« AnteriorContinuar »
ILLUSTRATIONS OF BISHOP PERCY'S FOLIO tion, but probably his biography may be found in MANUSCRIPT.-No. II.
Oxberry's Dramatic Biography, or some similar
work. All I can say of him is, that he was a very “THE FARMER AND THE KING."
respectable comic poet. He wrote “The Lad with (4th S. ii. 152, 206.)
a Carroty Poll,:: 67 Oh! cruel were my Parents," MR. SHELLY's friend has been evidently per
“The Old Commodore," and many other wellpetrating a joke. The oral version of “The Farmer known ditties, the wit and humour of which form and the King” (a new name, by the bye) is no a striking contrast to the Cockney rubbish that thing more than a clumsy attempt to put into the now-a-days is called and esteemed - comic" by Dorsetshire or East Devon dialect the well-known the patronisers of café chantants and music-halls. * song of “ The King and the Countryman.” If The East Devon version is easily accounted for. MR. SHELLY and Mr. F. J. FURNIVALL will turn Comic songs to suit the “order sublime” - the to p. 210 of my Ancient Poems, Ballads, and Sonys “Dii” of our country theatres, are often transferred of the Peasantry of England (Lond., 1857 *), they into county dialects, and there is no reason why will not only find the song in question, but some
“ The King and the Countryman" may not have information respecting it. It is no version of undergone such a process. The song has given “The King and Northern Man,” but an abridg rise to a much more interesting theme than the ment and alteration. The original is no “rarity”;
dialect versions in “N. & Q." During the Hampit is in the Bagford and Roxburgh collections. It den controversy and litigation, Punch published has been reprinted in Edinburgh ; by the Percy "a new version of an old song, and called it. The Society, with remarks by Mr. Payne Collier; by
Dean and the Bishop;'" the bero was the late Mr. J. S. Moore in his valuable ballad-book, and by Dean Merewether of Hereford, who complained Richardson of Newcastle-on-Tyne in his Border | in propria personá thus — Table-Book, and there is a common chap-book " I know an old priest, but I won't say where, edition.
More fit for a bishop than that chap there, It would appear also that we have it in the
Tooral, looral, rural, plural, too ra loo ra loo." bishop's “ folio MS.” When the last edition of The dean was, I believe, neither a rural dean nor my collection was published I was unable to state a pluralist, but the introduction in the chorus of by whom the abridgment was made. I can now the above italicised words, and putting them into supply the deficiency. The song was made up" | the mouth of a church dignitary, had a truly out of the old materials by Mr. Knight, a popular | ludicrous effect. I regret that I have not Punch
hedian, at the commencement of the present at hand, or. I should certainly have copied the century. This is what I am assured by a com witty satire. I am glad to find that the folio of petent authority, and I shall consider the infor- Percy has proved to be no myth, and that it has mation to be correct unless Mr. FURNIVALL can met with a competent editor. I hope that it will state that he has the song in the Folio MS. which be printed verbatim, and that even its orthograhe is editing. Mr. Knight was an actor, and I phical blunders will be carefully preserved; and believe either proprietor or stage-manager at the that the editor will not adopt for a motto Windsor Theatre, where the song was first intro
“ Virginibus puerisque canto," duced, and sung “ with unbounded applause." and so give us a school edition. I trust also that There is a traditional anecdote about the song | the mystery attending it will be cleared up. which is worth recording, although I do not vouch Who wrote it? When and where did the scribe or for its truth. Mr. Knight, on singing the lines - scribes live? What are the poems and ballads + " I seed an old chap at Bartlemy Fair,
that are not found elsewhere? Does the paper . Look'd more like a king than that chap there," bear any watermarks ? Mr. W. H. Black of Mill used to point at the royal box-a process which Yard, Goodman's Fields, has an astonishing knowof course added to the point of the stanza. On ledge of paper, and at a glance can name the fabric one occasion the song was sung in the royal pre- of ancient makers, and I hope that we may have sence, but there was no pointed allusion. The his valuable opinion. The age of paper does not song was encored as usual, but his majesty George III., instead of joining in the call, said
[* Edward Knight was not only a respectable comic
| poet, but his powers as a comic actor were very consider" Very bad ! very bad !-didn't point to the bo.c!" able; there was an odd quickness, and a certain droll Thus encouraged, Mr. Knight repeated the strain, play of the muscles of bis face that prepared the audience with the proper point, amidst a roar of laughter,
| for the jest that was to follow. His Sim in Wild Oats in which the good-natured monarch heartily
has been esteemed the most chaste and natural of stage
exbibitions. Among his other best parts may be reckoned joined. My informant said that his grandfather,
informant said that his grandfather, | Frank Oatland ; Tom, in Intrigue ; Jerry Blossom ; Joey, a native of Slough, was at the theatre when this in Modern Antiques, and Zekiel Homespun. For a selecoccurred. Of Mr. Knight I can give no informa |tion of his other characters, see Genest's History of the
Stage, ix. 341. He died at his house in Great Queen * Now published by Griffin & Co., London, price 2s. 6d. Street, London, on February 21, 1826.- Ed.]
decide the age of the writing upon it, but it forms | by a successor as he superseded Saturn (Chronos). an important bit of evidence.
The story of Io is also introduced to show the JAMES HENRY Dixon. wickedness and evil, in her case, caused by the Lausanne.
gods of Greece. Prometheus, not living in Greece, had gods of his own country. Probably
the story of his making men meant that he was PERPETUAL YOUTH.
a god-manufacturer, like Abraham's father, ac(4th S. ii. 202.)
cording to Christian and Mahometan tradition. The story of the “remedy against old age,”
The myth of the “ eagle" and the “liver” is exchanged by the ass with a serpent for a draught
cleared up by the Scholiast on Apollonius (ii. of water, is given by Ælian (Nat. Animal. vi. 51),
1252), who finds an authority (Agroitas) for the on the authority of Sophocles, Dinolochus, Ibycus
“engle” being the name of a river, and the Reginus, Aristeas, and Apollophanes ; not, bow
“liver” Guarap=olap) being fertile land which ever, to be found in Smith or Pauly: nor is it
the river inundated. The rescue by Hercules (the mentioned by Schütz. There are many classical
in personation of human labour or civil-engineererrors in Bacon's Prometheus, as his “bundle
ing) meant, therefore, either the draining of the of twigs” to get the fire : Jupiter in merry mood
lands or the em banking of the river. The angranting it and perpetual youth * also. Bacon's
cient Scholiast A. (Prom. Bound, 120) also exmistaking Prometheus for divine providence, when
| plains the “stealing of fire ” as “ acquiring knowhe is specially set forth as the representative of
ledge." TOÛTO de uvlwdes• To 8' åandès oấtws ēxelo human prudence or providence (forethought).,
πυρ καλείται η γνώσις, διά το δραστήριον. His notion of Pandora as a goodly woman, when
Such an attack as Æschylus made on the Greshe was made the special representative of all
cian gods awoke the vigilance of the court of evils, &c. &c. Voltaire has also made strange
Areopagus, which condemned him to be stoned to blunders in the story of Prometheus, when he
death, a calamity only prevented by his younger brother Amynias, who, with one arm round his
neck, in supplication held up the stump of the “Quand Prométhée eut formé son image D'un marbre blanc façonné par ses mains,
other, having lost that hand at the battle of Sa
. Il épousa, comme on sait, son ouvrage :
lamis. (Ælian, Var. Hist. v. 19, Diod. Sicul. xi. Pandore fut la mère des humains.”
27.) Such a position at Athens accounts for the Voltaire has confounded the story of Pygmalion
long-continued residence of Æschylus in Sicily.
| No other play of Æschylus, or fragments that (Ovid, Met. x. 243-315) with that of Prometheus :
have come down to us, contain any such severe the statue was not made of “marbre blanc," but of ivory. Pandora was neither the work of Pyg
sarcasm, irreverence, infidelity, or atheism against malion nor of Prometheus, but of Vulcan, at the
the received gods of Greece as the Prometheus
Bound. command of Jupiter, with the assistance of other
| Horace (Carmin. ii. 18) has an allusion to the gods and goddesses: hence her name, meaning * gifted, endowed, by all.”
attempt of Prometheus to bribe Charon with gold, With a view to the correct interpretation of
for which no Greek authority has yet been found : mythology, it is necessary to keep each story dis
“ Nec satelles Orci tinct, with the name of the poet who recites or
Revexit, auro captus.” invents it.
Æschylus, in the Prometheus Bound, with The authorities, too numerous to quote here, which, as appears by his essay, Bacon was pro- are given by Pfau in Pauly's Real-Encyclopädie, bably unacquainted, is the best authority; and vi. 96, by Schmitz in Smith's Biog. and Mythol. he is confirmed by Hesiod, Apollonius, and the iii. 544, and by Schütz, Excursus on Prometheus ancient Scholia ts. Prometheus is distinctly | Bound.
T. J. BUCKTON. pointed out to the Athenians by Æschylus as the inventor of all the useful arts and sciences;
Ωγύγιος δ' άρα μύθος εν αιζηοΐσι φορείται, κ. τ.λ. whilst, on the contrary, Jupiter, with the other
“Prisca inter juvenes narratur fabula, cælum Grecian gods, is represented as the cause of all
Cum major natu pulso genitore teneret
Nec tamen hoc unquam stolidos potuisse potiri,
Defessi ; ille sitim sicco, dum vadit onustus, * By a misprint he is called “an ever-fading youth,”
Gutture collegit, stantemque ad lustra ferocem instead of “ a never-fading youth” (Montagu's ed. iii. 75,
Anguem oravit, opem quo rebus ferret egenis, Pickering, 1825.) The φάρμακον γήρως αμυντήριον of Cumque hic mercedem pandi gestamina dorsi Ælian is evidently a medicine and no youth at all.
Posceret, oppressus casu non abnuit amens.
Inde feri senium serpentes pubere tergo
taken by them. That such documents ought to Commutant, hominesque premit grandæva senectus,
be preserved no one can doubt, as they are public Et tristem ex illo morbum, rabiemque rudentis
property, and often contain interesting and valuTraxerunt, diroque truces dant vulnera dente.”
able matter. My father was for some years Nicandri Theriaca, Interprete Jo. Gorræo. Cf. Ælian De Nat. Animal. (lib. vi. c. 51), who
coroner for the division of a midland county, and
in the course of his tenure of office some sacksful subjoins —
of papers connected with it accumulated, which, “ Cæterum hujus fabulæ auctor non ego sum, sed ante
his after being duly seasoned by damp and dust, were me Sophocles tragicus, et Dinolochus adversarius Epicharmi, et Ibycus Rheginus, et Aristeas, et Apollophanes, | used by our servants for the lighting of fires ! poetæ comici.”
S. R. T. M. For these references I am indebted to Mackay's Progress of the Intellect, vol. i. 420.
By the Registration Act (England) of August, BIBLIOTHECAR. CHETIAM. | 1836, 6 & 7 William IV. provision has been made
for the permanent preservation of the particulars Were my Mythology of Greece and Italy read of each inquest held by a coroner or magistrate. and studied in this country, as I am proud to say
Section 25 says: “ The coroner shall inform the it is in the United States, this query would have registrar [of births and deaths] of the finding of been answered before now. The fable and its the jury, and the registrar shall make the entry explanation will be found in that work (p. 258, accordingly.” The certificate which the coroner 3rd edit.), and the authorities given, namely, furnishes to the registrar gives the date and place “ Ælian, De Nat. An., vi. 51; and Nicander, Ther. of death, name, age, condition, occupation, cause 340, with the Scholia." Thos. KEIGHTLEY. of death, and duration of illness. These particu
lars are duly entered in the register-book of deaths,
certified copies of which are sent quarterly to the CORONERS' INQUESTS.
General Register Office, London, and there in(4th S. ii. 225.)
dexed. Similar measures have been adopted in I do not know what becomes of depositions and Ireland since 1864. See sec. 38 of 26 Vic. cap. 11. other documents connected with coroners' inquests
WILLIAM J. BAYLY, Librarian. in other places, but I do know that in this town, where the coroner (Clarke Aspinall, Esq.) has a THE FAIRFORD WINDOWS: “ST. CHRISTOregular court, like any other of the borough
PHER OF 1423." magistrates, the records of the court are preserved in a fire-proof safe, in a granite-stone
(4th S. ii. 265.) chamber attached to the court, and are and have Whilst the “Fairford Windows” continue to been kept under the special care of Mr. James | deservedly attract so much attention, it may be Blake, the intelligent oflìcer of the court, for many | interesting to preserve a note of a letter written years. These records are made up in annual par in the early part of 1704 by the then Vicar of cels, dating back for several years, and contain
Fairford, as the subject of the damoge sustained many most interesting cases. These are arranged by the west windows of the church consequent and marked in monthly order, and in themselves upon the storm of almost unparalleled violence, form a complete index, so that Mr. Blake can at
from which Fairford and the surrounding country any moment lav his hand on any document that I suffered in 1703. With that view, I enclose you may be required for the last half century and a copy of the letter I refer to. more. I could wish all public records were so
HENRY F. HOLT. accurately kept, and with such facility of refer
6, King's Road, Clapham Park. ence as these are.
“ HoxOURED SIR, – Liverpool.
“In obedience to your request, I have here sent you “The coroner must certify the whole of this inquisition
a particular account of the damages sustain'd in our under his own seal and the seal of his jurors, together with
parish by the late violent storm; and, because that of
Church is the most material which I have to impart to all the evidence thereon, to the Court of King's Bench or the next assizes."— Blackstone's Commentaries, i. 348.
you, I shall therefore begin with it. It is the fineness of
our Church which magnifies our present loss; for in the Inquisitions are occasionally brought up into | whole it is a large and noble structure, compos'd within the Queen's Bench in order to be quashed. The
and without of ashler curiously wrought, and consisting Chief Justice of England, being virtute officii sum
of a stately roof in the middle, and two isles running a
considerable length from one end of it to the other, makes mus coronator Angliæ, would return an inquisition a very beautiful figure. It is also adorn'd with 28 adheld before him into his own court.
mir'd and celebrated windows, which, for the variety and J. WILKINS, B.C.L. fineness of the painted glass that was in them, do justly
attract the eyes of all curious travellers to inspect and
behold them; nor is it more famous for its glass than newly There is, I believe, no law to compel coroners
renown'd for the beauty of its seats and paving; both to preserve their inquisitions and the depositions | being chiefly the noble gift of that pious and worthy gentleman, Andrew Barker, Esq., the late deceas'd Lord of MR. MACRAY, which are to be found in “N. & Q." the Manor ; so that, all things consider'd, it does equal at of Sept. 19. If MR. Holt's opinion, that the least, if not exceed, any parochial Church in England. “Now, that part of it which most of all felt the fury of
“St. Christopher" was printed by means of a the winds was a large middle west window, in dimension printing-press, with printer's ink, and on paperabout 15 foot wide, and 25 foot high ; it represents the such as was used by Martin Schön and Albert general judgment, and is so fine a piece of art that 15001. Dürer between 1480 and 1500 - prove wel) has formerly been bidden for it-a frice, though very
•founded, it is clear that 1423 was not the date of tempting, yet were the parishioners so just and honest as
the engraving, and that much of the early history to refuse it. The upper part of this window-just above the place where our Saviour's picture is drawn sitting on
of engraving and typography will have to be a rainbow, and the earth His footstool--is entirely ruin'd,
rewritten. and both sides are so shatter'd and torn-especially the 1 But if "1423" does not refer to the date of the left-that, upon a general computation, a fourth part at engraving, to what does it refer? May I venture least is blown down and destroy'd.
to suggest to those who have the necessary leisure “The like fate has another west window, on the left side of the former, in dimension about 10 foot broad and
and opportunity of referring to the early German 15 foot high, sustain'd, the upper half of which is totally chronicles, the propriety of seeing whether anybroke, except one stone munnel. Now, if this were but thing occurred in the year 1423 to direct public ordinary glass, we might quickly compute what our re attention to St. Christopher, of which the enpairs would cost; but we the more lament our misfortune
graving may be a posthumous memorial ? Was herein because the paint of these two, as of all the other windows in our Church, is stain'd thro' the body of the
any great church dedicated to St. Christopher in glass ; so that, if that be true which is generally said, that year? Was any remarkable figure of that that this art is lost, then have we an irretrievable loss. saint erected at that time? Or was there in 1423 “There are other damages about our Church which,
any special commemoration of St. Christophertho' not so great as the former, do yet as much testify
such as we have seen in our time of the Holy how strong and boisterous the winds were, for they unbedded 3 sheets of lead upon the uppermost roof, and
Coat of Treves? If this suggestion proves as roll'd them up like so much paper. Over the Church fruitful of results as the one which has led to porch a large pinnacle and two battlements were blown Mr. Holt's remarkable communication, the space down upon the leads of it; but resting there, and their | which I have occupied will not, I think, be confall being short, these will be repair'd with little cost. " This is all I have to say concerning our Church.
sidered by your readers as wasted by
F. S. A. Our houses come next to be considered, and here I may tell you that (thanks be to God) the effects of the storm were not so great as they have been in many other places;
“THE VICTIM” (4th S. ii. 172, 261.) – Your several chimneys, and tiles, and slats (slates] were thrown down, but no body kill'd or wounded. Some of the poor,
correspondent, MR. DAVIES, who mentions my because their houses were thatch’d, were the greatest
| little poem in such flattering terms, may like to
little poem in such flattering terms, may sufferers; but to be particular herein would be very | know that it was suggested by the passage in frivolous, as well as vexatious. One instance of note
Mrs. Hemans's notes to which he alludes. The ought not to be omitted. On Saturday, the 26th, being
subject is a Norwegian legend. The same notes the day after the storm, about 2 o'clock in the afternoon, without any previous warning, a sudden flash of light
furnished me with a subject for another poem, ning, with a short but violent clap of thunder immedi- “ The Mother's Lesson," which also may be found ately following it like the discharge of ordnance, fell upon in German Ballads and Songs in the “ Fireside a new and strong-built house in the middle of our town, Library." and at the same time disjointed two chimneys, melted
Now that Tennyson's magic touch has resussome of the lead of an upper window, and struck the mistress of the house into a swoon; but this, as appear'd
swoon: but this. as appear'a citated my forgotten rhymes, I purpose including afterwards, prov'd the effect more of fear than of any real them in a volume of poems which I am about to considerable hurt to be found about her.
publish. MENELLA B. SMEDLEY, “I have nothing more to add, unless it be the fall of
Author of Odin's Sacrifice. several trees and ricks of hay amongst us; but these being so common everywhere, and not very many in | MAINE=MANY (4th S. ii. 199, 287.)—G. W.M.'s number here, I shall conclude this tedious scribble, and instances do not well bear out his rendering of subscribe myself, Sir, &c.,
"Edw. Shipton, Vic."
maine as meaning many. We could not say a many
lot, or a many deal. In those instances it has its When I ventured to suggest the advisability
ordinary sense of great. of inviting the attention of the learned corre
But it has been colloquially used as an adverb spondents of “N. & Q." to Mr. Holt's novel
for mainly, or very. In a diary of my father's, views on the subject of the Fairford windows,
about 1835, is the expression “ A large party, main “ The St. Christopher of 1423," and the rela- |
LYTTELTON. tive precedence in point of discovery between
Hagley, Stourbridge. printing and engraving, I never anticipated that! ANONYMOUS PORTRAIT (4th S. ii. 252.)-Withmy suggestion would be followed almost imme- out desiring to have it inferred that this portrait diately by such a series of communications as delineates a member of the family of Trafford, those from MR. IIolt himself, MR. SCHARF, and allow me to remark that “ Now thus," one of the illustrative mottoes which occur upon MR. “OLD FAMILIAR Faces” (4th S. ii. 129.)-In WILKINSON's portrait, is also to be found in use Moxon's edition, 1840, printed by Bradbury & at the present day over the crest of the Traffords. | Evans, not only the line In the case of MR. WILKINSON's picture, I take it
“Died prematurely in a day of horrors,” that the object of “ So then” and “Now thus” | but the whole of the verse quoted by your coris to draw a contrast between the past and pre- respondent is omitted.
R.Ė. W. S. sent condition of the subject of the portrait. “An
Lists of M.P.s (4th S. ii. 204.)—In addition empty bag and a truncheon indicate what his
criodu Sathen" to the sources of information which you have position was at some past period—“So then." | The wealth. comfort, and distinction which he pointed out in reply to the query of W. H. S., had attained, and in which the artist delineated
the contiet Molinasted allow me to direct his attention to a rather rare him, are indicated by "Now thus.” In the case | volume, the title of which is “ Angliæ Notitia : or. of the Traffords, the crest is a thresher threshing the present State of England. By Edward Chamcorn, and over the flail stands the motto “Now
berlayne, Doctor of Laws and Fellow of the Royal thus." The tradition in the family which ex
Society. Printed in 1672.”
The book abounds plains both crest and motto bas been related to
to with curious information. In Part II. p. 75 there
is " A List of all the Knights, Citizens, Burgesses, me as follows:- In some far distant period a battle
Ī Trafford and Barons of the Cinque Ports, that at present was raging near the place where a loyal Trafford was wielding his flail in a very peaceful manner.
serve in the Parliament of England." A. R. The king's troops were getting the worst of the
Deer, Aberdeenshire. day, and some of them fled past the barn in which QUOTATION: “GLASGERION" — (4th S. ii. 220.) the Trafford was occupied. Seeing what was See Chaucer's House of Fame, book iii, l. 117: – going on, Trafford instantly mustered his men,
“ And other harpers many oon, put flails into their hands, and rushed out at their
And the grete Glascurión.” head to meet the advancing foe. As they ap- Cf. Percy's Folio MS., ed. Hales and Furnivall, proached he attacked them, and swinging his flail vol. i. p. 246.
WALTER W. SKEAT. with lusty arm, called upon his men in the words 1, Cintra Terrace, Cambridge of the motto, “Now thus,” to imitate his example. / SOILED HORSE (4th S. ü. 30. 91.) - This word The result may be anticipated. The enemy was le comm
as is commonly used in the north-east of Ireland for soundly thrashed, and the Trafford gained his th
the practice of feeding animals on food cut green crest.
for them : "to grow oats for soiling " is to grow The Atheneum.
|it to cut green. To leave part of a grass field for DORE ABBEY (4th S. ii. 178, 237.)-The church soiling is to leave it to be cut green for this purof Dore, erroneously printed “Dove," in Here- pose. Thus,“ to grow a crop for soil or soiling," fordshire, is fortunate in an historian in Mathew " to soil a horse with clover or vetches," are comGibson, its rector, who lived in the early part of mon agricultural phrases.
M. C. the last century, from whose work it appears that PRINCE RUPERT (4th S. ii. 224.)-He was the the transepts, tower, and choir were entirely re- third, but not the youngest, son of the Queen of built by Lord Scudamore, A.D. 1600 or there- | Bohemia. Frederick, the eldest, died young; abouts; but I think much of the old church must Charles Louis, the second, became Elector Palahave been left or replaced at that period. It is tine; Rupert was born December 18, 1619; and some time since I have seen this remarkable Maurice, his attached younger brother, on Decembuilding, but recollect the cathedral-like effect ber 25, 1620. Of the personal appearance of of the aisles surrounding the choir. There is an Prince Rupert, Eliot Warburton says, in opposiaccount of a diminutive effigy of a bishop interred tion to the portrait drawn by Count Hamilton :here, in the Archeological Journal, vol. xix. This
“ His portraits present to us the ideal of a gallant abbey stands in the Golden Valley, so called from
cavalier. His figure, tall, vigorous, and symmetrical, the river Dore or Door, a word meaning water, would have been somewhat stately, but for its graceful but which has been misinterpreted as if it was in bearing and noble ease. A vehement, yet firm, character the French language-gold.
predominates in the countenance, combined witb a certain Thomas E. WINNINGTON. gentleness, apparent only in the thonghutul, but not pensive,
eyes. Large, dark, and well-formed eyebrows overarch Dore Abbey, instanced by Alpha, and Man a high-bred Norman nose : the upper lip is finely cut, but chester Cathedral. and Christ Church, Oxford, somewhat supercilious* in expression; the lower part of given by Thomas E. WINNINGTON, scarcely come,
the mouth and chin have a very different meaning, and
impart a tone of iron resolution to the whole counteI think, within the category of churches with
nance. Long flowing hair flowed over the wide emfour aisles, as the so-called aisles are simply broidered collar, or the scarlet cloak: he wore neither chapels attached to chancels. The church at teard nor moustaches, then almost universal; and his Great Yarmouth has only two aisles.
* Supercilious is a curious expression to apply to the P, E. MASEY. lip.-J.J. B. W.