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LETTER 107.

TO MR. MURRAY.

- no

on one subject, I have thought it right to whom I know not, but evidently the comgive without interruption, Lord Byron position of some one in the habit of writing, passed, for the most part, at Cheltenham; and of writing well. I do not know if he be and during the same period, the following the author of the 'Bioscope' which accomletters to other correspondents were writ- panied them ; but whoever he is, if you can ten.

discover him, thank him from me most heartily. The other letters were from ladies, who are welcome to convert me when

they please ; and if I can discover them, High Street, Cheltenham, Sept. 5. 1812.

and they be young, as they say they are, “ Pray have the goodness to send those I could convince them perhaps of my despatches, and a No. of the Edinburgh Re- devotion. I had also a letter from Mr. view with the rest. I hope you have writ- Walpole on matters of this world, which I ten to Mr. Thompson, thanked him in my have answered. name for his present, and told him that I * So you are Lucien's publisher! I am shall be truly happy to comply with his re- promised an interview with him, and think quest. How do you go on? and when is I shall ask you for a letter of introduction, the graven image, ‘with bays and wicked as the gods have made him poetical.' From rhyme upon't,' to grace, or disgrace, some of whom could it come with a better grace our tardy editions ?

than from his publisher and mine? Is it not “ Send me · Rokeby.' Who the deuce is somewhat treasonable in you to have to do he ? — no matter, he has good connections, with a relative of the direful foe,' as the and will be well introduced. I thank you Morning Post calls his brother? for your inquiries : I am so so, but my “But my book on · Diet and Regimen,' thermometer is sadly below the poetical where is it? I thirst for Scott's Rokeby ; point. What will you give me or mine for a let me have your first-begotten copy.

The poem of six cantos, (when complete - Anti-jacobin Review is all very well, and rhyme, no recompense,) as like the last two not a bit worse than the Quarterly, and at as I can make them ?' I have some ideas least less harmless. By the by, have you that one day may be embodied, and till win- secured my books ? I want all the Reviews, ter I shall have much leisure.

at least the critiques, quarterly, monthly, &c., "P.S. - My last question is in the true Portuguese and English, extracted, and style of Grub Street ; but, like Jeremy and pray, sort my Romaic books, and

bound up in one volume for my old age ; Diddler', I only ask for information.' Send me Adair on Diet and Regimen, just volumes lent to Mr. Hobhouse — he has republished by Ridgway.”

had them now a long time. If any thing occurs, you will favour me with a line, and in winter we shall be nearer neighbours.

“ Yours, &c.

“BYRON." “ Cheltenham, Sept. 14. 1812. " The parcels contained some

“P.S. - I was applied to to write the and verses, all (but one) anonymous and Address for Drury Lane, but the moment I complimentary, and very anxious for my heard of the contest, I gave up the idea of conversion from certain infidelities into contending against all Grub Street, and threw which my good-natured correspondents con- a few thoughts on the subject into the fire. ceive me to have fallen. The books were I did this out of respect to you, being presents of a convertible kind also, - Chris- sure you would have turned off any of tian Knowledge and the ‘Bioscope,' a re- your authors who had entered the lists ligious Dial of Life explained : – to the with such scurvy competitors. To triumph author of the former (Cadell

, publisher,) I would have been no glory; and to have beg you will forward my best thanks for his been defeated —'sdeath! ~I would have letter, his present, and, above all, his good choked myself, like Otway, with a quartern intentions. The · Bioscope' contained a loaf* : so, remember I had, and have, nothing MS. copy of very excellent verses 3, from to do with it, upon my honour !

get the

LETTER 108.

TO MR. MURRAY.

letters

[In Kenney's farce of “ Raising the Wind.") 3 [The author of both works was Granville Penn, Esq., a gentleman descended from the family of Penn of Pennsylvania, and much distinguished for his learning and piety.]

3 [See BYRONIANA.]

* [This is recorded by one of his biographers; but Pope, in Spence's Anecdotes, relates that Otway died of a fever caught by violent pursuit of an assassin who had fired at one of his friends.]

ÆT. 24.

CHELTENHAM.

173

LETTER 109. TO MR. WILLIAM BANKES.

no

What strange

had a very pleasant set here ; at first the

Jerseys, Melbournes, Cowpers, and Hollands, "Cheltenham, September 28. 1812.

but all gone ; and the only persons I know My dear Bankes,

are the Rawdons and Oxfords, with some “When you point out to one how later acquaintances of less brilliant descent. people can be intimate at the distance of “ But I do not trouble them much ; and some seventy leagues, I will plead guilty to as for your rooms and your assemblies, your charge, and accept your farewell

, but they are not dreamed of in our philonot wittingly, till you give me some better sophy!!' - Did you read of a sad acreason than my silence, which merely pro- cident in the Wye t' other day? A dozen ceeded from a notion founded on your own drowned ; and Mr. Rossoe, a corpulent gendeclaration of old, that you hated writing and tleman, preserved by a boat-hook or an receiving letters. Besides, how was I to eel-spear, begged, when he heard his wife find out a man of many residences ? If I

was saved

- lost to be thrown in had addressed you now, it had been to your again !!— as if he could not have thrown borough, where I must have conjectured you himself in, had he wished it ; but this passes were amongst your constituents. So now, for a trait of sensibility. in despite of Mr. N. and Lady W., you shall beings men are, in and out of the Wye! 2 be as much better' as the Hexham post- “ Ì have to ask you a thousand pardons office will allow me to make you. I do for not fulfilling some orders before I left assure you I am much indebted to you for town ; but if you knew all the cursed enthinking of me at all, and can't spare you tanglements I had to wade through, it would even from amongst the superabundance of be unnecessary to beg your forgiveness. friends with whom you suppose me When will Parliament (the new one) meet ? rounded.

- in sixty days, on account of Ireland, I * You heard that Newstead' is sold

presume : the Irish election will demand a the sum 140,000/. ; sixty to remain in mort- | longer period for completion than the congage on the estate for three years, paying stitutional allotment. Yours, of course, is interest, of course. Rochdale is also likely safe, and all your side of the question. Sato do well so my worldly matters lamanca is the ministerial watchword, and mending. I have been here some time all will go well with you. I hope you will drinking the waters, simply because there speak more frequently, I am sure at least are waters to drink, and they are very you ought, and it will be expected. I see medicinal, and sufficiently disgusting. In a Portman means to stand again. Good few days I set out for Lord Jersey's, but night. return here, where I am quite alone, go out “ Ever yours most affectionately, very little, and enjoy in its fullest extent the

Μπαίρων.” 9 * dolce far niente.' What you are about I cannot guess, even from your date ; — dauncing to the sound of the gitourney in the Halls of the Lowthers? one of whom is

" Cheltenham, September 27. 1812. here, ill, poor thing, with a phthisic. I “I sent in no Address whatever to the heard that you passed through here (at the Committee ; but out of nearly one hundred sordid inn where I first alighted) the very (this is confidential), none have been deemed day before I arrived in these parts. We worth acceptance * ; and in consequence of

sur

are

not

LETTER 110.

TO MR. MURRAY.

1 " Early in the autumn of 1812," says Mr. Dallas, “he marked and directed, reached the committee. The told me that he was urged by his man of business, and builders of the lofty pile were totally at a loss to know chat Newstead must be sold." It was accordingly brought how to dispose of the builders of the lofty rhyme: the to the hammer at Garraway's, but not, at that time, sold, latter all spoke different languages, and all, to the former, only 90.0002 being offered for it The private sale to equally unintelligible. The committee were alike conwhich he alludes in this letter took place soon after,

founded with the number of addresses, and their own Mr. Claughton, the agent for Mr. Leigh, being the pur- debates. No such confusion of tongues had accompanied chaser. It was never, however, for reasons which we any erection since the building of Babel ; nor could shall see, completed.

matters have been set to rights (unless by a miracle), if * [The party were returning from Tintern Abbey in a the convenient'though not very candid plan of rejecting pleasure boat, and were preparing to land below the all the addresses had not occurred as a mezzotermine in tridze at Chepstow, when, on coming through the centre which the whole committee might safely agree ; and the arcb, where a barge was moored across, the rope taking addresses were rejected accordingly. We do not think the bottom of the boat, upset it. Out of the twelve of that they deserved, in true poetical justice, a better fate : which the party consisted, seven actually perished.] not one was excellent, two or three only were tolerable, 3 A mode of signature he frequently adopted at this and the rest so execrable that we wonder this committee

of taste did not agree upon one of them. But, as the * (* Three-and-forty addresses, properly folded, sealed, several bards were induced to expend their precious time and more precious paper, by the implicit engagement on

LETTER 112. TO LORD HOLLAND.

* Cheltenham, Oct. 14. 1812.

think proper.

TO MR. MURRAY.

their subsequent application to me, I have tions of that kind, others, particularly female written a prologue, which has been received, names, are sometimes introduced.” and will be spoken. The MS. is now in the hands of Lord Holland,

“I write this merely to say, that (however it is received by the audience) you will | “My dear Lord, publish it in the next edition of Childe “I perceive that the papers, yea, even Harold ; and I only beg you at present to Perry's, are somewhat rutled at the injukeep my name secret till you hear further dicious preference of the Committee. My from me, and as soon as possible I wish you friend Perry has, indeed, “et tu Brute'd me to have a correct copy, to do with as you rather scurvily, for which I will send him, for

the M. C., the next epigram I scribble, as a “P. S. -I should wish a few copies token of my full forgiveness. printed off before, that the newspaper copies

“ Do the Committee mean to enter into may be correct afier the delivery.

no explanation of their proceedings? You

must see there a leaning towards a charge LETTER 111.

of partiality. You will, at least, acquit me Cheltenham, Oct. 12. 1812. of any great anxiety to push myself before “I have a very strong objection to the en- so many elder and better anonymous, to graving of the portrait ', and request that it whom the twenty guineas (which I take to may, on no account, be prefixed; but let all be about two thousand pounds Bank curthe proofs be burnt, and the plate broken. rency) and the honour would have been I will be at the expense which has been in- equally welcome. *Honour,' I see, ‘hath curred; it is but fair that I should, since I skill in paragraph-writing.'. cannot permit the publication. I beg, as a

“I wish to know how it went off at the particular favour, that you will lose no time second reading, and whether any one has in having this done, for which I have reasons had the grace to give it a glance of approthat I will state when I see you. Forgive bation. I have seen no paper but Perry's all the trouble I have occasioned you. and two Sunday ones. Perry is severe, and

“ I have received no account of the re- the others silent. If, however, you and your ception of the Address, but see it is vitu- Committee are not now dissatisfied with perated in the papers, which does not much your own judgments, I shall not much em. embarrass an old author. I leave it to your barrass myself about the brilliant remarks of own judgment to add it, or not, to your the journals. My own opinion upon it is next edition when required. Pray comply what it always was, perhaps pretty near that strictly with my wishes as to the engraving, of the public. and believe me, &c.

“ Believe me, my dear Lord, &c. &c. “P. S.- Favour me with an answer, as

I

"P. S. — My best respects to Lady H., shall not be easy till I hear that the proofs, &c. whose smiles will be very consolatory, even are destroyed. I hear that the Satirist has

at this distance." reviewed Childe Harold, in what manner I need not ask ; but I wish to know if the old personalities are revived ? I have a

“ Cheltenham, Oct. 18. 1811. better reason for asking this than any that " Will you have the goodness to get this merely concerns myself; but in publica- Parody of a peculiar kind 2 (for all the first

LETTER 113.

TO MR. MURRAY.

from which the portrait prefixed to the quarto edition of the part of the committee that the best bidder should

this work is engraved. In reference to the latter picture, have the contract, we think they have a right to protest

Lord Byron says, in a note to Mr. Rogers, "If you think the against the injustice of this wholesale rejection. It was

picture you saw at Murray's worth your acceptance, it is about as fair as it would be in Messrs. Bish and Carter,

yours ; and you may put a glove or mask on it, if you like.' after they had disposed of all their lottery tickets, to acquaint the holders that there should be no drawing,

2 Among the Addresses sent in to the Drury Lane but that they intended to transfer the twenty thousand

Committee was one by Dr. Busby, entitled a Monologue, pound prize to an acquaintance of their own. The com

of which the Parody was enclosed in this letter. A short mittee, we readily adınit, made an absurd engagement;

specimen of this tride will be sufficient. The four first but surely they were bound to keep it ! In the dilemma

lines of the Doctor's Address are as follows:to which that learned body was reduced by the rejection “ When energising objects men pursue, of all the biddings, they put themselves under the care of

What are the prodigies they cannot do ? Lord Byron, who prescribed in their case a composition

A magic Edifice you here survey, which bears the honour of his name." - Quart. Rev.

Shot from the ruins of the other day !" vol. iii. p. 175.)

"A miniature by Sanders. Besides this miniature, Which verses are thus ridiculed, unnecessarily, in the Sanders had also painted a full-length of his Lordship, Parody :

ÆT. 24.

REJECTED ADDRESSES.

175

* Oct. 23. 1812.

6

lines are Busby's entire) inserted in several hundred lines, but will make a very small of the papers (correctly and copied cor- boarded pamphlet. In a few days you shall rectly ; my hand is difficult) – particularly have it. the Morning Chronicle? Tell Mr. Perry I

"P.S. — The editor of the Satirist almost forgive him all he has said, and may say ought to be thanked for his revocation ; it is against my address, but he will allow me to

done handsomely, after five years' warfare." deal with the Doctor - (audi alteram partem) - and not betray me. I cannot think what has befallen Mr. Perry, for of yore we were LETTEK 115. TO MR. MURRAY. very good friends; but no matter, only get this inserted.

“ Thanks, as usual. You go on boldly ; “ I have a poem on Waltzing for you, of but have a care of glutting the public, who which I make you a present; but it must have by this time had enough of Childe be anonymous. It is in the old style of Harold. Waltzing' shall be prepared. It is English Bards and Scotch Reviewers.

rather above two hundred lines, with an in“P. S. — With the next edition of Childe troductory Letter to the Publisher. I think Harold you may print the first fifty or of publishing, with Childe Harold, the opena hundred opening lines of the Curse of ing lines of the ‘Curse of Minerva,' as far as Minerva,' down to the couplet beginning the first speech of Pallas, — because some

of the readers like that part better than any ** Mortal ('twas thus she spake), &c.

I have ever written ; and as it contains Of course, the moment the Satire begins, nothing to affect the subject of the subsethere you will stop, and the opening is the quent portion, it will find a place as a Debest part.”

scriptive Fragment.

“ The plate is broken ? between ourselves,

it was unlike the picture ; and besides, upon

" Oct. 19. 1812. the whole, the frontispiece of an author's Many thanks, but I must pay the damage, visage is but a paltry exhibition. At all and will thank you to tell me the amount events, this would have been no recommendfor the engraving. I think the Rejected ation to the book. I am sure Sanders Addresses i' by far the best thing of the kind would not have survived the engraving. By since the Rolliad, and wish you had pub- the by, the picture may remain with you or lished them. Tell the author • I forgive him (which you please), till my return. The him, were he twenty times over our satir- one of two remaining copies is at your service ist?;' and think his imitations not at all till I can give you a better ; the other must inferior to the famous ones of Hawkins be burned peremptorily. Again, do not forBrowne. He must be a man of very lively get that I have an account with you, and wit, and much less scurrilous than wits often that this is included. I give you too much are :

: altogether, I very much admire the trouble to allow you to incur performance, and wish it all success. The “ You best know how far this · Address Satirist has taken a new tone, as you will Riot' will affect the future sale of Childe see: we have now, I think, finished with Harold. I like the volume of “Rejected Childe Harold's critics. I have in hand a Addresses' better and better. The other Satire on Waltzing, which you must publish parody which Perry has received is mine anonymously: it is not long, not quite two also (I believe). It is Dr. Busby's speech

LETTER 114.

TO MR. MURRAY.

expense also.

4* When energising objects men pursue,'

The Lord knows what is writ by Lord knows who.
• A modest Monologue you here survey,'
Hiss'd from the theatre the other day.'"

See Works, p. 553.
1 [" Rejected Addresses ; or, the New Theatrum Poe-
tarum," appeared in October, 1812. A new edition,
being the eighteenth, with an original preface and notes
by the authors, the accomplished brothers, James and
Horace Smith, was published in 1835.)

3 [" From Sir Walter Scott, also, whose transcendent talents were only equalled by his virtues and his amiability, we received favours and notice, which it will be difficult to forget. I certainly must have written this myself !' said that fine-tempered inan to one of the authors, pointing to the description of the Fire, ' although

I forget upon what occasion.' Lydia White, a literary lady, who was prone to feed the lions of the day, invited one of us to dinner ; but, recollecting afterwards that William Spencer formed one of the party, wrote to the latter to put him off; telling him that a man was to be at her table whom he would not like to meet.' • Pray who is this whom I should not like to meet ?' inquired the poet. •Ol' answered the lady, ' one of those men who have made that shameful attack upon you !' • The very man upon earth I should like to know !' rejoined the lively and careless bard. The two individuals ac. cordingly met, and have continued fast friends ever since. One criticism of a Liecestershire clergyman may be pronounced unique: I do not see why they should have been rejected, observed the matter-of-fact annotator ; I think some of them very good.'".- Preface to Rejected Addresses, ed. 1835, p. xviii.]

LETTER 120.

TO MR. MURRAY.

before my

he thought right to put forth, found ready who had visited Athens soon after it hapcredence :

pened, to furnish him with his recollections on the subject ; and the following is the

answer which Lord Sligo returned :

“ April 21. 1913. I shall be in town by Sunday next, and

“ Albany, Monday, August 31. 1813. will call and have some conversation on the My dear Byron, subject of Westall's designs. I am to sit to You have requested me to tell you all him for a picture at the request of a friend that I heard at Athens about the affair of of nine ; and as Sanders's is not a good one, that girl who was so near being put an end you will probably prefer the other. I wish

to while you were there ; you have asked you to have Sanders's taken down and sent

me to mention every circumstance, in the to my lodgings immediately

remotest degree relating to it, which I heard. arrival. I hear that a certain malicious pub- In compliance with your wishes, I write to you lication on Waltzing is attributed to me. all I heard, and I cannot imagine it to be This report, I suppose, you will take care to very far from the fact, as the circumstance contradict, as the author, I am sure, will not happened only a day or two before I arrived like that I should wear his cap and bells. at Athens, and, consequently, was a matter Mr. Hobhouse's quarto will be out imme- of common conversation at the time. diately; pray send to the author for an early The new governor, unaccustomed to copy, which I wish to take abroad with me. have the same intercourse with the ChrisP.S.—I see the Examiner threatens some

tians as his predecessor, had of course the barobservations upon you next week. What barous Turkish ideas with regard to women. can you have done to share the wrath which In consequence, and in compliance with the has heretofore been principally expended strict letter of the Mahommedan law, he orupon the Prince ?

i presume all your dered this girl to be sewed up in a sack, and Seribleri will be drawn up in battle array in thrown into the sea, — as is, indeed, quite defence of the modern Tonson – Mr. Bucke, customary at Constantinople. As you were for instance.

returning from bathing in the Piræus, you “ Send in my account to Bennet Street, met the procession going down to execute as I wish to settle it before sailing."

the sentence of the Waywode on this un

fortunate girl. Report continues to say, In the month of May appeared his wild that on finding out what the object of their and beautiful “ Fragment,” The Giaour ;

journey was, and who was the miserable and though, in its first flight from his hands, sufferer, you immediately interfered ; and on some of the fairest feathers of its wing were some delay in obeying your orders, you were yet wanting, the public hailed this new off- obliged to inform the leader of the escort, spring of his genius with wonder and delight, that force should make him comply ; - - that, The idea of writing a poem in fragments had on farther hesitation, you drew a pistol, and been suggested to him by the Columbus of told him, that if he did not immediately obey Mr. Rogers ; and, whatever objections may your orders, and come back with you to the lie against such a plan in general, it must be Aga's house, you would shoot him dead. allowed to have been well suited to the On this the man turned about and went impatient temperament of Byron, as ena- with you to the governor's house ; here you bling him to overleap those mechanical diffi- succeeded, partly by personal threats, and culties, which, in a regular narrative, em- partly by bribery' and entreaty, in procuring barrass, if not chill, the poet, – leaving it to her pardon, on condition of her leaving the imagination of his readers to fill up the Athens. I was told that you then conintervals between those abrupt bursts of veyed her in safety to the convent, and depassion in which his chief power lay. The

spatched her off at night to Thebes, where story, too, of the poem possessed that sti- she found a safe asylum. Such is the mulating charm for him, almost indispens-story I heard, as nearly as I can recollect it able to his fancy, of being in some degree at present. Should you wish to ask me any connected with himself

, — an event in which further questions about it, I shall be very he had been personally concerned, while on ready and willing to answer them. I remain, his travels, having supplied the groundwork

my

dear Byron, on which the fiction was founded. After the

“Yours, very sincerely, appearance of The Giaour, some incorrect

“ Sligo. statement of this romantic incident having got into circulation, the noble author re- “I am afraid you will hardly be able to quested of his friend, the Marquis of Sligo, read this scrawl, but I ain so hurried with

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