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Ær. 21.

DEATH OF LORD FALKLAND.

77

LETTER 32.

TO MRS. BYRON.

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after-thoughts with which his poem was at his own table in all the honest pride of adorned ; nor can we doubt that both this, hospitality ; on Wednesday morning at three and the equally merited eulogy on Mr. o'clock I saw stretched before me all that Rogers, were the disinterested and deliberate remained of courage, feeling, and a host of result of the young poet's judgment, as passions.” But it was not by words only he had never at that period seen either that he gave proof of sympathy on this ocof these distinguished persons, and the casion. The family of the unfortunate nobleopinion he then expressed of their genius man were left behind in circumstances which remained unchanged through life. With needed something more than the mere exthe author of the Pleasures of Memory he pression of compassion to alleviate them ; afterwards became intimate ; but with him, and Lord Byron, notwithstanding the preswhom he had so well designated as Na- sure of his own difficulties at the time, found ture's sternest painter, yet the best,” he was means, seasonably and delicately, to assist never lucky enough to form any acquaint- the widow and children of his friend. 2 In ance ;--though, as my venerated friend and the following letter to Mrs. Byron, he menneighbour, Mr. Crabbe himself, tells me, they tions this among other matters of interest, were once, without being aware of it, in the and in a tone of unostentatious sensibility same inn together for a day or two, and highly honourable to him. must have frequently met, as they went in and out of the house, during the time. Almost every second day, while the Sa

“8. St. James's Street, March 6. 1809. tire was printing, Mr. Dallas, who had un

“Dear Mother, dertaken to superintend it through the press,

· My last letter was written under great received fresh matter, for the enrichment of depression of spirits from poor Falkland's its pages, from the author, whose mind, once death, who has left without a shilling four excited on any subject, knew no end to the children and his wife. I have been endeaoutpourings of its wealth. In one of his vouring to assist them, which, God knows, I short notes to Mr. Dallas, he says, “ Print cannot do as I could wish, from my own emsoon, or I shall overflow with rhyme ;” and barrassments and the many claims upon me it was, in the same manner, in all his sub- from other quarters. sequent publications, as long, at least, as “ What you say is all very true: come he remained within reach of the printer,- what may, Newstead and I stand or fall that he continued thus to feed the press, to together. I have now lived on the spot, I the very last moment, with new and “thíck- have fixed my heart upon it, and no pressure, coming fancies," which the re-perusal of present or future, shall induce me to barter what he had already written suggested to the last vestige of our inheritance. I have him. It would almost seem, indeed, from that pride within me which will enable me to the extreme facility and rapidity with which support difficulties. I can endure privations ; he produced some of his brightest passages but could I obtain in exchange for Newstead during the progress of his works through Abbey the first fortune in the country, I the press, that there was in the very act of would reject the proposition. Set your printing an excitement to his fancy, and that mind at ease on that score; Mr. H the rush of his thoughts towards this outlet [Hanson] talks like a man of business on gave increased life and freshness to their the subject, - I feel like a man of honour, flow.

and I will not sell Newstead. Among the passing events from which he “ I shall get my seat on the return of the now caught illustrations for his poem was affidavits from Carhais, in Cornwall, and will the melancholy death of Lord Falkland',- do something in the House soon : I must gallant, but dissipated naval officer, with dash, or it is all over. My Satire must be whom the habits of his town life had brought kept secret for a month ; after that you may him acquainted, and who, about the beginning say what you please on the subject. Lord of March, was killed in a duel by Mr. Powell. Carlisle has used me infamously, and refused That this event affected Lord Byron very to state any particulars of my family to the deeply, the few touching sentences devoted Chancellor. I have lashed him in my rhymes, to it in his Satire prove. “ On Sunday night and perhaps his lordship may regret not (he says) I beheld Lord Falkland presiding being more conciliatory. They tell me it will

1 [Charles-John Cary, eighth viscount Falkland. He father to her infant: the child was christened Byronbarried, in 1802, Miss Christiana Auton, by whom he had Charles-Ferdinand-Plantagenet Cary, and after the cerethree sons.)

mony the poet inserted a five-hundred pound note in a

breakfast cup; but in so cautious a manner, that it was ? (Shortly after Lord Falkland's death, Lord Byron reminded the unfortunate widow, that he was to be god-Roniana.)

not discovered until he had left the house. See By.

have a sale ; I hope so, for the bookseller “After some talk about the Satire, the has behaved well, as far as publishing well last sheets of which were in the press, I acgoes.

companied Lord Byron to the House. He “ Believe me, &c. was received in one of the ante-chambers by “ P. S. – You shall have a mortgage on some of the officers in attendance, with whom one of the farms."

he settled respecting the fees he had to pay.

One of them went to apprise the Lord The affidavits which he here mentions, as Chancellor of his being there, and soon reexpected from Cornwall

, were those required turned for him. There were very few per. in proof of the marriage of Admiral Byron sons in the House. Lord Eldon was going with Miss Trevanion, the solemnisation of through some ordinary business. When which having taken place, as it appears, in a Lord Byron entered, I thought he looked private chapel at Carhais, no regular certi- still paler than before ; and he certainly wore ficate of the ceremony could be produced a countenance in which mortification was The delay in procuring other evidence, cou- mingled with, but subdued by, indignation. pled with the refusal of Lord Carlisle to He passed the woolsack without looking afford any explanations respecting his family, round, and advanced to the table where the interposed those difficulties which he alludes proper officer was attending to administer to in the way of his taking his seat. At the oaths. When he had gone through them, length, all the necessary proofs having been the Chancellor quitted his seat, and went obtained, he, on the 13th of March, presented towards him with a smile, putting out his himself in the House of Lords, in a state hand warmly to welcome him ; and, though more lone and unfriended, perhaps, than any I did not catch his words, I saw that he paid youth of his high station had ever before been him some compliment. This was all thrown reduced to on such an occasion, — not having away upon Lord Byron, who made a stiff a single individual of his own class either to bow, and put the tips of his fingers into the take him by the hand as friend or acknow-Chancellor's hand. The Chancellor did not ledge him as acquaintance. To chance alone press a welcome so received, but resumed was he even indebted for being accompanied his seat ; while Lord Byron carelessly seated as far as the bar of the House by a very himself for a few minutes on one of the empty distant relative, who had been, little more benches to the left of the throne, usually than a year before, an utter stranger to him. occupied by the lords in opposition. When, This relative was Mr. Dallas ; and the account on his joining me, I expressed what I had which he has given of the whole scene is too felt, he said — * If I had shaken hands heartily, striking in all its details to be related in any he would have set me down for one of his other words than his own :

party — but I will have nothing to do with “ The Satire was published about the any of them, on either side ; I have taken middle of March, previous to which he took my seat, and now I will go abroad.' We rehis seat in the House of Lords, on the 13th turned to St. James's Street, but he did not of the same month. On that day, passing recover his spirits.” down St. James's Street, but with no in- To this account of a ceremonial so trying tention of calling, I saw his chariot at his to the proud spirit engaged in it, and so little door, and went in. His countenance, paler likely to abate the bitter feeling of misanthropy than usual, showed that his mind was agita- now growing upon him, I am enabled to add, ted, and that he was thinking of the noble from his own report in one of his note-books, man to whom he had once looked for a hand the particulars of the short conversation and countenance in his introduction to the which he held with the Lord Chancellor on House. He said to me — I am glad you the occasion :happened to come in ; I am going to take “ When I came of age, some delays, on acmy seat, perhaps you will go with me. I count of some birth and marriage certificates expressed my readiness to attend him ; while, from Cornwall, occasioned me not to take at the same time, I concealed the shock I my seat for several weeks. When these were felt on thinking that this young man, who over, and I had taken the oaths, the Chanby birth, fortune, and talent, stood high in cellor apologised to me for the delay, oblife, should have lived so unconnected and serving that these forms were a part of his neglected by persons of his own rank, that duty.' I begged him to make no apology, and there was not a single member of the senate added (as he certainly had shown no violent to which he belonged to whom he could or hurry), • Your Lordship was exactly like would apply to introduce him in a manner Tom Thumb' (which was then being acted) becoming his birth. I saw that he felt the

- you did your duty, and you did no more, situation, and I fully partook his indigna- In a few days after, the Satire made its tion,

appearance ; and one of the first copies was

Ær. 21.

ENGLISH BARDS AND SCOTCH REVIEWERS.

79

TO MR. HARNESS.

ness,

sent, with the following letter, to his friend will be a tax on your patience for a week ; Mr. Harness.

but pray excuse it, as it is possible the re

semblance may be the sole trace I shall be LETTER 33.

able to preserve of our past friendship and “ 8. St. James's Street, March 18. 1809. acquaintance. Just now it seems foolish “There was no necessity for your excuses : enough ; but in a few years, when some of us if you have time and inclination to write,' for are dead, and others are separated by inwhat we receive, the Lord make us thankful,' evitable circumstances, it will be a kind of - if I do not hear from you, I console myself satisfaction to retain in these images of the with the idea that you are much more agree- living the idea of our former selves, and to ably employed.

contemplate, in the resemblances of the dead, I send down to you by this post a certain all that remains of judgment, feeling, and a Satire lately published, and in return for the host of passions. But all this will be dull three and sixpence expenditure upon it, only enough for you, and so good night; and to beg that if you should guess the author, you end my chapter, or rather my homily, believe will keep his name secret ; at least for the me, my dear H., yours most affectionately.” present. London is full of the Duke's busi

The Commons have been at it these In this romantic design of collecting tolast three nights, and are not yet come to a gether the portraits of his school friends, we decision. I do not know if the affair will be see the natural working of an ardent and brought before our House, unless in the disappointed heart, which, as the future shape of an impeachment. If it makes its began to darken upon it, clung with fondness appearance in a debatable form, I believe I to the recollections of the past; and, in shall be tempted to say something on the despair of finding new and true friends, saw subject. - I am glad to hear you like Cam- no happiness but in preserving all it could of bridge : firstly, because, to know that you the old. But even here, his sensibility had are happy is pleasant to one who wishes to encounter one of those freezing checks, you all possible sublunary enjoyment; and, to which feelings, so much above the ordinary secondly, I admire the morality of the sen- temperature of the world, are but too contiment. Alma Mater was me injusta stantly exposed ;-it being from one of the noverca ; and the old beldam only gave me very friends thus fondly valued by him, that my M. A. degree because she could not he experienced, on leaving England, that avoid it. 2—You know what a farce a noble mark of neglect of which he so indignantly Cantab. must perform.

complains in a note on the second canto of “ I am going abroad, if possible, in the Childe Harold, -contrasting with this conspring, and before I depart I am collecting duct the fidelity and devotedness he had the pictures of my most intimate school just found in his Turkish servant, Dervish.s fellows; I have already a few, and shall want Mr. Dallas, who witnessed the immediate yours, or my cabinet will be incomplete. I effect of this slight upon him, thus describes have employed one of the first miniature his emotion : painters of the day to take them, of course, “ I found him bursting with indignation, at my own expense, as I never allow my ac- · Will you believe it?' said he, 'I have just quaintance to incur the least expenditure to met ***, and asked him to come and sit an gratify a whim of mine. To mention this hour with me: he excused himself; and may seem indelicate ; but when I tell you a what do you think was his excuse ? He was friend of ours first refused to sit, under the engaged with his mother and some ladies to idea that he was to disburse on the occasion, go shopping! And he knows I set out toyou will see that it is necessary to state morrow, to be absent for years, perhaps these preliminaries to prevent the recurrence never to return !- Friendship! I do not of any similar mistake. I shall see you in believe I shall leave behind me, yourself and time, and will carry you to the limner. It family excepted, and perhaps my mother, a

to

i [The investigation, then going on, in the House of before my departure from England, a noble and most Commons, of the charges brought against the Duke of intimate associate had excused himself from taking leave York by Colonel Wardle.)

of me because he had to attend a relation to a milliner's,' ? In another letter to Mr. Harness, dated February, I felt no less surprised than humiliated by the present 1999, be ays, “ I do not know how you and Alma Mater

occurrence and the past recollection. That Dervish agree. I was but an untoward child myself, and I believe would leave me with some regret was to be expected : the good lady and her brat were equally rejoiced when I when master and man have been scrambling over the sa weaned, and if I obtained her benediction at parting, mountains of a dozen provinces together, they are unit #3s, at best, equivocal."

willing to separate ; but his present feelings, contrasted 3 " When I remember," says Lord Byron, in a note with his native ferocity, improved my opinion of the to the second canto of Childe Harold," that, a short time human heart." - See Works, p. 763.)

single being who will care what becomes of You are already (he says) pretty geneme.""

rally known to be the author. So Cawthorn From his expressions in a letter to Mrs. tells me, and a proof occurred to myself at Byron, already cited, that he must“ do some- Hatchard's, the Queen's bookseller. On thing in the House soon,” as well as from a inquiring for the Satire, he told me that he more definite intimation of the same intention had sold a great many, and had none left, to Mr. Harness, it would appear that he had, and was going to send for more, which I at this time, serious thoughts of at once en- afterwards found he did. I asked who was tering on the high political path which his the author? He said it was believed to be station as an hereditary legislator opened to Lord Byron's. Did he believe it? Yes he him. But, whatever may have been the first did. On asking the ground of his belief, he movements of his ambition in this direction, told me that a lady of distinction had, withthey were soon relinquished. Had he been out hesitation, asked for it as Lord Byron's connected with any distinguished political Satire. He likewise informed me that families, his love of eminence, seconded by he had inquired of Mr. Gifford, who fresuch example and sympathy, would have im- quents his shop, if it was yours. Mr. Gifford pelled him, no doubt, to seek renown in the denied any knowledge of the author, but fields of party warfare, where it might have spoke very highly of it, and said a copy had been his fate to afford a single instance of been sent to him. Hatchard assured me that transmuting process by which, as Pope that all who came to his reading-room admired says, the corruption of a poet sometimes leads it. Cawthorn tells me it is universally well to the generation of a statesman. Luckily, spoken of, not only among his own customers, however, for the world (though whether but generally at all the booksellers'. I heard luckily for himself may be questioned), the it highly praised at my own publisher's, where brighter empire of poesy was destined to I have lately called several times. At Philclaim him all its own. The loneliness, indeed, lips's 1 it was read aloud by Pratt to a circle of his position in society at this period, left of literary guests, who were unanimous in destitute, as he was, of all those sanctions their applause : The Anti-jacobin, as well and sympathies, by which youth at its first as the Gentlemen's Magazine, has already start is usually surrounded, was, of itself, blown the trump of fame for you. We shall enough to discourage him from embarking in see it in the other Reviews next month, and a pursuit, where it is chiefly on such ex- probably in some severely handled, according trinsic advantages that any chance of success to the connection of the proprietors and must depend. So far from taking an active editors with those whom it lashes." part in the proceedings of his noble brethren, On his arrival in London, towards the end he appears to have regarded even the cere- of April, he found the first edition of his mony of his attendance among them as irk- poem nearly exhausted ; and set immediately some and mortifying; and in a few days after about preparing another, to which he deterhis admission to his seat, he withdrew him- mined to prefix his name. The additions he self in disgust to the seclusion of his own now made to the work were considerable,Abbey, there to brood over the bitterness of near a hundred new lines being introduced premature experience, or meditate, in the at the very opening and it was not till scenes and adventures of other lands, a freer about the middle of the ensuing month that outlet for his impatient spirit than it could the new edition was ready to go to press. command at home.

He had, during his absence from town, fixed It was not long, however, before he was definitely with his friend, Mr. Hobhouse, summoned back to town by the success of that they should leave England together on his Satire,—the quick sale of which already the following June, and it was his wish to see rendered the preparation of a new edition the last proofs of the volume corrected before necessary. His zealous agent, Mr. Dallas, his departure. had taken care to transmit to him, in his re- Among the new features of this edition tirement, all the favourable opinions of the was a Postscript to the Satire, in prose, work he could collect; and it is not una- which Mr. Dallas, much to the credit of his musing, as showing the sort of steps by which discretion and taste, most earnestly entreated Fame at first mounts, to find the approbation the poet to suppress. It is to be regretted of such authorities as Pratt and the magazine that the adviser did not succeed in his efforts, writers put forward among the first rewards as there runs a tone of bravado through this and encouragements of a Byron.

ill-judged effusion, which it is, at all times,

" (Sir Richard Phillips, the bookseller and publisher. He was knighted in 1807.)

2 The poem, in the first edition, began at the line,

“ Time was ere yet, in these degenerate days."

ÆT. 21.

ENGLISH BARDS AND SCOTCH REVIEWERS.

81

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even

painful to see a brave man assume. 1 For Sometimes, however, he shows a dispoinstance : “ It may be said,” he observes, sition to stand by his original decisions. " that I quit England because I have cen- Thus, on the passage relating to a writer of sured these 'persons of honour and wit certain obscure Epics 2 (v. 793.), he says, about town ;' but I am coming back again, All right ;" adding, of the same person, “ I and their vengeance will keep hot till my saw some letters of this fellow to an unforreturn. Those who know me can testify tunate poetess, whose productions (which that my motives for leaving England are the poor woman by no means thought vainly very different from fears, literary or per- of) he attacked so roughly and bitterly, that

sonal; those who do not may be one day I could hardly regret assailing him ; il convinced. Since the publication of this were it unjust, which it is not ; for, verily,

thing, my name has not been concealed ; I he is an ass.” On the strong lines, too (v. have been mostly in London, ready to answer 953.), upon Clarke (a writer in a magazine for my transgressions, and in daily expectation called the Satirist), he remarks, Right of sundry cartels ; but, alas, the age of enough, this was well deserved, and well chivalry is over,' or, in the vulgar tongue, laid on.' there is no spirit now-a-days."

To the whole paragraph, beginning “ IllusBut, whatever may have been the faults trious Holland,” are affixed the words “ Bad or indiscretions of this Satire, there are few enough ;-—and on mistaken grounds besides." who would now sit in judgment upon it The bitter verses against Lord Carlisle he so severely as did the author himself, on pronounces “Wrong also :- the provocation reading it over nine years after, when he had was not sufficient to justify such acerbity;" quitted England, never to return. The copy and of a subsequent note respecting the which he then perused is now in the posses- same nobleman, he says, “ Much too savage, sion of Mr. Murray, and the remarks which he whatever the foundation may be.” Of Rosa has scribbled over its pages are well worth Matilda (v. 738.) he tells us, “ She has since transcribing. On the first leaf we find married the Morning Post, an exceeding

The binding of this volume is consider- good match.” To the verses, ably too valuable for its contents.

brisk youth, the tenant of a stall,” &c., he Nothing but the consideration of its being has appended the following interesting note : the property of another prevents me from This was meant at poor Blackett, who consigning this miserable record of misplaced was then patronised by A. I. B. 3 : – but anger

and indiscriminate acrimony to the that I did not know, or this would not have flames.

“B.” been written ; at least I think not." Opposite the passage,

Farther on, where Mr. Campbell and other poets are mentioned, the following

gingle on the names of their respective poems By Jeffrey's heart, or Lamb's Bæotian head,"

is scribbled : is written, “ This was not just. Neither the

Pretty Miss Jacqueline heart nor the head of these gentlemen are

Had a nose aquiline ; at all what they are here represented.” Along the whole of the severe verses against

Things of Miss Gertrude ; Mr. Wordsworth he has scrawled “ Unjust,” - and the same verdict is affixed to those

Making Kehama look ' against Mr. Coleridge. On his unmeasured

Like a fierce Mamaluke." attack upon Mr. Bowles, the comment is,{ "Too savage all this on Bowles ;” and down Opposite the paragraph in praise of Mr. the margin of the page containing the lines, Crabbe he has written, “I consider Crabbe

Health to immortal Jeffrey,” &c. he writes, and Coleridge as the first of these times in

-- Too ferocious — this is mere insanity ;” point of power and genius.”. On his own - adding, on the verses that follow (“ Can line, in a subsequent paragraph, “ And glory none remember that eventful day ?"&c.), like the phenix mid her fires,” he says, com"All this is bad, because personal.'

ically, “The devil take that phænix — how

66

When some

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" to be misled

And would assert rude

While Mr. Marmion
Led a great army on,

1["Having himself been grossly insulted by one set of men, Byron somewhat illogically conceived that be might insult not only them, but every body else: anger and scorn are bad reasoners; but their bursts of triumph, especially after humiliation, are not bravadoes. Byron was no bravo – he was deficient in coolness; and the Postscript that offended the discretion and taste' of dan Dallas, and is so lugubriously lamented by merry

Moore, is a very proper pendant to such a poem as • English Bards and Scotch Reviewers.'” – Wilson, 1830.]

2 [Joseph Cottle, a bookseller of Bristol, author of " Alfred, an Epic in twenty-four Books," the “ Fall of Cambria," " Early Recollections of Coleridge," &c.] 3 Lady Byron, then Miss Milbanke.

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