« AnteriorContinuar »
Paris, 1840-50, in 7 vols. 4to, contains any matter by Macaulay to the Earl of Derby,” &c. And a additional to that which is found in the Paris parliamentary reporter tells me he thinks he edition in 10 vols. folio, 1733-66 ? I also wish to remembers the phrase to have been used by reverse the question, and ascertain, if I can, whe- Macaulay about 1835. But I do not see it in the ther the last edition has in it all that may be volume of speeches which Vizetelly's piracy infound in the earlier one ?
CORNUB. duced him to publish. Can any one verify his ANCIENT GREEK MANUSCRIPT OF THE Gospels. having suggested a phrase which hitherto has
been considered either Disraeli's or Lytton's ? In Bridges's History of Northamptonshire, under
MAKROCHEIR. the parish of “Loddington," occurs the following curious notice, which, although possessing perhaps
INGULPI's “CHRONICLE.” — I shall be greatly more of individual than of general interest, yet the obliged to any of your readers who can give me Editor of “N. & Q.,” with his accustomed and references to articles on books, reviews, or magawell-known courtesy, will, I feel sure, permit me zines, on the question of the genuineness or spurito place before his readers, in the hope that some ousness of Ingulph's Chronicle.
CORNUB. one or other of them may have seen the manuscript referred to, and be able to inform me where story in a fragment of a book of the last century,
MARTIN DE ASELLO.-I met with the following it may be found.
which seemed to be a miscellaneous collection of In the list of rectors is mentioned a Mr. different pieces. Who was the hero of the story? George Tew, incumbent from 1693 to 1702, of Or is the whole a mere common-room joke ?whom Bridges says:
Martin de Asello engaged a painter to inscribe “ Mr. Tew, the late incumbent, found, walled up in
over his doorthe chancel, a Greek MS. of three of the Gospels, the Gospel of St. Mark being wanting, conjectured to be “ Porta patens esto; nulli claudaris honesto," about 600 years old. It was communicated by him to
But the painter mistook the place for the stop, Dr. Cumberland, then bishop of the diocese, of whom it was borrowed by Dr. Moore, Bishop of Ely, who, when and wrote pressed to return it, said he had mislaid or could not find “ Porta patens esto nulli; claudaris honesto.” it. From this circumstance it hath been suspected that the manuscript was much older than it was thought to
The pope, riding that way before Martin had be, and is perhaps preserved with the books he gave to corrected his inscription, taking it for professed the University of Cambridge."
knavery, ousted him of his bishopric, and put Should the MS. have been lodged in the public another in his stead, who altered the stop, and library of that University, the curators can
added one more line, thus : scarcely be unaware of its existence, and from “ Porta patens esto; nulli claudaris honesto: them I would especially ask the favour of any Ob unum punctum caruit Martinus Asello.” information they may possess respecting it.
W. G. EDMUND TEw, M.A. MEDAL OF CROMWELL.-I have before me a Oxon.
bronze medal of Oliver Cromwell nearly as large P.S. The extraordinary conduct of Bishop Moore as a silver crown piece. On the obverse is Cromin this affair forms, I fear, but one out of many well's head, very like that by Simon, but of course such instances. Some years ago an old friend of inferior; legend, " OLIVARIVS CROMWELL.” mine lent a MS., which he prized very highly, Beneath the bust is the artist's name, “I. Dasto a church dignitary in this very diocese
SIER.” neither a bishop nor yet a dean; and upon re- On the reverse, a square mausoleum with an questing that it might be restored to him, received arched roof; on the panel is inscribed "ANGLIB the very same reply as that given by this good bishop sco. ET HIB. PROTECTOR." Around its base are and honourable man to my ancient and worthy grouped four cherubs, one holding a mirror, but too confiding relative. My old friend is no another a wreath and a pillar, a third a club and more, but the MS. has never yet found its way three balls. In the exergue is, “NAT. 3 APRIL, back to the true and lawful owner.
E. T. 1603. MORT. 3 SEPT. 1658.” HAWAIIAN ALPHABET.—Some years ago I was
Can you inform me of the date and occasion of informed by a native of “Owhyhee,” that the the striking of this medal, and what the objects language of that island was based or framed upon sier was?
held by the cherubs signify ? Also, who I. Das
J. H. M. an alphabet consisting properly of but twelve letters; their English equivalents being a, e, i, o,
MEMORY: ROMAN AND OLD ENGLISH CHARACu, h, k, l, m, n, p, w. Can any Polynesian linguist TERS.— A magistrate remarked at our Quarter confirm the same ?
J. BEALE. Sessions, that he thought it a pity the Command“The HOTSPUR OF DEBATE.” — In Wheelers ments on the altar-piece in the chapel of the gaol Dictionary of Noted Names of Fiction I find this
[* The well-known phrase, “The Rupert of Debate,” entry: – "Hotspur of Debate, a sobriquet given is by Bulwer Lytton, New Timon, part i. stanza 6.—ED.]
were not written in Roman characters instead of we call him (the English James III.) meditated coronaOld English. The chaplain stated in reply, on tion in Scotland in 1715-16, and fixed on Scone as the the authority of an inspector of prisons, that pri- Scotland before he could fulfil his wish.”
But the battle of Sheriffmuir drove him from soners were ten times more likely to remember sentences written in characters difficult to be de- This is incorrect: the coronation did take place. ciphered than in those which were easily read. In the Tower of London were shown the swords Can any
your readers confirm or account for (of iron), which the present writer has seen; they the fact so stated by the inspector of prisons ? were destroyed in the fire of the Tower of London.
NORFOLK. They represented the swords of Justice and Mercy,
used at the English coronations. In Black's Guide PENNANT IN THE ROYAL NAVY.—The tradition in the Isle of Thanet is, that the long streamers this description of Scone :
to Scotland (Edinburgh, 1859, 12mo, p. 252) is at the mainmasts of men-of-war were first used by Admiral Blake. It is known that Van Tromp represents the old family of Stormont, is two and a half
“ Scone Palace, the seat of the Earl of Mansfield, who hoisted a broom at his mast-head, threatening “to
miles from Perth, on the left bank of the Tay. It is a sweep the English from the sea.” It is said here large modern building, castellated, and is built upon the that Blake replied by hoisting the long-pennant, site of the ancient palace of the Kings of Scotland. Much and called it “a coach-whip to flog the Dutchmen of the old furniture has been preserved in the modern home again.” Is there any record of this saying? house; and among other relics, a bed used by James VI.,
and another of crimson relvet, flowered, said to have Α. Α,
been wrought by Queen Mary when imprisoned in Loch (Of) Poets' Corner.
Leven castle. The gallery, which is 160 feet long, occuQUOTATIONS.—Whose is the following sublime pies the place of the old coronation hall, where Charles II.
was crowned in 1651, and the Chevalier de St. George example of bathos ?
(James III.) in 1715. At the north side of the house is “And thou, Dalhousie, the great god of war,
a tumulus, termed the Moat Hill, said to bave been comLieutenant-general to the Earl of Mar."
posed of earth from the estates of the ditferent proprietors
Jon. BOURCHIER. who here attended on the kings. On the removal from In Charles Lamb's Last Essays of Elia, is the Dunstaffinage of the famous stone on which the Scottish
monarchs were crowned, it was deposited in Scone Abbey, following verse from an old ballad :
and here it remained until it was taken by Edward I. to “ When we came down through Glasgow town,
Westminster Abbey, where it still forms part of the We were a comely sight to see;
coronation chair of the British monarchs. The abbey My love was clad in black velvet,
was destroyed at the Reformation by a mob from Dundee, And I myself in cramasie."
and the only part now remaining is an old aisle, con
taining a marble monument to the memory of the first What is the name of the ballad, and where is Viscount Stormont. The old market cross of Scone still it to be seen ?
W. J. C. remains, surrounded by the pleasure-grounds which have
been substituted in the place of the ancient village." Will
you have the kindness to give me the name of the author of the following:
I wish an answer to two queries :-No doubt
John Slezer, in his Theatrum Scotia, gives an ex“ The moon, clear shining 'midst the fleecy clouds, Often I gaze and wonder if her pure
terior view of Scone Palace, in its old state; but White face be visible to those beloved
is there any representation of the interior of the But distant friends, I now so long have left.
old coronation hall? And are there any drawings And then the thought that, even at the time
or engravings of the old swords which were in That I stand gazing, so they too may stand
the Tower of London, used at the last Stuart With eyes upturned to the same silvery orb,
coronation at Scone Palace in 1715 ? W. H. C. Brings consolation, telling me that though By seas divided, yet our hearts are joined."
WALLISI-BILL. - What was a Wallish-bill ? J. B.
Vide Surtees Society, vol. xxiv. pp. 251-253. “A moment pause ye British fair,
Suit with the name of Waterloo."
Queries with answers. When daughters sicken and when sons expire."
H. MOWBRAY. - What were the arms of Edward SCONE: CORONATION Swords:
In the Appen- of Surrey ? and which is the best life of that
the Confessor, as borne by Henry Howard, Earl dix to the Historical Memorials of Westminster Abbey, by the Dean of Westminster, Dr. Stanley,
A. T. H. GIBBON. (London, 1868, 8vo, p. 499,) it is said:
[In the Memoir of the Earl of Surrey prefixed to the "Perhaps it is worth mentioning that the only English Aldine edition of his Poems, 1866, p. lix., it is stated king ever crowned in Scotland (Charles II. 'in 1651) by the editor, that “the arms of King Edward the Conwas crowned at Scone. The son of King James VII., as fessor are presumed to have been a blue field charged
with a gold cross flory at the ends, between five gold mart- DE VERE FAMILY.—May I ask whether any lets, a kind of swallow without legs; but as heraldry was memorial slab in Westminster Abbey marks the then unknown, it is extremely doubtful if this or any resting-place of Aubrey de Vere, the last of the other bearing was used by that monarch. Arms appear Earls of Oxford, who died in the reign of Queen to have been used by the kings of England in the reign of Anne, and who commanded the Blues at the Richard the First, who bore a red shield, charged with battle of the Boyne on the side of King Wilthree gold lions, which have ever since been deemed to liam III.? If so, what is the epitaph, crest, and be the arms of England. As early as the time of Edward motto (if any inscribed)? Macaulay styles him the First, and probably about a century before, the arms the noblest subject in England; and in his History of three saints were always borne on banners in the Eng- gives a beautiful account of the ancient family of lish army, and on all state occasions—namely, those of De Vere, and of the conspicuous part played by it St. George, the tutelar saint of this country ; of St. Ed in the history of England from the days of Stemund, and of St. Edward the Confessor, but neither of phen to those of Anne : reminding one very much those ensigns was deemed to be connected with the of Gibbon's digression concerning the family of sovereignty of England. Richard the Second, however, Courtenay of Powderham Castle. being actuated by extraordinary veneration for St. Ed- Recently I had the pleasure of joining an ward the Confessor, chose him for his patron saint, and archæological expedition; and on the font at impaled his arms with those of England and France; and Wiston church, in Suffolk, we found the arms of at the same time, he granted the Confessor's arms to be De Vere, and in the first quarter of the shield a borne per pale with the paternal coats of two or three of harp - supposed to be the bearings of Robert de the most eminent noblemen of the day, each of whom was Vere, Earl of Oxford, created by Richard II. descended from the blood royal. One of the persons Marquis of Dublin and Duke of Ireland—his great 80 distinguished was Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Not- favourite, whose clay-cold lips, a year after the tingham and Duke of Norfolk, the right to whose arms
duke's death, it is said that that unfortunate king and quarterings was indisputably inherited by the Earl kissed, having had the coffin opened for that purof Surrey, but the right to the coat of the Confessor depends pose. On a tomb of the same family, in Castle upon whether it was granted to Mowbray for life only, or
Hedingham church, in Essex, are found the crest, to him and his heirs-a point which has not been ascer
a “boar," and the motto, “ Vero nihil Verius," in
allusion to the name. tained. Conceiving himself, however, entitled to it, Sur
Shortly after the death of Aubrey de Vere, rey, in marshaling his arms, included it with his other numerous quarterings, and the injustice of construing the Robert Harley, the great statesman, was raised to act into a treasonable design is still more apparent from
the peerage by Queen Anne by the time-honoured other circumstances. Neither Henry the Eighth nor any of Wigmore.
titles of Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, and Baron other monarch after Richard the Second ever used the
The titles again became extinct arms of the Confessor in conjunction with their own, and of the Harley family lie buried at Brampton
some fifteen or sixteen years ago : and these earls the statement that Prince Edward then did so with a label is not supported by any other evidence. Surrey Wigmore, and at no great distance from Mor
Bryan in Herefordshire, their ancient abode, near introduced the label as the proper distinction of his arms from those of his father, so that he appears to have done where, in 1461, the great battle was fought which
timer's Cross, whence their title was taken, and nothing that he was not authorised by law to do ; and terminated in favour of the Yorkists and placed even at this moment heralds allow the Confessor's arms to
Edward IV. on the throne of England. His sucseveral noble families. It is remarkable that whilst this preposterous accusation was brought against Surrey, he afterwards, did this most effectually.
cess at Towton Field, near Tadcaster, shortly himself bore the royal arms by virtue of his descent from Thomas of Brotherton, the son of Edward the First, nage, have the lines of Horace presented them
How forcibly, on visiting these scenes of carwhilst various other noblemen in the reign of Henry the selves to my mind :Eighth quartered the royal arms of England and France,
“ Audiet cives acuisse ferrum, and two if not more of them, the Duke of Buckingham
Quo graves Persæ melius perirent, and the Earl of Wiltshire, had borne them, not in the
Audiet pugnas vitio parentum, inferior position of the third or fourth, but in the first
Rara juventus." quarter, as their paternal arms with impunity, and as a May I ask another query? How many Earls matter of acknowledged right.”
of Oxford of the family of De Vere were there in Dr. Nott's Memoir of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, unbroken succession ? My impression was twenty; is certainly the best, as he appears to have exhausted but the other day, one of the archæological franearly every available source of information. Some ad- ternity stated the number at twenty-two. One is ditional particulars relating to the Earl, which had glad to be set right on this as on any point. escaped the researches of Dr. Nott and his later biogra- Wormingford, near Colchester. OXONIENSIS. phers, are supplied in the Life of Surrey prefixed to the (We believe there is not any slab in Westminster Aldine edition of bis Poems, edit. 1866.]
Abbey to mark the resting-place of Aubrey de Vere; and p. 26.]
we are confirmed in that belief, as upon referring to Dean press, consisting of eight pages, and bearing the Stanley's interesting Historicul Memorials of Westminster following title: Abbey, we find no mention of any such slab. if our cor- “The Prophesie of Mother Shipton in the raigne of respondent will refer to Nicolas's Historic Peerage, by Henry the eighth. Foretelling the death of Cardinal Courthope, he will find that Aubrey de Vere was twen- Wolsey, the Lord Percy, and others, as also what should tieth and Jast Earl of Oxford.]
happen in insuing times.
"London, Printed for Richard Lownds at his shop NORMAN LESLIE. — Can you inform me to what adjoyning to Ludgate. 1641.” part of France Norman Leslie, Master of Rothes It was probably by this publication that the (one of the murderers of Cardinal Beaton), was fame of Mother Shipton as a witch or prophetess sent as a galley slave, and also where he died ? first became known beyond the borders of her
F. R. native county. A few years before the breaking [For his share in the murder of Cardinal Beaton,
out of the Civil War, King Charles I., whilst May 29, 1546, Norman Leslie was forfeited in parliament, he was prosecuting his designs against Scotland, August, 1546. After the surrender of the castle of St. was frequently passing through Yorkshire on his Andrews to the French in June, 15-17, he was carried
way to and from the north. It may be conjecwith the other prisoners to Rouen in Normandy, where
tured that during some of these progresses the some of them were incarcerated, others detained all the prophecies of the Yorkshire witch, then rife in winter in the galleys, especially John Knox, Mr. James the county, had captivated the imagination of one Balfour, with his brothers David and Gilbert. (Spots
of the followers of the court, who on his return wood's Hist. of Scotland, edit. 1677, p. 88.)
to London concocted the pamphlet which was Leslie afterwards entered into the service of the king popular, and in the following year two reprints of
then committed to the press. It soon became of France, and gained great reputation in the wars between that monarch and the emperor of Germany. He
it appeared, with some additional prophecies; the was killed in an engagement fought between their armies
name of Mother Shipton being strangely asso
ciated with those of Ignatius Loyola, Sibylla, near Can.bray in 1554. Douglas's Peerage, by Wood, ii. 428 ; and Sir James Melville's Memoirs, edit. 1827, Merlin, and other less celebrated seers.' In 1643
a third edition was published, which was followed by two others a few years afterwards. I happen
to possess a copy of one which appeared in 1648. Replies.
Its title will suffice to show the general character
of the series : MOTHER SHIPTON.
“Twelve strange Prophesies, besides Mother Shipton's, (1" S. v. 419; 4th S. i. 391.)
Predicting wonderfull events to betide these years of
danger in this climate, whereof some have already come Mother Shipton can scarcely be regarded as a
to passe worthy of note. myth, although the fact of her existence and the • Most of them were found in the Reignes of Edward story of her life rest wholly upon Yorkshire tradi- the fourth, and Henry the eighth, Kings of England, and tion. According to that tradition, the place of
are these wbich follow, viz. :
1. Mother Shipton's Prophesies. her birth was on the picturesque banks of the
2. The Blind Man's Prophesie. river Nidd, opposite to the frowning towers of 3. Ignatius Loyala. Knaresborough Castle, and at a short distance from 4. Sybilla's Prophesie. Saint Robert's Cave—a spot famous for mediæval 5. Merlin's Prophesie. legends and modern horrore. She first saw the
6. Otwell Bins' Prophesie.
7. M. Brightman's Prophesie. light a few years after the accession of King
8. M. Giftheil's Prophesie. Henry VII. Her baptismal name was Agatha, “ With five other Prophesies, never before printed. and her father's name Sonthiel, which was sup- Whereunto is added the Predictions of Mr. John Salt. posed to be of foreign origin, and to indicate that marsh, to his Excellency the Lord Fairfax, and the he had been one of those Breton followers of the Councell of his Army: as also the Manner of his Death. new king, who had settled in Yorkshire. With Now printed and published for the satisfaction of those all these romantic accessories, Agatha Sonthiel with marginal notes on Mother Shipton's Prophesies.
who have been abused by false and imperfect Copies ; was content in due time to become the wife of " London, Newly printed for Francis Coles at the Toby Shipton, an honest artisan, who lived at a signe of the Half-Bowle in the Old-Bayly.” Sm. 4to, village of that name a few miles from the city pp. 8. of York; and under the familiar designation of An exceedingly rude woodcut, which occupies Yother Shipton she acquired her prophetic fame. nearly half the title-page, illustrates Mother ShipIt was not until fourscore years after her death, ton's prediction that Wolsey “should see York, which is said to have happened in 1561, that any but never come at it.” On one side is Wolsey account of her extraordinary predictions, and their wearing his cardinal's hat, standing at the top of marvellous fulfilment, was recorded in print. Cawood Castle, looking towards the towers of
In 1641 a small 4to tract issued from a London York Minster, which are seen rising on the oppo
site side of the print. In the centre is the groc prophecy of Mother Shipton, esteemed an old tesque figure of the prophetess, with her hooked witch in those days, who foretold he should see nose, her staff in one hand, the other raised with York, but never come at it. extended finger pointing to the cardinal. This, “I should not have mentioned this idle story” (he I presume, is the woodcut which Mr. Halliwell adds), “ but that it is fresh in the mouths of our country has copied in his account of the manuscripts in the people at this day; but whether it was a real prediction, Plymouth library.
or raised after the event, I shall not take upon me to de
termine. It is more than probable, like all the rest of The popular interest in the Yorkshire witch
these kind of tales, the accident gave occasion to the and her predictions survived the Restoration. In story." (See “ Eboracum,” p. 450.) 1662 and 1663 the tracts already described were
Mr. Hargrove, in the first edition of his History reprinted with some additional matter, which was
of Knaresborough, published nearly a century ago, increased with each edition; but hitherto no at
notices the traditionary prophecies of the famous tempt had been made to introduce any account of Yorkshire sibyl, Mother Shipton, as being still the personal history of Mother Shipton. It was re
familiar to the inhabitants of her native town. served for the notorious Richard Head, the author
Head, at the close of his history, gives a rude of The English Rogue, Proteus Redivivus, and other representation of a woman upon her knees with works of a loose description, to invent her bio- her hands joined as if in prayer, which he pretends graphy, and give to the world a new version of her
was taken from a monument erected to the memory prophecies. In 1667 he issued from the London
of Mother Shipton at Clifton, about a mile from press the first edition of
the city of York. Not many years ago a sculp“The Life and Death of Mother Shipton ; being not tured stone was standing near Clifton, on the high only a true Account of her strange Birth ; the most im- road leading from York to the village of Shipton, portant passages of her life ; but also all her Prophesies, which was universally called by the name of now newly collected, and historically explained, from the time of her birth, in the reign of King Henry the seventh, Mother Shipton. But it was undoubtedly the until this present year 1667. Containing the most im? | figure of a warrior in armour, much mutilated, portant passages of State during the reign of these Kings which had been a recumbent monumental statue, and Queens of England following, viz. Henry the Eighth, and was most probably brought from the neighJames
, King Charles the First, King Charles the Second bouring abbey of St. Mary, and placed upright as “Strangely preserved amongst other writings belonging
a boundary stone. It has lately been removed to an old Monastry in Yorkshire, and now published for to the museum of the Yorkshire Philosophical the information of posterity.” London, 4to.
R. D. The author's reticence as to the name of the
THE COMYNS OF BADENOCH. “old monastery in Yorkshire” in which the original MS. was preserved, is sufficiently sus
(4th S. i. 563, 608; ii. 23.) picious; but he lets the cloven foot plainly appear I have been much interested by HERMEN TRUDE'S in the postscript to his preface, in which he de- extracts from the records, and, as requested, beg to sires the courteous reader “to pass over some reply to that lady's queries to the best of my ability, seeming impossibilities in the first sheet, allowing though at present out of reach of many anthorithe author licentia poetica in her description, and ties. First, as to Admorus, the grandson (by his some actions performed in her minority; and only son John) of Bruce's great rival, I transcribe the to weigh the more serious part of her prophesies." following from Mr. Riddell's Peerage and ConsisThe fact is, that the whole of Head's book is pure torial Law, 1842. (Appendix, p. 1045, note): fiction. He has rejected the traditional prophe- “ The last fullest notice of the principal m le Comyn cies contained in the early tracts, which from their line of Badenagh, the most powerful family i: Scotland local colour might be supposed to have some before the Douglases, and which threw off so many disfoundation in truth, and has substituted for them tinguished cadets, including the Comyns, Earls of Mene
teth, the Comyns Earls of Buchan (afterwards repr:2.ited a long series of predictions which he ascribes to
by the English Beaumonts, who took the title, ana trum Mother Shipton, but which, it is obvious, are his whom Henry IV. sprung), the Comyns, Barons of fil. own ingenious contrivances to answer equally in- bride, who had also large estates in England, &c. &c. genious interpretations. Nevertheless, this pro- may be supplied by a mandate or order of Edward I1, in duction has been accepted by the popular taste as
1315, wherein, upon a narrative of the faithful adherence the authentic history of the Yorkshire witch, and
of bone memorie Johannes Comyn, filius Johannis Comyn
dudum defuncti,' to himself and Edward I., and that his has been reprinted in every variety of form, and Scottish lands had been laid waste and destroyed by the sold as a chap-book in all parts of the kingdom. 'rebels' in Scotland, he in consequence extends the posses
Drake, the historian of York, who lived a cen- sion of certain English manors, granted to the former, tury and a half ago, in his memoir of Wolsey as quamdiu nobis placuerit,- Margarete que fuit uxor prefifty-seventh Archbishop of York, observes that
fati Johannis'-in subsidium sustentationis sue, et Admori
filii eorundem Johannis et Margarete."- See Rotulorum this prelate was never at York, though he came
Originalium in Curia Scaccarii Abbreviatio, vol. i. pp. 80 near to it as Cawood ; which makes good a 209-10