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his companions on the ups and downs of has some one most intimate friend, genhis four-year journey.
erally his roommate. Side by side they No wonder so many college graduates mingle with their fellows. They stand say freshman year was the most valuable together, and, it may be, they fall toof all; it was surely the hardest. His gether, and then rise together. And college comradeship continues and con- thus the class is paired off, and yet not stitutes his social world. Day after day, to the lessening of the deep class felterm after term, they are thrown to- lowship. Here indeed is a form of comgether in all the relationships of student munism, temporary and local, but most life. In the class room, at the "eating intense. They freely use things in comclubs,” at the athletic games, in the mon, not excepting the property of the Greek letter fraternities, in the musical, college. The distinction between meu literary and religious societies, in scenes mand tuum does not hold rigorously. of exuberant jollification and careless The doors of their apartments are comdisorder, and in endless criticism of the monly left open; sometimes a latchfaculty or of the various courses of string is ingeniously arranged so the study in everything, how their frank and door can be opened from the outside. unconventional ways constantly surprise Money, however, stands on a different and bewilder the commonplace Ameri- basis from other valuables. It is freely can philistine.
loaned for an indefinite time, but is You may pass across the lawns of strictly repaid. A student who lends his many a campus at any hour of the day fellows money at interest cannot live in in term-time, and rarely is there a time a college community. when some student life is not astir. Some The American student, unless he is are walking by two or threes toward an unusual recluse, takes some part in the lecture hall to the punctual ringing athletics, If he is not able to win a of the college bell. Others are throng- place on the foot ball team or base ball ing to fill the “bleachers” at a base ball nine or crew, which represents his alma or foot ball game that is about to be mater in inter-collegiate contests, he is played on the college grounds. The dif
very likely to be found playing ball in ferent varieties of the college cheer star- some organization improvised for the tle the air, and afford some color of ex- day, or trying his hand at tennis or golf. cuse to the ingenious hypothesis that He has still other interests outside the our student cheers are derived from In- curriculum. dian warwhoops.
He may be a member of the voluntary Or else when they are assembled in religious society of the students. Perthe chapel exercises a decorous but not haps he gets a place on the glee club, or always solemn audience, the capacity of dramatic club. He may become one of “simultaneous emotion” appears, and the editors of the daily college papers or perhaps shows itself in the sudden sen- of the monthly literary magazine. Then sation that sweeps across the chapel like there are the circles for outside reading a slightly rustling breeze in response to and discussion springing up around the an inopportune remark of some inexper- course of study, as well as societies ienced visiting clergyman.
which train in speaking and debating, Or in the moonlit evenings of Octo- Perhaps he may even win the distincber, the time when the trees are turning tion of representing his college in an red and yellow, their long procession inter-collegiate debate or at the State passes to and fro, singing college songs. oratorical contest, and success in debate Truly the American collegian is brimful and oratory is always highly coveted by of the gregarious instinct.
the student of today. The contestants In addition to this ever present greg- are greatly honored, for oratory and arious comradeship which environ and athletics form the principal bond of inspires him, the entering freshman finds union between the different colleges and the deeper intimacies of close individual give their participants inter-collegiate friendship. As a matter of course he distinction.
Until the student passes out of the cosmopolitan. Awkwardness, personal freshman year, he is not always free to eccentricity, conceit, diffidence, and all choose what kind of clothes he will wear. that is callow or forward or perverse In some colleges freshmen are not al- have been taken from him so far as the lowed to wear the colors, except on rare ceaseless attrition of his fellow-students occasions. But as soon as he becomes and professors has touched him. He is a sophomore he is free to do as he likes. still frank and unconventional. But he
The closing months of the senior years has become more tolerant, better. balpass swiftly. His class procession is anced, more cultivated and more openpreparing to march out into the world, minded, and thus better able to conduct and there take its place in the world. himself and others. What has he acquired in the four This is the priceless service his college
has rendered him. It is little wonder his At least some insight into the terms student affiliations last. and commonplaces of liberal learning As he goes out to take his place among and some discipline in the central catego- the thousands of his fellow alumni it is ries of knowledge, some moral training natural that his and their filial devotion acquired in the punctual performance of to their academic mother should last perhaps unwelcome daily duty and some through life. He will return with his reverence for things intellectual and class at their annual or triennial or despiritual. He is not only a very different cennial or later pilgrimages to the old man from what he was when he entered, place. No matter what university he but very different from what he would may subsequently attend, here or abroad, have been had he not entered.
his college allegiance remains unHe is wiser socially. He is becoming shaken.
THE BUSINESS CAREER AND THE PROFESSIONS
It seems fair to say that where one success in business, and that which young man makes a distinct success of brings success in business may bring no a professional career no fewer than a satisfactory reward in a profession. hundred young men are equally success- To be a successful lawyer or doctor, a ful in business. This may be explained young man must have more than indusperhaps to some extent by the fact that try and diligence and application; he there are many more persons engaged must have some peculiar adaptability, or in business than in professions, but after it would be better to say, perhaps, that this has been allowed for, the success in he must have some distinct genius for his business is very much more frequent work. A merely industrious, diligent, than the success in professional life. faithful worker in law or medicine will
It is perfectly apparent that the, kind doubtless earn a good living, but the of talent which is required for profes- prizes of distinction will be beyond his sional success is quite different from that reach. which the young man may employ to ad- Now, as for the young man entering vantage in business. The same kind of upon a business career, it may be precharacter, of course, is required of every
dicted of him from the beginning that successful man. He must be honest,
if he has a fair endowment of the more truthful and fair, to reap the full meas- than ordinary virtues or talents, and if ure of success in life, in whatever paths he is honest, painstaking, enterprising his interests may lie. But so far as and energetic, that young man will suctalent alone is concerned, that which ceed. We have all seen such young men enables a man to succeed in a profes- rise steadily, and often rapidly, to the sion may often be wholly inadequate to highest places in the business world.
It is not absolutely necessary for a We cannot all be geniuses; some of man to be highly educated to be a suc- us must be "business men." As a matcess in business. On the contrary, hun- ter of fact, the most of us will have to dreds of our most successful merchants be content to be numbered among those have had only an ordinary schooling. who must rely for success in life upon However, I would advise and encourage the commoner virtues, the more ordinary every young man to get a business school talents.
talents. It would seem, therefore, the training, if possible, before he embarks field that offers the richest rewards for in mercantile life. It will certainly stand those virtues and those talents is the by him later on. Natural ability and field of business. If a boy is possessed shrewdness are very important factors of striking powers of mind, let him by in the makeup of a business man, and all means be trained for a profession in go a long way in shaping his business which he can display these gifts, but my career.
own observation leads me to believe that The average young man who starts in there is a great waste of useful human business makes more of a success in life, material involved in the effort, which gets more satisfactory returns for the ex- has become so general among us, to try penditure of energy, leads a busier, more make great lawyers and doctors out comprehensive, more interested life of young men who have no genius for on the whole than the average young
such things, but who have plenty of man who devotes himself to a pro- talent that would enable them to succeed fession.
in the broader field of business.
AN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL EXPERIMENT IN THE SOUTH
Located on a hill overlooking Colum- sufficient training to command, within a bus, Georgia, in a settlement but a year short time after they re-enter the mills, old, which has grown from a wide ex- wages as good as their fathers are now panse of vacant lots to a manufacturing drawing.
drawing. The breaker room, the card city with three thousand inhabitants and room; the spinning room and dye house two large factories, is the nucleus of a will all be supplied with labor from this school, an industrial experiment, em- textile building, which will graduate bodying a new idea, located in a new seventy or eighty boys a year, as well as town, where there are people who are turning out a large number who have new to the South.
taken only a part of the course, but who When completed there will be eight cannot continue the work. buildings on the campus of the school, With the advent of the manufacture of each devoted to one of Columbus' several fine cotton goods in the South, there is industrial activities. The buildings will a great demand in all mill cities for exbe grouped in a quadrangle, with the perienced dyers. The Secondary Indusmain building in the center. Devoted trial School will endeavor to supply the entirely to the study of cotton mill ma- mills with all the labor of this class needchinery, the textile building, the depart- ed. In addition to a knowledge of dyement of the school expected to furnish ing, the graduates of this and all other the cotton mills of this city with all textile departments will be well drilled classes of labor, will receive the most at- in the fundamental principles underlying tention from those back of the institu- the various processes in the manufacture tion. Here the sons of the present cot- of cotton goods. ton mill operatives will learn to be skilled Child labor legislation and the great weavers of both plain and colored goods demand for skilled labor in the South of the finest qualities. Four years' train- are responsible for the founding of the ing in this building will give the students Secondary Industrial School here in the heart of one of the most important cen- gia, George Foster Peabody and Robert ters of cotton manufacture in the South. C. Ogden, of New York, were present Children under 14 years of age will not at the laying of the cornerstone of the after January 1, 1907, be permitted to first building of the Secondary Induswork in any factory in Georgia. There trial School. In an address made on that will be thousands of boys and girls be- day, Governor Terrell remarked that a tween 10 and 14 years of age forced out far-reaching step forward had been taken of the factories and into the schools. The by Columbus. The entire group of grammar schools of the state are already buildings forming the school will be overcrowded, and many of the factory completed in about two years. children will not find places. In large Italian and German immigrants are cotton mill centers this will work a great being sought by the foundries of Georhardship, and the real purpose of the gia. The Secondary Industrial School child labor bill, passed by the Legisla- will have a special department for teachture in June, will, in nearly all the large ing the children of any foreigners who cities of the state, be defeated, for a may come to Columbus to settle, trades time at least, by the lack of public school which they will be able to follow in the facilities.
industrial plants of the city. For this Realizing that child labor legislation work there will be a foundry, blacksmith was inevitable, the manufacturers of Co- and machine shop. . lumbus, led by G. Gunby Jordan, presi- As it is located in one of the largest dent of the Eagle and Phoenix Cotton cotton manufacturing cities in the South, Mills, founded the Secondary Industrial the school will perfect the textile course School, a distinct departure in the field as the most necessary one. At the same of education. Its purposes are twofold, time, that the idea embodied in it may to offer the children of the three thou- be successfully worked out, students will sand cotton mill operatives of Columbus be prepared in all industrial courses, that an education in trades in which they have every factory in Columbus may be benealready had practical training, and to fited. Domestic arts, including sewing, furnish the mills and factories of this cooking and housekeeping, will be taught city and vicinity with skilled labor. to girls. Shorthand and typewriting will
Governor Joseph M. Terrell, of Geor- be taught to both boys and girls.
EDUCATIONAL NEW NEWS IN BRIEF
The Federation of the French Alli- which, it is understood, will show an inance of the United States and Canada crease of about $9,000,000 over the has designated Anatole Le Braze, pro- budget for this year, making a total of fessor of literature at the University of about $125,000,000. The increase will Rennes, to deliver a series of lectures not add to next year's tax rate for the in America upon “Provincial France." reason that the normal growth of the Viscount Georges d'Avenel has been se- real estate valuations of the city will lected to be Hyde lecturer at Harvard. more than provide for the added expen
diture. The heads of departments asked Today Harvard's endowment amounts
for increases amounting to over $20,to $189,000,000, that of Chicago $20,- 000,000. 000,000, and that of Leland Stanford to possibly twice as much. The annual
Plans are being perfected for the rebudgets of at least four of our American
location of Henry Kendall College, now universities have passed the million
located at Muskogee, I. T. The school dollar mark, and the annual expenditure
is owned by the Presbyterian church. of a dozen others amounts to half that
It was establish twenty years ago as
a mission school for the Indians. The sum.
church will sell the property, which is The late George W. Harris of Boston valued at $100,000, and turn it into an bequeathed to Brown University a splen- endowment fund for a new college to did collection of over 3,000 books, in be located at some other point. memory of his father, Luther M. Harris, who was graduated at Brown in 1861. Dartmouth is building the two new George Harris was well known as a con- dormitories necessary to complete Faynoisseur and collector of works of art erweather row. A temporary dormitory and its literature.
is being built back of Hubbard House,
to meet the needs of the incoming class. Serious trouble has developed among the pupils of the public schools of Mc- Plans are under way for the estabKeesport, Pa., because of an attempt to lishment of a Presbyterian college in allow three little Negro girls to sit at Colorado. The purchase of the old the same table with the white girls while Westminister college buildings, near they eat their midday lunches. Many Denver, is under consideration. white children have been taken from the schools and it is feared that all of the A new prize at Harvard, called the whites will be taken out if the Negro Philo Sherman Bennett prize, the anchildren are allowed to remain. When nual income from $400, is offered this the white girls first complained, Super- year for the best assay on “The prinintendent T. B. Ritchey got another ta- ciples of free government.” ble and the Negro girls were told by the white girls to sit at that table. But The Divinity School at Tufts College, they objected and told their parents. in view of the endowment of $100,000, The latter called on Professor Ritchey received from Albert Crane of New and demanded that their children be per- York, is named the Crane Theological mitted to sit with the whites.
School in honor of Mr. Crane's father,
Thomas Crane. The New York Board of Estimate in an executive meeting agreed upon
It is announced that the dedication of tentative budget for the coming year, the new University of Maine Library