The Middlemost and the Milltowns: Bourgeois Culture and Politics in Early Industrial England
Stanford University Press, 2002 M11 1 - 592 páginas
This book seeks to enrich our understanding of middle-class life in England during the Industrial Revolution. For many years, questions about how the middle classes earned (and failed to earn) money, conducted their public and private lives, carried out what they took to be their civic and religious duties, and viewed themselves in relation to the rest of society have been largely neglected questions. These topics have been marginalized by the rise of social history, with its predominant focus on the political formation of the working classes, and by continuing interest in government and high politics, with its focus on the upper classes and landed aristocracy.
This book forms part of the recent attempt, influenced by contemporary ideas of political culture, to reassess the role, composition, and outlook of the middle classes. It compares and contrasts three Lancashire milltowns and surrounding parishes in the early phase of textile industrialization when the urbanizing process was at its most rapid and dysfunctional, and class relations were most fraught. The book s range extends from the French Revolution to 1851, the year of the Great Exhibition, which symbolized mid-century stability and prosperity.
The author argues that members of the middle class were pivotal in the creation of this stability. He shows them creating themselves as a class while being created as a class, putting themselves in order while being ordered from above. The book shifts attention from the search for a single elusive class consciousness to demonstrate instead how the ideological leaders of the three milltowns negotiated their power within the powerful forces of capitalism and state-building. It argues that, at a time of intense labor-capital conflict, it was precisely because of their diversity, and their efforts to build bridges to the lower orders and upper class, that the stability of the liberal-capitalist system was maintained.
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Dealing with Labor
Ordering the Town
Bourgeois Time and Space
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Página 175 - And the Lord said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their task-masters; for I know their sorrows; and I am come down to deliver them...
Página 499 - If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, and one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled ; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit?
Página 18 - Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme ; or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evil doers, and for the praise of them that do well.
Página 499 - When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hideth his face, who then can behold him ? whether it be done against a nation, or against a man only: 30 That the hypocrite reign not, lest the people be ensnared.
Página 469 - David J. Rothman, The Discovery of the Asylum: Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic, (Boston: Little Brown, 1971); Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison...
Página 218 - Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you. Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten. Your gold and silver is cankered ; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the Last Days.
Página 65 - Do Friends endeavour by example and precept to train up their children, servants, and those under their care, in a religious life and conversation, consistent with our Christian profession : and in plainness of speech, behaviour, and apparel ? V.
Página 78 - What would their 100,000 men do with my rockets wriggling their fiery tails among them, roaring, scorching, tearing, smashing all they come near? And when in desperation and despair they broke to fly, how would they bear five regiments of cavalry careering through them? Poor men! How little they know of physical...
Página 262 - Thou hast spread thy wing, and sheltered us from the pestilence that walketh in darkness, and the destruction that wasteth at noon-day.
Página 1 - Tis observed too, that oysters, when placed in their barrel, Will never presume with their stations to quarrel. ***** ' From this let us learn what an oyster can tell us, And we all shall be better and happier fellows. Acquiesce in your stations, whenever you've got 'em ; Be not proud at the top, nor repine at the bottom, But happiest they...
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The Middle Sort of People in Provincial England, 1600-1750
Sin vista previa disponible - 2007