Imágenes de páginas


[ocr errors]

Reports from the great universities student is young and is seeking a general show that their student roll is still in- education he will need the discipline of creasing. Probably the attendance at sev- prescribed studies, the time for a thoreral institutions will come close to 5,000 oughly systematic training, and close conthis year, while at others it will be car- tact with educators of the highest type. ried above 4,000, though it has never reached that figure in the past. It should be noted, however, that with


CAREER these large totals there may be much diversity in the details. Americans have

Figures which have just been compiled used the terms university and college in a

from the new directory of living graduhaphazard way, and as a consequence

ates and former students of Princeton there has been some confusion of ideas

University show that the college graduon the subejct. The old American con

ate of today is more and more choosing ception of the higher education did not

a business rather than a professional cago much beyond the curriculum of an

reer. These statistics show that nearly academic department. Then came the

one-third of the living alumni of Princescientific school, the law school, the med

ton are in business. ical school and finally the enormous ad

The increasing number of college men dition of specialized work which we have who are entering and influencing busiat present.

ness life in America is one of the marked With all this development there has changes that has come over our educated been in some cases a gradual growth and population in the last twenty-five years. extension, in others an increase by an- It is not so long ago that practically all nexation or union. The old college may

boys sent to college were destined for a contribute a very large percentage of the professional career-law, divinity, teachtotal attendance or it may be overshad- ing, medicine, journalism, engineering, owed by professional schools which have etc. But all this is changed. been taken in at a single stroke and Exclusive of the class of 1906 there are brought with them hundreds of students. 7,190 living alumni of Princeton. Of the At one institution, therefore, the educa- 6,522 classified according to their occutional problem may relate chiefly to the pation, 2,285 are in business, 1,498 in the needs of undergraduates, while at anoth- law, 924 in the ministry, 699 practicing er greater interest may attach to post- medicine, 433 teachers, 290 engineers, graduate courses.

104 journalists, 50 ranching and farming, Aside from this distinction, it is to be 50 gentlemen of leisure, 41 students, 34 noted further that the institutions may be in the army, 31 civil service, 26 architeccoeducational or boys' schools or girls' ture, 19 chemists, 10 artists, 9 authors, 7 schools. The totals, in fact, tell very lit- in the navy, 5 librarians, 4 musicians and tle without the added particulars, and

4 dentists. parents who have children to send to col- Among the living alumni of the classes lege should look well into the latter. prior to 1841, who number 24, none is They may then find that one institution engaged in business ; prior to 1850, only is the best for a certain purpose, another 5 per cent., and prior to 1870, only 15 per for another. After the examination the cent. In the 80s the number of gradularge university may appeal to them or ates following a business career shows a the small college.

marked increase, amounting to 25 per Upon certain points, however, there cent. This percentage remains practicshould be no difference of opinion. If the ally the same for the alumni in the gos.

In the classes which have been graduated tions are successfully passed these extersince 1900 the increase is very marked, nal students are given degrees similar to averaging 50 per cent.

those bestowed upon students who have It is a fair presumption that there will spent the usual number of years within be an increase instead of a decrease in the university walls. This idea has never the number of students who will follow been put into effect in America, as the bea business career and that the tendency lief in the necessity of personal instrucof the times to educate a man for busi- tion is very strong. Inasmuch as stuness by sending him to college for four dents in the English colonies who have years or a shorter period will increase never been in London receive each year rather than diminish.

degrees from the University of London upon proof that they have satisfactorily completed their studies, there seems to

be little reason in arguing that American THE UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.

students, who are unable to "attend colA contribution by Charles F. Thwing, lege,” but who are able to train themof Western Reserve University, in Har

selves satisfactorily outside of the colper's Magazine for October on the Uni

lege, should not be allowed to reap the versity of London describes the educa

reward of their perseverance and dilitional conditions in the world's metropo


A trial of this plan, at least, lis. The London University is in reality

could do no harm. merely a federation of all the higher educational institutions of the municipality. Each of these institutions maintains in a large degree its individuality, but the ties

NEWSBOYS' HARVARD SCHOLARSHIP. that bind all together are sufficiently The commendable enterprise of the strong to render the alliance an effective newsboys to put a comrade through unit of educational effort. Unlike Ox- Harvard has reached the stage where the ford and Cambridge, the University of money is raised, the boy selected and acLondon has no ancient traditions to cher- cepted for the college by President Eliot. ish. It is not merely a group of colleges. Myer Heller, the winner of the scholarbut is a university more after the Ameri- ship, is seventeen years of age, nearly can idea-a collection of schools for spe- two years younger than the average who cialized work. It even includes a mag- this year entered Harvard. He is the nificent college for women. While the second oldest of three children. His memory of a more or less glorious past

brother Charles, nineteen years old, is at is a splendid asset for any university, it present a forestry student at Harvard. should be far from essential as a requis- He has a younger sister, Jennie, aged ite for greatness and efficiency. A past ten years. Myer attended the Phillips cannot be made to order, and it is not Grammar School and graduated from - good sense to hold that with the progress the English Grammar School in 1905. of the world new universities shall not

He has been a newsboy for eight years spring up from year to year as they are and holds a record of selling an average needed.

of 250 papers a day. Another idea that has been worked out This scholarship is the outcome of a elaborately by the University of London motion which passed on July 25, 1905, is the allowance for "external” students. by the Newsboys' Union to establish a These students need not come near the newsboys' scholarship at Harvard. The university. Their studies are carried on union proposed to raise $5,000 for the at their homes, along prescribed lines purpose, and $100 was appropriated by laid down by the university, and at speci- the organization to start the fund. Newsfied times they are examined by special paper publishers, business men, labor boards created by the university govern- unions and the general public immediors for this purpose. If the examina- ately co-operated in the project.

UNIVERSITIES AND PUBLIC OPINION. signed to offer to the mechanic and

According to all accounts, the cere- tradesman the same advantages that monies on the occasion of the quarter- have long been offered to the farmer centenary of Aberdeen University dur- through short course winter schools of ing the last week of September must agriculture, and to other classes by have been most impressive. Harvard means of summer vacation schools. The University was represented by two of its old, well-endowed universities are not professors, one of them of its law school, likely to undertake this sort of education, the other of its academic department. A but there is something appropriate in the description by the latter of the splendid effort of a state university, as the capceremonies taking place at the ancient stone of its educational system, to estabScotch seat of learning appears in the lish more intimate relations with the peolast issue of the New York Nation. ple of the state. Of fulfillment of that hope The motto of one of the colleges now

there is reasonable assurance, for correforming a part of the univresity is: spondence schools, which now give in"They have said—What say they? Let struction in draftsmanship, civil engineerthem say.” In this connection the Har- ing, the languages, and so on, have had vard professor gives vent to his feelings remarkable success. Today they count in the following manner: “Like the de- students by hundreds of thousands. In vice of the Rohans, 'Roi ne puis. Duc its original endeavor the University of ne daigne. Rohan suis,' it (the motto) Wisconsin will receive serious attention tells a whole story, no less laconically, merited by an effort to broaden the and with a fine contempt for public opin- masses prevented, in most cases by cirion such as our universities might do well

cumstances beyond their control, from to emulate oftener than they do." getting an education in their youth. If

Sapienti sat! says the Boston Herald. the experiment is successful, other state University life and teaching in the twen- institutions will probably follow its extieth century, and especially in this coun- ample. try, should, above all, strive to come into closer contact with public opinion; and

EDUCATIONAL ALLIANCE. such is, in fact, the prevalent tendency in Further progress of the system of "edmost of our institutions of learning. It ucational reciprocity” is reported. A is possible that the mind of the Harvard

chair of German history and institutions, professor while at Aberdeen was unduly to be called the Kaiser Wilhelm chair, influenced by the mediaeval academic at- has been established at Columbia Univermosphere prevailing there during the sity by the Prussian ministry of educafestivities or by the sight of the "glorious tion, and it is to be filled each year by windows of stained glass," of the distin

some eminent Teutonic scholar. During guished assembly "in scarlet fur-faced

the past summer arrangements have been robes" and "picturesque academic cos- concluded whereby Italian professors are tume" or by all of these. The spirit pre- to lecture at the University of Chicago, dominant in mediaeval universities revel

the University of Pennsylvania and othing in exclusive caste privileges belongs er leading colleges of the United States, to the past.

and reciprocally American professors are

to give courses in the chief Italian univerCORRESPONDENCE INSTRUCTION IN

sities. Moreover, the plan contemplates UNIVERSITIES.

the recognition of Italian diplomas by Correspondence schools invaded the our colleges and of American diplomas fields of our higher institutions of learn- by Italian universities. Provision is also ing and now they must meet a counter made for the reciprocal study of the two attack, says the Boston Advertiser. Their languages. first competitor is the University of Wis- Educators believe that these arrangeconsin, which has established a depart- ments are but the beginnings of a great ment of correspondence instruction, de- movement for the internationalization of


university instruction and of education The plan appealed so favorably to the generally. As a reflex of them one edu- corporation, however, that this year two cator calls attention to the exchange ar- rooms on the ground floor have been ranged between the public schools of combined into one room about 15 by 40 France and Germany. The plan is that feet, about $500 being spent on the necesthe pupils of each of the two countries sary alterations.

The men have subnamed are to learn the language of the scribed about $300 for the furnishings, other from properly equipped native which include tables and chairs, carpets, teachers.

curtains, pictures and the rent of a piano There is as yet no regular arrangement and pianola. The room is now nearly for the interchange of professors between

finished and will be ready for occupancy this country and England, but, of course, in about two weeks. this is far less necessary than in the case Across the street in Conant Hall, which of continental Europe. Community of is reserved this year for graudate stulanguage, culture and fundamental legal dents, an attractive common room has and other principles make Anglo-Ameri- been fully furnished and is now in use. can understanding and sympathy compar- The university made the necessary alteraatively easy and natural. Still, the ex- tions in the building and the result is a change system is expected to extend to long, spacious room extending across the England in the course of time.

southern end of the building. The furnishings were given by Mrs. Hammer,

wife of the Norwegian consul in Boston, A “COMMON ROOM” IN DORMITORIES AT

whose generosity provided two years ago a concert of Scandinavian music at Har

vard, and last year a recital from Ibsen's An innovation which has been exciting “Peer Gynt,” with accompanying songs. a good deal of coinment at Harvard this It is proposed to raise a fund among year is the "common room” idea which is the men in the hall to defray the running being worked out in several of the dormi- expenses. Already a large number of tories. The idea is not entirely new at magazines have been supplied and it is Harvard, for Divinity Hall has had for expected that a piano will soon be proseveral years a large common room on vided. An idea of the cosmopolitan charthe first floor, which has been one of the acter of the population in Conant, and of chief attractions of this dormitory as a the service a common room can perform place of residence. The room has a pi- in promoting acquaintance and good felano, papers and magazines and other fa- lowship may be gained from the followcilities, and is well equipped with loung- ing list of twenty-eight colleges repreing chairs. Last year the suggestion that sented among the tenants : Harvard, common rooms be tried in other college Richmond College, New York Univerhalls was made by a student, who, sity, University of New Brunswick, Uniwhile rooming in the Perkins last year, versity of California,

versity of California, University of saw the need of some place where men Maine, Oberlin, Wisconsin, Amherst, could gather and make the acquaintance Dartmouth, Haverford, Denison Univerof their neighbors in the building. Per- sity, Miami University, University of kins is one of the largest dormitories be- Washington, University of Iowa, Trinity longing to the college and has always had College, Toronto, George Washington a particularly heterogeneous class of oc- University, Juniata College, Yale, cupants, ranging from freshmen to men Princeton, Ohio State, Rochester Univerin the graduate and professional schools. sity, Acadia, Norwich, Kenyon, Cornell, Only a beginning was made last year in Stanford. an unoccupied room in Perkins which In Hastings Hall the scheme has been the college authorities gave for the pur- somewhat less successful, partly because pose and the men in the building fur- the room is unfavorably situated and nished.

partly because the men have not yet learned the use of it. In Thayer, the was known before these excavations. room is nearly furnished and will prob- The block formed part of the decoration ably be in good running order in a week. of the southern colonnade of the temple. For furnishing this room the Thayer A fragment of stone bearing a deeply family contributed a substantial sum, and incised hieroglyph of unusual size apthe occupants have also subscribed.

pears to have formed part of an inscripTaken altogether, the movement will tion dating from the eighteenth dynasty be an experiment well worth watching, (about 1500 B. C.). The greater number and it is hoped that a great deal of good of objects consist of pottery, ranging in may be accomplished by bringing the date from the eleventh to the eighteenth men in the dormitories together in a so- dynasties (2100 to 1400 B. C.), and comcial way. That the college authorities prising 31 earthenware vessels of various are heartily in sympathy with the move- sizes and shapes, with some fragments ment is shown by their willingness to of blue glazed fayence. The vessels are provide the rooms necessary and even to for the most part perfectly preserved, make extensive alterations. The whole and include wine bottles, water jars, movement seems to show a tendency to- large pots for cooking, drinking cups and ward the English style of college life in libation bowls. They were probably used making the dormitories the center of so- by the priests and attendants of the temcial activity. At Harvard the Union has ple. Two of the jars show the spiral done much in the last five years to weld decoration characteristic of the Mycethe student body together, and it is hoped nean pottery, where it is probably due to that the dormitory common room will the Egyptian influence. A wooden malcontribute still more to the realization of let of the sort used by Egyptian stonethis end.

cutters and some fragments of matting and basket work are doubtless memorials

of the workmen who partly demolished JOHNS HOPKINS RECEIVES EGYPTIAN

the temple about 1100 B. C. to provide ANTIQUITIES.

material for other buildings. The Johns Hopkins University has re

The donation of these interesting anceived from the president and committee tiquities is due to the influence of Mr. of the Egypt exploration fund a number James Teackle Dennis of Baltimore, who of interesting antiquities from Deir was at one time a student of the Johns el Bahari, in the burial field of ancient Hopkins University. Mr. Dennis assistThebes, in Upper Egypt. They were

ed in the work of exploration at Deir el found on the site of the mortuary temple

Bahari during the past year. of King Mentuhotep II. (2176-2130 B. C.) of the eleventh dynasty, built about

MERCHANT MARINE LEAGUE PRIZES. 2150 B. C.-the oldest building at Thebes. The remains of this temple were Prizes aggregating $1,000 are offered discovered in 1903, and the site has been by the Merchant Marine League of the explored since that time with signal suc- United States at Cleveland, Ohio, for the cess. The valuable antiquities found four best essays on “How to Build Up there, including those now in Baltimore, Our Shipping in the Foreign Trade.” were recently exhibited at King's Col- Only students in high schools, technologlege, London.

ical schools, colleges and universities in Of the objects sent to the Johns Hop- the United States are eligible to the comkins University, the most interesting is a petition. There will be four prizes, viz. : block of limestone, about three feet in One of $400, one of $300, one of $200, length, upon which is sculptured in low and one of $100. Students desiring to relief the figure of a crocodile holding in compete for these prizes must register its mouth a fish. The relief is well exe- their names and the institution of learncuted, and is a good example of the art ing which they are attending, with the of the eleventh dynasty, of which little league, in order to have their essays con

« AnteriorContinuar »