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burned to the bone. Fortunately the he had landed on the sidewalk she had bandages prevented the acid from enter- hold of the second. She treated him the ing the men's eyes, otherwise they would same way, and before she herself realhave been blinded for life.
ized what was happening, as she said A flagrant case of hazing by thought afterward, she had thrown all the sopholess men happened only a year ago in mores out. The freshman in that house one of the most prominent New England was not disturbed again. colleges. A man was tied tightly in a In a Connecticut college not long ago bear skin and rolled downstairs. The two freshmen were ordered to put on a stairway chosen for this escapade was a masquerade costume, call at a promilong one and the victim did not roll nent professor's house, seize him, carry straight. In the course of his descent him to the middle of the street and seat his head struck against one of the stair him in a mud puddle. The two men enposts and he was picked up unconscious. tered into the spirit of the thing, and The ordeal resulted in a permanent in- when the professor's wife came to the jury to the man's nervous system and door inquired if “Bill” was in. “Bill,” ever since that time he has had frequent which was the abbreviated form of the attacks of vertigo.
professor's Christian name, heard the inIt sometimes happens that freshmen quiry and stepped to the door. are able to turn the tables on their though their victim was a well-known sophomore inquisitors. This happened author and scholar, the member of many some five or six years ago in one of the scientific societies and the writer of sevsmall New England colleges, when the eral books, the freshmen seized him, freshmen, goaded to desperation by carried him out and deposited him in the bands of hazers, turned and hazed the mud. Their identity was finally discovsophomores. As they were more nu- ered and they were expelled. merous than their foes, they found their At a college near Washington a memvictory a comparatively easy one. ber of the faculty was hazed in much the fact, they treated their former perse- same way, but with far different results cutors with even greater severity than in the case. A tutor from South Dakota they themselves had experienced. was the victim. He was invited out for the back of one sophomore they even dinner and his wine was "doctored” in branded their class initials with a red- such a way that it soon made him hot iron.
maudlin. He was then brought to the Another noteworthy instance of sopho- park near the Washington monument, mores coming to grief in their efforts to dressed in grotesque fashion, and forced "do up” freshmen was at the hands of a to deliver a speech and participate in maiden landlady in a college town in other “stunts” of a similar character. Michigan. In her house a certain fresh- But in the midst of the frolic he was man had his rooms who was attacked at violently tripped and as the result of his his desk one night by a sextet of sopho- heavy fall he sustained a badly injured mores. As soon as the landlady heard knee. the uproar she rushed into the room and This prevented the tutor from taking found her tenant at the bottom of a heap his classes for a time, and instead he of struggling, squirming humanity. The nursed his injured leg and crestfallen sophomores were trying to cut the spirits. For several days he was con"freshie's” hair on one side of his head. fined to his room, The faculty of the In peremptory tones she demanded to university later learned the particulars know what was going on, but no notice of the outrage and the tutor lost his powas taken of her. Then, without any
Then, without any sition. As it happened, he secured a pohesitation, she grabbed the uppermost sition immediately in the Philippine servman by the coat collar and with a hand ice and is now teaching in those islands. which had had much experience in an Hazing is sometimes as costly for its unruly schoolroom, she shook the youth victim as it is dangerous. In Washingand hurled him out of the door. Before
ton a young freshman was invited out by
some upper class men for an evening at his face into the ground, and then bata roadhouse called the “Ram's Horn,” tered him until he was almost uncontwo miles from Brookland, in the Dis- scious.” At Delaware two freshmen and trict of Columbia. The party stayed a sophomore were carried from a fray there until 1 o'clock in the morning and unconscious. In Boston students atthe freshman was forced to pay all the tacked a policeman. In Chicago freshexpenses. The return trip was by foot men of a scientific school are painted by to the trolley at Brookland. It was pre- the sophomores and permitted to enjoy viously planned to suggest a short cut the luxury of sleeping in a barn all through a dense wood, in which there night. was a wet and swampy ground. The Two things appear in these accounts hazers knew the ground well and, get- of college affrays.
of college affrays. One is the longtime ting into the midst of the thicket, they rivalry of the freshmen and the sophoquickly seized and blindfolded the guile- mores, the latter seeking opportunity to less freshman and left him in his dan- get revenge for their own treatment a gerous surroundings. The night was year before. The other is the feeling dark and cold and he wandered help- among students that they must be lessly about until morning, while his tor- judged by a different standard from that mentors had no difficulty in getting back applied to other disorderly persons. In to the city. The freshman was finally city and country college alike the disdiscovered by a passing negro and di- graceful affairs take place, disgusting rected to town. He was laid up in the many a friend of so-called "higher eduinfirmary for some days as the result cation" and reflecting greatly upon the of his exposure.
ability for administration possessed by In commenting on the opening of the the officials of the institutions. Even school year, the Chicago Tribune says: the girls are affected, tidings coming
Only a casual glance at the news- from one school of the suspension of papers is needed to secure convincing twenty-five who left their school withevidence that the schools and colleges are out permission to witness a "rush" at open for the fall term. This impression the boys' college in the same town. is not gained from accounts of any un- There is much allowance to be made due agitation of thought waves. Nor is for the exuberance of spirit of boys and there special record as yet of any strange girls. There is a fair amount of toleraand interesting discoveries resultant tion to be given to the traditional desire from investigations of teachers or pupils to prevent the green freshman from bein laboratory or library. Far from it. coming too important in his early college The information comes in an entirely days. The jokes and "grinds” of the different manner. For, after all, the campus no doubt have much to do with stranger in America, forming his notion shaping character and developing manfrom the newspaper reports, would hood. But there is no excuse for the hardly reach the conclusion that the in- brutality which seems to be epidemic stitutions existed for the purpose of this fall. Torn clothes, torn hats, black stimulating study.
eyes, and bitterness are not valuable asIn the city of brotherly love the Uni- sistants to friendly feeling and mutual men of a scientific school are painted by helpfulness. And it is occasion for reversity of Pennsylvania reports a fresh- joicing that, in some of the schools and man lying in the hospital with a frac- colleges, hazing is being prevented by tured skull and an eye so badly injured student initiative, the students themthat sight may be lost. In Cleveland the selves recognizing the harm done to the "applied science" of a certain school was reputation of an institution by the bruused by freshmen in nearly killing a tal and demoralizing rioting which cansophomore who fell from a pole only to not be rightfully classified as "fun." be pounced upon by the freshmen, who Where such saner counsels do not pre"filled his eyes and ears with tar, pushed vail a rigid enforcement of law, with one standard for student hoodlum and street less, but a 'healthful and necessary inrioter alike, would prove beneficial treat
stitution.” We quote: ment.
"Hazing at the University of PennsylUnder the caption "Ruffianism in Col- vania has assumed scientific and definite leges," the Brooklyn Union says: proportions. As it has existed this
“Isn't it about time our colleges, some year, it has been acknowledged to be a of them at least, were put under some healthful and necessary institution. sort of supervision, as the great public Contrary to reports to that effect, no one utilities are, to see that they do right and has been seriously injured in any of the give their patrons what they pay for ? hazing matches. Upper classmen say The supervision of the faculties in too that the freshmen have profited by the many of them is evidently inadequate to lessons taught them to a degree that control the students and suppress hazing, makes them the best first-year class in "rushing" and other forms of ruffianism
years. indulged in by the young men pre- "Nearly all the hazing has been done sumably sent there by their parents or in the dormitories this year. Large numguardians to get an education which will bers of the freshmen obtained rooms enable them to shine as “gentlemen and there. The sophomores found out which scholars" in later life. A flagrant in- rooms they were in and hauled them out stance of this ruffianism is afforded by for chastisement. This has often been the University of Pennsylvania, where a supervised by juniors and even seniors. freshman, on his first night at the insti- “The punishment inflicted upon firsttuition, was brutally hazed by upper class year men has been almost childish in its men, beaten, and thrown over a balus- harmlessness. Freshmen have been coltrade, resulting in a fractured skull, lected in groups of five or six and comwhile a blow in the eye may result in his pelled to sweep the pavements, their losing that organ. The only satisfactory coats turned inside out. They have been thing about the episode is that he and tossed in rugs and blankets, but usually other freshmen who came to his aid, sent nothing so strenuous as this has been a number of the hazers to the hospital practiced. ‘Tackling a match,' 'wreswhere he is confined.
tling with temptation, making speeches, "Acts like these cannot be regarded as trundling each other around the triangle mere boy's play, they are criminal, and in the trunk carriage, have been some of the hazers should be arrested and tried the tamer 'stunts.' by the courts of the state or city. “Stu- "At one time the freshmen painted dents' pranks,” so-called, are survivals their numerals in red paint in many of a past age, when either it was thought places about the University.
The aunecessary to allow some latitude to thorities took up the subject and susyoung men in order to encourage them pended Smith, the freshman president, to become educated men—when edu- for two days, at the end of which time cated men were scarce, or the rule of all the big '10's had been removed by law and order was not so well estab- freshmen, under the supervision of the lished as now. It is stated that some of sophomores. the more advanced colleges have suc- "The faculty has not changed its atticeeded in abolishing hazing and all tude toward hazing, but the attitude of forms of ruffianism within their pre- the student body has altered. They are cincts, and those who do not, or cannot willing to practice the kind of hazing do this must be considered behind the that does not cause injury, and so long age, to be avoided by those charged with as they do this the faculty has felt no the responsibility of securing an educa- reason for interfering. The Pennsyltion for their sons or those placed in vanian has commended this kind of practheir charge."
tice, and has advised that the freshmen The Philadelphia Ledger, however, be kept in subjection and taught proper says, that hazing as practiced at the Uni- respect for their elders.” versity of Pennsylvania is not only harm- The following from one of our college
exchanges, is fairly characteristic of the Chaps, as the fellows call him, who are student sentiment in many colleges. It hazed. Men who have learned not to is entitled “Hazing—A Benefit": display their knowledge and have found
“After one has passed through the out how to be a hale fellow well met ordeal commonly called hazing the pop- with everyone, never know that there is ular prejudice against its practice seems anything distasteful about hazing and ridiculous. It is true that hazing in the those men who do feel its sting come out hands of some thoughtless fellows, better men for the ordeal. ceases to be a benefit and becomes a "We believe that hazing, properly crime. Such practice should be most se- practiced, properly restricted, and enverely legislated against and persons tered into in the right spirit, is one of found participating in them should be the healthiest and most lasting benefits most severely punished. The underly- that a student receives in those instituing principle, however, should not be tions where hazing is officially recogcondemned.
nized.” "Hazing should not be considered as Under the caption "College Rowdies," a plaything, as some people try to make the New York Tribune says: "With it. Neither should it give amusement to the opening of the college year the usual the one nor injury to the other. It reports of hazings and rushes and genshould be treated as a most serious af- eral ruffianism, organized or unorganfair and must be restricted to certain ized, begin to appear in the newspapers. - definite lines, which should never be
Such performances in a overrun. Under these conditions hazing ruder day were part of the traditions of becomes a benefit. It is this theory student life. They have been long which is followed in those schools where abolished in the better American colhazing is recognized by the faculty or to leges, and students who indulge in them be a benefit.
and institutions which tolerate them, in"In every college there are men who stead of giving evidence of manly colwould make excellent fellows if prop- lege spirit, merely record themselves as erly started. Many of these lose out en- still afflicted with childishness. Real uptirely, however, simply because they to-date college men do not do such have too high an estimation of their own things; only overgrown and underbred worth. They are generally students boys. The wise college presidents, both who have come from small towns, where in large and small institutions, have efthey have probably led their class and fectually stopped these practices without have been looked up to by the town in sacrifice of the manliness of their stugeneral. These men, on entering col- dents or any interference with the realege, treat the fellows whom they meet sonable overflow. of animal spirits. They as though they considered them only have simply created a standard of gensecond-rate fellows after all. Here tlemanliness and civilization which does again they believe they can "act smart" not permit self-respecting young men to and that people must look up to them. It imitate the manners of rowdies.” is this class of fellows who receive life- But college rowdyism must not be long benefit from systematic hazing, for taken for college enthusiasm. There is : in nine cases out of ten the man learns in nothing more inspiring than the college a short time that he is only one of the enthusiast. He represents what is lackmany and a very small one at that. Heing in the practical business world, unalso finds that he was extremely mis- selfish enthusiasm. He shouts himself taken when he dreamed that college was hoarse, disarranges his clothes and takes all a good time and no work, and, that as all sorts of mean flaunts with good far as knowledge went he and the pro- grace, all because he is interested, heart fessors were on the same level. He finds and soul, in something which means that there are vast fields of knowledge nothing to him personally. The college yet to gain and that college means a lot enthusiast makes everything secondary of hard, steady work. It is the 'Fresh to that over which he is enthused. He
shouts and laughs and shrieks and cuts looks good to him. The broad-minded all kinds of antics for mere joy.
man, the man who gets down and feels He is jolly and the world has to be with the sorrowing and the joyous, can jolly with him or go unnoticed by him. do no less than give his silent approval Nothing is more inspiring to a man and, if he still retains some of the spirit whose temperament is not soured by too of youth, is apt to even so far forget much discouragement than the waving himself as to become undignified, in the flags, the shrieking choruses, the bel- orthodox sense of the word, and "yell." lows of the megaphones and the gay ap- College enthusiasm is one of the most pearance of a football field. The man admirable results of the modern day colwho discourages college enthusiasm is a lege. It is worth encouragement begrouch. He has seen so much of the cause it is joyous. Fortunately it is conworld's dark side that it and it alone tagious.
AMONG THE FACULTY
Dr. Andrew Fleming West, one of the School of Classical Studies at Rome best known educators in this country, since 1901, and has otherwise been sigand since 1901 dean of the Princeton nally honored in educational societies. Graduate School, is looked upon to become the new head of the Massachusetts
A memorial to William Rainey Harper Institute of Technology as the successor
from the presidents of the leading unito Dr. Henry S. Pritchett, it being re
versities of the country has been received garded as almost certain that he will
at the University of Chicago. The accept the formal invitation of the
memorial is engraved on parchment, and executive committee recently tendered.
pays tribute to Dr. Harper as a scholar, It has been known for some time that
a thinker, an administrator, and as a Dr. Pritchett has been very anxious to
man. have his successor appointed in order
It is signed by Benjamin Ide Wheeler, that he might be at liberty to give his University of California ; D. J. O'Confull attention to his work as chairman of
nel, Catholic University of America; the Carnegie Fund committee.
Granville Stanley Hall, Clark Univer
sity; Nicholas Murray Butler, ColumProfessor West was born in Alle
bia; J. G. Schurmann, Cornell; Charles ghany, Pa., May 17, 1853, his father, the
W. Eliot, Harvard; Ira Remsen, Johns Rev. Nathaniel West, having been prom- Hopkins; David Starr Jordan, Leland inent as a clergyman. After study in
Stanford; James B. Angell, Michigan; private schools at Brooklyn and Phila
C. Harrison, Pennsylvania; delphia, Dr. West entered Princeton,
Woodrow Wilson, Princeton; E. A. Alfrom which institution he was graduated derman, Virginia ; Charles A. Van Hise in 1874.
of Wisconsin, and Arthur T. Hadley, After his selection as professor of Yale. Latin at Princeton in 1883, he attracted
The memorial has been placed over great attention among educators by rea
President Harper's desk in Haskell Hall. son of his writings on educational questions. In 1883 he received the degree of The board of overseers of Harvard Doctor of Philosophy from Princeton, College have ratified the action of the in 1897 that of Doctor of Laws from La president and fellows in electing as dean fayette, and in 1902 the especial distinc- of the Lawrence Scientific School, and tion of Doctor of Literature from the in that capacity as the chief administraUniversity of Oxford, in England. He tor of the reorganized departments of has been president of the American applied science in Harvard University,