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or other upon the subject of the sturdiness Then thus to form Apollo's crown.' of the Whigs in resisting office and keeping "A crown! why, twist it how you will,

to their principles : Sheridan turned round: Thy chaplet must be foolscap still.


it is easy for my Lord G. or Earl G. When next you visit Delphi's town,

or Marquis B. or Lord H. with thousands Inquire amongst your fellow-lodgers,

upon thousands a year, some of it either They'll tell you Phæbus gave his crown, Some years before your birth, to Rogers.

presently derived, or inherited in sinecure or acquisitions from the public money, to boast

of their patriotism and keep aloof from Let other bring his own.'

temptation ; but they do not know from every

what temptation those have kept aloof who " When coals to Newcastle are carried,

had equal pride, at least equal talents, and And owls sent to Athens as wonders.. From his spouse when the Regent's unmarried,

not unequal passions, and nevertheless knew Or Liverpool weeps o'er his blunders ;

not in the course of their lives what it was When Tories and Whigs cease to quarrel, to have a shilling of their own.' And in When Castlereagh's wise has an heir,

saying this he wept. Then Rogers shall ask us for laurel,

“ I have more than once heard him say, And thou shalt have plenty to spare."

that he never had a shilling of his own.' The mention which he makes of Sheridan To be sure, he contrived to extract a good in the note just cited affords a fit oppor- | many of other people's. tunity of producing, from one of his Journals,

" In 1815, İ had occasion to visit my some particulars which he has noted down lawyer in Chancery Lane ; he was with Sherespecting this extraordinary man, for whose ridan. After mutual greetings, &c., Sheridan talents he entertained the most unbounded retired first. Before recurring to my own admiration, - rating him, in natural powers, business, I could not help inquiring that of far above all his great political contem

Sheridan. “Oh,' replied the attorney, the poraries.

usual thing! to stave off an action from his In society I have met Sheridan fre

wine-merchant, my client.' – Well,' said I, quently : he was superb! He had a sort of ' and what do you mean to do?'— Nothing liking for me, and never attacked me, at

at all for the present,' said he : 'would you least to my face, and he did every body else have us proceed against old Sherry? what - high names, and wits, and orators, some

would be the use of it?' and here he began of them poets also. I have seen him cut up laughing, and going over Sheridan's good Whitbread, quiz Madame de Staël

, annihilate gifts of conversation. Colman, and do little less by some others

• Now, from personal experience, I can (whose names, as friends, I set not down) vouch that my attorney is by no means the of good fame and ability.

tenderest of men, or particularly accessible • The last time I met him was, I think,

to any kind of impression out of the statute at Sir Gilbert Heathcote's, where he was as

or record ; and yet Sheridan, in half an quick as ever — no, it was not the last hour, had found the way to soften and time; the last time was at Douglas Kin- seduce him in such a manner, that I almost naird's.

think he would have thrown his client (an “ I have met him in all places and parties, honest man, with all the laws, and some

at Whitehall with the Melbournes, at the justice, on his side) out of the window, had Marquis of Tavistock’s, at Robins's the he come in at the moment. auctioneer's, at Sir Humphrey Davy's, at

Such was Sheridan! he could soften an Sam Rogers's, - in short, in most kinds of attorney! There has been nothing like it company, and always found him very con

since the days of Orpheus. vivial and delightful.

One day I saw him take up his own “ I have seen Sheridan weep two or three Monody on Garrick.' He lighted upon the times. It may be that he was maudlin ; but

Dedication to the Dowager Lady Spencer. this only renders it more impressive, for who On seeing it, he flew into a rage, and exwould see

claimed, that it must be a forgery, that he

had never dedicated any thing of his to such “ From Marlborough's eyes the tears of dotage flow, a d—d canting,' &c. &c. &c. — and so went And Switt expire a driveller and a show ?

on for half an hour abusing his own dediOnce I saw him cry at Robins's the auc- cation, or at least the object of it. If all tioneer's, after a splendid dinner, full of writers were equally sincere, it would be great names and high spirits. I had the ludicrous. honour of sitting next to Sheridan. The " He told me that, on the night of the occasion of his tears was some observation grand success of his School for Scandal, he

Ær. 25.



was knocked down and put into the watch- luxurious comforts with which I had found bouse for making a row in the street, and the “ wit in the dungeon” surrounded,— his being found intoxicated by the watchmen. trellised flower-garden without, and his

" When dying, he was requested to un- books, busts, pictures, and piano-forte within, dergo ‘an operation. He replied, that he - the noble poet, whose political view of had already submitted to two, which were the case coincided entirely with my own, enough for one man's lifetime. Being asked expressed a strong wish to pay a similar what they were, he answered, “having his tribute of respect to Mr. Hunt, and accordhair cut, and sitting for his picture.' ingly, a day or two after, we proceeded for

“ I have met George Colman occasionally, that purpose to the prison. The introand thought him extremely pleasant and duction which then took place was soon convivial. Sheridan's humour, or rather followed by a request from Mr. Hunt that wit, was always saturnine, and sometimes we would dine with him ; and the noble savage ; he never laughed, (at least that I poet having good-naturedly accepted the saw, and I watched him,) but Colman did. invitation, Horsemonger Lane gaol had, in If I had to choose, and could not have both the month of June, 1813, the honour of reat a time, I should say, “Let me begin the ceiving Lord Byron, as a guest, within its evening with Sheridan, and finish it with walls. Colman. Sheridan for dinner, Colman for On the morning of our first visit to the joursupper ; Sheridan for claret or port, but nalist, I received from Lord Byron the folColman for every thing, from the madeira lowing lines, written, it will be perceived, and champagne at dinner, the claret with a the night before : layer of port between the glasses, up to the

May 19. 1813. punch of the night, and down to the grog, “Oh you, who in all names can tickle the town, or gin and water, of daybreak ; – all these Anacreon, Tom Little, Tom Moore, or Tom Brown,I have threaded with both the same. She- For hang me if I know of which you may most brag, ridan was a grenadier company of life guards,

Your Quarto two-pounds, or your Twopenny Post Bag; but Colman a whole regiment -- of light in

But now to my letter - to yours 'tis an answer fantry, to be sure, but still a regiment.” To-morrow be with me, as soon as you can, sir,

All ready and dress'd for proceeding to spunge on It was at this time that Lord Byron be

(According to compact) the wit in the dungeon

Pray Phæbus at length our political malice came acquainted (and, I regret to have to

May not get us lodgings within the same palace ! add, partly through my means) with Mr.

I suppose that to-night you're engaged with some Leigh Hunt, the editor of a well-known

codgers, weekly journal, the Examiner. This gen- And for Sotheby's Blues have deserted Sam Rogers ; tleman I had myself formed an acquaintance

And I, though with cold I have nearly my death got, with in the year 1811, and, in common with

Must put on my breeches, and wait on the Heathcote.

But to-morrow at four, we will both play the Scurra, a large portion of the public, entertained a

And you'll be Catullus, the Regent Mamurra.” | sincere admiration of his talents and courage as a journalist. The interest I took in him Dear M.— having got thus far, I am inpersonally had been recently much increased terrupted by ****. 10 o'clock. by the manly spirit which he had displayed Half-past 11. is gone, I must throughout a prosecution instituted against dress for Lady Heathcote's. — Addio.” himself and his brother, for a libel that had appeared in their paper on the Prince Regent, Our day in the prison was, if not agreeand in consequence of which they were both able, at least novel and odd. I had, for sentenced to imprisonment for two years. It Lord Byron's sake, stipulated with our host will be recollected that there existed among beforehand, that the party should be, as the Whig party, at this period, a strong feel much as possible, confined to ourselves ; ing of indignation at the late defection from and, as far as regarded dinner, my wishes themselves and their principles of the illus- had been attended to ;—there being present, trious personage who had been so long besides a member or two of Mr. Hunt's own looked up to as the friend and patron of family, no other stranger, that I can recolboth. Being myself, at the time, warmly –

lect, but Mr. Mitchell, the ingenious transperhaps intemperately — under the influence lator of Aristophanes. Soon after dinner, of this feeling, I regarded the fate of Mr. however, there dropped in some of our Hunt with more than common interest, and, host's literary friends, who, being utter immediately on my arrival in town, paid him strangers to Lord Byron and myself, rather a visit in his prison. On mentioning the disturbed the ease into which we were all circumstance, soon after, to Lord Byron, and describing my surprise at the sort of

" See Works, p. 556. note 2.)

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settling. Among these, I remember, was may take for granted it was not unstudied Mr. John Scott, - the writer, afterwards, of by him. To a mind of such quick and various some severe attacks on Lord Byron ; and it views, every place and pursuit presented is painful to think that, among the persons some aspect of interest ; and whether in the then assembled round the poet, there should ball-room, the boxing-school, or the senate, have been one so soon to step forth the all must have been, by genius like his, assailant of his living fame, while another, turned to profit. The following are a few less manful, was to reserve the cool venom of the recollections and impressions which I for his grave.'

find recorded by himself of his short parliaOn the 2d of June, in presenting a petition mentary career : to the House of Lords, he made his third “ I have never heard any one who fuland last appearance as an orator, in that filled my ideal of an orator. Grattan would assembly. In his way home from the House | have been near it, but for his harlequin that day, he called, I remember, at my lodg- delivery. Pitt I never heard. Fox but ings, and found me dressing in a very great once, and then he struck me as a debater, hurry for dinner. He was, I recollect, in a which to me seems as different from an state of most humorous exaltation after his orator as an improvisatore, or 'a versifier, display, and, while I hastily went on with from a poet. Grey is great, but it is not my task in the dressing-room, continued to oratory. Canning is sometimes very like walk up and down the adjoining chamber, one. Windham I did not admire, though all spouting forth for me, in a sort of mock the world did ; it seemed sad sophistry, 3 heroic voice, detached sentences of the Whitbread was the Demosthenes of bad speech he had just been delivering. “ I told taste and vulgar vehemence, but strong, and them,” he said, “ that it was a most flagrant English. Holland is impressive from sense violation of the Constitution that, if such and sincerity. Lord Lansdowne good, but things were permitted, there was an end of still a debater only. Grenville I like vastly, English freedom

.“ But what was if he would prune his speeches down to an this dreadful grievance?” I asked, inter- | hour's delivery. Burdett is sweet and silrupting him in his eloquence. • The gricv- very as Belial himself, and I think the ance ?” he repeated, pausing as if to consider greatest favourite in Pandemonium ; at least —“Oh, that I forget.”: It is impossible, I always heard the country gentlemen and of course to convey an idea of the dramatic the ministerial devilry praise his speeches up humour with which he gave effect to these stairs, and run down from Bellamy's when words ; but his look and manner on such he was upon his legs. I heard Bob Milnes occasions were irresistibly comic; and it make his second speech ; it made no imwas, indeed, rather in such turns of fun and pression. I like Ward — studied, but keen, oddity, than in any more elaborate exhibition and sometimes eloquent. Peel, my school of wit, that the pleasantry of his conversa- and form fellow (we sat within two of each tion consisted.



other), strange to say, I have never heard, Though it is evident that, after the bril- though I often wished to do so ; but, from liant success of Childe Harold, he had ceased what I remember of him at Harrow, he is, to think of Parliament as an arena of am- or should be, among the best of them. Now bition, yet, as a field for observation, we I do not admire Mr. Wilberforce's speaking ;

2 His epeech was on presenting a petition from Major Cartwright. (It will be found among the Miscellaneous Pieces at the end of this volume.)

} [" We remember, when, on that fatal separation, the soul of the poet was 'wrenched with a woeful agony,' how some of these scribblers turned round to sting the fect from which they had been pitifully proud to lick the dust. Of all such, not one darted forth a more poisonous fang than the infatuated person who, in Mr. Moore's too mild expression, ' stepped forth the assailant of his living fame.' Leigh Hunt, he says, was less manful' than John Scott. That we deny. There could be nothing manly

there must have been every thing unmanly – in bitterly abusing Byron at that cruel crisis of his life. Scott did so — and, forsooth, as a champion of the morality, the religion of the land! He wrote of Byron as if he had been a felon : and condemned him as from the judgmentseat. Years afterwards, he had the ethrontery to seck out Byron in a foreign land, and was not unkindly received by the noble being, whom he had so cruelly traduced. In all this we can see nothing more manful,' than in Hunt's reservation of his cool venom for Byron's grave.” – Wilson, 1830.]

3 [“ Windham," says Sir James Mackintosh, “w38 an indiscreet debater, who sacrificed his interest as a states. man to his momentary feelings as an orator. For the sake of a new subtlety or a forcible phrase, he was content to utter what loaded him with permanent unpopularity : his logical propensity led him always to extreme consequences; and he expressed his opinions so strongly, that they seemed to furnish the most striking examples of political incousistency: though, if prudence had limited his logic and mitigated his expressions, they would have been acknowledged to be no more than those views of different sides of an object, which, in the changes of politics, must present themselves to the mind of a states. man.''-Lifc, vol. ii. p. 60.]

Ær. 25.



it is nothing but a flow of words — 'words, within, — knowing (as all know) that Cicero words, alone.'

himself, and probably the Messiah, could * I doubt greatly if the English have any elo- never have altered the vote of a single lord quence, properly so called ; and am inclined of the bedchamber, or bishop. I thought to think that the Irish had a great deal, and our House dull, but the other animating that the French will have, and have had in enough upon great days. Mirabeau, Lord Chatham and Burke are * I have heard that when Grattan made the nearest approaches to orators in England. his first speech in the English Commons, it I don't know what Erskine may have been was for some minutes doubtful whether to at the bar, but in the House I wish him at laugh at or cheer him. The début of his prethe bar once more. Lauderdale is shrill, decessor, Flood, had been a complete failure, and Scotch, and acute.

under nearly similar circumstances. But “ But amongst all these, good, bad, and when the ministerial part of our senators had indifferent, I never heard the speech which watched Pitt (their thermometer) for the was not too long for the auditors, and not cue, and saw him nod repeatedly his stately very intelligible, except here and there. The nod of approbation, they took the hint from whole thing is a grand deception, and as their huntsman, and broke out into the most tedious and tiresome as may be to those who rapturous cheers. Grattan's speech, indeed, must be often present. I heard Sheridan deserved them ; it was a chef-d'ouvre. I did only once, and that briefly, but I liked his not hear that speech of his (being then at voice, his manner, and his wit : and he is Harrow), but heard most of his others on the the only one of them I ever wished to hear same question—also that on the war of 1815. at greater length.

1 differed from his opinions on the latter The impression of Parliament upon me question, but coincided in the general admir. was, that its members are not formidable as ation of his eloquence. speakers, but very much so as an audience ; “When I met old Courtenay, the orator, because in so numerous a body there may at Rogers’s the poet's, in 1811-12, I was be little eloquence, (after all, there were but much taken with the portly remains of his two thorough orators in all antiquity, and I fine figure, and the still acute quickness of suspect still fewer in modern times,) but his conversation.' It was he who silenced there must be a leaven of thought and good Flood in the English House by a crushing sense sufficient to make them know what reply to a hasty début of the rival of Grattan is right, though they can't express it nobly. in Ireland. I asked Courtenay (for I like

“ Horne Tooke and Roscoe both are to trace motives) if he had not some persaid to have declared that they left Parlia- sonal provocation ; for the acrimony of his ment with a higher opinion of its aggregate answer seemed to me, as I read it, to involve integrity and abilities than that with which it. Courtenay said he had ; that, when in they entered it. The general amount of Ireland (being an Irishman), at the bar of both in most Parliaments is probably about the Irish House of Commons, Flood had the same, as also the number of speakers and made a personal and unfair attack upon himtheir talent. I except orators, of course, self, who, not being a member of that House, because they are things of ages, and not of could not defend himself

, and that some septennial or triennial re-unions. Neither years afterwards the opportunity of retort House ever struck me with more awe or re- offering in the English Parliament, he could spect than the same number of Turks in a

not resist it.' He certainly repaid Flood divan, or of Methodists in a barn, would with interest, for Flood never made any have done. Whatever diffidence or ner- figure, and only a speech or two afterwards, vousness I felt (and I felt both, in a great in the English House of Commons. I must degree) arose from the number rather than except, however, his speech on Reform in the quality of the assemblage, and the thought 1790, which Fox called the best he ever rather of the public without than the persons heard upon that subject.'”

(Mr. Courtenay was a native of Ireland, but descended from a branch of the noble Devonshire family of that name. He was the intimate friend of Boswell, and a member of the Literary Club. In 1786, he published a “ Poetical Review of the Literary and Moral Character of Dr. Johnson ;" and in 1793, " A Poetical and Philosophical Essay on the French Revolution, addressed

to Mr. Burke." He died in 1816, at the age of seventyfour. “ He was," says Sir James Mackintosh, “ a man of fine talents and of various accomplishments, which rendered his conversation agreeable, as his good nature and kind heart obtained for him the attachment of many excellent friends : but, from his speeches in parliament, strangers mistook him for a jester by profession.")








singer near the end, and one cannot quarrel

with one's company, at any rate. The author CHAPTER XVII.

detects some incongruous figures in a passage

of English Bards, page 23., but which edition 1813.

I do not know. "In the sole copy in your possession I mean the fifth edition — you

may make these alterations, that I may profit MR.GIFFORD, THANKING HIM FOR ADVICE (though a little too late) by his remarks

For · hellish instinct,' substitute brutal in

stinct ;' harpies' alter to felons ;' and for EAST, ANECDOTES, ADDITIONS TO THE blood-hounds' write hell-hounds,' These COOKE, THE ACTOR.

be 'very bitter words, by my troth,' and the VELLING PROJECTS. -

alterations not inuch sweeter ; but as I shall CIEN BUONAPARTE'S CHARLEMAGNE.

not publish the thing, they can do no harm, but are a satisfaction to me in the way of

amendment. The passage is only twelve DUCTION TO MR. CURRAN. — COMMENCE- lines. MENT OF THE BRIDE OF ABY DOS.

You do not answer me about H.'s book;

I want to write to him, and not to say any For some time he had entertained thoughts thing unpleasing. If you direct to Post of going again abroad ; and it appeared, Office, Portsmouth, till called for, I will send indeed, to be a sort of relief to him, when and receive your letter. You never told me ever he felt melancholy or harassed, to turn of the forthcoming critique on Columbus, to the freedom and solitude of a life of hich is not too fair ; and I do not think justravel as his resource. During the depression tice quite done to the · Pleasures,' which of spirits which he laboured under, while surely entitle the author to a higher rank printing Childe Harold, “ he would tre- than that assigned him in the Quarterly. quently,” says Mr. Dallas, “talk of selling But I must noi cavil at the decisions of the Newstead, and of going to reside at Naxos, invisible infallibles ; and the article is very well in the Grecian Archipelago, to adopt the written. The general horror of • fragments' eastern costume and customs, and to pass makes me tremulous for The Giaour ;' but his time in studying the Oriental languages you would publish it and literature." The excitement of the time, to your repentance. But as I consented,

I presume, by this triumph that soon after ensued, and the suc

whatever be its fate, I won't now quarrel cess which, in other pursuits besides those with you, even though I detect it in my of literature, attended him, again diverted his thoughts from these migratory projects. But pastry; but I shall not open a pie without

apprehension for some weeks. the roving fit soon returned ; and we have

The books which may be marked G. 0. seen, from one of his letters to Mr. William I will carry out. Do you know Clarke's NauBankes, that he looked forward to finding fragia? L'am told that he asserts the first vohimself, in the course of this spring, among lume of Robinson Crusoe was written by the the mountains of his beloved Greece once

first Lord Oxford, when in the Tower, and For a time, this plan was exchanged given by him to Defve ; if true, it is a curious for the more social project of accompanying anecdote. Have you got back Lord Brooke's his friends, the family of Lord Oxford, to

MS.? and what does Hleber say of it? Sicily; and it was while engaged in his Write to me at Portsmouth. preparatives for this expedition that the an

Ever yours, &c. nexed letters were written.



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" Maidenhead, June 13. 1813. “ I have read the • Strictures,' which are just enough, and not grossly abusive, in very fair couplets. There is a note against Mas


" June 18. 1813. “Dear Sir,

Will you forward the enclosed answer to the kindest letter I ever received in my

1 In an article on this Satire (written for Cumberland's Review, but never printed) by that most amiable man and excellent poct, the late Rer. William Crowe, the incongruity of these metaphors is thus noticed: -“ Within the space of three or four couplets, he trans. forms a man into as many different animals. Allow him but the compass of three lines, and he will metamorphose

him from a wolf into a harpy, and in three more he will make him a bloodhound."

There are also in this MS. critique some curious instances of oversight or ignorance adduced from the Satire ; such as “ Fish from Ililicon"" Allic flowers donian odours breathe," &c. &c.

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