The French Atlantic Triangle: Literature and Culture of the Slave Trade

Portada
Duke University Press, Jan 11, 2008 - 571 páginas
The French slave trade forced more than one million Africans across the Atlantic to the islands of the Caribbean. It enabled France to establish Saint-Domingue, the single richest colony on earth, and it connected France, Africa, and the Caribbean permanently. Yet the impact of the slave trade on the cultures of France and its colonies has received surprisingly little attention. Until recently, France had not publicly acknowledged its history as a major slave-trading power. The distinguished scholar Christopher L. Miller proposes a thorough assessment of the French slave trade and its cultural ramifications, in a broad, circum-Atlantic inquiry. This magisterial work is the first comprehensive examination of the French Atlantic slave trade and its consequences as represented in the history, literature, and film of France and its former colonies in Africa and the Caribbean.

Miller offers a historical introduction to the cultural and economic dynamics of the French slave trade, and he shows how Enlightenment thinkers such as Montesquieu and Voltaire mused about the enslavement of Africans, while Rousseau ignored it. He follows the twists and turns of attitude regarding the slave trade through the works of late-eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century French writers, including Olympe de Gouges, Madame de Staël, Madame de Duras, Prosper Mérimée, and Eugène Sue. For these authors, the slave trade was variously an object of sentiment, a moral conundrum, or an entertaining high-seas “adventure.” Turning to twentieth-century literature and film, Miller describes how artists from Africa and the Caribbean—including the writers Aimé Césaire, Maryse Condé, and Edouard Glissant, and the filmmakers Ousmane Sembene, Guy Deslauriers, and Roger Gnoan M’Bala—have confronted the aftermath of France’s slave trade, attempting to bridge the gaps between silence and disclosure, forgetfulness and memory.

 

Comentarios de la gente - Escribir un comentario

Crítica de los usuarios - Marcar como inadecuado

french passed accross the atlantic ocean to reach in africa. they bough slaves in the cote and brought them back to their land and sole the to american who needed for them to work in their sugar, tobaco and cotton plantations.

Contenido

Introduction
3
Around the Triangle
40
The Slave Trade in the Enlightenment
62
The Verritions of History
83
FRENCH WOMEN WRITERS
97
Gendering Abolitionism
99
Olympe de Gouges Earwitness to the Ills of America
109
Madame de Staël Mirza and Pauline Atlantic Memories
141
Forget Haiti Baron Roger and the New Africa
246
Homosociality Reckoning and Recognition in Eugène Sues AtarGull
274
Edouard Corbière Mating and Maritime Adventure
300
THE TRIANGLE FROM BELOW
323
Césaire Glissant Condé Reimagining the Atlantic
325
African Silence
364
Reckoning Reparation and the Value of Fictions
385
Notes
391

Duras and Her Ourika The Ultimate House Slave
158
Conclusion to Part Two
174
FRENCH MALE WRITERS
177
Tamango around the Atlantic Concatenations of Revolts
179

Otras ediciones - Ver todas

Términos y frases comunes

Acerca del autor (2008)

Christopher L. Miller is Frederick Clifford Ford Professor of African American Studies and French at Yale University. He is the author of Nationalists and Nomads: Essays on Francophone African Literature and Culture; Theories of Africans: Francophone Literature and Anthropology in Africa; and Blank Darkness: Africanist Discourse in French.

Información bibliográfica