor, without them are the college degrees of John W. Burgess, dean of the School of bachelor, and for this reason England Political Science. The post that he occuand the United States are put in a class pies is known as the Theodore Roosevelt by themselves.

professorship of American history and The concession obtained as to general institutions. President Hadley of Yale attendance is probably merely a safe- University has been nominated as the guard against officious interference. All next occupant of the position. kinds of persons are admitted to univer- Professor Schumacher in his inaugusity lectures in Germany, who may be ral address compared Germany and supposed to profit by them, without rig- America along traditional, economic, inorous investigation of previous training. dustrial and educational lines. Germany, These are "hearers," and in no academic he declared, was a country built on trasense students or candidates for a degree. dition, in which the natural conditions As Berlin is a big city, and is subject to had demanded the development of her literary and scientific whims like others, inner wealth and made them "a nation the numbers often prove embarrassing of thinkers and poets.” In America imfor the university and interfere with the mense territory and resources had made regular students. The restrictions put the economic tasks stand to the front on this class of "hearers” in order to ex- since the beginning fostered the acquisiclude the merely curious may have been tion of wealth to the exclusion of culture. so worded as to enable zealous officials He urged a greater attention to science to keep out all degreeless Americans, an and art in America.

Speaking of the near relations of Ger- It has come to be an intensely practical many and America, he said:

working agent. "Thus it seems to me the development “The creative or evolutionary influence of your nation carries with it a further of the university upon the community is inevitable consequence.

The first pe- exercised chiefly, and it will ultimately be riod, in which each man, looking with exercised entirely, through its professionjoy to the future, full of strength and al faculties, its faculty of philosophy alcourage, approaches in his own way to ready having become essentially a profesthe solutions of the great problems pre- sional faculty of teaching, a character sented by colonization—this first period, which it is bound fully to assume hereI add, must be linked unto a second, and after. This means with absolute certainthis second has already set in, strong and ty that professional instruction shall be fuli of promise. In this period it is--at given not by closet professors, but by least in my judgment-imperative to de- men who are students in the highest and velop traditions in the most varied de- best sense of the word. This knowledge partments of modern life in order to lead

must be gained by taking their full part onward safely and to achieve more com- in human experience, and not by withpletely that which individual energy has drawing from it." created. “Most especially is that necessary in

Founder's Day at Lehigh University, political life. President Roosevelt ex

commemorating the forty-first anniverpressed it: 'The more a nation develops

sary of the foundthe more it must make use of the power

Founder's Day at Le- ing of the university of the State.' And so once more we ar

high University. by Asa Packer, was rive at the conclusion that both peoples

observed with apsupplement each other in regard to the

propriate exercises on October 11th. Dr. most important tasks of national life. It John A. Brashear, of Pittsburg, the foris true, what has already been said so

mer acting chancellor of the Western often, that in the whole world there are

University of Pennsylvania, was the orano two nations which can learn so much

tor of the occasion. He spoke on the from each other as the German and theme, “The University and the World's American peoples."

Great Workshop.” “I do not argue Prof. Burr, professor of civil engineer- here,” said Doctor Brashear, "nor do I ing at Columbia, had for his subject "The wish it to be understood that as soon as Technical School and the University.” a graduate has secured his diploma he is He emphasized the need of practical edu- ready to take a position as a full-fledged cation in colleges and universities. After

astronomer, electrician, engineer, chemspeaking on the advantages gained by a ist or other position the university has technical school in the university and the prepared him for, but I do say and bedemands of the technical professions, he lieve that the earnest student will in his said:

three or four years become so well “The university has long since lost the grounded in the fundamental principles character, if it ever properly had it, of taught him that a very few years of a place where abstractions of learning practical work will place him as far along separated from the things which only as the self-made man after half a lifegive them life are to be dispensed after time of hard, hard struggle to gain such the manner of instruction to men who knowledge. There are exceptions to this are never to deal with the affairs of life. statement, but they are all too rare."

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