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(1 b.) An answer to Dr. Blackstone's reply his celebrated C. on the Laws of E. By Philip [anon.? by Dr. Priestley).

Furneaux, D.D., 1770. 8vo, xv. 166, 28. 6d.; This was first printed in The St. James's Chronicle 2nd edit., to which is appended a speech of Lord and reprinted Dublin 1771, and Philadelphia 1772, and Mansfield's on the subject, 1771, 8vo, 48. in The Works of Priestley, xxii. 328. And see A view

Reviewed, Gent. Mag. vols. li. and liii. Month. Rev. of the principles . . . of Protestant dissenters, 1769," re

xlii. 332. “ Tedious Letters.” :-“Since the first publicaprinted in P.'s Works, xxii. 335.

tion of these letters, Mr. Justice B. hath made consider(2.) A letter to Dr. Blackstone occasioned by a able alterations in some of the most obnoxious passages passage in his Commentaries, concerning the that had been objected to by Dr. Priestley and Dr. Furcharacter of the ecclesiastics of the present age

neaux ” (Month. Rev. xliv. 187.) [Lond. 1769?], 8vo, pp. ?, 6d.

(7.) An interesting appendix to Sir W. B.'s Month. Rev. xlii. 245. In Lowndes. I cannot find it Commentaries . . . containing .

.. containing ... [Nos. 1, 1 a, b, at the Brit. Mus. Anonymous ? Is this possibly by Dr. 3, 6.] . . . America, 1773, 850. Furneaux ?

(8.) The Palladium of conscience, or the form(3.) *The case of the late election for the county ation of religious liberty displayed, asserted, and of Middlesex considered on the principles of the established, agreeable to its true and genuine constitution and the authorities of the law [attri- principles, above the reach of all petty Tyrants buted to Blackstone]. Printed for F. Cadeli ...who attempt to Lord it over the human mind. 1769, 4to, 44.

Containing [Nos. 6, 1, la, 3] ... with Blackstone is referred to, refuted or reconciled in every

some other curious tracts Being tract in this controversy.

teresting appendix to B.'s Commentaries (4.) A letter to the author of the Question America, Phila., 1774. Stated. By Another M.P. [attributed to B.),

(9.) A declaration of the People's natural right [June] 1769, 8vo, pp. ?, 6d. Gent. Mag. xxxix. to a share in the legislature, &c. . . By Granville 394.

Sharp. 1774, 8vo. (4 a.) Letter to Dr. B., by the author of the

A laboured argument in reply to Blackstone, to prove Question Stated (Sir W. Meredith). To which is that the laws of Edw. III. obliged the King to call a prefixed Dr. B.'s letter to Sir W. M. [concerning

new Parliament every year. Edin. Rev. xxviii. 133. the charge of inconsistency brought against him

(10.) *A fragment on government; being an by Sir W. Meredith], 1770, 8vo, 60, 1s. 6d.

examination of what is delivered on the subject of Month. Rev. xlii. 60. This pamphlet is the subject of government in general in the introduction to Sir the 18th Letter of Junius, which, and the 20th, are erro

W. B.'s Commentaries, with a preface, in which neously stated by Woodfall in his note to vol. i. 191, to is given a critique of the work at large [by Jeremy be in reply to the “ Answer to the Question Stated,” by Bentham], 1776, 8vo, lvii. 208, 3s. 6d. Sir W. B. The 18th letter is in reply to “B.'s letter to

We cannot avoid expressing our

disgust at the severity Sir W. Meredith," as above stated; and the 20th is in

with which the justly admired Commentary is treated reply to the “ Answer to the Question Stated.”

in the critique now before us. Month. Rev. lv. 329. (4 b.) *An answer to the “Question Stated”; Numerous editions, two in French, 1776 and 1790. with a P.S. to Junius [by Nath. Foster, M.A., (11.) *Considerations on the game laws, togeRector of All Saints, Colchester, &c. (')], 1770, ther with some strictures on Dr. B.'s Commen8vo?, pp. ?, 18. 6d.

taries relative to this subject, 1777, 8vo, 64. This has been erroneously attributed to B., the only

A letter to Lord Chatham on American affairs, reason for inserting it here.

and wherein the doctrine of Judge B. in his cele(5.) *Objections drawn from the act of Union brated C. ... is opposed to the present system in several letters to a divine of the Church of politics ; . . new edition .

By M. Ďawes of England [?] : submitted to the impartial 1777, 8vo, ii. 91. after thoughts of W. B., Esq., 1770, 8vo, 100,

(12.) *An enquiry into the nature and pro18. 6d.

perty of estates . in which are considered the At p. 97, begin “some candid declarations of Dr. B. opinions of Mr. Justice B. etc. [By Ralph Brad(which appear much to his credit) in his reply to Dr. ley], 1779, 8vo. Priestley." The advertisement is dated Oct. 1st, 1766, Watt attributes this to John Reeves, F.R.S. A note and says that the author had had the tract by him for of Francis Hargrave to Bradley.() some years.

(1) He seems totally unnoticed in any Dictionary or (6.) (VII) Letters to the Hon. Mr. Justice B. Bibliotheca. He was, I believe, as the following title of concerning his exposition of the act of Toleration, his only other work that I know says, an eminent conand some positions relating to religious liberty in

He resided at Stockton in Durham :

Practical points or maxims in conveyancing drawn (1) This gentleman also wrote “ A Defence of the pro- from the daily experience of a very extensive practice by ceedings of the House of Commons in the Middlesex a late eminent conveyancer (Ralph Bradley].' To which Election, &c., 2 s. 6d.,” and “A letter to the author of are added critical observations on the various and essen• An essay on the Middlesex Election, 1s.'” See a list of tial parts of a Deed. By the late J. Ritson (and edited his works at the end of “ A sermon, 1770, 4to.”.

by ?], 1804, 8vo; vii, 147.


(13.) *Remarks on the laws of descent and on the of the copy in the King's Library. I should much like

to know whether there is any corroborative evidence of reasons assigned by Mr. Justice B. for rejecting in his table of descent, a point of doctrine laid down authorship. It is severely criticised in the Monthly Rev.

Ixix. 497, whence doubtless Lowndes took his estimation in Plowden, Lord Bacon, and Hale. [By W. Os- of it. good], 1779, 4to; 47.

(17.) Elements of Jurisprudence treated of in W. H. Rowe, in “ Obs. on the Rules of Descent, 1803, the preliminary part of a course of lectures on the p. 2, says this pamphlet is generally supposed to be by laws of England, 1783, 4to. the Chief Justice of Canada.” Was this Osgood ?

This is under Blackstone's name in the Bodleian Cata(14.)

Observations on the doctrine laid down logue, but I have an idea that it ought not to be. by Sir W. B. respecting the extent of the power À German work from Hume, Blackstone, &c. By of the British Parliament particularly with rela- A. A. F. Hennings. Kopenhagen, 1783. For title see tion to Ireland. In a letter to Sir W. B. By C. Kayser's Index Librorum. F. Sheridan . Dublin, 1779, 8v0; 87.

(18.) Blackstone considered—in Bentham's DeThe London edition same year is anonymous. Month. fence of Usury, 1790, pp. 84.) Rev. lxii. 359.

(19.) An inquiry into the question whether the (15.) A comparative view of the differences be- brother of the paternal grandmother shall succeed tween English and Irish statute and common law, to the inheritance of the son, in preference to the in a series of analogous notes on the Commenta- brother of the paternal great-grandmother? The ries of Sir W. B.; with an introduction, discus affirmative having been advanced by Mr. Justice sing the power of the British Parliament to bind Manwood ; acceded to by Mr. Justice Harper ... Ireland. By W. T. Ayres. Dublin (print.); Lond. adopted by . . . Bacon Hale Gilbert; (reprint.), 1780, 8vo; 2 vols.

and the negative maintained by Mr. Robinson ... The author has borrowed the main part of his work Blackstone. By Charles Watkins . . 1798, from Blackstone's Commentaries, inserting here and there 8vo, 138. a paragraph or a note, with reference to decisions and

I find that I am encroaching on so much space Irish statutes. Month. Rev. lxiv. 258.

that I must reserve the continuation of this list (16.) The biographical history of Sir W. B., for another note.

RALPH THOMAS. late one of the justices of both benches—a name 1, Powis Place, W.C. as celebrated at the University of Oxford and Cambridge, as in Westminster Hall. And a catalogue The following list is taken from the published of all Sir W. B.'s works, MS. as well as printed; catalogue of the law library belonging to the late with a nomenclature of Westminster Hall, the John Lee, Q.C., LL.D. of Hertwell House, Ayleswhole illustrated with notes a preface and bury: index to each part. By A Gentleman of Lincoln's Commentaries. 3rd Edition, 4 vols. 4to, Oxford, 1768. Inn. [Dr. Douglas ?], 1782, 8vo, 6s.

In this edition only Vols. 1 and 2 are marked in titlePreface xxix. Authorities explained x. The biogra- page (3rd Edition). Vols. 1, 2, 3, bear date 1768, and phy, pp. 125. Index. The “Catalogue” has a separate

Vol. 4, 1769. title-page. Preface iv. Then follow 4 pages of an ad

Idem. 6 Edition, 4 vols, folio. London, 1774. vertisement of “ A Review" (1), &c. Catalogue, pp. 148.

Idem. by E. Christian, 1 vol. 8vo. London, 1816. Index. The half-title to be a nomenclature," and a sepa

Analysis of the Law (3rd Edition), 1 vol. Oxford,

1758. rate title-page as follows:- The nomenclature of West

Idem. (5th Edition), 1 vol. Oxford, 1762. minster Hall, containing a chronology of all the Chancellors, Keepers, Commissioners, Judges, Serjeants and

Law Tracts, 2 vols. 8vo. Oxford, 1762. Recorders of the City of London, with occasional remarks,

On the Law of Descents in Fee Simple. 1 vol. 8vo, 1746 to ... 1779. the whole time in

Oxford, 1759. which Sir W. B. attended the Courts. Preface xxxvii.

Biographical History of Sir W. Blackstone and a 44. Index. Errata, 2 pages, which “the student is desired

Catalogue of all his Works, with a Nomenclature of

Westminster Hall. 1 Vol. 8vo. London, 1782. to correct before reading, if he had an opportunity,” which apparently he never had.

As these extracts do not exactly correspond with The awful title-page, or rather pages, to this much the list forwarded to “ N. & Q.” by SERJEANT abused, but useful work, have no doubt prevented any THOMAS, they may be the means of eliciting a one from giving them as fully as have here, though it

correct version of the matters they refer to. is evidently important. I believe copies of this work are frequently imperfect. I have given Dr. Douglas' name

J. WILKINS, B.C.L. as the compiler, from his name being on the title-page (1) The following is the advertisement: Intended

CHAUCER'S “CANTERBURY TALES." speedily to be published, by the same author, A Review of the following works of Sir W. B. never before pub I was in the act of reading the Canterbury Tales, lished-viz. The Customary oration in honour of Thomas and had finished “The Rime of Sire Thopas, Sutton, the munificent founder of Charter-House.—Then follow four pages of contents of this proposed work, which when the note by Mr. FURNIVALL appeared. was never published, the first not being sufficiently en

I shall not enter upon the subject of the groups couraged perhaps.

and order of the Tales, which MR. FURNIVALL

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is so well qualified to discuss, which I do not supposed, I presume, to have come from fairypretend to be, and, in fact, in which I do not land feel much interest. MR. FURNIVALL intimates “Call us good neighbours, good neighbours we'll be ; that Chaucer is but sparingly read. This I am Call us fairies, fairies we'll be." not prepared to deny, more particularly when I - the word “fairy” meaning a malicious imp. reflect that my present perusal of the Tales occurs But the most extraordinary case of the belief in after the lapse of fifty years since I have read the existence of fairies was that of a clergyman of them.

the Church of England, and a graduate of the I am an uncritical reader, but this perusal has University of Oxford, well known to the writer. suggested to me one or two observations which He had no preferment of his own, but a little possibly may, and possibly may not, be thought money, and had married a wife who also had a worthy of a place in “ N. & Q."

little money. He firmly believed in fairies; inHad Chaucer been so happy as to live in an age deed he could not well do otherwise, for he which supplied him with a perfectly formed lan- assured me that with his own eyes he had seen guage, read by a people to whom it was not merely the Queen of the Fairies and all her court pass antiquated but to some extent obsolete, it seems before him through a field, and pass over a stile. to me difficult to say what English poet (not of They were all dressed in green, and of the tradicourse disturbing the supremacy of Shakspeare tional size—the common people something better and Milton) would have been placed above him. than half a foot in height, the queen being taller. But I am not going to offer any criticisms, but to I questioned and cross-questioned him about his make an observation or two. The general fami- health before and after this vision, but I could not liarity with Bible bistory (including of course the shake him in the least. He was a sober, thrifty, apocryphal portion) is very remarkable, and leads, unimaginative man, and I have known no one less I think, to the inference that in Chaucer's time likely to indulge in any freaks of fancy. But, the Church was more liberal in promoting or per- unless my memory deceives me, he had no incremitting the reading of the Scriptures by the laity dulity as to the existence of fairies previously to than it afterwards became. It is true that all the the vision I have spoken of. He was frequently knowledge shown in the Tales is the knowledge of applied to to preach, and acquitted himself in the the poet. But he had too much judgment to put pulpit with average ability, into the mouths of the tellers of his stories a kind

There is another superstition which I think is of knowledge which it would have been out of peculiar to Scotland. It is a superstition of ancharacter in them to possess.

cient date, and certainly was not extinct fifty My next observation is, that every age seems to years ago. For a worthy man, a miller, who lived credit some former age with a superstition which on the banks of a river from which the waterit (the later age) has outlived. Thus the Wife of power turning his mill was derived, told me many

stories of his encounters with Water Kelpie, of “In olde dayes of the King Artour,

whose existence he had no more doubt than of Of which that Bretons speken gret honour, any fact told in the Bible, and he was a good All was this lond fulfilled of faerie;

religious man of the Presbyterian persuasion. I feel The Elf-quene, with hire joly compagnie, Danced ful oft in many a grene mede.

bound, however, to mention that the miller's chief This was the old opinion as I rede;

encounters with Water Kelpie occurred in crossI speke of many hundred yeres ago;

ing a ford with his horse and cart on his way home But now can no man see non elves mo."

from the market. I must further add, that my The Wife of Bath accounts for the change from friend the miller was a perfectly sober man. the

Another observation is suggested by the “ Par“Grete charitee and prayeres

doneres Tale.” This tale, addressed to a body of Of limitoures and other holy freres,

Catholic pilgrims on their way to the shrine of St. That serchen every land and every streme, Thomas, details the tricks and frauds by which As thikke as motes in the soune-beme,

the Pardonere extracts money from his dupes with This maketh that ther ben no faeries."

the air, and no small share of the humour with

which Autolycus might be supposed to relate his Some two hundred years later Bishop. Corbet commercial transactions at the shepherd sheepspeaks of fairies as then extinct, but as if their shearing :disappearance was of recent date :

“ And for to stere men to devotion.
“No housemaid now for cleanliness

Than shew I forth my longe cristal stones,
Finds sixpence in her shoe."

Y crammed ful of cloutes and of bones,
The belief in fairies is not yet extinct. In the

Relikes they ben, as wenen they echon,” writer's native parish, in the Lowlands of Scot- and so forth. All this seems to have been reland, the word "fairy” was never used -- the term ceived with acquiescence and amusement by the was "good neighbour"—for there was a couplet Catholic auditory.

Bath says:

a work

This was the state of Catholic popular faith and feeling four hundred years ago. Now, mark the contrast. In this year, 1868, every aristocratic drawing-nay, every drawing-room table in France, and even in Protestant England, is provided with a copy of Récit d'une Sæur in which every thing which, in the “ Pardoneres Tale,” is treated as a fraud and a folly, is dealt with most reverently and with the deepest faith.

“Je lui dis que le remède que lui avait donné B. lui avait fait du bien” (writes Alexandrine of her dying husband). Non,' me répondit-il (avec un délicieux sourire, et en baisant la relique de St. François de Sales), . voilà ce qui m'a fait du bien.'

The picture of this dying young man, with a Paris physician by his bedside, and the relic in his hand, seems to be regarded by all the readers of the book-nay, even by such leaders of public opinion as Montalembert-with the deepest reverence and interest. The present age is often stigmatised as a sceptical age. I do not believe that it deserves the reproach. It appears to me that the belief in fairies, in water kelpies, and the faith in the virtue of relics, are as widely diffused as they were in any former age. J. H. C.

THE MANCHESTER LUNATIC ASYLUM. Since the death of my lamented friend, Mr. John Harland, F.S.A., a number of his papers bave fallen into my hands. Some of them are of his own composition; others are of older date, and in handwriting which I do not recognise. Amongst the poetical scraps is one relating to some local attack-whether in words or deeds I am unable to say-upon a public institution in Manchester. The writer has couched his thoughts in Hudibrastic verse and phrase, and has rendered himself amusing, if not intelligible. I beg to offer it for insertion in “N. & Q.” in the hope that something may follow by way of illustra

Out of the town :-no person near 'em, Where we can neither see nor hear 'em. Out of the Walks we'll drive our gentry, With fear of fever bar their entry ; And when a solitude we've made 'em, We will Ourselves in state parade 'em.' Backed by a hundred gallant names, A Chief in lofty sounds proclaims :“Come out ye Lunatics and flee, This house I challenge is for me. Not that I mean to settle in it; I should not like it for a minute : I mean to fill it full of fever, To clear the town of noisome savour; Here, pent up close, just in the middle, Fever will sink as through a riddle. It joins th' Infirmary 'tis true, But what is that to me or you ? Fools! If you dread, or think of danger, To Me and Magic you're a stranger! I can the force of fever charm, And all the patients 'gainst it arm ; And though the beds should almost touch, I see no danger-or not much!' By all this gasconade unmoved, Within the house a champion-provedStood ready to sustain th' attack, Nor from the hot assault drew back. For he a Colonel fierce had been, And though no carnage he had seen, Yet brave and bold, he scorned to shrink, Or from their anger-or their ink. Against their rage he had, with prudence (And had he not, he'd been a true dunce), Prepared a battery of cannon, Which all their thoughts and fancies ran on : For they had heard a dreadful rumour Of these grim guns, which like a tumour Had swelled, inflamed, and grown so large, That all with terror stood the charge ; And it was thought, that when one gun Was fired amongst them, all would run. But Falstaff-like, the more they trembled In louder tones was fear dissembled. Thus they, the more they feared and doubted, In stronger notes of challenge shouted :That when the Colonel gave command, They straight would rush in sword in hand; His capnon they would spike, or turn 'em Against himself-or, else would burn 'em. For loud they said–They all were wooden'! Thus did they vaunt! when on a sudden (After a short but awful pause) His mighty sword the Colonel draws, When all at once, as they were gazing, The dreadful cannons 'gan a blazing; At once six guns pour deadly vomit, Nor can the enemy fly from it. Now thundering balls the foemen struck, And laid them sprawling in the muck, Which just behind in round rows placed By the street-sweepers thus were graced. First fell the leader on his back, For he had felt a dreadful thwack, Which all at once had laid him sprawling, And there he lay with piteous bawling : One eye was plastered up with mud, The other full of water stood; For sore he felt the dreadful shame Which would henceforth attend his name. Beside him lay, all soused in mire, A busy, bustling, babbling squire,

tion :



December 2nd, 1802.
“Full in the front th' assailants stood,

All charged with gall, if not with blood;
In rank and file, in dread array,
They wait the signal of the day:
The strong, the weak, the wise, the silly,
Throng Lover's Row and Piccadilly.
The Hospital they meant to storm,
And vaunted loud what they'd perform!
For thus they cried, with loud bravadoes :-
• What mean those iron pallisadoes ?
We'll in a minute overleap 'em,
Pursue the foe and hence we'll sweep 'em.'
As to the Windmill said Don Quixote,
So said the foe:– We'll pull those bricks out;
The place dispeople, and dismantle,
And drive those miscreants from their ant-hill;
We'll fix the patients at a distance,
Far from our notice or assistance;

Who not of long orations sparing

THE PROPERTIES OF A GOOD WIFE. (For other place 'twas said preparing),

She that is not bold, that doth not offend her husband, His head had plump'd against a stone,

that may and will not, that hateth the doore and the But did not crack the solid bone.

windowe, that careth not for feasts and bancquets, nor His friends affirm'd his hat preserved him :

for dancinge, nor to be curious in apparrell, that heareth It might be so, and well it served him !

noe Messuages, nor receveth letters nor presents from Down fell a barrister i' th' dirt,

lovers, that esteemeth above alle others her husband But, thank his stars, not greatly hurt ;

whatsoever he be, that laboreth truly to provide for her For he by other friends persuaded,

Familye, that feareth God, and praieth often to him wilNot meaning ill, the house invaded.

lingly, and is the laste that speaketh, and the first that But let us learn from his misfortune,

holdeth her peace.-P. 157. The loss that springs from ill-assorting! Beside these fell, in black mud floundering,

AN EPITAPH (FOR AN HONEST MAN]. In which they each had made a round-ring

Here lieth a honnest man. A learned tribe, who all lay sticking,

If thou wouldest have more, But flaskering, rolling, bellowing, kicking.

Thou art not for thy selfe, Around them lay a heap of blisters,

For honnestie is store With pills and purges, vomits, clysters ;

of Commendacions: tis much more praise Spasmodics, opiates, and cathartics;

To be a honnest man then live maine dayes. Doses for earaches, headaches, heartaches;


P. 156. (All these a nimble wight was picking,

F. J. FURNIVALL. And will be soon in's window sticking). What others fell, and how they stumbled, What gallant names in terror tumbled,"


POWER. — I have been often struck with the fact,

how purely of classical derivation are many of the Here the rhymes close abruptly, but we may expressions in daily use amongst our country perhaps be permitted to fill up the lacuna thus :

people. Take, for a single instance, the word [“What other hands were smeared with grime, power, as signifying quantity or number. Nothing The Muse may tell some other time.”]

is more common than to hear one person say of Probably there are some literary readers of another, that he has a power of money, or a “ N. & Q." still resident in Manchester who may power of friends, or a power of hands workmen, be able to annotate the preceding. It would be which is simply synonymous with the peculiar interesting to know the persons to whom allusion use of vis in Latin, and õúvauıs in Greek. Thus in is made, the places indicated, and also the history Cicero we find “vis auri," “ vis innumerabilis of this local squabble.

servorum”; in Horace, “vis hederæ"; in Virgil, T. T. WILKINSON, F.R.A.S., ETC. canum vis;" in Juvenal, "verborum 'tanta Burnley.

vis”; in Livy, “vis navium”; in Tacitus, “vis

locustarum”; and, as its Greek equivalent, we PIECES FROM MANUSCRIPTS.-No. IV.

have in Herodotus κoίην δε χρημάτων δύναμιν; and

in Thucydides, απ' ολίγης δυνάμεως χρημάτων. (From the Ashmole MS. 781, A.D. 1620–31.)

Other similar_instances, of which there are (WHAT IS A CUCKOLD ?]

doubtless many, I may note from time to time as Whats a Cucold, learne of mee, For fewe can tell his Pedigree,

leisure serves, and the Editor of “N. & Q.” will or his subtile nature conster:

courteously accord me a little space. borne a man, yet dyes a monster.

EDMUND TEW. God in Edens happie shade

“ YEDE," MISUSED BY SPENSER. - It is strange Never such a Creature made. then, to cut of alle mistakinge,

that no one seems to have remarked the curious Cucolls are of woemens makinge.-P. 143.

blunder made by Spenser respecting the verb yede.

In yielding to his propensity for archaic diction, A WIFE. Such as I have to my owne harte propounded,

he has, in this instance at least, not perfectly learnt And labored to obtaine as Earths cheefe good,

his lesson, and fallen into a remarkable grammaA wife made all of wishes, and compounded

tical error.

Yede and yode are both, as every of choice Ingredients both for mind and blood ; student of Early English should know, various A Maide, yet willinge to become a Mother,

forms of the past tense of the verb to go; in fact, Younge, yet full ripe: A faire one, and yet blacke; The white side turnd to me, blacke vnto others;

they are both equivalent to goed, formed from the Silent, yet one that noe good tounge doth lacke;

verb by adding -ed; though, in modern times, we Rich onely to Contentment, not to excesse;

have renounced the use of this preterite, supplying Holy strivinge with love her faith to expresse ; it by that of the verb to wend, for which we have Wise not to teach, but her owne wants to knowe;

found a new one by writing wended. But Spenser, Well-borne, yet not soe high to set mee lowe; Such, whilst I fancied to my self a wife,

observing the differing forms of the word, came to Freind, I doe heare you have her to the life. FINIS.

the extraordinary, yet somewhat logical, concluP. 157. sion that yede must be the infinitive mood, and

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